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The Tzar, who thought he might be rals Bauer, Scheremetof, and Mentchiinconstant with impunity, would not kof, became Empress of Russia, under allow another to be fo with him. He the name of Catharine I. thut up the Tzaritza in a convent, and “ Though Catharine owed every afterwards repudiated her in form. thing to the Tzar, who had seated her His vengeance towards Glebof was far on the throne, she was not always lo more cruel: he impaled him alive; faithful to him as he had a right to exand it is confidently allerted, that the pect. Catharine had chosen for her wretched victim of his fury remained chamberlain the young Moens de la upwards of four-and-twenty hours on Croix, whose filter, Madame Balk, was the frike before he expired*

about her person, and had, as we hare “ The Tzar went in all eagerness to just now fcen, rejected the hand of the enjoy this horrible fight. He did more; Tzar. Moens being of a handsome he got upon the pediment of brick- figure, it was not long before he made work in which the pale was fixed, and a lively impression on the heart of the exhorted the sufferer to confcis to hiin Empress, and the intercourse was foon the facts which he had hitherto re- perceived by Count Yagujinsky, who fused to avow. Come nearer, that was then in full confidence with the " thou mayest hear me the better,' an- Tzar, and had the cruelty to commufvered Glebof; which the Tzar hav- nicate the discovery he had made to ing done, Glebof collected his remain- his master. Peter's jealousy took fire. ing forces for an inftant, and fuid to lie vowed vengeance; but resolved first him: • Thou tyrant, the most cruel to convince himself by ocular proof of

that ever hell produced, if what thou Catharine's treachery. Accordingly, • impuleft to me were true, thinkest he pretended to leave Petersburg, in • thou, that, not having confetled it order to pass a few days at one of his • before my punishment, while yet country palaces, but repaired secretly • fome hope remained of obtaining to the winter palace; then sent a page, • mercy by the avowal; canit thou on whom he could depend, with his • think, I say, that I am such a fool or compliments to the Empress, and to • such a coward as to satisfy thee now tell her that he was at Strelna, a few • that it is no longer in thy power to leagues from the residence. • save my life. Go, horrible monster,' “ The page, who had orders to take added he, as he fpit in his face; be- notice of every thing, haftened back • gone!'

with a strong confirmation of the * The Tzar had serious thoughts of Tzar's suspicions. Peter went in all placing Anna Moins on the throne. haste to Catharine, and surprised her That young woman, who regarded it in the arms of her lover. It was two as the greateit of ali misfortunes that o'clock in the morning, and Madame her sovereign was fond of her, and Balk was watching at some diftance to whose paflion the only fubmitted from the apartment of her Majelty. through fiar, dextrously eluded his Peter, in his fury, overset a page who offers of marriage. Peter, however, ftood in his way, and itruck Catharine continued his vilits to her; but, either with his cane; but laid 10t a word to dilgnited at the coliness with which Moëns, or to Madame Balk, intending

the repaid his ardour, or the natural to punish them in a manner more fickienels of his temper' led him elle- fevere than by some strokes of his wbere, he son left her to follow her inclinations in marrying a lus illuf On leaving Catharine, Peter, feill trious lover with whom the had long in a transport of rage, ran abruptly held an amorous correspondence. into the chamber where Prince Repnin

56 Peter becue enamoured of a was alleep, who, starting up, and fees young woman of Livonia, who, after ing the Tzar, thought himself undone. having been married to a Swedish dra • Get up,' said the Tzar, and bear goon, is generally reported to have 'me. Thou hast no reed to dress: been succeflively mitreis to the Gene. Repnin rose, trembling at every joint.

* “ The diplomatic agent already cited, affirms in his manuscript memoirs that more than a hundred witnesses of this fact related it to him; and that, on his arrival at Mofco, be himself saw the head of Glebof still affixed on the pale.



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Peter related to him what had hap- not perceived at the time of his being pened, and added, “I ain determined seized, he found means to conceal it ito cut off the Empreis's head as soon under his garter; and when he was on

as it is daylight.'-- You have luftainthe scaffold be confided this secret to . ed an injury, and you are abfolute the Lutheran pastor who accompanied

master,' answered Rej nin; . but per- him, and under cover of his cloak • mit me, with due respect, to make nipped the bracele: into his hand to one obfervation. Why divulge the restore it to the Empress. • fatal adventure at which you are so “ The Tzar was a spectator of the

much irritated? You have been for- punishment of Moëns from one of the 'ced to destroy the strelitzes. Almoft windows of the Senate. The execu• every year of your reign has been tion being over, he got up on the scaf

marked by bloody executions. You fold, took the head of Moëns by the • thought it behoved you to condemn hair, and exprefled with a brutal energy

your own son to death. If you cut how delighted he was with the ven• off the head of your wife, you will geance he had taken. The same day, tarnish for ever the glory of your that prince had the cruelty to conduct name; Europe will behold you in no Catharine in an open carriage round other light than as a prince greedy of the sake on which was fixed the head

the blood of your subjects, and of of the unfortunate sufferer. Catharine "all your kindred. Revenge the out was sufficiently mistress of herfelf not • rage; put Moens to death by the to change countenance at the fight of

sword of the law. But as to the this terrible object; but it is said, that • Empress, your best way will be to on returning to her apartment the shed 'get rid of her by means that will not abundance of tears *.” Pol.ii. p. 159• suily your fame.'

(To be continued.; “ During this speech Peter was violently agitated. After fixing his eyes for some moments on Repnin, he left XCV. Strutt's S90and Pakines the room without uttering a word.

of the People of England. (CoaThe ruin of Moëns was already resolved. He was arrested as well as

tinued froin p. 491.) Madame Balk. They were boih confined in the winter palace, in an apart

GOFF-PALL-MILL. ment where none had admiflion, except the Emperor himself, who carried “IT should seem that goff was a them their victuals. At the same tine fashionable game anong the noa report was spread, that the brother bility at the commencement of the leand the sister had been bribed by the venteenth century, and it was one of enemies of the country, in hopes of the exercises with which Prince Henry, bringing the Empress to act upon the eldest son to James I. occafiona' y mind of the Tzar prejudicially to the amused himself, as we learn from the interests of Ruflia.

following anecdote recorded by a per“ Moëns was interrogated by the fon who was present + : • At another monarch in presence of General Uscha * time playing at golf, a play not unkof; and, after having confefled what like to pale-maille, whilst his schoolever they pleased, he lost his head on (master food talking with another, the block.

• and marked not his Highness warning “ Madame Balk, his Gîter, received • him to stand further off, the Prince the knoot; and it is pretended that it "thinking he had gone aside, lifted up was the Tzar himself who inflicted it "his goff-club to strike the ball; mean on her: after this she was sent into "tyme one standing by, said to him, Şiberia.

• Beware that you hit not Master New« Moëns walked to meet his fate 'ton; wherewith he drawing back his with manly firmness. He always wore hand, said, “ Had I done so, I had a diamond bracelet, to which was a but paid my debts”.? miniature of Catharine; but, as it was “A pastime called stow-ball is fre

*« These particulars are taken from the above-mentioned manuscript memoirs written at the time.+ “An anonymous author of a MS. in the Harleian Library, marked 6391."


quently mentioned by the writers of ancient usage, which it seems required the fixieenth and seventeenth centuries, them to have heads or points. which, I presume, was a species of « To the best of my recollection, goff, at least it appears to have been Fitzstephen is the first of our writers played with the same kind of ball. who speaks of an exercise of this kind,

“ According to the author juft now wbich he tells us was usually practised quoted, pall-mall was a pattime not by the young Londoners upon the waunlike goff, but if the definition of the ter during the safe holidays. A pole former, given by Cotgrave, be correct, or mait, says he, is fixed in the midst it will be found to differ materially of the Thames, with a thie! I ftrongly from the latter, at least as it was played attached to it; and a buat being prein modern times. • Pale-maille, says viously placed at fome distance, is he, is a game where in a round box driven swiftly towards it by the force ball is struck with a mallet through a of oars and the violence of the tides • high arch of iron, which he that can having a young mu star.ding in the do at the fewest blows, or at the prow, who holds a lance in his hand number agreed upon, wins.' It is to with which he is to strike the shield; be observed, that there are two of these and, if he be dexterous enough to arches, that is, one at either end of break the lance against it and retain his the alley.' The game of mall was a place, his most fanguine wishes are safashionable amusement in the reign of tisfied: on the contrary, if the lance Charles II. and the walk in Saint James's be not broken, he is sure to be thrown Park, now called the Mall, received into the water, and the veílel goes its name from having been appropriated away without him; but at the same to the purpose of playing at mail, time two other boats are stationed near where Charles himself and his cour to the shield, and furnished with many tiers frequently exercised themselves in young persons who are in readiness to the practice of this pastime. The de- rescue the champion from danger. It romination mall given to the game, is appears to have been a very popular evidently derived from the mallet or pastime; for the bridge, the wharfs, wooden hammer used by the players and the houses near the river, were to strike the ball.” P. 81.

crowded with people on this occasion, who come, says the author, to see the sports and make themfelves merry.

“ Matthew Paris mentions the quin-. THE QUINTAIN,

tain by name, but he speaks of it in a “ THIS exercise is said to have cursory manner as a well-known par. received the name of quintain from time, and probably would have said Quind us or Quintas the inventor; but nothing about it, had not the following who he was, or when he lived, is not circumftance given him the occafion. afcertained. The game itself, I donbt In the thirty-eighth year of the reign int, is of remote origin, and especially of Henry Ill. the young Londoners, the exercise of the pel, or poft quin- who, he tells us, were expert horsetain, which is spoken of at large by men, allembled together to run at the Vegetius; he tells us this species of quintain, and set up a peacock as a mock combat was in common use reward for the best performer. The among the Romans, who caused the King then keeping his court at Westyoung military men to practise at it minster, some of his domestics came twice in the day, at morning and at noon. into the city to fee the pasime, where

“ In the code of laws establilled by they behaved in a very disorderly manthe Emperor Jutinian, the qnintzin is ner, and treated the Londoners with thentioned as a well-known sport; and much infolence*, which they resenied permitted to be continued upon con- by beating them foundly; the King, dition that it should be performed however, was incented at the indignity with pointless spears, contrary to the put upon his servants, and not taking

*" Calling them cowardly knaves and rascally clowns. Some have thought these fellows were sent thither purposely to promote a quarrel, it being known that the King was angry with the citizens of London for refusing to join in the crusade. Strype's edit. of Stow's Survey, &c.”

into consideration the provocation on “But after the bridegroom had made their parts, fined the city one thousand • his course, ran the rest of the band, marks." P.92.

• awhile in some order, but soon after " " This exercise of running at the "tag and rag, cut and long tail; where quintain, was practised at London, the speciality of the sport was to see • as well in the summer as in the win- how some for his Nackness had a 'ter, but especially at the feast of good bob with the bag, and some for • Christmas. I have seen,' continues « his hafie to topple downright, and my author(Stow), ' a quintain set upon • come tumbling to the poit : fome • Cornhill by Leadenhall, where the at- • striving so much at the firft setting • tendants of the lords of merry dif- 'out, that it seemed a queftion be

ports have run and made great paf- 'tween man and beast, whether the .time; for he that hit not the broad race should be performed on horse. • end of the quintain was laughed to "back or on foot, and some put forth

fcorn, and he that hit it full, if he with spurs would run his race byas • rode not the fafter, had a sound blow among the thicket of the throng, • upon his neck with a bag full of fand that down they came together hand • banged on the other end:' but the • over head. Another, while he directed forin of the modern quintain is more « his course to the quintane, bis jucefully described by Dr. Plott: 'They ment would carry him to a mare

first,' says he, 'fet a poft perpendi- among the people; another would • cularly into the ground, and then run and miss the quintane with his • place a Nender piece of timber on • staff, and hit the board with tis «the top of it on a spindle, with a "head*. This whimsical defcription « board nailed to it on one end, and a may poslibly be somewhat exaggerated, " bag of sand hanging at the other; but no doubt the inexpertness of the . againit this board they anciently rode riders subjected them to many laugh« with spears. Now, as I saw it at able accidents.” P. 93. • Deddington, in this county, only with • ftrong ftaves, which viclently bringing about the bag of sand, if they

SHOWS-PAGEANTS, &c. • make not good speed away it strikes “ MANY of these ftately thows are

them in the neck or Moulders, and described at length by Hall and Holin• sometimes knocks them off their shed; and, as fome of my readers may • horses; the great defign of this sport not have those authors near at hand, i • being to try the agility both of horse will subjoin the account of two of • and man, and to break the board. them in Hall's own words. In the • It is now,' adds he, only in request fifth year of the reign of Henry VIII. • at marriages, and set up in the way his Majesty kept his Christmas at • for young men to ride at as they Greenwich'; and on twelfth night

carry home the bride, he that breaks “there came,' says the historian, into the board being counted the best *the great hall, a mount, called the 'man.'

Triche mount. This mount was set full “ Among other sports exhibited for • of riche flowers of filke, and espethe amutement of Queen Elizabeth, 'cially of brome slippes full of poddes, during her rfidence at Kenelworth “the branches were grene fattin, and Castle, was, says Lanehan, 'a folemn 'the fowers flat gold of damake, country bridal; when in the Castle • which fignified Plantagenet : on the was set up a comely quintane for feats 'top stood a goodly, bekon giving at armes, where, in a great company light, rounde above the bekon fat the of young men and lafless, the bride- Kyng and five other al in coates and "groom had the first course at the quin- 'cappes of right crimosin velvet, ertane, and broke his fpear tres bardi • broudered with flat golde of damaske,

ment. But his mare in his manage their coates fet full of spangelles of did a little stumble, that much adoe 'gold; and foure woodhouses + drew had his manhood to fit in his faddle, “the mount 'till it came before the

· Quect, * “ Laneham’s account of the entertainment of Queen Elizabeth at Kepelworth. See her Progresses, published by Mr. Nichols, vol. i. fol. 249."

“ The woodboujes, or wodeboufes, as they are sometimes called, were wild

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Queen, and then the Kyng and his neyther part of the rock, and out of compaigne discended and daunced; "a cave in the same rock came ten * then suddainly the mount opened, knightes armed at all poyntes, and

and out came fix ladies all in crimo- faughte together a fayre tournay. * fin, fatin, and plunket, embroudered * And when they were severed and dewith golde and perle, with Frenche parted, the disguysers diffended from hoodes on their heddes, and they • the rock and daunced a great space, daunced alone. Then the lordes of • and fodeynly the rock moved and re* the mount tooke the ladies and daun- ceaved the disguysers, and immedi*ced together, and the ladies re-enter ately closed agyan. Then entred a 6 ed, and the mount closed, and so “perton called Report, appareled in was conveyed out of the hall.' "crymosyn fatin full of tongues, fit" In the tenth year of the same “ting on a flying horse with wynges king's reign, in honour of his fifter the and feete of gold called Pegasus; Princess Mary's marriage with the "this person in Frenche declared the King of France, there was exhibited meaning of the rocks, the trees, and in the great hall at Greenwich, 'a rock the tourney. * ful of al maner of stones very artifi “ Among the pastimes exhibited for cially made, and on the top stood five the entertainment of Queen Elizabeth "trees: the first was an olive tree, on during her stay at Kenelworth Castle, "which hanged a shield of the armes · Warwickshire, was a kind of historical of the church of Rome; the second play, or old sorial show, performed by was a pyne aple tree, with the armes certain persons who came for that purof the Emperor; the third was a pose from Coventry. The subject of * rofyer, with the armes of England; this fhow was the massacre of the the fourth a braunche of lylies, bear- Danes, a memorable event in the Eng'ing the armes of France'; and the , lith history, which was expressed in "fifth a pomegranet tree, bearing the action and in-rhimes.' It is said to

armes of Spayn; in token that all have been annually acted in the town these five potentates were joined to- of Coventry, according to ancient cufgether in one league against the ene- tom, but that it was supprefied foon mies of Christe's fayth : in and upon after the Reformation, at the instance the middes of the rock fatte a fayre of fome of their preachers, whose good " lady, richely appareyled, with a dol- intention the townspeople did not deny, “phin in her lap. In this rock were but complained of their severity, urgladies and gentlemen appareled in ing in behalf of the thow, that it was crimofyn fattyn, covered over with without ill example of manners, paAoures of purple fatyn, embroudered pistry, or any superstition. The with wrethes of gold knit together rhimes originally belonging to the play, ' with golden laces, and on every houre I presume, were omitted upon the "a bart of gold moving. The ladies' above-mentioned occasion, for it aptyer * was after the fashion of Inde, pears to have been performed without with kerchiefes of pleasauncehached to any recitation in mere dumb show, and with fyne gold, and let with letters consisted of hot skirmishes and furious of Greeke in gold of bullion, and the eneounters between the English and edges of their kerchiefes were gar- the Danish forces: first by the launce nithted with hanging perle. These knights on horseback, armed with spears “gentlemen and ladyes fate on the and shields, who being many of them or lavage men; and in this instance, men dressed up with skins, or rugs refemWing skins, so as to appear like favages. These pageants were frequently moveable, and drawn upon wheels. In honour of the marriage of Arthur Prince of Wales with Catherine of Spain, there were three pageants exlıibited in Westminster Hall, which fucceeded each other, and were all of them drawn upon · wheels: the first was a castle with ladies; the second a fhip in full fail, that cast anchor near the castle; and the third a mountain with several armed knights upon it, who stormed the castle, and obliged the ladies to furender. The fhow ended in a dance, and the pageantry disappeared. MS. Harl. 69, page 31.” * * Head-dress.”

Pleafaunce was a fine thin species of gauze, which was striped with gold." VOL. 1,--No. LII.


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