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out them to a suspended cross bar *. gentry magnificent. The rowers are The rule is to keep the former in a all failors, and dressed in uniform, have trot and the other in a gallop. The ing caps with high plumes of feathers

. great interest in this winter-sport con. Their dexterity in rowing is such, that liits in the extraordinary speed of drie even the English sailors acknowledge ving: to what lengths our isvoschtschiki their superiority. All the motions are and horses have attained in this matter, directed with the stricteft punetilio by I shall forbear to mention, for fear of the steersman's orders. At his firft word lofing all my credit with the reader. of command all the oars are raised in The fledges for a fingle person, made the air, at the second they fall at once use of by our beaux for their morning into the water, and at the third the recreation, are generally very elegant, rowing begins, so exactly in time, and and their horses excellent runners: the with such equal exertions, as if the mogentleman guides himself, and beficie tion was effected by the spring of 2 the horse rides a huffar, finely drefled, machine. When going with the curto hold the reins. On plealant winter rent, and the parlèngers require it, the days public Nedge-races are held on sailors Atrike up a song, which the the Neva. The course is about three iteeriman, with a pipe made of birch hundred fathoms long, and enclosed bark [rojoke] directs and accompanies. with railing. The lovers pf the sport All things confidered, these waterand the isvoschtschiki lay bets on the parties are to be reckoned among fleetness of their horses, or use the the most engaging amusements of the course merely for their own diversion. place.” The great concourse of people allembled as spectators, for whose accommodation likewise several scaffolds are PRINCE POTEMKIN'S GRAND ENTER• erected, is a considerable addition to

TAINMENT. the liveliness of the show. Driving “ I SHALL conclude this chapter for pleasure is not merely confined to with a short account of the memsone fex; the ladies are warranted by rable festivity given by Prince Pote.)custom to enjoy this amusement con kin the Taurian, during his last re urn fistently with the rules of propriety. to the retidence, in honour of the foThe principal rendezvous for it is the vereign of the Russian Empire, in his Peterhof road.

Pantheon. Crowned with laurels, and “ The Neva and the canals by which weary with conquests, the commander St. Petersburg is interfected, afford the haltened back to the relidence, to en. inhabitants the convenience of going, joy his triumphs in the sunshine of for business or pleasure, on the water, majesty; and, in the round of rejoiin such perfection as can only be en cings that awaited his arrival, to forget joyed in very few towns in Europe. for a moment the horrors of the enlan. We may not only go on pleafant ex- guined plain. Some dark forebodinys cursions to a distance from the city and seemed to whisper in his ear that there to the islands, but even take short paf- would be the last hours he should ever {ages to most of the freets. On the pafs on the brilliant theatre of his shores of the Neva plenty of boats are greatness; and to enjoy them was nos ever in readiness to take a fare, fome his grand object. He formed the plan of them belonging to the public offices, of an entertainment, which should afothers kept by private perions. They ford him an opportunity of teftifying are of various sizes, of two, four, fix, bis gratitude to the exalted autboreli eight, and twelve cars; but their con of his prosperity, in his own house, in struction is in general the same. The presence of the assembled court. It after part, just before the steersman, is was grand and extraordinary, like all usually covered with an awning pro- bis Other plans. A whole morth vided with curtains, as a protection elapsed in preparations; artists of all from rain. Their appearance is always denominations were conitantly emplos. elegant, but those belonging to the ed; whole shops and warehouses were

* “The Russian harness has several peculiarities extremely difficult to be de fcribed; it is said, however, to be excellently calculated for the benefit of the horse. Perhaps it may not be improper to remark, that the Rufians are uriversally well skilled in the treatment of horses."

emptied

emplied of their goods for furnishing tapestry. Here stood an artificial ele. what was wanted; fome hundreds of phant, his caparisons being ornamented persons allembled daily to work in pre- with emeralds, rubies, and other preparing for the banquet; and each of cious stones. The Persian who attend. these days was a brilliant holiday. At ed him struck on a bell; and this was lengih the inoment arrived which had the signal for another change. kept the whole town on the stretch of “ A curtain sprung up, and a stage Papeution from the preparatives they magnificently decorated appeared. Two had been. The pronite of the Emprefs ballets and a dramatical representation and the Imperial family to grace this here charmed the surprised audience daş by their preiencz, was given; the in a most extraordinary manner. Full court, the foreign minigers, the nobi- and harmonious mulic, interrupted by lity, and a great number of respectable choirs of fingers, most delightful danpersons of both fixes were invited. cing, an exceflive profusion of pomp, About fix in the evening the company and a display of all the various national allembled in malzac rade habits. Å dre{Tes of the empire, in their most signal being given as the Empreis ftup- agreeable costume, here fascinated all' ped into her carriage, the treat pre- the senses at once. The play being pared for the populace, in the square ended, the company separated, and before the palace, was uncovered to drew off into all the apartments of the the greedy multitude, who were at palace. 'A brilliant illumination now semoleú un ile occafion in prodigious struck the amazed eye wherever it numbers. Great heaps of all the feve- turned. The walls and columns seemed tal articles of clothes, lofty pyramids to be all on fire; large mirrors fixed in of catables, itro oxen roasted whole, various parts, or placed as pyramids and an ample store of liquers, berides and grottus, multiplied the effect of a couple of fountains ipouting wine, this unutual light, and even the whole were here duirered as a prey to the park seemed to be strewn with sparkrapacious mob.

ling stones. « The intant the Empress fit her * A table spread in a manner correfoot in the veftibule, a folemn fym- sponding with the splendour of the phony began, the swelling notes re- festivity now awaited the company. founding froin the lofty gallery through Six hundred persons sat down to it, the grand Saloon. The orchestra con- and the rest were served at the fides listed of three hundred perforiners, and among the pillars of the hall. No vocal and initrumental, in enchanting other veileis or implements were used vicillitudes. . In a few minutes the but of gold or silver: in lieu of the Empress advanced into the grand hall, uiual tapers, the table was lighted by followed by the whole company. llere, coloured vales having lamps within. A having taken her itat on an elevated prodigious number of servants in sumpplatiorm, decorated with transparent tuous liveries, with the domestic ofpaintings, the company difperfed among ficers, were employed in waiting, and the colonades and into the boxes; on in all parts whatever was wanted was which began the second act of this ex had at a nod. Any thing in the whole traordinary petacle. Four-and-twen- province of epicurism might be asked ty couple of beautiful young ladies for without danger of disappointment. and handsome youths of noble families, “ The Empress, on that day, made annong whom were the Grand Dukes

an exception, certainly the first for Alexander and Confantine, opened the many years, to her ordinary mode of dances. All were drefied in white, living ; by remaining till midnight, that and only diftinguished by the colour ihe inight not disturb the satisfaction of their girdles and scarves. The value of her host and his company. On her of their ornaments was estimated at entering again the veftibule, a choir of ten millions of rubles. The music to human voices began a hymn, the subwhich they danced was accompanied ject of which was Catharine's glory. with finging; and the famous artist The Empress, furprised and affected, Le Picq concluded the scene with a was turning to the Prince, when he, solo.

suddenly overpowcred with his feels “ The company now proceeded to ings, fell on his knee, seized her hand, another apartment hung with coftly and moistened it with his tears. A

gloon

LIST OF

PLATES

gloomy presentiment seemed to dart pathian Sea-Porto Cavaliere- niacross his mind, as with a faltering dus, &c.-X. Philosop' ical View of voice he for the last time expressed his the Iands of the Mediterranean gratitude to his generous patroness.” XI. The fame Subject continued.-P. 463.

XII. Nautical Remarks–Unhappy (To be concluded in our next.)

Situation of the Greeks. --XIII. Ca.

pra and Caprone-Calamo-LeroXCVII. Travels in Greece and Turkey,

Natural History of Fishes.-XIV. undertaken by Order of Louis XVI. Amorgo--Oracle invented by the

Greek Monks-Trade of the French and with the Authority of the and English in the Levant.—XV. Ottoman Court, By C. SONNINI,

Nanfio- Nio--Sudden Appearance Member of several scientific and literary Societies; of the Societies

of a new Inand in 1707—Iilands of

the Gulf of Santorin.—XVI. I and of Agriculture of Paris, and of the

of Candia Remarks on Savary. Observers of Men. Hlustrated by Engravings, and a Map of thote XVII. Excursion to Cape MeleccaCountries.' Translated from the The Greek Church- Natural His

The Monks-Agriculture.- XVIII. French. 4to. pp. 561. 21. 128. 6d.

tory -XIX. Canea-Sant Odero. Longman and Rees.

XX. Productions of the Island of Candia.-XXI. Climate--Agriculture--Honey and Wax-XXII.

Carnivorous Animals-Birds of Prey. I. GENERAL Cart of the Levant, --XXIII. Winter Season in the

Firman of Sultan Abdoul Ach Archipelago-Argentiera.---XXIV. met, Emperor of the Turks, deli- Festival of the Holy Cross --Greek vercal to C. Sonnini.

Churches-Agriculture.-XXV. Sil. 3. Scorpion Spider.

ver Mines-- Volcanoes--Petrifactions. 4. Sea Serpent; Fangri, a Fis; Ca- ---XXVI. Women of Argentieralamary, a Polype.

Polivo, or Burnt Inand. --XXVII. 5. Three Fipes; Melanurus, Skatari, Manners and Customs of the Greeks Cabrilla,

of the Archipelago.-XXVIII. The 6. Dress of the Women of the Isand fame Subject continued. --XXIX, of Argentiera.

Marriages-Witchcraft.-..XXX.
Agriculture of the Archipelago
Birds, &c.---XXXI. Fisheries-

XXXII. Strait of Polonia --MiloCHAP. I. A cursory View of Mines, &c.—XXXIII. Cove of PaEgypt-Comparison between Egypt tricha-Sifour-Ruins--Serpents --and Greece-Approaching Change XXXIV. Policandrom-Sikino-. Siin the political Situation of the planto---Grotto of AntiparosGreeks.-- Il. French Trade in the Paros.--XXXV. Commerce-Illand Levant, 17;&---Its total Ruin-Wri- of Naxia-Merchandise. --XXXVI. sing of the Turks-Departure from Stenofa--Patmos--Samos---Myconi Alexandria-Birds.--I11. INand of Delos, &c.—XXXVII. Scio-Its Cyprus; its Productions, Trade, &c. Trade and Wines ---Journey from -IV. Climate of the land of Cy- Tcheliné to Smyrna --XXXVIII. prus-Inhabitants Numerous Obfervations on the Plague-Route Changes in the Government.----V. from Foglieri to Smyrna- Mitylene Present Situation of the land-An -Lemnos-. Tenedos—The Dardaenormous Spider.--VI. Coast of nelles--Mount Athos, &c.—XXXIX. Caramania-Gulf of Macri.–VII. Salonica Excurfion to Mount Rhodes-Its former and present State. Olympus.--XL. Devil's Islands -VIII, Its ancient Cities—Earth- General Observations on the Archiquakes-Natural History.--IX. Car. pelago-Arrival in France.

CONTENTS.

EXTRACTS FROM THE INTRODUC- pearance. The change of masters in TION,

some, the consequences of tyranny in « IT is more particularly in the all, time and other circumstances, have ißands of the Ægean Sea that I have introduced differences between former directed my researches, in that multi- accounts and the narrative which I tude of groups of lands and rocks, scat- now present. Besides, I shall here retered without order in the middle of peat what I have already said on the this ka, as an eternal monument of subject of my Travels in Egypt, that its conqueft over the continent. Divi- it is impossible for the same man to ded by the ancients into Cylades and observe every thing; the one collects Sporades, denominations at prefent what escaped him by whom he was forgotten, they are at this day known preceded; and, in short, in like manunder the general defignation of Ilands ner as painters have their particu, of the Archipelago. Although I have lar style in representing the same fub, not visited them all, the rather long ject, each oblerver has also his manner itay which I made in some of them, of feeing and describing what he has the intercourse that I had with men seen; so that the same object may be who inhabited them, or were perfectly perceived under different points of acquainted with them, the informa- view, and the same circumstance be tion that I acquired in the same coun- differently related by several persons, tries, have enabled me to collect cer. and still be interesting.” P. xxvii. tain particulars refpecting each of “ It is not, however, to the islands them, and to speak of them with pre- of the Archipelago that my excursions chion.

have been limited, and that my obser" The islands of the Archipelago, yations will be confined: the large and most of which are remarkable for the beautiful island of Candia, in which I fertility and the beauty of their foil, made several journies, some parts of celebrated in antiquity, and famed for Turkey in Alia Minor, Macedonia, and having given birth to great men, are the Morea, have been the object of my fill at this day important points of peregrinations, as they will be the subo establishment, communication, or com- jeet of my story.P. xxx. merce. We have a great interest in

“ The churt which is annexed to being well acquainted with them; and my book, is one of the handsomest I am of opinion, that my work will and moft complete that has been conleave nothing to be withed for in that strućteri of that extent of sea and land, respect. This, at least, is the talk which i, uually distinguished by the which I have imposed on myself, and naine of the Levant. To my own which I have endeavoured to accom nautical and geographical observations, plish.

I have added those of the seamen, traWe had already some general de- vellers, and geographers, the most moscriptions of the islands of the Archi- dern and the most esteemed; and, in Felago; one of the most extentive is order to give an idea of the pains that of Dapper; it is the work of a which I have taken to render this chart geographer who describes what he has as minute and correct as poflible, it not seen, and only by copying what will be fufficient for me to remark that others had written before him. Tour. I have employed, for the northern Defort, that immortal man, full of sci- part of Egypt, the particular chart ence and taste, and whom every travel. of Lake M nzaleh, which an able of ler who publishes his accounts ought ficer of artill ry, the General of Dito take for a model, kas likewise de- vision Andréolly, inspector-general of scribed, but with a different pencil the corps of artillery, has very recently from Dapper, these same islands of the published, at the end of two excellent Archipelago of the Levant. But since memoirs, respecting some points of the travels of the French naturalist, as Lower Egypt * well as fince the description of Dap “ Nor to this alone has the allistance per, they no longer have the same ap- which I have received from General

“ Mémoire sur le Lac Menzaleh, d'après la Reconnoissance fait en Vendé. miaire, an 7. Mémoire sur la Vallée des Lacs de Natron, et celle du Fleuve [ins Eau, d'après la Reconnoissance fait les 4, 5, 6, 7, et 8 Pluviuse, an 7. Paris, Didot ainé, an 8.”

Andréolly

GRASSHOPPERS

OR LOCUSTS.

Andréoffy been confined; he has been dead bodies floating on the surface of fo kind as to communicate to me, and the waters; and these vaft wrecks imto permit me to add to my chart the ply a passage more perilous than a yoy. manuscript plan, which he him'elf took age on board ship. It cannot therefore of the part of the coast of Egypt com- be doubted that these swarms of grassprehended between Damietta and Rof- hoppers arrive from the contipent, fetta; so that this extent of the shores where, according to the opinion of of the Mediterranean, hitherto thrown M. Hasselquitz, they muft be formed in on our charts, as at random, and with the midst of the deserts of Arabia, which it never was more important to whence they depart, fupported and us to be well acquainted, is that which impelled by the winds. is traced with the greatest exactness The soft eastern point of the and precision; thanks to the attention island of Cyprus, Cape Sant Andrea, of a distinguished soldier, who, amid being fcarcely diftant from the coaft of the terrible agitations of war, has Syria more than from twenty to twenfound means to fix in the camp the ty-five leagues, a gale of wind ray timid fciences, scared by the din of easily carry thither light infects, which arms, and to join to the dazzling, but afiift themselves with their wings, and enfanguined laurels of valour, the more poffefs much ftrength and agility. It modest, but fruitful olive, with which is positively known that roving grassthey encircle the brow of those who hoppers have crotied feas wider than welcome them, and whom they are this itrait. M. Niebuhr mentions, that fond of loading with favours." P. xxxi. in the month of November 1763, a

prodigious quantity of grasshoppers

fell in the environs of Dejidda, a town EXTRACTS.

of Arabia, on the borders of the Red Sea, after haring crolled that fea,

which, in this place, is upwards of “ ENDEAVOURS have been made fifty leagues in width; a great many to explain how insects, winged indeed, perished, indeed, in the pallage ; which but little capable of a flight of long did not prevent the rent from ipreading duration, could appear all at once, like theinfelves over the fitkls in incona devastating storm, on lands surround- ceivable numbers. I have myself teca ed by the sea. Naturalifts have ima- grasshoppers alight on a vefiel, in 2 gined that grasshoppers, incapable of voyage along the west coast of Africa, crofling a large space of fea, repaired abreast of Cape Blanco, and out of to Cyprus with the veftels from Syria, fight of all land. We could not imain which they kept themselves conceal- gine that these infects had come on ed during the voyage ; but it would be board with us; they arrived from the difficult, on this hypothefis, to explain cast, and were of a specics unkuown the ludden appearance of these living in France; every part of them was of clouds in certain years, while in others a pale yellow, or filemot colour. They none of them are to be seen. On the who do not content themselves with other hand, muft not navigators per: ftudying Nature in bocks or in colleeceive this prodigicus multitude of tions, and who visit with fome attenfirangers; and could it be suppor- tion the immense galleries which the ed that they would consent to carry has herself arranged with admirable them obligingly into countries where order, for the purpose of making them fcarcity and defolation would land an eternal subject of contemplation; with them? Besides, there is a cer

cer- they, I say, may have remarked that tain fact, which removes the idea of the large green graf hopper of our grasshoppers getting on thipboard; this meadows raifes itself with rapidity to is, that the sea-thores, on the coast a height fomewhat considerable, and of Cyprus, are sometimes covered, and supports itself for some tiine in the infected to a great distance, with their air, when the weather is warm, the

* « Notc. Throughout Chapter III. and likewise in Chapter XXXVIII. me have constantly rendered the word sauterelles by grasshoppers, which, as is well known, are winged infects of a very devouring nature; but, on reconfideration, we are much inclined to think that the author means locufls, from the length of the flights which he describes these infects to bave taken."

Aky

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