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• (if the intelligence be true) of our enjoyment in relating them. He was,

public loss, ï have fcarcely courage in a remarkable degree, susceptible of enough to blame you. The want of the ludicrous; but on no occasion did * materials and the danger of offence he forget the dignity of his character,

are two formidable obstacles for an or the decorum of his profession; nor * hiftorian who wishes to inftruct, and did he even lose light of that clafñcal • who is determined not to betray his taste which adorned his compositions. (readers. But if you leave the narrow His turn of expression was correct and • limits of our island, there still remain, pure; fometimes, perhaps, inclining

without returning to the troubled more than is expected to the careleri scene of America, many fubjects not ness of a focial hour, to formal and (unworthy of your genius. Will you artificial periods; but it was ftamped

give me leave, as a vague and indi- with his own manner, no less than his • gefted hint, to suggest the History of premeditated style: it was always the • the Proteftants in France; the events language of a superior and a cultivated

are important in themselves, and in- mind, and it embellished every subject . timately connected with the great re- on which he spoke. In the company * volutions of Europe; fome of the of strangers, he increased his exertions

boldeft or moft amiable characters of to amuse and to inform; and the fplenmodern times, the Admiral Coligny, did variety of his conversation was • Henry IV. &c. would be your pecus commonly' the chief circumftance on * liar heroes; tbe materials are copious, which they dwelt in enumerating his 6 and authentic, and acceslible; and talents: and yet, I must acknowledge,

the objects appear to stand at that for my own part, that much as I always * juft distance which excites curiosity admired his powers when they were s without inspiring paffion. Excuse the thus called forth, I enjoyed his society • freedom, and weigh the merits (if less, than when I saw him in the circle any) of this proposal'.P. 83. of his intimates, or in the bosom of his

family.” P. 128.

His health began apparently to SKETCH OF DR. ROBERTSON's

decline in the end of the year 1791.

Till then, it had been more uniformly “ IN consequence of the various good than might have been expected connexions with society, which arose from his studious habits ; but, about from his professional duties, and from this period, he suddenly discovered the interest which he was led to take strong symptoms of jaundice, which both by his official situation, and the gradually undermined his conftitution, activity of his public spirit, in the lite- and terminated at length in a lingering rary or the patriotic undertakings of and fatal illness. He had the prospect others, a confiderable portion of Dr. of death long before him; a prospect Robertson's leisure was devoted to deeply afflicting to his family and his conversation and company. No man friends; but of which, without any enjoyed these with more relifh; and visible abatement in his fpirits, he hapfew have poslessed the same talents to pily availed himself, to adorn the docadd to their attractions.

trines which he had long taught, by an “A rich stock of miscellaneous in- example of fortitude and of Christian formation, acquired from books and resignation. In the concluding stage froin an extenlive i!itercourse with the of his disorder, he removed from Edinworld, together with a perfect ac- burgh to Grange Houfe, in the neighquaintance, at all times, with the to: bourhood, where he had the advantage pics of the day, and the foundest saga- of a freer air, and a more quiet fitua. city and good sense applied to the oc- tion, and (what he valued more than currences of common life, rendered moft men), the pleasure of rural obhim the most agrecable and inftructive jeets, and of a beautiful landscape. of companions. He feldom aimed at While he was able to walk abroad, be wit ; but, with his intimate friends, commonly palled a part of the day in he often indulged a sportive and fanci- a small garden, enjoying the fimple fil species of humour. He delighted gratifications it afforded with all his in good natured, characteristical anec- wonted relish. Some who now hear does of his a quaintance, and added me will long remember, among the powerfully to their effect by his own trivial yet interefting incidents which

marked

CHARACTER-HIS DEATH.

marked these last weeks of his memo- racy against Queen Elizabeth, was from rable life, his daily visits to the fruit- the printed histories of papers; and trees (which were then in blossom), nothing ever appeared to me more eviand the fmile with which he, more dent. Your chief objection, I fee, is than once, contrasted the interest he derived from one circumstance, that took in their progress, with the event neither the secretaries nor conspirators which was to happen before their ma were confronted with Mary: but you turity. At his particular defire, I saw must consider that the law did not then him (for the last time) on the 4th of require this confrontation, and it was June 1793, when his weakness confined in no case the practice. The crown him to his couch, and his articulation could not well grant it in one case, was already beginning to fail: and it without granting it in all, because the is in obedience to a request with which refusing of it would then have been a he then honoured me, that I have strong presumption of innocence in the ventured, without consulting my own prisoner. Yet as Mary's was an expowers,, to offer this tribute to his traordinary case, Elizabeth was willing memory. He died on the inth of the to have granted it. I find in Forbes's fame month, in the gist year of his MS. papers, fent me by Lord Royston, age.” P. 131.

a letter of hers to Burleigh and Wal“ In point of ftature Dr. Robertson fingham, wherein the tells them, that, was rather above the middle size; and if they thought proper, they might his form, though it did not convey the carry down the two secretaries to idea of much activity, announced vi- Fotheringay, in order to confront them gour of body and a healthful con with her. But they reply, that they ftitution. His features were regular think it needless. and manly; and his eye spoke at once

“ But I am now sorry to tell you, good sense and good humour. He ap- that by Murden's State Papers, which peared to greatest advantage in his are printed, the matter is put beyond complete clerical dress; and was more all question. I got these papers during remarkable for gravity and dignity in the holidays by Dr. Birch's means; discharging the functions of his public and as foon as I had read them, I ran ftations, than for case and grace in to Millar, and desired him very earprivate society. His portrait by Rey- nestly to stop the publication of your nolds, painted about twenty years ago, history till I thould write to you, and is an admirable likeness; and fortu- give you an opportunity of correcting nately (for the colours are already a mistake of so great moment; but he much faded), all its spirit is preserved absolutely refufed compliance. He said in an excellent metzotinto. At the re. that your book was now finished; that quest of his colleagues in the univer- the copies would be shipped for Scotfity, who were anxious to have some land in two days; that the whole narmemorial of him placed in the public ration of Mary's trial must be wrote library, he sat again, a few moriths over again; that this would require before his death, to Mr. Raeburn; at time, and it was uncertain whether the a time when his altered and fickly new narrative could be brought within aspect rendered the talk of the artiit the same compass with the old; that peculiarly difficult. The picture, how- this change, he said, would require the ever, is not only worthy, in every re- cancelling a great many sheets; that spect, of Mr. Raeburn's high and de. there were scattered passages through ferved reputation, but, to those who the volumes founded on your theory, were accustomed to fee Dr. Robertson and there must also be all cancelled; at this interesting period, derives an and that this change required the new additional value from an air of lan- printing of a great part of the edition. gour and feebleness, which strongly For these reasons, which do not want marked his appearance during his long force, he refused, after deliberation, decline.” P. 135.

to stop his publication, and I was obliged to acquiesce. Your best apo

logy at present is, that you could not Mr. Hume to Dr. Robertson. poflibly fee the grounds of Mary's My dear Sir, 25th January 1759: guilt, and every equitable person will

“ WHAT I wrote you with regard excuse you. to Mary's concurrence in the conspi “ I am sorry, on many akcounts,

thu?

LETTERS FROM MR. HUME.

that you did not see this collection of stances which attend me at Paris, I Murden's. Among other curiosities, muft mention that of having a lady for there are several instructions to H. Kila transator, a woman of merit, the ligrew, dated 10th September 1572. widow of an advocate. She was beHe was then fent in Scotland. It fore very poor, and known but to there appears, that the regents, Mir.. few; but this work has got her repuray and Lennox, had defired Mary to tation, and procured ber a penfion be put into their hands, in order to from the court, which fets her at her try her and put her to death. Eliza- ease. She tells me that the has got a beth there offers to Regent Mar to de- habit of industry; and would continue, liver her up, provided good security if I could point out to her any other were given, that the should receive English book she could undertake, " that she hath deferved there by order without running the risk of being anti• of justice, whereby no further peril cipated by any other translator. Your < fhould ensue by her escaping, or by History of Scotland is translated, and + setting her up again.' It is probable is in the press: but I recommended to Mar refused compliance, for no steps her your History of Charles V. and were taken towards't.” P. 156. promised to write to you, in order to London, 8th Feb. 1759.

know when it would be printed, and " * AS to the Age of Leo

to desire you to send over the theets the Tenth, it was Warton himself who from London as they came from the intended to write it; but he has not press: I should put them into her wrote it, and probably never will. If hands, and she would by that means I understand your hint, I should con- have the start of every other transator. jecture that you had some thoughts of My two volumes laft published are at taking up the subject. But how can

present in the press. She has a very you acquire knowledge of the great eafy natural style: sometimes the milworks of sculpture, architecture, and takes the sense; but I now corred her painting,

by which that age was chiefly manuscript; and thould be happy to diftinguished? Are you verted in all render you the fame fervice, if my leithe anecdotes of the Italian literature: fure permit me, as I hope it will.' Do These questions I heard proposed in a you ask me about my course of life? company of literati, when I inquired

I can only say, that I eat nothing but concerning this design of Warton. They ambrosia, drink nothing but nectar, applied their remarks to that gentle breathe nothing but incense, and tread man, who yet, they say, has travelled. on nothing but flowers. Every man I I wish they do not all of them fall meet, and still more every lady, would more fully on you. However, you

think they were wanting in the moft. must not be idle. May I venture to indispensable duty, if they did not suggest to you the Ancient History, make to me a long and elaborate particularly that of Greece? I think harangue in my praise. What hapRollin's success might encourage you, pened last week, when I had the bopor need you be in the least intimidated nour of being presented to the D-n's by his merit. That author has no other children at Versailles, is one of the nierit but a certain facility and sweet. most curious scenes I have yet paffed nefs of narration, but has loaded his through. The Duc de B. the eldeft, work with fifty puerilities.

a boy of ten years old, stepped forth, “ Our friend Wedderburn is advan- and told me how many friends and cing with great ftrides in his profeflion. admirers I had in this country, and

that he reckoned himself in the num“I desire my compliments to Lord ber, from the pleasure he had received Elibank. I hope his Lordship has for- from the reading of many paffages in got his vow of answering us, and of my works. When he had finifhed, his washing Queen Mary white. I am

brother, the Count de P. who is two afraid that is impofuive; but his Lord years younger, began his discourse, and Dip is very well qualified io gild her.

informed me, that I had been long and I am, &c." iinpatiently expected in France; and

that he himself expected soon to have Paris, 1 December great fatisiaction from the reading of “ Dear Rcheriiun, 1762, my fine history. But what is more “ AMONG cther agrccable circum- curious; when I was carried thence to

the

the Count d'A. who is but four years your company. I have little paper reof age, I heard him mumble fome- maining, and less time; and thereforç thing, which, though he had forgot it conclude abruptly, by afsuring you in the way, I conjectured, from fome that I am, dear Doctor, scattered words, to have been also a

Yours fincerely, panegyric dictated to him. Nothing P. 169.

DAVID HUME.” could more surprise my friends, the Parisian philofophers, than this incident.

CXII. Strutt's Sports and Pafimes It is conjectured that this honour was payed me by exprtís

of the People of England. (Con

cluded from p. 596.) order from the D. who, indeed, is not !

) on any occasion Iparing in my praite.

“ All this attention and panegyric was at first oppressive to me; but now

THE SOLITARY GAME it fits more ealy. I have recovered, in " IS so denominated, because it is some measure, the use of the language, played by one person only. The and am falling into friendships which board for this pastime is of a circular are very agreeable; much more so than form, and perforated with holes, at Gilly, diftant admiration. They now half an inch distance from each other, begin to banter me, and tell droll stories to the amount of fifty or fixty. A of me, which they have either observed certain number of pegs are then fitted themselves, or have heard from others; to these holes, but not enough to fill so that you see I am beginning to be at them all; and the manner of playing home. It is probable that this place the game is, to pass one of the pegs will be long my home. I feel little over another into a hole that is unocinclination to the factious barbarians of cupied, taking the peg so passed from London; and have ever desired to re- the board, and to continue doing so main in the place where I am planted. till all the pegs but one are taken How much more' so, when it is the away; which is an operation much best place in the world? I could here more difficult to perform than any one live in great abundance on the half of could readily imagine who had not my income; for there is no place where made the attempt.”

P. 238. money is so little requisite to a man who is distinguished either by his birth or by personal qualities. I could run out, you fee, in a panegyric on the “ THE general opinion respecting people; but you would suspect that the origin of playing cards is, that' this was a mutual convention between they were first made for the amusement 113. However, I cannot forbear ob- of Charles VI. of France, at the time serving, on what a different footing he was afflicted with a mental derangelearning and the learned are here, from ment *. The proof of this supposition what they are among the factious bar- depends upon an article in the treasury barians above mentioned.

registers belonging to that monarch, “ I have here met with a prodigious which states that a payment was made historical curiosity, the Memoirs of to Jacquemin Gringonneur, painter, King James 11. in fourteen volumes, for three packs of cards gilded and all wrote with his own hand, and kept painted with divers colours and difa in the Scot's College. I have looked ferent devices, to be carried to the into it, and have made great discoveries. King for his diversion. If it be granted, It will be all communicated to me; and I fee no reason why it Kould not, and I have had an offer of access to the that this entry alludes to playing cards, secretary of state's office, if I want to the confequences that have been deduknow the dispatches of any French ced from it do not neceffarily follow ; minister that resided in London. But I mean that these cards were the first these matters are much out of my that were made, or that Gringonneur head. I beg of you to visit Lord was the inventor of thein; it by no Marischal, who will be pleased with means procludes the probability of

* “ This event took place A.D. 1392, and the aifliction continued for several years.” VOL. V.-No. LIV.

cards

ORIGIN OF PLAYING CARDS.

4 N

cards having been previouly used in with Afiatic history, that cards were France, but fimply states that those used in the eafter parts of the world made by him were gilt and diversified long before they found their way into with devices in variegated colours, Europe t. If this pofition be granted, the better to amuse the unfortunate when we recollect that Edward I. be Inonarch.

fore his accession to the throne, re “ Some, allowing that Gringonneur sided nearly five years in Syria, it will was the first maker of playing cards, be natural enough to suppose that he place the invention in the reign of might have learned the game of the Charles V. upon the authority of Jean “four kings' in that country, and inde Saintre, who was page to that mo- troduced it at court upon his return t? narch; he mentions card playing in England. An objection, which indeed his chronicle; for, he was an author; at first fight seems to be a very powerand the words he uses would be fuffi- ful one, has been raised in oppofitio cient evidence for the existence of cards to this conje&ture: it is founded upya before the ascension of Charles VI. to the total filence of every kind of arthe throne of France, if it could be thority respecting the subject of card proved that the page did not survive playing, from the time that the above. his master; but, on the other hand, mentioned entry was made to an earis if he did, they may equally be applied period in the reign of Edward IV. is

. to the amusements of the succeeding cluding an interval of one hundred and reign.

eighty-fix years. An omission fo gene * A prohibitory edi&t against the ral it is thought would not have takes usage of cards was made in Spain con- place, if the words contained in that liderably anterior to any that have been record alluded to the usage of playing produced in France; which has in- cards. A game introduced by a moclined several modern writers upon this narch could not fail of becoming fa subject to refer the invention of cards thionable; and, if it continued to be from France to Spain; and the names pradised in after times, muf in all of some of the cards, as well as of probability have been mentioned occamany of the most ancient games, being Tionally in conjunction with the other evidently derived from the Spanish lan- paitimes then prevalent. But this filence guage, are justly confidered as strong is by no means a pofitive proof tha corroborating arguments in favour of the game of the four kings was not such an opinion.

played with cards, nor that cards did “ A very intelligent writer* upon not continue to be used during the the origin of engraving alerts, that whole of the above-mentioned interval playing cards were invented in Cer- in the higher circles, though not perMany, where they were used towards haps with such abuses as were aftti

. the latter end of the fourteenth cen wards practised, and which excited t.. tury: but his reasons are by no nicans reprehension of the moral and religious conclusive.

writers. Besides, at the time there * An author of our own country cards were first introduced, they sti? produces a paffage cited from a ward- drawn and painted by the hand wife rube computus made in the fixth year out the aflistance of a stamp or plate; of Edward I, which mentions a game it follows of course that much tir. entitle I, “the four kings ;' and hence, was required to complete a set or pas with some degree oi probability, he of cards; the price they bore no dour conjectures that the ute of playing was adequate to the labour bestovi cards was then known in England, upon them, which necessarily must have which is a much earlier period than enhanced their value beyond the pu: any that has been alligned by the fo- chase of the under classes of the pe Jeign authors. It is the opinion of ple; and for this reason it is, I pt leveral learned writers well acquainted sume, that card playing, though

* “ Baron Heineken; who says that they were known there as early the year 1376. Idée generale d'une collection des estampes. pp. 237. 249.

† “ Warton fays, it feems probable that the Arabians were the inventor cards, which they communicated to the Constantinopolitan Greeks. Hift. El Poetry, vol. ii. p. 316. Indeed it is very likely they were brought into the wcferu parts of Europe during the crusades.”

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