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by an occurrence which happened a : public charity. The subsistence for frort time ago. Conceiving that he there is derived from the interest of pot odly bad served his matter suf a fund established out of the church ficiently long, and with great fidelity, superfluities, from alms, donations, but bad allo paid himn several sums of and collections made after divine fermoney, be was tempted to demand vice, and not from any tax laid upon his liberty, and inet with a refutal. the public. Except, indeed, a few The following morning the Malay niur- colonial aflesiments for the repairs of dered his fellow-lave. On being taken the streets and public works, the inand brought up for examination before habitants of the Cape have little drawa commifion of the Court of Justice, back on their profits or the produce of be acknowledged that the boy he had their labour. The luxury of a carriage murdered was his friend; but he had and horses, which in England is atconfidered that the most effectual way tended with an enormous expenfe, is to be revenged of his master was, not kept up here for a trifle after the first by taking away bis life, but by rob- coit. Those in the town that are used bing him of the value of a thousand only for thort escursions, or for taking rixdollars, by the loss of the boy, and the air, are cpen, and calculated for another thousand hy bringing himself, four or fix pertons. For making jourin so doing, to the gallows, the recol- nies they have a kind of light waggon lection of which would prey upon his covered with fail-cloth, and sufficiently avaricious mind for the remainder of large to hold a whole family with his life.
clothes and provisions for several days. “ The effects that a state of slavery The coachman is generally one of those invariably produces on the minds and people known in the colony by the barits of a people born and educated name of basioards, being a mixed breed in the midst of it, are not less felt at between å Hottentot woman and a the Cape than in the warmer climates. European man, or a Hottentot woman Among the upper ranks it is the cul- and a llave. They make moft excellent tom for every child to have its llave, drivers, and think nothing of turning store fole employinent is to humour short corners, or of galloping through its caprices, and to drag it about from narrow avenues, with eight in hand. place to place, left it ihould too soon The ladies feldom take the exercise of discover for what purposes nature had riding on horleback, that exercise being beitowed on it legs and arms. Even considered as too fatiguing. They gethe lower class of people object to their nerally confine themfelves to the house cildren going out as servants, or being during the day, and walk the Mall in beand as apprentices to learn the use the public garden in the cool of the fal trades, which, in their contracted evening.” P. 48. ideas, would be considered as condemning them to perform the work of
Laves." P. 45.
MINE PRETENDED TO BE
SOCIETY AND MANNERS.
“ THE plain to the eastward, at a
dozen miles beyond Stickland, is ter“ THAT portion of the day, not minated by two mountains, between employed in the concerns of trade, is which the road leads into a valley betufually devoted to the gratification of ter cultivated and more thickly inhathe sensual appetites. Few have any bited than any part between it and the tafte for reading, and none for the cul- Cape. Simonsberg, on the right, is tivation of the fine arts. They have among the highest of the mountains no krid of public amufements except that are seen from the Cape. Its forked occafional balls; nor is there much Parnallian summit is frequently, in facial intercourse but by family parties, winter, covered with snow, and in the which usually confift of card-playing south-east winds of summer is generally of dancing. Money-matters and mer- buried in the clouds. It also has it's chandise engross their whole converfa- Helicon trickling down its fides, as yet tion. Yet none are opulent, though a virgin spring untafted by the Mules. many in eafy circumftances. There . It held out more charms, it seems, for are no beggars in the whole colony; Plutus, than for Apollo. A man in and but a few who are the objects of the time of the governor, whose name
the mountain perpetuates, intent on by industry be procured, he has the making his fortune by imposing on the enjoyment of none of them. Though credulity and ignorance of the Com- he has cattle in abundance, he makes pany's servants, melted down a quan- very little use of milk or of butter. In tity of Spanish dollars, and presented the midst of a foil and climate moft the mass to the governor, as a speci- favourable for the cultivation of the men of filver from a rich mine that he vine, he drinks no wine. He makes had discovered in this mountain. En- use of few or no vegetables nor roots. raptured at the proof of fo important a Three times a-day his table is loaded discovery, a resolution was pasled by with masses of mutton, swimming in the governor in council, that a sum of the grease of the sheep's tail. His money should be advanced to the man, house is either open to the roof, or to enable him to profecute his disco- covered only with rough poles and very, and work the mine, of which he turf, affording a favourable shelter for was to have the sole direction; and in fcorpions and spiders; and the earthy the mean time, to convince the public floors are covered with dust and dirt, of the rising wealth of the colony, the and swarm with infects, particularly mass of filver was ordered to be manu with a species of the termes, which, factured into a chain, to which the keys though' not fo destructive as fome of the castle gates should be suspended. others of this genus, is nevertheless a The chain was made, and still remains very troublefonie and disagreeable aniin the same service for which it was mal. His apartments, if he happens originally intended, as 'a memorial of to have more than one, which is not the credulity of the governor and the always the case among the grazing farcouncil.” P. 59.
mers, are nearly deftitute of furniture. A great chest that contains all his
moveables, and two smaller ones that THE DUTCH COLONISTS THEIR
are fitted to his waggon, are the moft MODE OF LIFE; &c.
Ariking articles. The bottoms of his “ AT the head of this little valley chairs consist of thongs cut from a bul(Hex-river valley)we were to take lease lock's hide. The windows are withof every human habitation for at leait out glass; or if there should happen to fixteen days, the time required to cross be any remains of this article, it is so over the Great Karroo, or Arid Desert, patched and daubed as nearly to exthat lay between us and the distant clude the light it was intended to addistrict of Graaff Reynet. It therefore mit. The boor notwithstanding has became necessary to supply ourselves his enjoyments: he is absolute master with a stock of provisions, as nothing of a domain of several miles in extent; whatsoever is to be had on the defert, and he lords it over a few miserable except now and then an antelope. To Naves or Hottentots without control. those travellers who are furnished with His pipe scarcely ever quits his mouth, a good waggon and a tent, the want from the moment he rises till he retires of habitations is no great loss; for few to rest, except to give him time to of them, behind he firi range of swallow his sopie, or a glass of strong mountains, have any fort of conveni- : ardent spirit, to eat his meals, and to ence, comfort, or even cleanliness. take his nap after dinner. Unwilling Among the planters of Africa it is true to work, and unable to think; with a there are fome who live in a decent mind disengaged from every fort of manner, particularly the cultivators of care and reicètion, indulging to excefs the grape. Many of these are descende in the gratification of every sensual ants of the French families who, a appetite, the African peasant grows to little more than a century ago, found an unwieldy fize, and is carried off the an asylam at the Cape of Good Hope stage by the first inflammatory disease from the religionis perfecutions that that attacks, him. drove them from their own country. “ How different is the lot of the But a true Dutch peasant, or boor, ás labouring poor in England, who for he styles himself, has not the smallest fix days in the week are doomed to idea of what an English farmer means toil for twelve hours in every day, in orby the word comfort. Placed in :: der to gain a morfel of bread for their country where not only the neceflaries, family, and the luxury of a little animal but almost every luxury of life might food for the seventh day!
# The cultivators of the ground, who the river. When a horse is to cross, nhabit the Itarer districts to the town, the saddle is taken off, the rider gets tboucle lumething better than the into the tub, and drags the animal breeders of cattle, live but in a very after him. But when a waggon is to uncomfortable manner in the midst of be transported, it must first be unprofufion. They liave little or no fo- laden, and the baggage carried over in ciety with each other, and every one the vesiel: the carriage is then made kems to live solely for himself. Though fast by one end to this floating machine, removed from cach other to the dif- and the other is buoyed up by a cask, tance of several miles, and enjoying and in this manner it is dragged over. the benefit of many thousand acres of Thus is half a day consumed in pasting Land, under the rate of a farthing an a small river of thirty or forty yards at acre, it is yet a fingular fact, that the most in width, when a few planks, Icarcely any two neighbours are found properly put together, would enable to be oa good terms with each other, them to carry over any sort of carriage, but are en broiled perpetually in quar- cattle, or horses, with safety and conrels and disputes about the extent of venience in five minutes. their farms, or the privilege of a spring “ The women of the African peaor a water-course. One great cause of fantry pass
a life of the most listless intheir endless disputes is the absurd activity. The mistress of the family, manner of estimating distance by time. with her coffee-pot constantly boiling The quantity of land in a government before her on a small table, seems fixed farm, according to the established cuf- to her chair like a piece of furniture. tom of the colony, muft be one hour's This good lady, born in the wilds of walk across it. If one farmer is sup- Africa, and educated among slaves and posed to have put down his baaken, or Hottentots, has little idea of what, in fake, or land-mark, a little too near to a state of focictjs conftitutes female that of his neighbour, the Feldtv.igt- delicacy: She makes no fcruple of mateifer, or peace officer of the division, having her legs and feet washed in is called in, by the latter, to pace the warm water by a Nave before strangers; distance, for which he gets three dol an operation that is regularly performlars. If the Feldwart-meefter should ed every evening. If the motive of such happen to rezulate his face to the fatif a custom were that of cleanliness, the fation of both parties, the affair is practice of it would deserve praise; but kettled; but as this is not always the to see the tub with the same water cle
, the next step is for the discon- passed round through all the branches tested party to apply for a commiflion, of the family, according to feniority, consisting of the Landrost, two mem is apt to create ideas of a very diferent bers of the council, the secretary of nature. Most of them go constantly the district, and a messenger. There without stockings and ihoes, even whea gentlemen ihare fifteenr dollars a-day as the therinoinetor is down to the freezSong as they are out upon the commif. ing point. They generally, howuver, lan to determine how far a man ought make use of small stoves to place the to walk in an hour,
The young girls fit with their " The dangerous and difficult roads hands before them as liftless as their in every part of the colony, but parti- mothers. Most of thein, in the distant cularly the kloefs or passes of the districts, can neither read nor write, so mountains, and the fill more perilous that they have no mental resources fe is of the rivers, fhow how very whatever. Luckily, perhaps, for them, little fenile is entertained by the pea- the paucity of ideas prevents time from Santry of public benefits or public con- hanging heavy on their hands. The kemunces. Each gets over a difficulty history of a day is that of their whole 23 well as he can, and no more is lives. They hear or speak of nothing thought about it till it again occurs. but that such-a-one is going to the city, An initarice appeared of this in crolling or to church, or to be married, or that the Breede river opposite to Brandt thc Bosjesmans have stoken the cattle of Valley, which is done by means of a such-a-une, or the locuits eaten their finall flat-bottomed tub, about fix feet The young people have no bị three. In this machine foot patien- mcetings at fixed periods, as in inoit gets haul themselves over by a rope country-places, for rir and recreakxed to two ports, one on each lide of tion. No fairs, no dancing, no music,
nor amusement of any fort. To the directing it. The children of those brein the case cold phlegmatic temper and inactive who either cannot obtain, or afford to gi situace di way of life may perhaps be owing the employ such a person, can neither read ite de mult take prolific tendency of all the African pea ner write; and the whole of their Tantry. Six or seven children in a fa- education confifts in learning to fhoot
Laung the ret of mily are considered as very few; from well, to crack and use with dexterity a dozen to twenty are not uncommon;
an enormous large whip, and to drive awarene, after a and most of them inarry very young,
a waggon drawn by bullocks. so that the population of the colony is “ A book of any kind is rarely seen rapidly increalilig. Several, however, in any of the farmers' houses, except of the children die in their infancy, the Bible and William Sluiter's Gesanfrom livellings in the throat, and from gen, or songs out of the Bible, done into eruptions of the same kind they are verfe by the Sternhoid and Hopkins of subject to in the Cape. Very few in- Holland. They affect to be very re
strengt te who ftarces of longevity occur. The man- ligious, and carry at least the devotion ner of life they lead is perhaps less fa- of religion fully as far as the most zeal. it the Afrie vourable for a prolonged existence than ous bigots. They never fit down to the nature of the climate. The dif- table without a long grace before meat cases of which they generally die in the pronounced with an audible voice by maging cre not a country are bilious and putrid fevers the youngest of the family; and every and dropsies.
morning before daylight one of Wil-la cattle “ The men are in general much liam Sluiter's Gefangen is drawled out for the above the middle fize, very tall and in full chorus by an assemblage of the ftout, but ill made, lootely put toge- whole family. In their attendance at the Cape i ther, awkward, and inactive. Very church they are scrupulously exact, few have those open ingenuous coun- though the performance of this duty : Fund tenances that among the peasantry of costs many of them a journey of seves a many parts of Europe speak their lim. ral days. Those who live at the dif- gada plicity and innocence. The descend- tance of a fortnight or three weeks ants of French families are now fo in- from the nearest church generally go termarried with those of the original with their families once a year. settlers, that no diftin&tion, except the " Rude and uncultivated as are their em names, remains. And it is a remark- minds, there is one virtue in which able fact, that not a word of the French they eminently excel-hospitality to language is spoken or understood by any strangers. A countryman, a foreigner, of the peasantry, though there be many a relation, a friend, are all equally fill living whole parents were both of Welcome to whatsoever the house will that nation. Neither is a French book afford. A Dutch farmer never paffes of any kind to be teen in their liouscs. a house on the road without alighting, It would seem as if these persecuted except indeed his next ncighbour's, refugees had ftudied to conceal from with whom it is ten to one he is at their children their unfortunate history variance. It is not enough to inquire and their country's disgraceful conduct. after the health of the family in pafling:
“ The means of education, it is ever on the road, if two pealants true, must be very difficult to be had thould nieet, they instantly difinount among a people to widely scattered to take hands, whether itrangers or over a vast cxtent of country, as the friends. When a traveller arrives at a peasantry are in the colony of the Cape. habitation, he alights from his horfe, Some have a person in the house whom enters the house, Makes hands with they call the fchoolmaster. This is the mer, kises the womer, and sits generally a man who had served out his cown without farther ceremony time in the ranks, His crployment, When the table is served he takes his in this eve fivation, is not only to place among the family, without waitinfand the children to read, to write, ing for an invitation.
This is never te lily fitlins, and get ly heart a few given, on the fuppofition that a tracccational pers, but he must also veller in a country to thinly inhabited make himself jerviceable in other re must always have an appetite for foinefpects. At one place that we pared, thing. Accordingly, 'What vill you the pcer schoolmare: was driving the make use of?' is generally the first plonisti, wbillt a Hottentot bind tlie Glicstion. If there be a bed in the more honourable post of holding and louse, it is given to the stranger; it
LIST OF PLATES.
none, which is frequently the cafe NANT, Esq. 2 vols. 4to. pp. 412. among the graziers of the distant dif
Ê. Harding, Weft and trict of Graaff Reynet, he must take Hughes. his chance for a form, or bench, or a heap of theep-kins, among the rest of the family. In the morning, after a folid breakfast, he takes his sopie, or
VOL. l glass of brandy, orders his save or Hot. tentot to faddle the horses, shakes hands
MAP with the men, and kisses the women:
Temple Stairs. be wishes them health, and they wishi Trinity Hospital. him a good journey. In this manner a
La Duchelle de Chevreuse. traveller might pass through the whole Sir John Packington. country.
Norfolk Hospital, “ if the economy of the African Peity's Dock. farmer's house be ill managed, that of Charlton Manor-house. his land is equally bad. The graziers, Leles Abbey. indeed, in many places, are not at the Edward Brown, M. D. trouble of loving any grain, but exchange with others their cattle for as
Tilbury Fort. much as may be necessary for the family Rochester Castle and Bridge. consumption. But even those who Fofils, Plate I. have corn-farms near the Cape seem to
Plate II. have no kind of management. They Feversham Abbey. turn over a piece of ground with à Plott, Dr. huge misshapen plough, that requires Reculver. eight or ten horses, or a dozen oxen, Dent de Lion. to drag it along: the feed is sown in North Foreland Light-house. the broadcast way, the rate of
St. about a bushel and a half to an acre;
Auguftine's Monastery. a rude harrow is just passed over it,
Canterbury Castle. and they reap from ten to fifteen for Deal Castle. one. No manure comes upon the Walmer Cofile. ground except a sprinkling for barley. Dover Caftle. In low situations near rivulets, where Ancient Chapel and Watch-tower. the water can be brought upon the Sir Thomas Erpingham. ground, they reap from thirty to forty Maison Dieu. for one. Water in fact is every thing Skakespeare Cliff, in Southern Africa. Not like the Chinese, whose great art of agriculture
VOL. II. confifts in suiting the nature and habit of the plant to that of the soil, which Map. he also artificially prepares, the Dutch Sandgate Castle and Town. peasant at the Cape is fatisfied if he can Winchelsea Church. command only a supply of water. He Hastings Caftle. bestows no kind of labour on the Battel Abbey: ground but that of throwing in the feed: the rest is left to chance and the Pevensey Caftle.
Sir Anthony Browne effects of an excellent climate. The
Newha.en. time of feeding is in the months of May and June; and of harvest, from No Pavilion at Brightom. vember to January. The grain is New Shoreham. trodden out by horfés on circular
floors Arundel Cuffle. in the open air; and the straw is left William Harvey, M. D. to rot or to be scattered about by the Chichester, winds.” P. 76.
Emsworth. (To be continued.)
Ile of Wight. Bv THOMAS PEN Coffin of Princess Elizabeth.