The Road to Results: Designing and Conducting Effective Development Evaluations

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World Bank Publications, 2009 - Business & Economics - 582 pages
'The Road to Results: Designing and Conducting Effective Development Evaluations' presents concepts and procedures for evaluation in a development context. It provides procedures and examples on how to set up a monitoring and evaluation system, how to conduct participatory evaluations and do social mapping, and how to construct a "rigorous" quasi-experimental design to answer an impact question. The text begins with the context of development evaluation and how it arrived where it is today. It then discusses current issues driving development evaluation, such as the Millennium Development Goals and the move from simple project evaluations to the broader understandings of complex evaluations. The topics of implementing 'Results-based Measurement and Evaluation' and constructing a 'Theory of Change' are emphasized throughout the text. Next, the authors take the reader down 'the road to results, ' presenting procedures for evaluating projects, programs, and policies by using a 'Design Matrix' to help map the process. This road includes: determining the overall approach, formulating questions, selecting designs, developing data collection instruments, choosing a sampling strategy, and planning data analysis for qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method evaluations. The book also includes discussions on conducting complex evaluations, how to manage evaluations, how to present results, and ethical behavior--including principles, standards, and guidelines. The final chapter discusses the future of development evaluation. This comprehensive text is an essential tool for those involved in development evaluation.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 2 Understanding the Issues Driving Development Evaluation
49
Overview of Evaluation in Developed and Developing Countries
50
Implications of Emerging Development Issues
71
Summary
93
References and Further Reading
94
Web Sites
101
PREPARING AND CONDUCTING EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT EVALUATIONS
103
CHAPTER 3 Building a ResultsBased Monitoring and Evaluation System
105
Importance of ResultsBased Monitoring and Evaluation
106
What Is ResultsBased Monitoring and Evaluation?
107
Traditional versus ResultsBased Monitoring and Evaluation
108
Ten Steps to Building a ResultsBased Monitoring and Evaluation System
112
Summary
135
Activities
136
Notes
139
Web Sites
140
Understanding the Evaluation Context and the Program Theory of Change
141
FrontEnd Analysis
142
Identifying the Main Client and Key Stakeholders
144
Understanding the Context
149
Tapping Existing Knowledge
150
Summary
171
Chapter 4 Activities
172
References and Further Reading
174
Web Sites
177
CHAPTER 5 Considering the Evaluation Approach
181
General Approaches to Evaluation
182
Summary
206
Chapter 5 Activity
211
Notes
212
Web Sites
216
DESIGNING AND CONDUCTING
219
Developing Evaluation Questions and Starting the Design Matrix
221
Sources of Questions
222
Types of Questions
223
Identifying and Selecting Questions
230
Developing Good Questions
232
Designing the Evaluation
234
Summary
244
Chapter 6 Activities
245
References and Further Reading
246
Selecting Designs for CauseandEffect Descriptive and Normative Evaluation Questions
247
Connecting Questions to Design
248
Designs for CauseandEffect Questions
252
Designs for Descriptive Questions
272
Designs for Normative Questions
275
Chapter 7 Activities
281
Annex 71 Summary of Key Terms and Attributes of Different Design Types
282
References and Further Reading
284
Web Sites
287
CHAPTER 8 Selecting and Constructing Data Collection Instruments
289
Data Collection Strategies
290
Characteristics of Good Measures
293
Quantitative and Qualitative Data
294
Tools for Collecting Data
299
Summary
348
References and Further Reading
370
Web Sites
371
CHAPTER 10 Planning for and Conducting Data Analysis
373
Data Analysis Strategy
374
Analyzing Quantitative Data
388
Linking Qualitative Data and Quantitative Data
401
Summary
403
Chapter 10 Activities
405
References and Further Reading
408
Web Sites
411
MEETING CHALLENGES
413
CHAPTER 11 Evaluating Complex Interventions
415
BigPicture Views of Development Evaluation
416
Joint Evaluations
417
Country Program Evaluations
421
Sector Program Evaluations
423
Thematic Evaluations
424
Evaluation of Global and Regional Partnership Programs
429
Summary
434
References and Further Reading
435
Web Sites
438
LEADING
439
CHAPTER 12 Managing an Evaluation
441
Managing the Design Matrix
442
Roles and Responsibilities of Different Players
446
Managing People Tasks and Budgets
451
Summary
460
Chapter 12 Activities
461
References and Further Reading
463
Web Sites
465
CHAPTER 13 Presenting Results
467
Crafting a Communication Strategy
468
Writing an Evaluation Report
471
Displaying Information Visually
476
Making an Oral Presentation
488
Summary
491
References and Further Reading
492
Web Sites
493
Evaluation Ethics Politics Standards and Guiding Principles
495
Ethical Behavior
496
Politics and Evaluation
499
Evaluation Standards and Guiding Principles
506
Summary
510
Chapter 14 Activity
511
References and Further Reading
512
Web Sites
513
CHAPTER 15 Looking to the Future
515
Past to Present
516
The Future
518
Chapter 15 Activity
527
References and Further Reading
528
Web Sites
529
APPENDIXES
531
Index
563
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Ray C. Rist was a senior evaluation officer in the World Bank for many years. He has served as university professor at Johns Hopkins University, Cornell University, and George Washington University. In addition, he is the editor for Transaction's Comparative Policy Evaluation series.

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