Popular Protest in Late Medieval English Towns
Contrary to received opinion, revolts and popular protests in medieval English towns were as frequent and as sophisticated, if not more so, as those in the countryside. This groundbreaking study refocuses attention on the varied nature of popular movements in towns from Carlisle to Dover and from the London tax revolt of Longbeard in 1196 to Jack Cade's Rebellion in 1450, exploring the leadership, social composition, organisation and motives of popular protest. The book charts patterns of urban revolt in times of strong and weak kingship, contrasting them with the broad sweep of ecological and economic change that inspired revolts on the continent. Samuel Cohn demonstrates that the timing and character of popular revolt in England differed radically from revolts in Italy, France and Flanders. In addition, he analyses repression and waves of hate against Jews, foreigners and heretics, opening new vistas in the comparative history of late medieval Europe.
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Introduction questions and sources
Class struggle in English towns workers and bosses
Varieties of revolt
Crown and town strife with secular authority
Revolts against the Crown crises of kingship from John Lackland to Henry VI
The Black Death and urban protest
Urban revolts against the Crown outside London the case of Bristol
A wave of insurrection 131218?
Church and city
Revolts in monastic boroughs
Church struggles in towns other than monastic boroughs
Urban conflict against bishops and universities
Urban risings of hatred Jews foreigners and heretics
Revolts poor against rich
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abbey abbey’s abbot According aldermen Annales appear armed arrest artisans assaulted attacks bailiffs barons bishop Black Death Bristol burgesses Bury St Edmunds Cade’s Cambridge Canterbury charters Chronicle Church citizens city’s Cohn collective commission commonalty commoners conﬂict Continent countryside court Crown difﬁcult Dyer economic Edward Edward II elected elites English Peasants English towns ﬁfteenth century ﬁnes ﬁrst ﬁve fourteenth century France further Grifﬁths guild Henry Henry Richards Luard Hilton History Ibid identiﬁed II’s III’s imprisoned insurrection Jews John justice king King’s Bench King’s Lynn late medieval England Late Middle later Lollards London lords Lynn magnates manors mayor merchants Middle Ages monastic boroughs Norwich ofﬁce ofﬁcers ofﬁcials Ormrod Oxford pardons Paris Parliament Patent Rolls Peasants political popular protest popular revolt priory rebellion rebels records reign resistance Richard riots Rodney Hilton royal servants sheriff signiﬁcant social St Albans struggles tallages tax revolts town’s townsmen violence vols Walsingham William William Stubbs