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To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen,
Than twenty times the value of the sum
If law, authority, and power deny not,
that draws breath in Italy.
What, no more?
debt twenty times over;
your friends welcome, show a merry cheer;' Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear. But let me hear the letter of your friend.
- cheer;] i. e. countenance. So, in A Midjummer-Nighi's Dream, Vol. V.
161: “ That liv'd, that lov'd, that lik'd, that look'd with cheer." Ses pote on this passage. STE8VENS,
BASS. [reads.] Sweet Bessanio, my ships have all miscarried, my creditors grow cruel, my estate is very low, my bond to the Jew is forfeit; and since, in paying it, it is impossible I fould live, all debts are cleared between you and I, if I might but see you at my death: notwithstanding, use your pleasure : if your love do not persuade you to come, let not my letter.
Por. O love, despatch all business, and be gone. Bass. Since I have your good leave to go away,
I will make haste: but, till I come again, No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay,
No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain. [Exeunt.
Enter SHYLOCK, SALANIO, ANTONIO, and Gaoler.
Hear me yet, good Shylock. Shr. I'll have my bond; speak not against my
bond; I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond: Thou call’dst me dog, before thou had'st a cause : But, fince I am a dog, beware my fangs : The duke shall grant me justice.—I do wonder, Thou naughty gaoler, that thou art so fond?
and 1,] This inaccuracy, I believe, was our author's Mr. Pope reads—and me. MALONE.
-lo fond] i. e. fo foolith. So, in the old comedy of Mother Bombie, 1594, by Lyly: " that the youth seeing her fair cheeks, may be enamoured before they hear her fund fpeech." STEEVENS.
To come abroad with him at his request.:
Ant. I pray thee, hear me speak.
speak: l'll have my bond; and therefore speak no more. I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool, To shake the head, relent, and ligh, and yield To christian interceffors. Follow not ; I'll have no speaking ; I will have my bond.
Let him alone;
I am sure, the duke
Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law; For the commodity that ftrangers have With us in Venice, if it be denied,"
8_dull-ey'd fool,] This epithet dull-ey'd is bestowed on melancholy in Pericles, Prince of Tyre. STEVENS.
9 The duke cannot deny, &c.] As the reason here given seems a little perplex'd, it may be proper to explain it. If, says he, the duke stop the course of law, it will be attended with this inconvenience, that stranger merchants, by whom the wealth and power of this city is supported, will cry out of injustice. For the known ftated law being their guide and security, they will never bear to have the current of it itopped on any pretence of equity whatsoever.
WARBURTON. - For the commodity that Arangers have
With us in Venice, if it be denied, &c.] i. c. for the denial of those rights to ftrangers, which render their abode at l'enice so
Will much impeach the justice of the state;
[Excúnt. SCENE IV.
Belmont. A Room in Portia's House.
nter Portia, Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica, and
Lor.Madam, although I speak it in your presence,
Por. I never did repent for doing good,
commodious and agreeable to them, would much impeach the juftice of the state. The consequence would be, that strangers would not reside or carry on traffick here; and the wealth and itrength of the state would be diminished. In The Hiftorye of Italye, by W. Thomas, quarto, 1567, there is a section On ihe libertee of Araun. gers at Venice. MALONE.
Whose fouls do bear an equal yoke of love,
2 Whofe fouls do bear an equal yoke, &c.] The folio, 1623, readsegal, which, I believe, in Shakspeare's time was commonly used for equal. So it was in Chaucer's :
“ I will presume hym fo to dignifie
" Yet be not egall.” Prol. to The Remedy af Love. Again, in Gorboduc:
“ Sith all as one do bear you egall faith,” STEBVENS. 3 Of lineaments, of manners, &c.] The wrong pointing has made this fine sentiment nonsense. As implying that friendship could not only make a fimilitude of manners, but of faces. The true sense is, lineaments of manners, i. e, form of the manners, which, says the speaker, must needs be proportionate. WARBURTON.
The poet only means to say, that corresponding proportions of body and mind are necesary for those who spend their time together. So, in K. Henry IV. P. II:
“ Dol, Why doth the prince love him fo then?
“ Fal, Because their legs are both of a bigness," &c. Every one will allow that the friend of a toper should have a trong head, and the intimate of a sportsman fuch an athletic con. ftitution as will enable him to acquit himself with reputation in the exercises of the field. The word lineaments was ufed with great laxity by our ancient writers. In The learned and true Asertion of the Original, Life, &c. of King Arthur, translated from the Latin of John Leland, 1582, it is used for the human frame in general. Speaking of the removal of that prince's bones -he calls them Arthur's lincaments three times translated; and again, all the lineaments of them remaining in that mojt stately tomb, javing the frin bones of the king and queen, &c.
Again, in Greene's Farewell to Follie, 1617: “ Nature hath fo curiously performed his charge in the lineaments of his body," &c.
Again, in Chapman's translation of the twenty-third book of
.fo over-labour'd were
STEEVENS. the bosom lover of my lord,] In our author's time this term was applied to those of the same sex who had an esteem for each other. Ben Jonson concludes one of his letters to Dr. Donne, by