Historical Linguistics: An Introduction
A comprehensive, clearly written introduction to historical linguistic theory and methods. Thoroughly revised, this edition draws on recent linguistic and archaeological research, incorporating key developments and advances.Historical Linguistics provides a comprehensive and clearly written introduction to historical linguistic theory and methods. Since its first publication in 1962 the book has established itself as core reading for students of linguistics. This edition has been thoroughly revised. Drawing on recent linguistic and archaeological research Professor Lehmann incorporates key developments in the field. These include exciting advances in the history and development of writing; and in typological classification which allows better understanding of the structure of early languages. Well-illustrated with Indo-European examples, and supplementary exercises which draw on data from other language families as well, the book will enable students to carry out independent work in historical studies on any language family, as well as up-to-date work in Indo-European.
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The background of historical linguistic study
The use of written records
The comparative method
The method of internal reconstruction
Sound change change in phonological systems
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accordingly active applied assume basis became borrowed century chapter characteristics Chinese cited comparative completely concerned conclusions consonant constructions contrast culture deal determine developed dialects Discuss distinctive earlier early effect elements endings evidence examine example extended final forms French further Germanic given Goth Greek groups hand High historical linguistics illustrate important indicate Indo-European inflected influence introduced Italy Japanese known language Latin lost maintained materials meaning method Middle modified Moreover morphological noted nouns observed Old English origin patterns period phonemes phonological pitch accent plural position present problems proposed Proto-Indo-European reconstruction referred relationships relative represent root rules Sanskrit semantic shift similar social sound change speakers speech stops structure symbols syntactic texts understanding various verbs voiced vowels words