A Grammar of Iconism
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 399 pages
Literary criticism often includes ad hoc comments about onomatopoeia, synaesthesia, or other forms of iconism. In A Grammar of Iconism, Earl Anderson discusses these phenomena systematically. According to Anderson, modern post-Saussurian linguistics has as its central tenet the arbitrariness of linguistic signs. Thus, linguistic elements that bear some relationship to their referent have been seen as marginal to the system of language, or at best similar in their arbitrariness to other linguistic signs. As an example of the latter, while most languages have an onomatopoeic element, different languages imitate sounds differently. Anderson argues against the standard view, provides a detailed critique of the negative arguments against iconism, and offers a positive typology that demonstrates the extensiveness and complexity of iconism in language.
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Inspiration Intentionality and Stylistic Differentiation
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ablaut according alliteration analysis aposiopesis appears arbitrary argues asked association back vowels beginning bird called chapter clusters collocation color combines comparative concept consonant context contrast critics dark describes discourse effect English example experience expressive French front vowels gives grammatical Greek Green heard human iconism idea illustrated images imitation influence language later Latin letters light linguistic lower means names natural night notes noun object onomatopoeia onomatopoeic origin pattern phonemes phrase poem poet poetic poetry position present reduplication referent reflect relatively repetition represented resemblance result rhetorical rhyme rounded says seems semantic sense sentence sequence shapes signs similar sometimes song sound speakers speech stops structure suggests syllables symbolism synaesthesia syntactic theme theory things thought tion tongue turn universal verb versus vocabulary voiced vowels words writes