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with us.

which is left, you would say that it was little short of a miracle that it did not share the fate of our other premises. Under this shelter did our gracious Lord preserve to us every needful supply of food and raiment, nor did one of us receive the slightest injury. Surely the Lord dealt gently

What shall we render unto him for all his mercies? We have already heard of twenty of our people who have lost their lives, but we expect to hear of yet further casualties. For the divine support vouchsafed to us at this trying season, we cannot be sufficiently grateful. The brethren need it peculiarly; being obliged to labor hard all day, and to hold the meetings at night, besides baptizing, visiting the sick, and attending funerals on the different plantations. Our school was in a flourishing state previous to this visitation : it was attended by about forty boys, and a considerably larger number of girls.

LESSON LXVI.

Pilgrim Fathers of New England.–ROBERT VAUGHAN.

RARELY do we meet with such lucid proof of sincerity, as in the case of this once persecuted and still calumniated people. No explanation of their conduct can be given apart from that which they themselves supply—a sacred sense of duty to their God. No other motive could have sustained them under sufferings so complicated and so protracted. Their state involved a relinquishment of every tie to earth : and what could have supported this, except that religion which includes a vigorous hold on the future and the eternal ? In the state of degradation to which they were reduced, they had no sensible monuments of former greatness to cheer them with that melancholy pleasure which such objects never fail to inspire. The Catholic exile could point to the most powerful nations as devoted to his faith, and as adorning it with all the earthly majesty that wealth or genius could supply. And, even in those countries where its dominion had ceased, he could assert the extended possessions, which imparted so much dignity to a new race of priests, to be possessions pertaining, of right, to his communion, and could bid those splendid temples or mouldering ruins, which connect the imagination with the ages far remote, to speak for the greatness of that empire which his creed had once possessed. Not so these professors of a system so distinct from, and so unlike, the kingdoms of this world. No nätion had adopted their policy, and the clergy, even in the only spot of Europe where they could find an asylum, were frequently their persecutors.

But they were not without reasons to assign in vindication of their conduct, nor without facts of preëminent grandeur to adduce in support of those peculiarities which had exposed them to so much obloquy and suffering. They could trace their favorite opinions to an antiquity with which the cathedral and the monastery had no alliance. They could find the parallel of their poverty, their reproaches, and their many wrongs, in the history of the great Founder of Christianity, and in the history of the men who were endowed by him with a greatness

of nature which raised them far above the common level of humanity. As to the ascendency of creeds, they could tell of centuries through which their own had maintained its ground against every conceivable kind of hostility, extending its triumphs as a system of truth, even in such circumstances, to the most distant nations. What it had done in this respect, they were persuaded it would do again. It was their solemn conviction, that the cause which, in its own native strength, had triumphed over the paganism of one empire, must prevail, in its appointed time, against the semi-paganism of that which had succeeded it. Through the first two centuries, their principles were those most generally recognized; and to the age of Constantine, Christianity was, as in their case, the religion of a people eveny where slandered and proscribed. They did not live to see their principles adopted by the most powerful states of the new world, and by many myriads of their countrymen ; but they had their moments in which they could anticipate a change even thus surprising, and in which they could brave any hazard, and apply themselves to any toil, with a view to promote it.

The first party in Christendom to advocate the cause of religious liberty,—we mean, to advocate it fully and consistently,

; -was this party of outcasts; and because, in this respect, they were wiser than their generation, they were long despised by it.

LESSON LXVII.

Coming of the Latter Day.-WORDSWORTH.

ETERNAL SPIRIT ! let thy Word prevail
Oh ! let thy Word prevail, to take away
The sting of human nature. Spread the law,
As it is written in thy holy Book,
Throughout all lands : let every nation hear
The high behest, and every heart obey;
Both for the love of purity and hope
Which it affords, to such as do thy will
And persevere in good, that they shall rise
To have a nearer view of thee in heaven.
Father of good! this prayer in bounty grant,
In mercy grant it to thy wretched sons.
Then, nor till then, shall persecution cease,
And cruel wars expire. The way is marked,
The guide appointed, and the ransom paid.
Alas! the nations who of

yore

received

These tidings, and in Christian temples meet,
The sacred truth to acknowledge, linger still :
Preferring bonds and darkness to a state
Of holy freedom, by redeeming love,
Proffered to all, while yet on earth detained,
So fare the many; and the thoughtful few,
Who, in the anguish of their souls, bewail
This dire perverseness, cannot choose but ask,
Shall it endure? Shall enmity and strife,
Falsehood and guile, be left to sow their seed,
And the kind never perish? Is the hope
Fallacious, or shall righteousness obtain
A peaceable dominion wide as earth,
And ne'er to fail ? Shall that blest day arrive
When they whose choice or lot it is to dwell
In crowded cities, without fear shall live,
Studious of mutual benefit ; and he,
Whom morning wakes, among sweet dews and flowers
Of every clime, to till the lonely field,
Be happy in himself ?-The law of faith
Working through love, such conquest shall it gain,
Such triumph over sin and guilt achieve.
Almighty Lord! thy further grace impart;
And, with that help, the wonder shall be seen
Fulfilled, the hope accomplished; and thy praise
Be sung with transport and unceasing joy.

LESSON LXVIII.

The Slave-trading Nations.-GEORGE CROLY.

It is ascertained that from seventy to eighty thousand slaves have been carried from Africa to the West Indies in a single year; and with what misery beyond all calculation ! What agonies of heart, at the utter and eternal parting from friends, kindred and home! What indescribable torture in the slave-ships, where they burned under the tropical day, packed in dens, without room to move, to stand, or even to lie down,-chained, scourged, famished, withering with fever and thirst : human layers festering on each other ; the dead, the dying, the frantic, and the tortured, compressed together like bales of merchandise ; hundreds seizing the first moment of seeing the light and air, to fling themselves overboard; hundreds dying of grief, thousands dying of pestilence; and the rest, even more wretched, surviving only for a hopeless captivity in a strange land, to labor for life under the whips of overseers, savages immeasurably more brutal and debased than their unfortunate victims !

With what eyes must Providence have looked down upon this tremendous accumulation of guilt, this hideous abuse of the power of European knowledge and wealth over the miserable African; and with what solemn justice may it not have answered the cry of the blood out of the ground! The vengeance of Heaven on individuals is wisely, in most instances, put beyond human discovery. But for nations there is no judgment to come, no great after-reckoning to make all straight, and vindicate the ways of God to man. They must be punished here ; and it might be neither difficult nor unproductive of the best knowledge,--the Christian's faith in the ever-waking and resistless control of Providence,--to trace the punishment of this enormous crime in Europe. The slave-trade, perhaps, lost America to England, and the crime was thus punished at its height, and within view of the spot where it was committed. But our crime was done in ignorance ; the people of this kingdom had known little of its nature; and they required only to know it, to wash their hands of the stain. It may have been for this reason, that, of all unsuccessful wars, the American was the least marked with national loss; and that, of all abscissions of empire, the independence of the United States was the most rapid

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