Domesday: Book of Judgement
Domesday: book of judgement provides a unique study of the extraordinary eleventh-century survey, the Domesday Book. Sally Harvey depicts the Domesday Book as the written evidence of a potentially insecure conquest successfully transforming itself, by a combination of administrative insight and military might, into a permanent establishment. William I used the Domesday Inquiry to contain the new establishment and consolidate their landholding revolution within a strict fiscal and tenurial framework, with checks and balances to prevent the king's followers from taking more powers and assets than they had been allocated. In this way, the survey served as a conciliatory gesture between the conquerors and the conquered, as William I came to realise that, faced with the threat to his rule from the Danes, he needed England's native populations more than they needed him. Yes, the overlying theme of the Domesday Book is Judgment: every class of society had reason to regard the Survey's methodical and often pitiless proceedings as both a literal and a metaphorical day of account. In this volume, Sally Harvey considers the Anglo-Saxon background and the architects of the survey: the bishops, royal clerks, sheriffs, jurors, and landholders who contributed to Domesday's content and scope. She also discusses at length the core information in the Survey: coinage, revenues from landholding, fiscal concessions, and taxation, as well as some central tenurial issues. She draws the conclusion that the record, whilst consolidating William's position as king of the English, also laid the foundations for the twelfth-century treasury and exchequer. The volume newly argues that the Domesday survey also became an inquest into individual sheriffs and officials, thereby laying a foundation for reinterpreting the size of towns in England. -- Provided by publisher.
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List of Figures
List of Abbreviations
Note on Terminology
The English Context The Book of Winchester and the Domus Dei
The Architects of the Inquiry The Bishops and the Royal Clerks
Who Wrote Domesday? Resources and Expertise in the Localities
Who Wrote Domesday? The Returns and the Book
Abbey abbot amongst Anglo-Saxon archbishop assets Bayeux bishop borough burgesses Bury St Edmunds canons Canterbury cathedral certainly charters church circuit Cnut coin coinage commissioners Conqueror Conquest counties customary dues demesne documents Domesday Book Domesday Inquiry Domesday record Domesday Survey Domesday values Domesday’s Durham Earl ecclesiastical Edward eleventh century England English estates evidence Exon farm fiscal Flambard geld Geoffrey Geoffrey de Mandeville Harold held Henry Hereford Hertfordshire hidage hides hundred judgement jurors king’s land landholders Lanfranc later leases Little Domesday London magnates Minster mints moneyers monks Norman Normandy Odo of Bayeux Old Minster ordeal paid payments perhaps plough-teams ploughlands Rannulf reeve rents returns revenues Robert Roger royal clerks royal manors royal officials Salisbury scribe sheriff shire court St Calais St Martin’s Stigand surviving taxation tenants tenants-in-chief tenure thegns Treasury twelfth century villeins Walkelin Whilst William I’s William of Poitiers William’s reign Winchester witness Worcester writ