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tigation of the important subjects adequate terms. They furnish, at brought under your consideration, the same time, an additional pledge, in consequence of the severe pres- that if the sentiments of moderation sure occasioned by the high price of and justice, which will ever govern corn. The beneficial effects of the his majesty's conduct, should be measures you have suggested for the rendered unavailing, in this inalleviation of this calamity, have stance, by unreasonable pretensions afforded his majesty great consola- on the part of his enemies, the spirit tion; and he has the utmost satis- and firniness of his people will confaction in indulging the hope that, tinue to be manifested by such efunder the favour of providence, the forts and sacrifices as may be necesblessings of plenty will be restored sary for asserting the honour of his by the produce of the ensuing har- majesty's crown, and for maintainvest.

ing the permanent interests of the Gentlemen of the House of Com- empire. mons,

Then a commission for proroguing His majesty has directed us to re- the parliament was read. After turn you his particular thanks for which the lord chancellor said, the liberal provision which you have My lords, and Gentlemen, made for the various branches of By virtue of his majesty's commisa the public service. While he re sion under the great seal, to us and grets the necessity of supplies so other lords directed, and now read, large, it is a relief to his majesty to We do, in his majesty's name, and observe, that the resources and con- in obedience to his commands, protinued prosperity of the country rogue this parliament to Thursday have enabled you to distribute the the 6th day of August next, to be public burthens in such a manner, then here holden ; and this parliaas to press with as little severity as ment is accordingly prorogued to possible on his faithful subjects. Thursday the 6th day of August,

My Lords, and Gentlemen, next. The brilliant and repeated successes of his majesty's arms, by sea and land, important as they are in His Majesty's Speech on the Meeting their immediate consequences, are of Parliament, Thursday, Oct. 29. not less satisfactory to his majesty's mind, as alfording fresh and decis

My Lords, and Gentlemen, sive proofs of that vigorous exer

I have the satisfaction to acquaint tion, undaunted valour, and steady you, that the important negotiations perseverance, which distinguish the in which I was engaged at the close national character, and on which of the last session of parliament are the chief reliance must be placed brought to a favourable conclusion. for respect abroad, and for confi- The differences with the northern dence and security at home. Events powers have been adjusted by a so honourable to the British name convention with the emperor of derive, at the present moment, pe Russia, to which the kings of Denculiar value in his majesty's estima. mark and Sweden have expressed tion, from their tendency to facili- their readiness to accede. The estate the attainment of the


sential rights for which we conobject of his unceasing solicitude, tended are thereby secured, and the restoration of peace on fair and provision is made, that the exercise


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of them shall be attended with as which have been manifested by all little inolestation as possible to the descriptions of my faithful subjects, subjects of the contracting parties. under the various and complicated

Preliminaries of peace have also difficulties with which they have been ratified between me and the had to contend. The distinguished French republic; and I trust that valour and eminent services of my this important arrangement, whilst forces by sea and land, which at no it manifests the justice and modera- period have been surpassed; the tion of my views, will also be found unprecedented exertions of the miconducive to the substantial interests litia and fencibles, and the zeal and of this country, and honourable to perseverance of the volunteer corps the British character.

of cavalry and infantry, are entitled Copies of these papers shall forth- to my warmest acknowledgements : with be laid before you, and I car- and I am persuaded that you will nestly hope that the transactions to join with me, in reflecting with pewhich they refer, will meet with culiar satisfaction on the naval and the approbation of my parliament. military operations of the last camGentlemen of the House of Com- paign, and on the successful and mons,

glorious issue of the expedition to I have directed such estimates to Egypt, which has been marked be prepared for the various demands throughout by achievements tendof the public service, as appear to ing, in their consequences, and by me to be best adapted to the situa- their example, to produce lasting tion in which we are now placed. advantage and honour to this counIt is painful to me to reflect, that try. It is my first wish, and most provision cannot be made for de- fervent prayer, that my people may fraying the expences which must experience the reward they have so unavoidably he continued for a well merited, in a full enjoyment of time in different parts of the world, the blessings of peace, in a proand for maintaining an adequate gressive increase of the national peace establishment, without large commerce, credit, and resources, additional supplies. You may, how- and, above all, in the undisturbed ever, be assured, that all possible possession of their religion, laws, attention shall be paid to such eco

and liberties, under the safeguard nomical arrangements as may not be and protection of that constitution inconsistent with the great object of which it las been the great object effectually providing for the security of all our efforts to preserve, and of all dominions.

which it is our most sacred duty to My Lords, and Gentlemen, transmit uninıpaired to our descenI cannot sufficiently describe the dents. gratification and comfort I derive from the relief which the bounty of divine providence has afforded to my people, by the abundant produce

STATE PAPERS.. of the late harvest. In contemplat- Note transmitted by Mr. Drummond ing the situation of the country at

to the Danish Minister for Foreign this important conjuncture, it is Affairs, dated 27th Dec. 1800. impossible for me to refrain from The court of London, informed expressing the deep sense I enter- that Denmark is carrying on with tain of the temper and fortitude activity negotiations very hostile to


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the interests of the British empire, he is carrying on with respect to a
thinks that it cannot better fulfil matter which so nearly concerns
the duties which such a circum- the dignity of his Britannic majesty,
stance prescribes, than by address- and the interests of his people.
ing itself directly to the minister of His Britannic majesty, always
his Danish majesty, to demand from ready to return all the marks of
him a frank and satisfactory expla- friendship which he may receive

on the part of his Danish majesty,
In all the courts of Europe they hopes to find, in the answer of the
speak openly of a confederacy be court of Copenhagen to this re-
tween Denmark and some other quest, only a new occasion of mani-
powers, to oppose by force the festing these dispositions.
exercise of those principles of ma In transmitting this note to M.
ritime law on which the naval the secretary of state, the under-
power of the British empire in a signed avails himself with plea-
great measure rests, and which in sure, of this opportunity, to assure
all wars have been followed by the him of the high consideration with
maritime states, and acknowledged which he has the honour to be
by their tribunals.

His very humble and His Britannic majesty, relying

very obedient servant, with confidence upon the loyalty of

W. DRUMMOND. his Danish majesty, and upon the To his excellency the count faith of the engagements recently de Bernstorf, secretary of contracted between the two courts, state of his Danish ma. has not demanded from him any jesty, &c. &c. explanation on this head. It was his wish to wait for the moment when

Note in Answer. the court of Denmark should think The undersigned secretary of it its duty to contradict those re- state for foreign affairs, having ports, so injurious to its good faith, given an account to the king his and so little compatible with the master of the contents of the note maintenance of the good under- which Mr. Drummond has done standing which had been re-esta- him the honour to transmit to him blished between the two countries. on the 27th instant, is authorised to

At present the conduct and the return the answer which follows: public declaration of one of the The court of London must have powers, which it is pretended have received very incorrect information, entered into this confederacy, do to have been able for a moment to not permit his majesty to preserve presume that Denmark had conany longer towards the rest the ceived projects hostile against it

, same silence which he has hitherto or incompatible with the mainteobserved.

nance of the good understanding The undersigned therefore finds which subsists obetween the two himself bound to demand from his crowns; and the king is very

much excellency count de Bernstorf, a obliged to his Britannic majesty for plain, open, and satisfactory an- having furnished him with the opswer on the nature, object and ex- portunity of contradicting, in the tent of the obligations which his most positive manner, reports as ill Danish majesty may have con- founded, as contrary to his most tracted, or the negotiations which decided sentiments,

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The negotiation which is carry- tery to any one of the object of her ing on at St. Petersburg between negotiation, upon the nature o Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Den- which some suspicion has been in. mark, has no other object than the fused into the court of London ; renewal of the engagements which but she has not thought that she in the years 1780 and 1781 were departed from the usual forms, in contracted by the same powers for wishing to wait the definitive result the safety of their navigation, and of it, in order to communicate an of which a communication was at official account of it to the powers that time made to all the courts of at war. Europe.

The undersigned, not knowing His majesty the emperor of that any of the powers engaged in Russia having proposed to the this negotiation has made a declapowers of the North to re-establish ration, or adopted measures relathese engagements in their original tive to its object, at which Great form, Denmark has so much the Britain might take offence or umless hesitated to consent to it, as, brage, cannot without ulterior exfar from having ever abandoned planation reply to this point of Mr. the principles professed in 1780, she Drummond's note. has thought it her duty to maintain Much less does he conceive in them, and claim them upon all oc what respect the engagement taken casions, and not allow herself to by the previous convention of the admit in respect of them any other 29th of August last can be conmodifications than those which re sidered as contrary to those which sult from her treaties with the bel Denmark is about to enter into ligerent powers.

with the neutral and united powers Very far from wishing to inter- of the North ; and in all cases in rupt those powers in the exercise which he shall find himself called of rights which the war gives them, upon to combat or

remove the Denmark introduces into the ne

doubts that shall have been congotiation with her allies none but ceived with respect to the good views absolutely defensive, pacific, faith of the king, he shall consider and incapable of giving offence or his task to be very easy, as long as provocation to any one. The en-' this good faith shall be introduced gagements she will make will be into the reproaches or the suspicions founded upon the strictest fulfil- advanced against bis majesty. He ment of the duties of neutrality, and flatters himself that the English goof the obligations which her treaties Vernment, after having received the impose upon her; and if she wishes required explanations, will have the to shelter her innocent navigation frankness to allow that the provifrom the manifest abuses and vio- sional and momentary abandonlence which the maritime war pro- ment, not of a principle the quesduces but too easily, she thinks she tion with respect to which remained pays respect to the belligerent undecided, but of a measure whose powers by supposing, that, far from right has never been nor ever can wishing to authorise or tolerate be contested, cannot be found at those abuses, they would, on their all in opposition to the general and side, adopt measures best calcu- permanent principles, relative to lated to prevent or repress them. which the powers of the North are Denmark has not made a mys- upon the point of establishing a co


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operation, which, so far from being love of justice, and by a reciprocal
calculated to compromise their desire to promote whatever may be
neutrality, is destined only to for the public advantage of their
strengthen it.

respective states, have to that effect The undersigned would fain be- determined to give a new sanction lieve that these explanations will to those principles of their neuappear satisfactory to the court of trality, which are in their nature London; and that the latter will indissoluble, and to require that do justice to the intentions and sen- they may be respected by all powers timents of the hing, and particu- interested in their preservation. larly to his majesty's invariable With this view their majesties desire to maintain and cement, by liave, by their declaration of the all the means in his power, the 15th August to the northern friendship and good understanding courts, who are equally concerned which subsist between Denmark in the maintenance of those general and Great Britain.

regulations anciently recognised, He has the honour to offer to Mr. given them to understand how Drummond the assurance of his most sincerely it is the object of their distinguished consideration. hearts to restore, in its full inde

(Signed) BERNSTORFF. pendence, the general right of all Copenhagen, Dec. 31, 1800. nations to convey their ships and

merchandise freely, and without

being subject to the control of CONVENTION OF THE the powers at war. His Swedish

NORTHERN POWERS. majesty imparted his wishes and
Convention for the Re-establishment his sentiments to his great allies,

of an Armed Neutrality between and an happy conformity of their
llis Majesty the King of Sweden, mutual interests has induced them
of the one Part, and Ilis Majesty to adopt the resolution of re-esta-
the Emperor of all the Russias, of blishing that system of an armed
the other Part, concluded and neutrality which was attended with
signed at St. Petersburg, the 4th such advantages during the Ameri-
(16th) of December, 1800, ac can war, and to renew its benefia
cepted and ratified by His Swedish cial principles in a convention
Alajesty on the 20th December, adapted to the present circum-
and by His Imperial Majesty of all stances. To this end his majesty
the Russius on the 8th (20th) De- the king of Sweden, and his impe-
cEmber, in the same Yeur.

rial majesty of all the Russias, have
In the Name of the Most Holy nominated' as their plenipoten-

and Undivided Trinity. tiaries, namely, his Swedish maIn order that the freedom of the jesty, baron Curt von Stedingk, navigation and the security of the ambassador extraordinary to his merchandise of the neutral powers imperial majesty of all the Rusmay be established, and the prin- sias, lieutenant-general, chamberciples of the laws of nations be lain of the queen dowager

, colonel fully ascertained, during the con- of a regiment of infantry, knight, tinuance of the present maritime and commander of the order of the war, his majesty the king of Swe. sword, and knight of the French den, and his majesty the emperor order pour les méritts militaires ; of all the Russias, actualed by their and his imperial niajesty of all the


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