This book is an attempt to explain how, in the face of increasing religious authoritarianism in medieval Islamic civilization, some Muslim thinkers continued to pursue essentially humanistic, rational, and scientific discourses in the quest for knowledge, meaning, and values. Drawing on a wide range of Islamic writings, from love poetry to history to philosophical theology, Goodman shows that medieval Islam was open to individualism, occasional secularism, skepticism, even liberalism.
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Abbāsid Abū Active Intellect al-Qays ancient Arab Civilization argues Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Ash'arite authority Averroes Avicenna become biblical caliph called century cites claims creation critical culture divine Dunlop eternal ethics faith Fărăbi Ghazāli Ghazālī’s God’s Goodman Greek hadith Hamadhānī Hanbalite historian Historiography human Ibid Ibn Hanbal Ibn Hazm Ibn Khaldūn Ibn Tufayl idea ideal images Imru Jewish jihād kalām Khalidi knowledge learning literary literature logic Maimonides Maqāmāt Maqrizi Margoliouth Mas‘ūdī matter means metaphysics mind Miskawayh monotheistic moral Mu'tazilite Muhammad Muslim mystic narrative nature notion one’s Persian philosophers piety Plato poetry poets political practice pre-Islamic Prophet Qur’ān Qur’ānic Qutb Rāzī religion religious Rosenthal Saadiah scholars sciences scriptural secular seems sense Shboul Shi‘ite soul spiritual Sufi Sufism Tabari theme theology theory things thinkers thought tion Tirmidhi tradition translated Umayyad universal history values virtue virtue ethics wine worldly writing
Page 20 - The fundamental malaise of modern Islam is a sense that something has gone wrong with Islamic history.
Page 14 - Truth and falsehood cannot coexist on earth. When Islam makes a general declaration to establish the lordship of God on earth and to liberate humanity from the worship of other creatures, it is contested by those who have usurped God's sovereignty on earth. They will never make peace. Then [Islam] goes forth destroying them to free humans from their power . . . the liberating struggle of jihad does not cease until all religion belongs to...