From Domesday Book to Magna Carta, 1087-1216

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Oxford University Press, 1993 - History - 541 pages
A landmark study of key century in medieval history, this book comprises the history of the century and a quarter which elapsed between the compilation of Domesday Book and the issue of the Magna Carta, the two greatest documents of English medieval history. The volume opens with chapters in which the position of the monarchy and social and economic background of the period in its feudal, rural, and urban aspects are discussed. In the political sphere it describes the building up of the great continental dominions, which in the time of Henry II are known as the Angevin Empire, and the collapse of the battle of Bouvines in 1214; it embraces also the attempts of the English kings to establish their supremacy over Scotland and Wales, and the conquest of Ireland. The work of the ecclesiastical reformers and the conflicts between church and state associated with the archbishops Anselm and Becket and Pope Innocent III are discussed. The progress of education, the contribution of Englishmen to the twelth-century renaissance, the literature, and the art of the age are brought under review. Finally, the great development of the common law brought about by the legal reforms of Henry II is traced, and the book ends with a description of the events leading up Magna Carta and its sequel, civil war, in which the reign of King John was brought to a close.
 

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Contents

GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY
1
The kings household
8
The Feudal army
15
Forest
30
RURAL CONDITIONS
36
Villein services
43
Wastefulness of the system
50
London in the twelfth century
63
The reign of David I
269
and William the Lion
277
Alexander II
283
Rise of Llywelyn ap Iorwcrth
298
English intervention
304
Results of Henry IIs expedition
311
Results of Johns Irish policy
317
Acquisition of the Vexin
324

Tin mining
83
Germany
89
Maritime enterprise 93
95
Rebellion of Odo of Bayeux
101
Rebellion of Robert de Mowbray
109
War in Normandy 104
119
Disaster of the White Ship
125
THE ANARCHY
131
Stephen quarrels with the Church
137
The Empress at London
143
The Second Crusade
151
The end of the Anarchy
158
ANSELM
167
Quarrel between Rufus and Anselm
173
The investiture contest
179
Controversy between Canterbury and York over the Primacy 84
190
BECKET
197
The Constitutions of Clarendon
205
Becket in exile
211
Results of the conflict on Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction
217
Secular character of the Episcopate
223
Orthodoxy of the twelfth century
230
LEARNING LITERATURE AND
232
The beginning of the University
238
The introduction of Arabic Science
244
Language
250
Influence of Provence
256
Sculpture
262
Treaty with Humbert count of Maurienne
330
Effects of the war
338
Philip Augustus and Henry II
342
Position of Count John
348
Unpopularity of Longchamp
354
in captivity
362
Stole of Normandy under Duke Robert
365
Hubert Walter
369
The building of Chateau Gaillard
375
Reopening of the war
381
Growth of Royal Jurisdiction
387
The Court at Westminster
413
Fees for Confirmation of Charters
421
His interest in judicial matters
429
The development of the Navy
435
Plans for a campaign in Poitou
441
AngloGerman relations
449
Growing discontent
455
KING JOHN AND THE CHARTER
459
The campaign in Poitou
465
The Unknown Charter of Liberties
471
The Charter quashed by the Pope
479
The last days of King John 45
485
English colonization in South Wales
513
INDEX
519
283
527
285
533
Copyright

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About the author (1993)

Dr A. L. Poole (1889-1963) was Former Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford.

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