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“Do not be uneasy, Signor," replied Theresa, garden, sat down under the hedge outside, and “ the crowd and heat of the ballroom have over- Paco took his seat close by him : “Well; who is come me,I shall soon be better."

this gallant ?” asked he. “He is not what he “The fresh air of the garden would doubtless appears then ? Thou hast recognised in him a revive thee; suffer me to lead thee to it, my comrade, perhaps ?" Theresa po

No," replied Tovalito coldly, "I recognised The tender tones of her lover's voice appeared Don Alonzo de Gusman, the eldest son of the to displeasc her, for she feigned not to have heard Duke de Medina Sidonia, Governor of Andalusia, what he said, and turned away to join her mother and a Grandee of Spain.” in the saloon; but at that moment a dark shadow • What dost thou say, Tovalito? so powerful a passed beneath the balcony, and stood still when it Signor. O! and pray what is he doing at Valencia, reached the palm trees which overhung the end of alone, and without attendants ?" it. The young girl shuddered, for the figure was “ I know not; it was not in this country I so near to her that she could have touched it with knew him ; no doubt he is here on some secret her havd. At length a plaintive voice, which she State affair." instantly recognised, cried, “Charity, noble descend- "This is some mysterious history," said Paco ant of the Cid, charity for a poor Christian ! Rosales, “and I pray thee let me hear it. This God will reward you for it in this world and the time we are alone, thou can'st speak fearlessly." next!”

“It is no love story, nor did I learn it, unfortuThese well known sounds again awakened the tunately, at the door of a church," answered Toassociations which had before disturbed her mind; valito drawing a deep sigh ; "formerly, I led a a death-like pallor overspread her countenance, and different life to this." a faint exclamation escaped from her trembling “ Merciful Heaven !" interrupted Paco, what lips.

dost thou mean? Well, I have always suspected “That wretched creature has alarmed thee,” that thou had’st another manner for asking for said Don Antonio, looking angrily towards the money from thy neighbours." spot where Paco Rosales stood, half concealed be. “Yes, before taking up the wallet I carried the neath the palm trees,“ how has he dared to come musket; it is not from thee, friend Paco, that I here? I will go and have him turned out." would conceal what happened to me during my

rSignor," quickly interrupted Donna Theresa, campaigns. First, then, thou must know that pro“be is here by my leave; I gave him permission to fessionally, sometimes for one thing, sometimes for enter the garden to see the fete; I know the another, I inade a great many journeys to the man; he is a pensioner of my mother's.”

frontier ; often being in Portugal in the morning, Charity, charity, noble young lady! charity for and in Spain in the evening; and if I had been a poor Christian ;” again cried Paco Rosales, content to follow my own little commerce, instead holding up his hat.

of meddling with State affairs, I should now be ia Theresa bending low put some money into it, a very different position. It was that which and furtively withdrew the note, which she con.

ruined me.

But thou dost not understand what cealed within her bosom; then pale, and trembling, I allude to, Paco.” with her hands pressed upon her heart, she stood “Not I, by my soul !” replied the mendicant. still and motionless, gazing into the obscurity of with an ironical smile ; “is it that instead of the terrace as if in search of some object of deep having followed thy trade on thine own account, interest and anxiety. Paco Rosales had already thou dids't march under the orders of some disappeared and joined his companion at the place grandeep" where he had left him.

“Thou hast guessed it. There was at that time "What is the matter ?” said he, seeing Tovalito a much more dangerous trade than mine going on with his hand upon the hilt of his dagger—"why at the frontier. Since the Duke de Braganza had dost thou look so angry and excited, what has revolted against our master the King of Spain, thou seen ?”

and the Portuguese rebels had put the crown upon “I have seen one whom I did not expect to his head, he kept up a secret correspondence with meet here," replied Tovalito in a low voice—“I Andalusia. The persons chosen to carry on this have just stood face to face with my enemy, my correspondence were merchants, monks, and smug. mortal enemy. By every drop of blood in my glers ; by them were the Duke de Sidonia's letters veins, his life hung but by a thread."

conveyed to the Queen of Portugal his sister." " But where is he?" asked Paco Rosales, more “ They were affairs of State, perhaps some conand more astonished.

spiracy against the King," interrupted Paco, "and The other mendicant, after looking cautiously which might have endangered thy neck ?” round him, replied in a still lower tone, “ Close to “No doubt of it," quietly replied Tovalito, us, perhaps; it is the same cavalier who gave thee “but he who risks nothing gains nothing." the letter awbile ago, and whose name thou art in “ That is true. Go on with thy story," said ignorance of. Let us go farther off, and I will Paco Rosales, closing his eyes, "I am listening." tell it to thee."

Tovalito, drawing his companion away from the


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“The roof, the walls, everything the house contained, were scattered like a handful of dust to the

wind. I found myself lying on the floor, in the “I did not know exactly what they were plot- midst of the ruins ; around me were the dead and ting,” said Tovalito; “ the letters I carried were the dying, whose cries of agony, and shrieks of sealed; besides, I don't know how to read. At despair still ring in my ears. I endeavoured to the end of a little time, Don Alonzo de Guzman rise, but fell down again with almost as little life came to the frontier, under the pretence of visiting in me as the corpse that was stretched at my side. a relation, the Marquess d’Agamonte, whose How long I lay in this state I cannot tell, but estates layou the left bank of the Guadiana. when I came to my senses it was to find myself Then there were great hunting parties to which a blind and mutilated as you see However, I number of gentlemen were invited from all parts of did not then regret it; those letters which would the country. When I saw the costly entertain- have betrayed everything were destroyed.” ments which Don Alonzo gave to all these people, “ And Don Alonzo, did he not reward thee for I guessed that some rebellion was ripe for execu- this noble act of fidelity ?" interrupted Paco Rotion. As I am a native of San Lucar de Barra- sales. meda, and a subject of the Duke de Sidonia, they “ He ? No. When I recovered my senses I trusted me. I was not then as naked and as poor was in gaol, with a bandful of straw for my bed. as Job; I had, in the neighbourhood of Agamonte, I thought every day would be my last, so horribly a small house, very much dilapidated, certainly, did I suffer from my wounds ; but a kind and but it served my purposes, and was a saler retreat charitable Franciscan, who visited the prisoners, or me than four better walls might have been. applied some salve to them, which at length cured One day Don Alonzo himself came to me with my The cure, however, was not meant to last orders, which were that I should repair immedi. long, for I was condemned to death, not for a ately to Portugal for a large quantity of fire-arms State crime, nothing having been discovered, but and ammunition. I took my departure that same for a few miserable bales of merchandise which I evening, and two days afterwards everything was had smuggled. Then I expected that Don Alonzo smuggled into my house. It was a complete ar- would come to my assistance, and effect my desenal. When Don Alonzo saw how well I had liverance, or at least, send me the means of making executed my commission, he remitted me five my escape from the prison; but I was at last unthousand reals and a packet of letters. The reals deceived. Immediately after the event he had were for myself, and the letters I was to convey taken his departure, without caring what would to Lisbon. For that stroke I thought my fortune become of me. Perhaps he was in hopes that I was made.

should be bung, that he might be rid of me. I It was late when Don Alonzo went away. As got out of it, nevertheless, by the help of God ; I was to start at daybreak, I made all my necessary the evening before I was to be hanged in the great preparations, and then lay down on the bed in my square of Agamonte, I made my escape. I walked clothes and fell asleep. About midnight I had a for three weeks, only stopping to rest for a few dream, a terrible dream. I thought that the walls hours, or to beg a morsel of bread at the cottages of my house crumbled to pieces, and turned into I passed on my way. At length I reached this as many demons, that mocked and grinned at me good town of Valencia. No longer in a condition as I lay pressed down by some immoveable weight. to follow my old trade, I made up my mind to get In vain I atteinpted to scream or call for help, the my living like many other honest folks, by begging demons formed a circle round me, which gradually at the church doors. This is my history, and the narrowed and narrowed, till I was so closely and secret of my acquaintance with Don Alonzo de tightly hemmed in, that I could no longer breathe, Guzman." then I gave one sbriek of despair and agony, which "And well he has recompensed thee, for having awoke me, but I awoke to a reality as terrible, and lost an eye and an arm in his service, as well as more so, than my dream. Around my bed were cverything else thou didst possess, cried Paco about twenty armed men, with drawn swords over Rosales ; “in thy place, I should have revenged my head. In a moment I saw the peril I was in. myself, friend Tovalito !" It was clear to me that we were betrayed, a spy “Revenged myself ! in what manner ?" bad informed against us, and all must be disco- This,” said Paco, laying his hand on the dagvered. The letters were on a small table by my ger which he wore in his belt. “ Thinkest thou side; the officer who commanded the troop of sol. that this does not strike a as dead as the diers seized upon them. I saw that all was over sword of an hidalgo ? Thou hast lost a fine opwith us, 30 recommending my soul to God, I took portunity this night.” one of my pistols from my belt and fired upon the “I know it," replied Tovalito, “there is barrels of gunpowder which stood in the corner of nothing easier than to kill a nan; but what is the room.

death to bim who has no time to anticipate its “Merciful Father! Thou mightest have died approach ? He does not even feel it. So poor a unrepentant,” interrupted Paco Rosales.

revenge would not satisfy me." “We were blown up," coldly pursued Tovalito. Paco Rosales, hearing a slight rustling noise


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amidst the foliage, arose to see what it was ; to his Have the few days that I was absent, compelled surprise he saw the form of a female, robed in to be absent, wrought this change in thee ? Leave white, emerge from the thicket into the broad walk thee! yes I will leave thee, since I know thou of the terrace, and after walking a few steps, dost not love me—that thou didst never love me! pause, as if uncertain what to do; then again, as Farewell, Theresa. I loved thee--I sear I love if struck some sudden thought, it turned to still ; but I pity, I despise thee !" retrace its steps back to the house, when a voice, "Oh, Signor, recall those words,” cried the which he immediately recognised as belonging to young girl, dropping on her knees before him; the strange cavalier who had given him the note, recall them ere I leave thee; I have but one arrested her further progress. “ Theresa,” cried moment more to spare ; they are already in search he, “I have awaited thee this lour, and I began of me. My life, my more than life-my honour to upbraid thee for thy tardiness, and to think is in thy hands! Have mercy on me; say that thou didst not intend to come. In which case I thou dost not despise me, and let me go. I have had resolved to go and tear thee by force from the loved thee; oh, how well!" arms of my detested rival. But thou art here, " Then love me still, Theresa," cried Don and now nought can separate us--come, dearest, Alonzo, raising her in his arms. let us hasten from this, before thou art missed “Oh! I do, I do; but I cannot-must not." from the ball room," added Don Alonzo, passing “ Prove it,” interrupted Don Alonzo. " Thou his arm around her waist to draw her away; but lackest the courage; thou dost not want itthe young girl drew timidly from him, and at mine will serve for both,” added he taking her in tempted to pass, when again be put his arm around his arms. her, and forcibly held her back. “ Well!” cried “No, no, it cannot be,” answered Theresa, he, with bitter irony, so thou didst not expect weeping bitterly, “I would have followed thee as me; but thou seest I am here, and punctual to thy wife into poverty and obscurity. I would my time, and ready to fulfil my promise.”

have worked --slaved for thee; have sacrificed all “ Alas! it is too late ; dost thou not know that - parents, friends, home, the world as thy wife, they are even now celebrating my approaching but not as thy mistress. Thou mayst kill me if nuptials with Don Antonio de Guevara, and that thou wilt, but I will not follow thee." to-morrow he leads me to the altar ?"

"Listen," said he, forcibly detaining her, "the “ Yes, another has received those vows of which obstacles to our marriage are almost insurmountI am the dupe ; auother will receive those tender able; but if thou wilt trust thyself with ine, I caresses and soft endearments, for which I have swear to thee to remove them; but it will be risked my life! Nay, more, my name, mine in- months, perhaps years, before I can succeed. In heritance. But no, it must not, cannot be the meantime, if thou wilt be content with a Theresa ; I will not suffer thee to accomplish thy private marriage, my hand and soul are thine." cruel treason !"

“Oh, heavens!" hastily interrupted the agitated “With what dost thou upbraid me? Didst girl, as she tightly grasped the hand that supported

? thou not leave me, without informing me where her trembling form, “ dost thou hear that noise ?" thou wentest, without one line to say that I was At that moment the sound of voices and footstill in thy memory? IIad I not to struggle alone steps were heard in the garden, and the lurid light against the prayers, the entreaties, and, at length, of numerous torches flashed across the walks, and the authority of my mother? And when I knelt played over the flower beds, lighting up the at her feet, and confessed my love for another, I remotest parts of the garden, and penetrating the had not even the power of telling her the name thick foliage of the orange grove and thickets of him I loved; for I knew it not.”

that surrounded the terrace. The name of Theresa “ Thou shouldst have had more confidence in resounded from an hundred lips, aud echoed from me, and have trusted to my honour," replied Don bower to bower ; men ran wildly to and fro, their Alonzo proudly; " but there is yet time, I can still dark countenances lit up by the torches which save thee; but thou must follow me now—this they bore aloft above their heads, whilst in their instant."

midst Don Gucvara, pale and baggard looking, “No, no, leave, leave me !" cried she, endea- called in accents of despair upon Theresa's name. vouring to extricate herself from his arms; but he The mendicants seeing the confusion, joined the strained her the more tightly to him, and passion throng on the terrace, and pointed out to Don ately exclaimed

Guevara the place where they had last seen the “Cruel girl, why wouldst thou quit me? Thou lovers. knowest how I love thee. Hast thou already “We saw them, signor," said Paco, “but a few forgotten our moonlit walks amongst these orange minutes since, in the orange grove. The cavalier groves, and how thou didst swear by their tender was tall, and wore a long dark cloak; they cannot buds to love and cherish me--only me? See this be far off.” orange blossom, it is scarcely blown since then :

Without waiting to hear more, Don Antonio and yet thou art changed ! Can it be that its hastened to the spot. A few minutes after bloom and scent outlives a woman's love ? Oh, he returned with her diamond necklace in his Theresa, is this thy love-this thy faith, thy trust ? hand. He had picked it up in the orange grove.




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Cotton and wool are the two principal materials pass through the warehouses when the wools are out of which the civilised world contrives to raise on show; hundreds of buyers are there, looking a respectable exterior. Without the former eagerly at the qualities - Frenchmen, Germans, Lancashire might still have been a quiet, un- Yorkshiremen, West of England men, jabbering pretending county; without the latter, Yorkshire away, with wool all around, on their coats, on their would still be a sporting, grouse-shooting district, | trousers, and sometimes two or three feet deep on neither disturbed by the noise of steam engines, the floors. The sales, of which there are four nor blackened by the smoke of factories.

annually, generally continue for about five conThe traveller, as he gazes at those gigantic secutive weeks, and in the evening of each day, buildings, high chimneys, and soot-begrimmed wool to the value of more than seventy thousand houses, with their pale coloured occupants, must, pounds passes under the hammer. It is afterhowever, now and then ask himself wbere all the wards sent to the manufacturing districts of Great raw material comes from, wbich these great fac- Britain and the Continent, where it becomes metatories absorb, day after day, and year after year ? morphosed into the coarse hosiery of the peasant, He, probably, is aware that cotton is the product equally with the fine black cloth of the gentleof a tree, and wool the product of the sheep ; and at this point the subject drops. But where the The export of wool from our Southern colonies unreflective traveller leaves off, we propose to dates from a comparatively recent period. In begin, simply premising that our remarks will be order to give some idea of its rapid growth, we confined to wool. The cotton interest must take subjoin the following return :care of itself for the present.

Bales Our chief supplies of this article come from The quantity imported into England in

1833 was 14,948 the Southern colonies, the vast plains of which,


1837 combined with a pretty temperate climate, seem

» 33,318

1839 » 39,106 peculiarly favourable to the growth of wool.

» 53,015 There the squatter, with his flocks, ranging from

67,160 two or three thousand to a bundred thousand,

1847 94,222 leads a life as truly pastoral as any we could

„ 125,732 1851

141,320 select from the pages of Virgil; seeing nothing

1853 153,162 of the world, perpetually looking upon sheep and


162,876 “runs,'' bis monotonous existence occasionally

1856 166,610 varied with a dog hunt, or a visit to a neighbouring squatter, and once or twice a year a journey Each colony of the Australian group has, with into Adelaide, Melbourne, or Sydney. If fortunate, the exception of the Swan River settlement, he saves money, and at length returns home to largely increased its production within the last live in the old, old country, and lay his bones few years; and now New Zealand promises to be amongst his forefathers.

a considerable wool-growing province. Hitherto, The average weight of wool per sheep is about the gold discoveries have in no respect affected the two pounds and a half; the shearing season is more steady pursuits of the squatter; large tracts from September to January. The wool undergoes of land have certainly been occupied by the dig. a preliminary sorting at the stations, whence it is gers, but the flockmasters have found new runs conveyed on bullock drays, or down the Murray by penetrating into the imperfectly explored river in flat bottomed steamers, to the shipping interior. port; it is then repacked into square or oblong Another quarter from which we receive con. bags, weighing from two to four cwt. each, and siderable supplies of wool is the Cape of Good sent to England. The freight varies from a half- Hope. Every year this branch of penny to five farthings a pound. The quality materially expands, while the quality of the article differs, of course, considerably—the greasy wool continues to improve to such a degree as to comrealises, at the present time, about ten pence to pete with the produce of its more southern thirteen pence a pound, the finest sort, as much as neighbour. This kind of wool is much sought

The larger portion, however, after by the continental buyers to mix with their ranges between these two extremes. On its arrival fine Saxony fleeces. The arrivals from the Cape in London, the bales are placed in warehouses, the in 1842, amounted to 6,431 bales ; in 1952, to principal of which are the London Docks, Messrs. 21,005 bales; while in 1850, the quantity reached Brown and Eagle's, and Gooch and Cowan's. The 50,580 bales. wool is divided into lots of from one to ten bales The East Indies and China produce a low each, and sold by auction. The quantity thus quality, much used in blankets, horse cloths, and sold amounted during last year to upwards of railway wrapper manufacture. The heat of the 200,000 bales. It is a novel and amusing sight to climate renders the wool harshi and hairy; and

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consequently unsuitable for working up into fire tion, while the continental manufacturers can purmaterial. The bales are sold in the same way as chase colonial wool cheaper than home grown, and the Australian and Cape ; the wool is packed ex- of a quality equally suitable. In 1836, we received tremely tight by hydraulic pressure, and the 61,632 bales; in 1846, 52,922 bales; in 1856, packages are corded so as to give them a very 18,401 bales. A large portion arrives in Holl; neat appearance. Their weight is generally about while the residue is divided between London and 3 cwt. each. The imports last year comprised Leith. None goes to Liverpool. 45,550 bales, while in 1851 they were only The other countries exporting wool do not 12,550 bales.

merit particular attention. They are chiefly The vast mountaiu districts of South America Buenos Ayres, Russia, Barbary, Turkey, Egypi, furnish a peculiar kind, called "alpaca" wool. The and Italy, staple is soft, fine, and long; the prevailing colours With regard to the quantity grown in the British are black, white, brown, and gray. Its uses are Isles, it is difficult to arrive at any very recent or various, as, for instance, ladies dresses, coat linings, accurate returns. The entire produce in 1800, and cloth for warm climates, or even an English was estimated at 384,000 packs of 240 pounds

It is put into small packages, termed each ; in 1816, Mr. M'Culloch came to the con: ballots, weighing above tifty pounds each, which clusion that it was about 540,000 packs; wbile in are slung across mulcs' backs, and thus conveyed 1851, it was considered to be about 820,000 packs. over the mountains to the shipping ports of Chili Upwards of one-half of this quantity is consumed and Peru, &c. Nearly all of it is sent to Liver- in the worsted factories of Bradford and the pool, a very small quantity only coining to London. neighbourhood. During the last forty years a The present price is about 2s. 3d. a pound. Mr. material increase has taken place, both in the Titus Salt, the well known manufacturer of Brad- weight and character of the fleece ; but to those ford, is understood to have been the first person who are accustomed to Australian and other fine who introduced this article into use; when wools, the contrast in the quality is very marked. others failed to see its advantages he bought Little attention is bestowed either upon the sorting all the imports, held the stock till he had or packing on the part of the farmers. Bermond. created market for this novel kind of sey has long been the home of this branch of the cloth, and reaped the reward of his bold enter-trade. prise in the shape of a large balance at his As an illustration of the vast extent of the bankers.

woollen industry, we may mention that in 1849, The trade in goats' wool is confined to the according to official accounts, there were 1,306 Greek houses. This beautiful silky substance woollen, and 493 worsted, factories in Great comes from Asia Minor chiefly, the port of ship- Britain, employing upwards of 150,000 bands, ment being Constantinople. It realises from 2s. and indirectly supporting about half a million of to 2s. 6d. a pound. It would be tedious to individuals. Since that date, the number of mills desiguate the variety of uses to which it is ap- has considerably increased. plied, from button trimmings to velvet-plush The legislative aspect of the trade is very sug. linings; from shawls to lace, which, in France, gestive. In the first Edward's reign (1296), an supersedes the costly fabrics of Valenciennes and export duty was imposed of twenty shillings a Chantilly. During the Crimean war there was a bag, and subsequently increased to forty shillings; considerable interruption in the supplies. In but in 1337, an enactinent was passed probibiting 1846, the arrivals were 5,231 bales; in 1856, altogether the export of wool. Shortly afterwards, 13,427 bales. Each bale weighs about 160 pounds. there were wool subsidies granted to the soteThe wool is not sold by public auction, as with reign; then a duty was levied by the king's colonial, but by private contract.

“staplers ” upon the bags sold in the licensed The extraordinary expansion in the growth of market towns, and the power of export limited to colonial wool, combined with the necessity of "merchant strangers, or to “house town mermaking cheap and tolerably durable cloths, has chants.” From 1660 to 1825, the export was seriously lessened the supplies from the continent. strictly prohibited, the consequence of which was Twenty years ago, Germany and Spain possessed a languid and declining trade. The import duties almost a monopoly of the foreign trade; now, we were carly in the century raised to 5s. 3d. a cwt., receive very little from Spain, while Germany is a and in 1818, to 56s, a cwt.; but in 1825, Mr. large buyer of our imports. The fine sorts grown " Prosperity” Robinson (Earl of Ripon) introthere find their way into the west of England, duced and carried a measure by which the duty where they are converted into "superfine black both on the export and import of wool was reduced cloth." Great care is employed in getting up the to one penny per pound. Since then, even this clip; and certainly the result is such as to do duty lias been repealed, leaving the trade perfectly credit to those princely sheep farmers whose wide free and unrestricted. domains form some of the best land in Silesia and In order to give some idea of the aggregate Saxony. It may be worth mentioning, in explana. import into the United Kingdom of this important tion of the diminishing quantity of German wool, commodity, we have compiled the following return that the land is gradually being turned to cultiva- | for the last two ycars :

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