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temporary assistance to the destitute families, and tunity to express to you my own feelings of high esteem, and farther on by neglect and suffering, which might remain, Sir, your very devoted be mitigated by the means now existing for in Grand Master of the Household to her Imperial Highness.

COUNT DE POISEN, suring life against accident. The practice will not

To William B. M‘Cabe, Esq. be general until the employers of miners introduce it among their men. Greater precaution should

Saunders indulges in a minute description of be enforced stringently by law. The coal in this that it is one of the most magnificent specimens

Mr. M Cabe's breast-pin, from which we gather pit was fiery in its nature. The quality was well known both to the owners and to the work of foreign jewellery", ever seen by the writer

, who, ers. In defiance of the dangers originating in probably, was allowed to look at the Queen of the use of common candles, they were employed, Spain’s jewellery in the Exhibition of 1851. The and no doubt can be entertained that the deaths instrument wherewith the author of “ Adelaide " of all these men originated from that cause.

The may hereafter attach the plaits of bis linen is safety lamps are more expensive than open lights, a shamrock, consisting of diamonds of the purest but the public would cheerfully pay three or four water, numbering twenty-eight! From this cripence, or more, for coals than the average price, tique on “ Adelaide” by the Archduchess Sophia, to be assured that the profession of those who dig we learn that the volume is an ultramontane atthem is not rendered trebly hazardous.

the liberties of Italy, dug out of the ninth century, when there was scarcely a House of Hapsburgh, and very small ultramontaneism. Ruminating on the author, we can only recollect a gentleman of that name who was a pilot of the

Morning Herald when, however partial to the THE HAPSBURGHS AND THE IRISH.

House of Austria, that journal published bitter

attacks on the Romanism of Ireland, sufficient to A DUBLIN newspaper, Søunders's News-Letter, of set the contending parties in the isle of shamrocks a recent date, has an article ineant to prove the at- by the ears. He cannot therefore be the owner tachment of the Austrian Camp and Court to of “ Adelaide," and the great shamrock; and yet those famous Irishmen who have bled for its des- Saunders describes a well-known journalist, but potism. Ireland produces doubtful characters whose pledge of friendship from Vienna cannot be who accept commissions from tyrants to destroy considered any proof of his friendship to the cause slaves ; but we see no reason to be proud of them. of oppressed nationalities; and therefore he is not O'Donnell, who committed the last coup in Spain, a young Irelander, except in the John Mitchell is one of these Austrian Irishmen, but Ireland sense of the phrase; whose unfortunate organisamust be rather pleased that the conuection is cut. tion permitted him to worship at the altar of We cannot say, indeed, that Ireland is more pro- liberty in Dame-street, and to cherish the desire ductive proportionately of this class of men than for a plantation with three or four hundred niggers Scotland. We read several Scotch names among in Virginia at the same time, or shortly afterwards. the generals in the Russian service; and though some of them declined to serve during the last war against Britain, yet others of them fought, and one was shot at the battle of Traktir. We plead uot guilty, however, to any gratification THE EX-KING OF OUDE AND HIS CHRONICLERS. from the career of these gentlemen.

The House of Hapsburgh may be served as rea. The Royal family of Oude have exhibited little dily by Irish pens as Irish swords, and it is grateful activity since their arrival in this country. The for a good book. Mr. W. B. M‘Cabe, said to be agitation for the return of their Royal privileges well known as a journalist in London and Dublin, must proceed very quietly if a beginning has been has written a book named “Adelaide, Queen of made. In India a journal devoted to their service Italy.” This book, of which we never formerly has been commenced, under the title of the Central heard, describes events of the tenth century, and Star. In America it would have been styled the traces a connection between the Crown of Lom. Lone Star, or some such imaginative title. The bardy and the House of Hapsburgh even at that Occidentalists are more imaginative than the date. Mr. M'Cabe dedicated his volume to the Orientalists, and the latter, therefore, content Archduchess Sopbia, the mother of the reigning themselves with the practical Central Star, which Emperor, with permission. That lady has ordered shone at Cawnpore formerly, and is now transthe following letter to be transmitted to Mr. ferred to Lucknow. From this journal of the far M'Cabe, touching “ Adelaide, Queen of Italy;"- East, we transcribe some sentences relating to an Sir,-It affords me great pleasure to have to communicate this country :

anonymous work that has been much quoted in to you that I am charged by her Imperial Highness the Archduchess Sophia of Austria to address you, Sir, the here- We see allusion made in the Bombay journals to the book with annexed trifling object, consisting of a breastpin, which entitled “The private life of an Eastern King," in conneeyou will please to accept as a small token of acknowledgment tion with a work apparently of a similar nature, called for your very interesting literary work. I seize this oppor. “Edgar Bardon;" and its authorship, after having been at




tributed to we know not how many different persons, is at singular document. It is a copy of an agreement between last ascribed to one Mr. William Knighton. We have often Meer Jaffir Ali, the Nawab of Surat, and Nusser Ali Khan, had a mind to set the public right in this respect, but did heir presumptive to the throne of Oade, in which the latter not think it worth while. Perhaps, though, it is as well assigns to Jaffir Ali, the sole conduct of his case.' Should the that we do so now. Well, then, that little volume was con. throne of Oude be restored, Meer Jaffir is to receive a pencocted by an individual of the name of Edward Cropley; sion of three lakhs per annum. Should the Oude prince who, however, being too illiterate himself, sought the services not succeed in enforcing his claims, a suit in Chancery is to of an emendator, before passing it through the Press- hence be brought against the East India Company for all the sums its appearance in its present form. But whether it was the subscribed by the Oude family to the Government loans from said William Knighton, or any other like person, who per

1811 to 1855. If the suit succeeds, Jaffir Ali's pensior formed that indelicate office, we are not aware. It is as

is to be a lakh and a-half. If the king repudiates the con. well, also, to mention who this Edward Cropley is, or rather tract, the heir apparent is to observe it on his father's was. He was an adventurer, who, like many others of that death. The agreement was sworn to on the Koran by both ilk, went to Oude, hunting for something to do. He had parties, in the presence of a large number of witnesses, the lack to fall in with a man of considerable influence at and is dated Harley-house, London, November 7, 1856.” the Court of Nasseer ood-deen Hydur, and through his jn. In reply to this circumstantial statement I am able to terposition succeeded in obtaining the appointment of Libra- declare that such an agreement as that described above was rian to the King, on the goodly salary of 500 rupees a

never entered into or contemplated ; that nothing resemmonth. Finding he had lost favour with Nusseer ood-deen bling it ever occurred to either of the parties mentioned, Hydur, he returned to England; and then, as impressed on and that, in short, there is no foundation whatever for the the very face of the puerile production, out of revenge, calumny. engendered by some fancied offence from His Majesty or his

I have the honour to remain, Sir, courtiers, published the farrago of sickening lies against his

Your obedient servant, master and the very man who had befriended him. Such,

JarUR ALEE. then, is the author of "The private life of an Eastern 15, Warwick-road West, Paddington, Feb. 20.

Our quotation is garbled or incomplete by the The lakhs of rupees are £10,000 each, so that omission of adjectives only, from the original text, Jafur Alee was to be provided with an income of because we consider them rather strong against £15,000 to £30,000 per annum, in proportion to his Messrs. Cropley and Knighton, or both. The

success. The Nawab of Surat is reduced, by some origin of “The Private Life of an Eastern King” proceedings of the Company, to an honarary title, has not been a great mystery, because the subject and the House of Commons having, at the close is not a great” in one sense ; although it is cer

of the last session, adopted a resolution in favour tainly a great misfortune that persons resembling of the owner's claims on the East India Company the characters drawn in the book, should be kings; by an immense majority, abandoned his title inmebut

, unless some important interest is to be served, diately afterwards, at the instigation, chiefly, of " family secrets” need not be turned into money, big, little paragraph constructed in Bombay is no doubt

Lord Ellenborough, and other ex-Indians. The those who have participated in the "family wealth." It is creditable to Nusser-ood-deen-Hydur that false. It is easy to copy a deed that never existed. he has a library, and that he paid 500 rupees a

The story reminds us of another story. A Bom month, or £600 per annum, to Mr. Cropley, if bay journalist once upon a time agreed to enlighten that be the gentleman's name, for its oversight

. the miserable intellects of this country by lectures Very strange it is, certainly, that Nusseer-ood-deen.

on Indian affairs. He called upon a native Hydur's influential courtier found him a librarian claimant from the East, and offered to include his at the salary, so illiterate that he could not correct grievances in his orations, in a style that would his own book. That, perhaps, proves too much.

ensure their redress, for the small charge, only to We fear that an unreasonable proportion of the

meet expenses, of fifteen hundred pounds. At pensions accorded to these Indian Chiefs and ex

that time the Oriental gentleman was fresh to potentates, finds its way to the private purposes

home politics, and did not deem agitation neces. of “adventurers,” who persuade them that they sary. Therefore, he assured his visitor that he can effect impossibilities in their behalf. A strange tured upon, but he would gladly give five hundred

could not afford to pay the money for being lecletter appeared a few days ago in the Times, of which the following is a copy :

pounds upon the condition that his case and name Sir,---My attention has been called to the following should not be mentioned in the applicant's preparagraph, reflecting on myself, and which has been copied lections. One cannot say the number of tales oat of the Bombay Times into certain of the London that offer may have originated; but we may be journals :

certain that the outraged journalist has not always “ The Bombay Times has obtained possession of a

been silent since then.






ling jackall to his lair. Sweetly in the solitude

and silence of those early hours, would resound How memory wakes up long slumbering echoes from the carol of countless skylarks, balancing them

selves on dewy wings, and out-quavering each the depths of the caverns of oblivion. Again, as vividly as though it were but yesterday, I witness other in melody. Then came the interminable the ever varying panorama of that road we tra- cawing of crows; then the crowing of distant

cocks and the braying of donkeys, the lowing of velled twenty-seven years ago.

The delightful freshness of the morning air, when as yet, long cattle being early driven to pasturage, the bleatbefore the dawn of day, the fragrant and delicious ing of sheep, and the interminable squabbling and coffee was sipped; the few stray articles that chirruping of sparrows. Presently the daylight had constituted our camp furniture and equipage tinct and discernible—these noises subsided into

fairly set in, and, whilst objects became more discarefully gathered together, and wisely packed up silence as the causes were more or less occapied against further demand—last night's supper plates in the search after early grubs or provender, washed and stowed away, and the debris thrown Then would appear in the distance the dark-skinned, out for the benefit of the wretched and more than half starved Pariah dogs. Then came the intole- meagre-clad peasant, carrying over his shoulders rable and suffocating odour of the massalgee's fore him a couple of ill fed oxen, and always

an uncouth, aboriginal plough, and driving betorches, as these Eastern link - bearers cast a sud

following at his heels one of those miserable den and brilliant glare around, by the light of which might be seen the stalwart forms of the Hatless and turbanless, this man went forth to his

curs which are the pest of all Oriental countries. bearers themselves, helping each other to tighten labour, from early sunrise to sunset, toiling betheir lengthy black girdles-an operation which neath a sun whose rays would almost fell an ox, was accomplished by one man holding the extreme Sometimes the country around was fair and level, end of the sash or girdle, whilst another, firmly and most delicious odours of early blown flowers pressing the other end to his waist, waltzed rapidly round and round till both ends met, and with nothing but bristling thorns, or prickly pears

filled the air; sometimes it was barren and rocky, were tied in a knot. Last of all came the old pensioned sepoy, who had charge of the bungalow, indeed mostly), it was

low and marshy, well co

stretching before the eye. Sometimes again (and and who had yesterday catered to our wants by vered, however, with flourishing crops of paddy supplying fowls, eggs, milk, &c., from the neigh.

or rice, and hereabouts in hedge sides, or twitterbouring village, from all which, doubtless, he had derived an extra profit already, but who still was

ing among the graceful branches of the bamboo,

were thousands of those beautifully plumaged entitled to levy black mail upon travellers, and

and tiny little songsters, the avadavat-certainly, usually got as much from one set as would cover the whole of his expenses for a fortnight. This

as far as I can judge, the most beautiful bird on

the face of the earth. done, we were carried forth into the dark night, only too glad to exchange the close atmosphere of set clumps of tall cocoanuts; whole topes of

Then again, varying the prospect, were thickly the bungalow for any stray breezes that might the beetlenut tree, miles upon miles of sugar canes ; chance to be creeping over the sultry plains of India at that early hour.

acres of mangoes and guava trees, the jack fruit, Once free of the village, and the palanquin the Billinibi, the Calacca, fields of the beautifully bearers subsided again into their dreary, monoto-rosy-tinted roselle, carefully hedged gardens grownous chaunt, which almost invariably sent me to ing the warlike looking bannub Çor bandicoy, sleep. Sometimes, however, there was a sudden

a vegetable which shoots up into the air like a cry of “ Pambo,* pambo !" And then, instantly, spear), the green and purple budingan, the tall

tree with the drumstick vegetable, and whole rethe palanquins diverged from the line they were pursuing, and great excitement reigned among the giments of red and green chillies—that grand

nucleus of hot Indian curries. bearers. No wonder, poor fellows !--for the

Creeping about amongst these, intensely green deadly cobra was the most fearful and treacherous enemy they had to encounter, and there is no class in foliage, were the twenty different varieties of in India that has furnished more victims to the the cucumber and melon tribe—some fruit round, venom of this hateful serpent. So we travelled

some long, some oblong ; some yellow, some green, on till the first streak of daylight woke the lark tensely bitter-get all of them serving for the

some brown; some sweet, some sour, some into her early song of praise, and warned the prow. uses and food of man. Amongst these, rearing

its head proudly, and wide spreading its handsome


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branches, grew the graceful tamarind, under whose two from the village, we sat down to a breakfast shadows Baboo-Mullatombi-Perriahtombi, the opu- not to be despised at the best of times, but lent village Brahmin, ties the straw which is to especially when under the sharp influence of such limit bis repast, and forthwith pitches iuto the appetites as we invariably carried with us from glue and rice till he has eaten what might satisfy stage to stage upon our journey. five hungry Englishmen. Then the largest leaf Meanwhile, the weary bearers, foot sore and plant, whose name I forget, but the leaves of hungry, would congregate in picturesque groups which, skilfully knit together with prickly pear under the shade of the nearest tope of trees, or dethorns, daily serve Baboo in lieu of a clean plate, scend to the tank side and bathe their feet and and when thrown away, are angrily contested for legs in water, which, in the eyes of the more by riotous crows and hungry brahminny kites. fanatical Brahmins, to touch was to pollute. Then, All these we passed morning after morning, and waiting till a good breakfast had in all probability stage after stage, until the sun began to grow un- put us in humour with ourselves, and the world in comfortably hot in the heavens, which was usually general, they would send a deputation to solicit about 7, a.m., when an increase of steam on the part | the gift of a sheep or two, a request that was of the bearers, a little jolting, and a great deal of rarely, if ever, denied them. The sheep being noise, brought us to the end of the morning stage, obtained, they were forthwith slaughtered, and and the shelter of another travellers' bungalow. handed over by the head bearers to such amougst Five minutes afterwards, we were as much at home their gang as were most skilful in the art of curry in that bungalow, with all our servants and com- making, and whilst these were busied with culinary forts around us, as though we had lived there for occupations, the rest stretched themselves out in the term of our natural lives.

the shade, and were oblivious of everything till The sepoy in charge of every bungalow was awakened up to a sense of their liunger by the sure to be in readiness to receive us ; not that he grateful odour issuing from the stew pots hard at slept upon the premises, or was within half a mile hand. The interval between breakfast and dinner of it some few minutes before our arrival, but the time was often by far the most tedious portion of song of the bearers had warned him of the ap- the journey. Sometimes what facetious travellers proach of travellers (to him always a windfall), and had scribbled upon the walls served to while away using what speed his old limbs permitted of, he an hour or so; sometimes we stumbled across an was usually on the spot in time to throw open the interesting book, sometimes there was shooting to doors and windows, and await the invariable com- be had in the neighbourhood ; but the heat was missions for fowls, eggs, vegetables, and occa- generally so intense as to preclude all chance, even sionally a few sheep for the palanquin bearers— at the risk of a sun stroke, of finding any birds at sheep tough and indigestible as leather, and only that hour of the day. The ladies had their needle to be eaten as cooked in a palanquin bearer's curry, work to amuse them, and the old lady, bless her, of which dish more anon. But let me endeavour indulged in incessant remembrances of the great to describe one of these traveller's bungalows; and Rebellion. C and myself, under protection the description of one will pretty well tally with of a mighty chatry (umbrella) would stroll into the all the others. Situated at a convenient distance village in search of amusement (which we seldom from a village, and, if possible, in the neighbour-found), and anything in the shape of relish for dinhood of a tank of water, and a tope of trees, the ner, wbich we sometimes managed to pick up in bungalow was surrounded by a high, square, white the shape of a glorious bunch of ripe red planwashed wall, in the centre of which rose the tains. building itself, which consisted of two distinct By twelve o'clock the greater part of the sercompartments connected by a verandah, and each vants, with the luggage, started for the next compartment boasting of one large room and out- bungalow; at one o'clock we dined ourselves, houses. These rooms were furnished with a com. almost invariably upon stewed fowls, and it was mon deal table and 6 chairs, a framed circular of then that by turns (out of a little spirit of rivalry) regulations to be observed by travellers, aud a the head bearers would borrow a dish of the small library of books, which augmented from time servants, and bring in a sample of the curry they to time from the donations of Government or had made for their own dinners. Such curries strangers. The palanquins were usually set down why they bring tears into my eyes and make my in the enclosure, as were the boxes carried by the mouth water, even at this long interval, for they cavalry coolies ; our own servants, who usually were marvellously hot indeed, but as for piquancy arrived an hour or two before us, had hot water and deliciousness of flavour-Soyer, immortal prepared for tea or coffee, and a wood fire lit in though he be, amongst cooks, would blush to taste the most sheltered part of the yard—the boxes one of them--aye, and cry too, I'll guarantee, for were unpacked, the deal table covered with linen a good half hour after he had done so. and crockery, bread, biscuits, jams, and other By 3 p.m., everything was packed again, and things not procurable en route, were ranged in the bearers had fresh girded their loius for another tempting array upon the table—the smoking tea- toilsome jaunt. Again the old sepoy made his pot emitted a grateful aroma, and with the addi. salaam and was settled with, again our palanquins tion of the fresh laid eggs and a grilled fowl or were hoisted high into the air, and carried forth

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into a hot and deserted country, and five minutes brandy pawny had driven to Coventry, it now serves after our backs were turned every door and window the very purpose which he in his heart least had been bolted—the Sepoy pocketed the key— intended. The story is, that an old civilian who and the bungalows had relapsed into darkness and had imbibed many Mahometan notions (saving that solitude.

interdiction of grog), during his sojourn in India, So we travelled from day to day, only with and who had at the same time plucked a plentiful such varieties and adventures as shall be found harvest from the fabulous pagoda tree, disgusted recorded in the succeeding chapter.

at finding himself cut by all the more respectable class, retired from the service, chose this spot, built an immense straggling place, closed his doors against everybody save opulent natives and the

doctor, maintained a regal harem, and so died, CHAPTER IV.

isolated amongst his heathen progeny, leaving his

wealth and lands to be confiscated, as no issue INCIDENTS AND ADVENTURES.

even from lawful marriage with a black woman In the preceding chapter I endeavoured to make was then recognisable. the reader familiar with the every day life of a The next remarkable place that we balted at traveller in India, and to describe the ordinary was Saltgar, noted all over India for the quantity run of travellers' bungalows, erected at stated dis- and excellence of the oranges it produces. The tances, at the expense of the Indian Government. whole place was infested and overrun with monkeys, There were three or four exceptions en route to the most mischievous and rascally to be encountered the general rule. Munificent Indian baboos, en in India. I recollect the terror with which I saw dowed with a spirit of philanthrophy, have immor- these brutes hopping from tree to tree, or boldly talised their names by leaving behind them princely mingling with the throng that were in the fruit buildings, erected on the most frequented tho-gardens, grinning and chattering at any one that roughfares, for the special behoof and benefit of menaced them, after a most alarming fashion. It wayworn pilgrims. These buildings are known in is astonishing how soon monkeys can distinguish a India as choultries, and they vary in size and child from a man, and with what contempt they pretensions, from a mere roadside barn to a palace invariably treat the former. Not a roof or a fit to accommodate hundreds. Consideration for cocoanut tree at Saltgar but what was teeming the suffering and fatigue of the travellers seem to with monkeys, and the place being exclusively have been the characteristic feature of good men occupied by Brahmins, they led a very fine gentle. of all Eastern nations, from the days of Abraham manly kiud of life of it. An anecdote is told of downwards. To dig a well, build a fountain, erect a young cadet who was silly enough to fire at and a stand for the wearily laden pilgrim to deposit wound one of these creatures ; the moaning of the his burthen, and ease himself of the heavy yoke poor brutes so forcibly reminded him of frail awhile ; afford shelter for man and beast, even humanity, that he inwardly resolved never to be though that shelter be but the rude cavern of a guilty of such folly again; and with this resolve rock, or the hairskin tent of the Bedouin—these retired to rest at the bungalow, having first luckily have ever been objects amongst Eastern philan. bolted the door and windows. At midnight, he thropists; and none ever properly appreciate them, was awakened by a hideous uproar on the roof, save those who have known what it is to lack when to his dismay and horror he discovered that shelter, and the wherewithal to slake maddening, the friends of the wounded monkey were absolutely feverish thirst, too often experienced in those untiling the roof in their endeavours to get at him, countries.

when they would doubtless have torn him to The most remarkable choultries we halted at pieces. His cries fortunately brought opportune were Baltchitty's and Rajah's choultry—the latter assistance from the village. I believe that it was famed all over India for a most magnificent tank, at Saltgar also that General 1 —d, then pay. which is almost a miniature lake-lined throughout master of his regiment, was seated in front of his with stone, and having a remarkable Hindoo tent, counting sundry bags of money, when a temple, and a pleasant tope of mango trees at one monkey, more audacious than his comrades

, seized extremity. Here the Brahmins were extremely upon a bag of gold mohurs, and rapidly retreating fanatical, and would barely allow even the palan with it, skimmed up a tall tamarind tree that quin bearers to bathe their feet in the water till overshadowed a very deep tank, and there chuck, such time as C—'s peons (native constables always ling over his work the while, deliberately dropped attendant upon judges), reminded these gentlemen piece by piece into the water below. that the property was British, and no longer ap- From Saltgar we passed the Nackinnary Ghaut, pertained to themselves. A remarkable contrast and pausing awhile at Bungalore, resumed the line to these choultries, which are undoubtedly monu- of march, passing through and halting for a day ments of Indian philanthropy, was the immense at Seringapatam. I went all over the ruined old and capacious bungalows at “Strepermatoor" (I palace of Tippoo Saib, the walls of which were think the fourth stage from Palaverem). Erected grotesquely painted with pictures, supposed to by an old English misanthrope, whom too much represent the various engagements between Tippoo's

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