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80 than the other persons there, but Mr Fletcher folks. So the women only stopped from their said some quiet words to us all, as he gave the work to look out at their doors after the strangers, different presents into our hands.
and wonder where they came from, what they were, Some of the books and other articles had be- and where they were going. Two of them who longed to Miss Naucy, but not nearly all. The had children to spare, sent them just to look pretty Bible that I had often admired was given where the strange woman and her children stopped, to one whom I wonld have much liked to see it and they came back and told that they wandered possessed by; and that gratified me. Neverthe.
into Widow Robbs, as aforesaid, some little disless, it was not held by her very long-for even
tance up the water. It was natural to suppose when a few years had come and
that they were friends of the Robbs, and nobody too, was dug; and summer's suns have shone upon,
took much farther notice of their visit, seeing that and winter's blasts have rustled for many long, and they might have well come even from the town, often weary, years through the grass and flowers for it was a beautifully clear day, and the road was over the dust of that kind heart.
A little book,
now quite open and pleasant to walk over. Thus, with pretty engravings—or pictures, as we called when an hour after they returned, the neighbours them then-of places iu distant India, was given only thought it late enough, for it would be three to my brother; like a glimpse into the world that o'clock, to travel into the town—as the road was was to be for him; since, when years liad passed good three miles, and rather lonely with the woods away, and he had reached to manhood's opening that the strangers went into Mrs. Grey's, who kept
on each side in some places. They did not observe prime, weary and wounded, and far from home or any that would have spoken home words to his
and also collected our letters for heart, after a day of strise and struggle, he died close by the Sutlej waters, like many more of the
Mrs. Grey was a couthy person, although curious adventurous youth of his country-taking infeft. in prying into other people's affairs, but she was ment of India with their blood.
soft-hearted, and sorry when the mother bought two We were a little party of twenty, perhaps
little loaves, and was to divide them dry with the twenty-two, and if we were all alive to-day vot children. Mrs. Grey, perceiving that they were one of us could be considered over middle life. strangers, would not allow that, and took them Alas, that middle life! It is so deceptive to the through to her little room, and made the children young. More than a half of our party never reached take some milk, and gave the mother a cup of tea, the middle. Life on earth has only now a minority have stopped, except for her kindness. Mrs. Grey
be kept them longer than they would of our number.
When the silvery bell struck nine, the Bible noticed that the children, like their mother, came was read, and after worship, in fifteen minutes, we
from a distance, and had not been long in our were all gone from Blink bonnie, and some of us
quarter, for their manner of speech was very marvelling how the Christmas days would be got not easily take up with new pronunciations, yet
different from ours; aud, although old people do over; for young hearts are like the sca sands; the young speak in the tones that they hear. The easily marked, and the record is as easily blotted
woman said that she had come out; they cannot kecp traces of grief for a long
a long way, contime. The meridian of winter came, and therewith cerning some friends, to the town, where she was its ordinary amusements, but not like the last, for stopping for a time, and the day being very fine, that to us had been very brilliant. It passed into
had wandered out to see the country with the care and work again, but the snow fell heavily, and she inquired the names of several places that
cbildren, which was most natural in a stranger ; and the roads were locked up, so that out of door labour was scarce, and even the school classes were
she had passed, and also of Blinkbonnie, just as if “thin,” though this was the season of their
she had not known it. And Mrs. Grey said that it greatest bustle and prosperity, in an open winter. belonged to Mr. Rose, and had once been the pro
perty of an old family, but they left an only son and he was not a wise man,--anything but that, nor a good, as she had heard say—and he had died
in foreign parts, or was killed, leaving heaps of CHAPTER XV.
debts, and the land was sold. Afterwards she said
that the stranger woman's face, that once had been It might have been the last day in that January ; very pretty, and was pretty still, fell when she it was the last Saturday, that a woman of a gen. spoke of the spendthrift laird, but that might teel look, with three children, a boy and two girls have been imagination-only she hurried away, and —the boy, who was the older—perhaps eight would not wait for the carriers, who would pass years old, and the younger of the girls, four, passed through soon, for the afternoon was far over, up the road through among the houses as if she and the children could walk better than ride. had been to call at Dr. More's. Being parochially That seemed to be true, for they were but clothed visited by many strangers from a distance, we were thinly, and their little things were just too fine for not stirred into inquisitiveness like the people of the night, although they looked as if they had been less frequented villages, by the presence of unknown over-long worn. Their mother wanted to leave
TIIE SNOW STORM.
sixpence for the tea, but Mrs. Grey was not mean screech in its swirls, made the time eerie too, while that way, and would only take payment forthe bread. we had strange wild tales of voices that led tra. So they bade her good night, the boy said “Good vellers to their death ; but David Robertson was afternoon, Ma'am," and they all went on their way. a brave good lad, and he strove hard to reach the
Mrs. Grey was busied with her letters, and put place that the sound came from, and harder as it ting past her tea cups, and cleaning her lamp, for moulded itself to words that he could underhalf an hour or more, when the night became i stand. darker than usual; the wind rose, and the snow
A great oak tree stood close to the road, halfwhirled round her house in such drifts, that she way through the wood on the north side—a perwas glad to fasten her door, and could neither fect land mark; for its branches reached far over look out, nor did any neighbours come to her; but the ditch, and when David got there he knew the she sat alone thinking of the poor travellers, who place very well ; and he could hear the small could not have been half-way to the town when voice saying now between bursts of crying—"Oh! the storm began; and she thought, yet could do Mamma waken and come home-Jeannie's sleeping, po more, no customer came near until it Mamma and cold-waken and come away-little was six o'clock, when the sudden onset settled for Elie will not waken and will be killed with the
time; and even then, as there were houses by cold—oh, Mamma! rise, little Elie's dying ?" ine way, except in the woods, she did not speak The kind hearted lad was afraid of startling the of the travellers in so much alarm as pity for the boy, but he was forced to do something; for he children,
saw the mother and her two children in the snow This was one of those Saturday nights that beneath the tree, and they must have been covered David Robertson was to spend at Netherstane ; but up, if the little fellow had not been running wildly he had been kept longer in the town than he round where they lay, trying every way to rouse wished, and the storm caught him soon after he the sleepers. So he said quietly to the boy that had left, before he came to the woods. He was he was going up to the village and would help a strong lad, who knew his road, and it led bim him to waken his mamma, and carry the children; to a warm home; and so he struggled on; but he but when he stooped down and touched the said afterwards the wind often turned him round, youngest child and tried to lift it, even he who and he was blinded, and nearly choked with drift ; was not used to death, knew that the arm around sometimes almost “ wull," and doubtful of the the infant had stiffened for ever, and that the way he was walking, until he got between the mother would no more waken in time. Gradually trees where the wind was a little broken, and he he drew out the little Elie and held her close to could not lose his road. He saw nothing, however, his plaid, and then removed the elder sister, and as who could in a cloud of dense snow. After he they both wakened up and spoke; and cried like had wrestled on with storm and wind, until he their brother to their Mamma, to rise and come doubted if it would be wiser to to turn back, away. It was a dowie business for the young and had nearly lost heart, he thought that a small man, and be took off his plaid, and wrapped it weak voice was crying near him. The wind made round the two girls, and tried to carry them ; but a strong sough as it bent down the tops of the the children would not leave their mother, and he trees, and he could see no distance; but between knew that the nearest house was almost half a the blasts he always thought the small weak voice mile from there. No way of doing seemed wiser in distress came to him. The place was eerie, to the lad than the only way that was practicable and the whistling wind among the trees, sometimes to stop where they were on the road-side the moaning low and sad, and then rising to a mad orphans and the stranger, with the dead mother.
The discoveries of Dr. Livingstone in Southern the existence of fertile and well watered countries ; Africa have given a romantic interest to all the of comparatively civilised and numerous nations matters appertaining to that part of the great con within their protection.
within their protection. Some time since, Mr. tinent of Ham. The romance of these journey- Galton published notes of a tour through the ings would have, perhaps, served to give more Namaqua, Damara, and Oyambo land; in, if we value to Africa in British society, if the lakes and remember correctly, the “ Travellers' Library." rivers discovered had not promised mercantile re- The first part of Lake Ngami, by Mr. Andersson, sults. The Africans of the South have been shut to a considerable extent repeats the information out from other parts of the world by belts of de- afforded by Mr. Galton. That gentleman, howsert land. Europeans have not until recently pene ever, was obliged to leave the country before the trated those inhospitable deserts, or regions of real journey to Lake Ngami commenced, and this malaria; and have remained unacquainted with enterprise was undertaken by Mr. Andersson, is
company with the African servants whom he had utter failure of religious zeal in these parts, I may mention engaged. The Namaqua land is nearer to Cape
that Mr. Hann, who is liked and respected by the natives, Town to the north than the Damara region, which
never succeeded, as he himself told me, in converting a
single individual! In one instance, however, he imagined is between it and the Ovambo territory. Neither that he had made a convert ; but, before the individual in of these pations extend into the centre of Southeru question could be finally admitted as a member of the Africa, but they are confined to the coast. Lake Christian church, it was necessary that he should give satisNgami is not within the dominions of the nations
factory answers to certain questions. One of these was, named. The chiefs who own its shores are inde
whether, according to the usages of Christianity, he would be
contented with one wife. To this the man replied, “that pendent of the western nations; and in proceed- though he was very anxious to oblige Mr. Hann and his ing farther to the east, Dr. Livingstone met popu- friends personally, and to further the objects of the mission lations in a
more advanced state of civilisation in every way possible, yet his conscience would not permit than the the tribes of the west. The latter, in
him to make so great a sacrifice as that required.” deed, are new to the soil. The Caffres are only The chief Kacichené was considered by the successful invaders of Southern Africa. The travellers an exception to the rule. He had setDamaras came into the country within the last tled with part of his tribe at Schmelen's Hope; hundred years. According to the statement of but while the travellers were in the country, he Mr. Andersson, the race is now extirpated.
was slain in battle, and his tribe were obliterated. Their grand enemy, Jonker Afrikaner, being Messrs. Anderssen and Galton met, however, with nearer to the Cape, and the coast, was supplied other traces of the missionaries' teaching. At with ammunition, and firearms decide the battles of
Rehoboth, a station of the Rhenish mission, they Africa. This circumstance exposes the error of met William Zwartbooi, who, with his followers, the British government and parliament, in aban. bad adopted Christianity. These followers appear doning part of the land on the Orange river to
to have been men of good character :the independent Dutch Boers, and recognising
Wc had thus in a short time lost the services of three their separate authority. No other policy could have been more cruel, more disastrous, or more
men; but, fortunately, through the kindness of our friend,
Zwartbooi, we were able to replace them by two others. The foolish ; unless our Government wished to afford first of these was his own herichman, Onesimus, who was a the Dutch farmers an opportunity of destroying Damara by birth, but had been captured as a child and the natives, without adopting any part of the re
brought up amongst the Namaquas. He spoke the language sponsibility. It is impossible by this device to
of these two nations most fluently, and understood, more
over, a few words of Dutch. What with his capacity as an escape from the latter. The Dutch Boers would
interpreter, his even temper, and general good behaviour, he not preserve their position in the country, if they became one of the most useful men of our party. were not supported by the moral influence of the The other man, Phillipus, was also a Damara by birtli, Cape colony; and the African tribes do not make
but had forgotten his native tongue. He spoke, however, nice distinctions between European nations, and
the Namaqua and the Dutch fluently. He was appointed a
waggon-driver. especially between the Dutch within and the Dutch without British territory.
Mr. Anderssen gives in his work a rather deThe hope of Africa is founded upon the progress pressing view of the Damara and Namaqua characof European missionaries. The natives may be ter, in reference to missions; for at page 132 we extinguished, but they cannot be saved without find the following statement respecting William the success of missions. Mr. Andersson asserts, | Zwartbooi :that in the regions visited by him, the labours of
On the 6th of February I received a visit from a great the missionaries have been entirely vain. His Namaqua chieftain, named William Zwartbooi, and found connexion was chiefly, however, with the Dutch him a very agreeable old personage. He had met Mr. or Rhenish missionaries in the Damara land. The
Galton not far from Eikhams, who had sent him to SchmeNamaquas, he says, are partially civilized Hotten
len's Hope to await his return.
At one time this chief had robbed and massacred the tots, who "possess every vice of savages, and Damaras in precisely a similar way as Jonker Afrikaner; none of their nobler qualities.” They "listen to but thanks to the exertions of the missionaries, he had been the missionaries' exhortations so long as he can
gradually weaned from his evil practices, and was now living feed and clothe them.” When these advantages
on excellent terms with his neighbours. cease, their conversion is turned into reversion.
Jonker and Zwartbooi associated occasionally, but they The missionaries, however, bad collected even the
were by no means well-disposed towards each other. On one
occasion, when the latter had expressed displeasure at his Damaras into communities, and taught them to friend's inhuman proceedings against the Damaras, Jonker coltivate the soil. This was a great advantage ;
told him, “ That if he (Zwartbooi) meddled with his affairs, but Mr. Andersson adds :
he would pay him such a visit as would put a stop to his
devotions, and make him cry for quarter." Here, however, their civilisation seemed to be at a stand- Within Zwartbooi's territory was a mountain, called 'Taus, still. The missionaries were laudably and strenuously exert- where horses might pasture throughout the year without ing themselves in their behalf; but, as yet, they had met being exposed to the “ paarde ziektè," the cruel distemper to with little or no encouragement. To the mind of a Damara, which these animals are subject. Almost all the northern the idea of men visiting them solely from love and charity, Namaquas, Jonker among the rest, are in the habit of sending is utterly inconceivable. They cannot banish a suspicion their horses here during the sickly season. that the motives of the stranger must be interested, and On one occasion, when Jonker was about to make a they not unfreqnently require a bribe for any services they " raid” on the Damaras, he sent an express to Zwartbooi for may render to the missionary cause. As an instance of the his horses ; but this chief having been apprised of the cause
for which these steeds were wanted, refused, under some grave of a deceased friend or relation, requesting him to eat pretext, to give them up; and, whilst parleying, the favour. and make merry. In return, they invoke his blessing, and able opportunity was lost. It seems Jonker never forgave pray for success against their enemies, an abundance of catZwartbooi this act of treachery, as he called it, and deter- tle, numerous wives, and prosperity in their undertakings. mined, let the risk be whatever it might, never again to put The spirits of deceased persons are believed to appear himself in another man's power.
after death, but are then seldom seen in their natural form. It would appear, therefore, that the author's They usually assume on such occasions the shape of a dog,
having not unfrequently the foot of an ostrich. Any indi. experiences do not support his opinion. Savage vidual to whom such an apparition (Otjurn) might appear, nations cannot be converted in a few years, and in especially if it should follow and accost him, is supposed to Zwartbooi's case, the Rhenish missionaries had die soon after. much reason to be gratified with their success. It
The Damaras have great faith in witchcraft. Individuals
versed in the black art are commonly called Omunda, is also evident that “the noble qualities” of savages Onganga, or Omundu-Onayai, and are much sought after. which, in a philosophic moment, he celebrates, are
Any person falling sick is immediately attended by one of imaginative-as we should suppose from a prima these impostors, whose panacea is to besmear the month and facie view of affairs :
the forehead of the patient with the odure of the hyæna,
which is supposed to possess particularly healing virtues, Tjopopa would spend whole days at our camp in the most The sorcerer, moreover, makes signs and conjurations. absolute idleness and apathy, teazing us with begging for
Some very singular superstitions about meat exist among everything he saw. Like all Damaras he had a perfect ma.
the Damaras. Thus, a man will perhaps not eat the flesh pia for tobacco, and considered no degradation too deep, pro.
of an ox which may happen to be marked with black, white, vided he could obtain a few inches of the narcotic weed. He
or red spots. Others refuse to partake of a sheep should it was of an easy and mild disposition, but exceedingly stingy. I have no horns, whilst some would not touch the ment of a We stood greatly in need of live stock, and took every op- draught-os, according to the rule of the "eanda" to portunity to display our most tempting articles of barter in
which he belongs. If meat is offered a Damara, he will the hope of inducing him to purchase. Brass or gilt articles
accept it, but before he ventures to eat it, he carefully in. he almost sparned, but cast longing eyes on articles of iron quires about the colour of the animal, whether it had horos, or copper. "At last he selected goods to the value of four &c., and should it prove forbidden food, he will in all pro. oxen, with which he quietly walked off. On asking him for bability leave it untonched, even though he might be dying payment the following day, he smilingly replied, “Why, be.
of hunger. Some even carry their scruples so far as to tween us there must be no talk of buying and selling. You
avoid coming in contact with vessels in which such food has are going to stop here a long time, and you will want plenty been coukeu; nay, even the snoke of the fire by which it is of food ; this I will give you."
prepared is considered injurious. Hence, the religious su. Knowing the truth of the adage, that a " bird in the hand perstitions of these people often expose them to no small is worth two in the bush,” we should infinitely have preferred amonnt of inconvenience and suffering. an immediate settlement to any vague promises. And the
The fat of particular animals is supposed to possoss cer. end justified our apprehensions. The old rogue took good tain virtues, and is carefully collected and kept in vessels of care neither to pay his debt, nor make us any presents of a peculiar kind. A small portion of this is given, in solution cattle of which we stood so much in need. Nay, he even
with water, to persons who return safely to their homes went further. Under pretest of supplying our wants, he in
after a lengthened absence at the cattle-posts. The chief duced his people to contribute oxen and sheep, which he was
also makes use of it as an unguent for his body, mean enough to keep for his own use.
Our friend Tjopopa was rather a sensual man; he was The Africans have no such natural antipathy to supposed to have no less than twenty wives--two of whom, missionaries and teachers as the traveller to Lake I found to my astonishment, were mother and daughter! I have since ascertained that this is by no means an unusual Ngami supposed. The African slaves in the United practice amongst this demoralised nation. Morcover, when States are fervent in their religious observances. The å chief dies, his surviving wives are transferred to his negroes of the West Indies, before and after their brother, or to his nearest relative.
emancipation, displayed similar characteristics. It is in vain that poets and philanthropists endeavour to persuade us that savage nations, who have had no previous other labourers in the same field, have been emi
The missions of Livingstone and Moffat, and many intercourse with Earopeans, are living in a state of most en. viable happiness and purity-where ignorance is virtuous rently successful, at least, in discovering a people simplicity-poverty, frugality, and temperance — and indo. sometimes anxious, ever willing to be taught. A lence, laudable contempt for wealth. One single day among little work, and a very beautiful one, containing such people will be sufficient to repudiate these idle notions.
notes of the last tour of the Bishop of Cape The difference between Kabichené and Tjopopa Town, has been published recently. It affords was considerable, and between the latter and evidences of sincerity among the coloured converts Zwartbooi still larger, while for these distinctions of his diocese, who contribute their full proportion, the missions, we presume, must have credit. looking to means and number, for the erection of
The heathenism of Damara, Namaqua, and churches and of schools, for the support of minisOvambo was of a very degraded type. The ters and teachers. The Moravian missionaries superstitions of the one class were kindred to have been also rewarded for their self-denying those of the other. Some curious details respect. labours, by the crection of villages around their ing them are to be found in this volume. Although stations, containing in some cases a population of the Damaras derive little comfort from their creed, three thousand persous. it is a heavy burthen, and its faint glimmerings of Water is the grand want of Western Africa. a hereafter often cost their lives.
The Damara laud has, nominally, rivers, but they Though the Damaras do not profess absolutely to believe
are often absolutely dry ; and yet the rainy season in a life hereafter, they have a confused notion of a future extends over six months of the year, and the rains state. Thus, they not unfrequently bring provisions to the are often very heavy. The country requires irri.
gation and tanks, after the manner of India, but | The southern coast of the Lake is considerably elevated, and the population are few and scattered ; meu of
the water is so closely fringed by extensive belts of reeds and
rushes, that it is only accessible in a few places, or where nomadic habits, engaged in pastoral pursuits, and
the native cattle have broken through these natural defences. living for the present; thoughtless of the future. The west shore of the lake is also somewhat raised, though The country south of the great Orange river is the water is very shallow ; but it deepens considerably tomore mountainous than to the north, and is bet
wards its eastern extremity. ter supplied with water. The British Colony of
The Ngami must have undergone considerable changes at Cape Town is altogether south of the Orange to me places, now covered with vegetation where they used
different periods. The natives have frequently pointed out river. The Lake of Omanbonde-that Lake of
to spear the hippopotamus. Again, there are unmistakeable the Hippotaini, of which the traveller had heard proofs of its having been at one time of smaller dimensions many flattering reports, after a trying journey to than at present; for submerged stumps of trees are constantly its banks, was only full of disappointment. The
met with. This is not, I believe to be attributed to the uptourists found it as dry as
heaving or to the sinking of the land, but that, in all proba
a race-course, yet at bility, the lake was originally of its present size, or nearly some seasons it covers to an apparently considera- so, when a sudden and unusually large flood poured into it ble depth a large quantity of land.
from the interior, which, on account of the flatness of the
country, could not be drained off as quickly as it flowed in, About noon on the 5th of April, we were rapidly ap
but caused the water to rise above its usual height, which proaching Omanbonde; but, oh, how we were disappointed! remaining in that state some time soon destroyed the My heart beat violently with excitement. The sleepy mo
vegetation. tion of the oxen as they toiled through the heavy sand, being
Before the lake was known, and when only rumours had far too slow for my eagerness and excited imagination, I pro- reached us of its existence, the natives spoke of its waters as ceeded considerably in advance of the waggons, with about
retiring daily to "feed.” But I am rather inclined to think half a dozen Damaras, when all at once the country became they pointed to a singular phenomenon that I observed while open, and I found myself on some rising ground, gently navigating its broad waters, which I then attributed to the sloping towards the bed of what I thought to be a dry water
wind, though, on consideration, I suspect it was more likely course.
to have arisen from the effects of the moon's attraction. “There !" soddenly exclaimed one of the natives, “there is Omanbonde.”
“Omanbonde !" I exclaimed, almost in despair, “but Ngami is fed by the Teoge from the north-west a where, in the name of Heaven, is the water ?"
narrow but very deep river, flowing through a I could say no more, for my heart failed me, and I sat beautiful country extremely rich in vegetation, and down till the waggons came up, when, pointing to the dry capable of great improvement. Mr. Andersson river bed, I told Galton that lie saw the Lake before him.
a river running parallel with the “ Nonsense,” he replied, “ it is only the end or tail of it Teoge, but towards the west, and at no great diswhich you see there." After having descended into the bed, we continued to tra.
tance from that stream, named the Mukuru-Muvel at a rapid pace, about a mile in a westerly direction, kovanja, exists, and is navigable probably to near when, at a bend, we discovered a larger patch of green reeds. its source. From the nature of the country, the At this sight a moinentary ray of hope brightened up every union of the rivers would be an easy engineering countenance, but the next instant it vanished, for we found that the natives were actually searching for water among the work, and thus a navigable channel would be rashes.
secured from the Atlantic into Lake Ngami. The The truth at last dawned upon us. We were indeed at theory depends upon the existence of the MukuOmanbonde--the Lake of Hippopotami! We all felt utter ru-Mukovanja, and its qualities. The same stream prostration of heart. For a long while we were uoable to is laid down as the Naurse river on a roughly give utterance to our feelings. We first looked at the reeds before as, theu at each other in mute dismay and astonish
traced map by Dr. Livingstone, but he leads his meat. A dried-up valley very little more than a mile in ex
tracings in a direction entirely different from those tent, and a patch of reeds, was the only reward for months of the Teoge. of toil and anxiety.
The Ngami, instead of being called sixty to Ngami happily rewarded Anderssen better than seventy miles in circumference by Dr. LivingOmanbonde. It is a deep inland sea, of which we stone, is said to have fifty to seventy miles of should say little in this couutry, is sixty to length, and all parties give it an occasional breadth seventy miles in circumference, according to his of twenty miles, involving at least double the reckoning, and a great matter in Central Africa. arca assigned to it by the author of “ Lake
Ngami," who speaks highly of the country on the The whole circumference is probably about sixty or seventy Teoge and the stream ; but he did not follow the geographical miles; its average breadth seven miles, and not exceeding nine at its widest parts. Its shape, morcover, as
River Zouga, which flows out of the lakc, and up I have represented it in the map, is narrow in the middle, wbose gentle current Dr. Livingstone made his and bulging out at the two ends ; and I may add, that the way, reaching the lake from that side. The Zouga first reports received many years ago from the natives about
is said to lose itself in marshes, as is the case with the Lake, and which concurred in representing it of the shape other African rivers, but that point is not clearly of a pair of spectacles, is correct.
The northern shore of Ngami is low and sandy, without established. It is certain that the lake Ngami a free or bush, or any other kind of vegetation within half-a and its two rivers present a region of fertile and mile, or more commonly a mile. Beyond this distance, well watered land, traced by the two travellers, and (almost all rouud the lake) the country is very thickly tooded having a length of three to four hundred miles.
with various sorts of acacia indigenous to Southern Africa, Mr. Andersson did not penetrate to the north of the Damnara “ parent tree," a few species of wild fruit trees, and here and ihere an occasional baobob, which raises its | Ngami, where Dr. Livingstone found a road into a enormous head high above the highest giant of the forest. I network of rivers extending over a region of some