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withont political fostering than an extension of the excavator of Nineveh, and the originator and the suffrage at the last election. Even the Con- chairman of the Ottoman Bank, is also out, and servative candidates regarded it only as a question his experience will be lost in Oriental affairs. Mr. of education and of time; while a majority of the Kinglake, the author of “Eothen," is elected, and Liberal members, so great as to form, we believe, will probably compensate for the withdrawal of a majority of the Commons, are pledged to some Mr. Layard, who might have retained his seat for extension.

Aylesbury but for his Chinese vote. Many of them will stop short at Mr. Locke The expulsion of Messrs. Bright and Gibson King's bill for counties, where that gentleman we from Manchester, the defeat of Sir Elkanah Armi. believe has no desire himself to stop. This mea- tage, at Salford, of Mr. Cobden at Huddersfield, sure is a bare act of justice to the rural population, the withdrawal of Mr. Laing from Wick, and and to the townsmen and villagers who vote in similar events, expunge nenrly the old peace-atcounties. The Premier ohjected to it upon the any priec party from the Commons. ground that a distinction had always existed be- Mr. Oliphant, the author of some able works tween the borough and the county franchise; but on Oriental affairs, was a candidate for the Stirling cven if the assertion be correct, which would in burgls, too late for the present Parliament, but in our opinion be found on close examination to be time, perhaps, for one to come, on his return, if inaccurate, the country is not bound to continue a he return from China, where he has gone as pribad custom because it is an old custom. Sin is vate secretary to the Earl of Elgin. not like wine, that it should improve by age. The The ceremony of laying the foundation stone of dwellers in burghs have no good claim to privileges a building for a Free Library in Liverpool, was which are denied to the inhabitants of counties. celebrated last moutlı, with more than the usual The feudal times are gone and past, and this pomp on similar occasions. They are not numewreck of the feudal system should go with them. rous certainly, as the building is to be erected at It has no foundation in reason, and we must the sole cost of Mr. Brown, one of the members abandon in this country all that is unreasonable. for South Lancashire, whose mercantile eminence

The following is supposed to be a correct state is recognised on both sides of the Atlantic. The of parties :

library will, we understand, cost twenty thousand England Liberals

Conservatives pounds, and will be worthy of the donor, the Boroughs ... 224


town, and the Derby collection in natural history, Counties

56 Berwick

given by the present Earl of Liverpool, and which Scotland


will find in the new building appropriate and per. Ireland ...



manent apartments. 372

282 It is given more elaborately in the following

We have no political intelligence since the subsi. form :Liberals Liberal Conservatives Conservatives the East. Considerable anxiety is expressed both

dence of the elections, except what comes from England 264

178 Scotland 37

13 respecting the Chinese and the Persian wars. The Ireland 62 10

33 Earl of Elgin has started on his mission to China

by the last mail.

The intelligence relating to Sir James Brooke's The Imperial Parliament will assemble on the dealings with the Chinese at Sarawak will not 30th. Mr. Denison, of Nottinghamshire, will be bring upon him the troubles which he experienced proposed as speaker, aed will be elected without from his massacre of the pirates-a measure in opposition. He is the brother in law of the pre- which he was found to be justified by the Commis. sent Duke of Portland, who does not hold the sion who examined his conduct. The blow struck politics of his father or of his late and celebrated by him in answer to the ungenerons treachery of brother, Lord Gcorge Bentinek.

the Chinese at Sarawak will probably insure other Her Majesty is expected to open Parliament in Eastern settlements from the ruthless proceedings the second week of May, unless some event occur of these barbarians. to prevent that arrangement. The health of the The foreign intelligence is comparatively unimQueen is said to be restored, and that of the young portant. The diplomatic dispute of Austria with Princess born on the 14th ultt. to be excellent ; Sardinia is unsettled; but while it remains, "dibut the Duchess of Gloucester, the last of the plomatic” the public—that is the world—will not family of George III., the aunt of her Majesty, concern themselves deeply either in its merits or is in a very dangerous state of health.

its demerits. Among the new members connected with India, Among the corners or nooks of the globe that we observe that Colonel Sykes has obtained a seat the British people are looking and polishing up for Aberdeen, and Acton Ayrton, Esq., for the Morocco has been forgotten long; and yet the Tower Hamlets. The losses of Indian gentlemen territory of the Moors is within sight of our great in the House are leaded by Sir J. W. Hogg, who “strength,” Gibraltar. At length a commercial disappears from Parliamentary life. Mr. Layard, treaty lias been concluded betwen the British anu

2 39




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the Mauritanian empire. The treaty provides men think that they are poisoned, they should inliberty to traders which they have not enjoyed in spect their drainage. that region for many years, centuries, or

Several great railway accidents have occurred millenniums, never perhaps since the days of the in America, but the most terrible has originated in Panic pomp and pride. The Moors have closed the breaking of an axle of a railway engine, at an themselves up as effectually as the Chinese or the unhappy point where the concussion broke a bridge Japanese ; not unlike the Arabs, and both are over a canal, sixty feet beneath the level of the near neighbours of Europeans, although the Moors rails to the surface of the water, and eighteen feet are geographically the nearer. Ever since their deeper to the bottom-within two miles of Hamilexpulsion from Spain the Moors have “sulked,” | tou, in Upper Canada. The ice • upon the canal kept people from their shores, and themselves out was two feet thick at the time, but the engine of the world's ways; yet Mauritania, occupying the with the engineer went through like a shot, while north-western shoulder of Africa, with abundant the carriages fell in a heap. Seventy persons were agricultural and mineral resources, should be a on the train-twenty were saved, fifty were lost thriving land.

—and among others, Mr. Zimmerman, the most The Central American war-Walker and the extensive contractor of railway works in Canada Free Lances of the States against the natives-pro- Two other and serious accidents have occurred in ceeds slowly and unfavourably for General Walker, the States; and fears exist that their works are whose hopes of an empire there at present must constructed cheaply but weakly ; that severe frosts be as much below zero as anything can be in the injure the iron, both in the engines and carriages tropics. This onslaught of the United States

on the ground. Filibusterers against the Republics of Central

Considerable reinforcements left Portsmouth for America is already debtor to mankind for more

China early in the month. The Transit steamer, than ten thousand lives.

with a large number of soldiers, was obliged A curious case of poisoning, that interests

to return to Portsmouth in a sinking state, and everybody, and was very like Alum the baker's bappily arrived there without loss of life ; but only episode at Hongkong, has occurred at Washington, in time, and too near the water's edge.

This The new President, Mr. Buchanan, his suite, and vessel was unable to convey the House of Peers a number of legislators and senators of the United in time to the celebrated naval review of last year, States, were for a time residing at the National and the authorities who hazarded the lives of our Hotel there. They all became sick, and very, very gallant soldiers on a leaking streamer, for the sick—sick, and going to die. The troubles of an

long voyage round the Cape to China, are exevil conscience came upon them in that extremity, tremely culpable. and they dreamed of a horrid conspiracy by the

They persisted, however, and the 90th Reginegro slaves of the hotel to poison the President and all his friends. N.B.-Gentlemen should

ment was shipped a second time on the Transit, never take their butlers or their cooks from their and a second time that vessel has been obliged to slavc gangs. A short shrist and a tight rope into Corunna.

take shelter, in a shattered condition, having put might have been the only earthly inheritance of those chattels and goods by which the boots were

The ratification of the treaty with Persia is cleaned, and the breakfasts laid, of the President expected from Teheran by the 13th of May, but of the great western Republic, when somebody not earlier. Instructions have reached the comdiscovered that something was wrong with the manders, both of the British and Persian armies, drains of the hotel. Upon a close examination to suspend operations. The battle fought on the they were found to be full of mephitic air —that 8th of February may have irritated the Persians, is , poison in a gaseous state ; which, it is believed, and thus not facilitate but retard the ratification poisoned the provisions in the larder, while they in

of the treaty. their turn poisoned the President and his followers The new line of steamers by the Eastern route in the dining room. The house might have been to Australia has established communication within blown up, and the world might have had another the promised time of fifty-five days; and the gunpowder plot; but the doings underground were Glasgow company, who have the enterprise in discovered in time, and therefore the house bas- hand, if they be supported by the country, will only been closed up preparatory to the drains being bring down the time to a few over forty days. reformed of all which the application is, when

One of their steamers, the Oneida, is missing.




The Night Side of London. By J. Ewing RIT | Sadleir

, or in the philanthropic Redpath a convict for life, 1 vol. Pp. 240. Loudon : William or in the dashing Robson a maniac? If I tell you that Tweedie,

respectable old gentleman now coming out of his club is

going to inspect a fresh victim, whom some procuress has The subject is good : the treatment different. The lured with devilish arts, you will tell me I am ancharitable ; author has written in haste, and without checking or if I point you to that well appointed equipage in the his arithmetic. London contains a inultitude of park, and tell you that that fair young girl that sits within evil doing and suffering persons; and a multitude has crushed many a young wife's heart, and has sent many

a man to the devil before his time, you will tell me that I more who like to hear of them. Books of this exaggerate ; I do nothing of the kind.

If I were to tell class, therefore, sell well ; and we admit the neces- what most men know-what every one knows, except those sity for such exposures ; any

man who is ac- whose business it is to know it, and to seek to reform it, quainted with London must know that exaggera- indelicate, and my book suppressed by the Society for the

I should be charged with indelicacy, as if truth could be tion is unnecessary in describing its darkness. Suppression of Vice — if that abortion exists

still. The truth is black enough for any average taste ; choked up with cant ; almost everything we believe in is a yet we do not suppose that the moral condition of lie. The prayer of Ajax should be ours,—"Light, more London is worse than that of many large towns ; light." and it is better than the state of others. Mr. Ritchie is good enouglı to be more lenient towards worst city on the face of the earth ; or if not the

This author repeatedly says that London is the London young men in the liigher ranks of life than worst, that nothing can be worse. One test set. Mr. Patmore, and we counsel the young vagabonds tles the question. to be thankful for this indulgence , so far as it migration, by the mere difference between its

London by itself, without im. goes; yet we cousider the following paragraph as

births and deaths, increases at the rate of thirty outrageously coloured as anything that we recol.


per annum -three hundred thousand lect to have read about London, and we hope for in ten years. Therefore a vast proportion of the Mr. Patmore's sake that he did not go much far- people of London belong to the moral classes of ther. The references to current events are fair society—a much larger proportion than in any illustrations, but Mr. Ritchie must be acquain- similar city of which we possess authentic inforted badly with the history of banking not to know

mation. Some persons may allege that sanitary ar. that blacker transactions have occurred than those rangements and other circumstances explain this which he enumerates. Did he ever hear of one Nicholas Biddle, his associates, and the United disadvantages of a great city, combined with the

increase of population ;. but, under the natural States Bank? They were localised in Philadel

care and toil for very long hours which form the phia, and the story is old. Well, has he read re

lot of London artisans and shopkeepers, it would cent American newspapers, and observed the story not occur in a community who should be described of that other Pennsylvanian banker, who, a few weeks since, made off with fifty thousand dollars in this book. The frightful state of large districts

in the language employed loosely and incorrectly in his trunk, leaving four dollars net in the Bank

misleads even a careful inquirer who forgets the treasury, to meet everything. The perpetual harp

magnitude of London, and the tendency of vice to ing upon a few gigantic swindles becomes stale.

obtrude itself on public notice. The following The effort to paint Satan blacker than his natural

passage occurs in pages 8 and 9:aspect will always fail—and the wholesale denunciations of three inillions of people because thirty- Here we have always in our midst

107 burglars ; 110 mountebanks; 38 highway robbers; three thousand, or three hundred thousand, are

773 pickpockets ; 3,507 sneaksmen, or common thieves; 11

But miserable villains, is not the way to reform.

horse stealers : 141 dog stealers ; 3 forgers ; 28 coiners; our extract is forgotten :

317 utterers of base coin ; 141 swindlers; 182 cheats ; 343 I do not go so far as Mr. Patmore, and affirm that in receivers of stolen goods; 2,768 habitual rioters ; 1,205 va. the higher ranks of life a young man is obliged to keep a grants ; 50 begging letter writers ; 86 bearers of begging mistress to avoid being laughed at; but I can conceive no letters ; 0,371 prostitutes- besides 470 not otherwise de city more sunk in licentiousness and rascality than ours. scribed, making altogether a total of 16,900 criminals known Paris, Hamburgh, and Vienna may be as bad, but they cannot to the police. These persons are known to make away with be worse. The poor are looked after by the police-visited £42,000 per annum; the prison population at any particular by the city missionary; their wants and woes are wrought time is 6,000, costing for the year, £170,000. Our juvenile up into newspaper articles, and they live, as it were, in thieves cost us £300 a-piece. houses of glass. It is true that one ball the world does not

It is impossible to make anything reasonable koow how the other half lives; but it is not true in the

Whoever has an

out of this table, for which the author, we présense in which it is generally affirmed. idea that a pious baronet

, taking the chair at a religious sume, is not responsible. He should have seen, meeting in Exeter-liall, will prove a felon ; that that house, however, that no distinction exists between cheats eminent in the mercantile and philanthropic world, will sanc. and swindlers; that London, it may be feared, contion the circulation of forged dock warrants; that that ma

tains more than three forgers ; that housebreakers nager about to engage in prayer at a meeting of the directors will turn out to be the greatest swindler of modern will certainly become burglars if they have an optimes? Who sees a dishonoured suicide in the patriotic portunity ; and that this army of criminals are

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really cheap and reasonable at £42,000 per annum, necessary to sneer at third rate men, who may or less than one shilling per week each-although become first rate in course of years-certainly not when they get into prison they require nearly in course of drinking. “The number of families £30 a year, and juvenile thieves cost £300, whe- living in one room is estimated as high as 150,000." ther per annum or per vitam is not said. The The meaning of the sentence may be gathered out following sentences immediately precede the quo

of the words, but a third rate literary man would tation :-“In London one man in every nine be- call it unintelligible. “Look at that girl all ralougs to the criminal class." According to the diant with beauty and smiles,-beautiful even in reports, there were in London 143,000 vagrants spite of her long lost virtue, and life of sin." admitted in one year into the casual wards of the Virtue, absent or present, would not make the workhouse." Presuming that the "casual wards” girl ugly. She might bave been beautiful in spite resembled those city casualities visited by the pre- of her long acquired vice. We have no desire to sent Lord Mayor, we cannot say that the 143,000 quote sentences of this kind, and should not have vagrants were by good quarters tempted to repeat

taken the trouble of copying one of them, except their visits. Nevertheless, we have no doubt that as a sort of revenge for “the third and fourth the 143,000 vagrants are made up by each va- rate literary men,” who, the author fears, are the grant repeating bimself or herself very many“ most braggart, lying, and needy under heaven," times ; and that 143,000 visitations of probably and we are very sorry to hear that character of . 1,430 persons are turned into 143,000 separate them. vagrants.

Mr. Ritchie adopts and advocates the temperance The assertion that one man in nine belongs to principle, and we cordially agree with his remarks the criminal class is mopstrously unjust. After on that subject. He describes a number of places all the figures that are packed in these early pages,

of an infamous character, in colours no deeper the error should have been visible to any aritlime- than nature, yet red as scarlet.

He censures tician. It occurs on page 8. Well, at page 2 Chambers' Journal for bestowing laudation on the we are told that there were 2,362,236 persons in arrangements of Highbury Barn and grounds, and Loudon, of whom 1,106,558 were males. They we do not clearly see the reason for our sober and are divided into

staid contemporary's interest in the matter. For

dancing, dashing "ne'er-do-wells," it is all very Married


bad, but, of course, for moral people it is worse. Unmarried


We do not allege that such grounds are always Widowers


frequented by immoral persons. We have been

there, and have still a tin token, given in exchange 1,106,558

for sixpence on entrance, and currency within Of the 670,380 unmarried males, 146,449 were

for sixpence worth of refreshments, which we did under five years, who could not be expected reason.

not require. The hour was late.

The grounds ably to be married; or, we may add, to be criminals.

were good enongh, but one third-to be charitable Deducting that number from the aggregate of the

-one third of the company were no better than male sex, 960,109 remain, of whom every ninth

they should be, if not worse, and the atmosphere person belongs to the criminal class, or in all

was ruined by fumes of gin and tobacco. It did 106,678 individuals. Perhaps, including prosti- not seem, in our half-bour's visit, one of those tutes, the females are no better ; but, being more

places likely to make the world better. A great numerous, London would possess a population of difference exists between gas and sunlight, and 220,000 criminals over five years of age.

How “ Chambers' Journalist,” wiser than ourselves, may are such blunders committed, and why do they

have adopted a more becoming hour for his visit come to be quoted in the London newspapers than we selected. without correction?

Mr. Ritchie is, we fear, one of those persons Mr. Mayhew bas produced a mass of what he

who imagine that advanced politics and sincere recalls facts, regarding low life in London ; but we ligion are somehow natural enemies. According are not bound to believe in his calculations. Thus, to the views that we hold, this is a grave mistake. at page 10 Mr. Ritchie writes :-"We have, ac- Why should this author hold forth in the following cording to Mr. Mayhew, 2,000 street sellers of strong words against the Finsbury radicals ? green stuff, 4,000 sellers of eatables and drinka. bles, 1,000 street sellers of stationery, 4,000 street

Come here in the summer time, and the attendance is then sellers of other articles, whose receipts are three

namerous, and on a Sunday evening, on the lawn before the

Barn, or in the bowers and alcoves by its side, what vows millions sterling, and whose incomes may be put

have been uttered only to be broken ; and what snares have down at one." Eleven thousand street hawkers

been set for youth, and beauty, and innocence; and low of common necessaries clear one million sterling, many have come here with gay hearts who have left with or £90 per annum each. It is nonsense.

them braised beyond the power of man to heal! Even in The author reproaches third rate literary men

this room itself, what changes have been wrought by the

magic hand of time! Where are the Finsbury radicals who frequent clubs for discussion in public houses,

all beery and chartist, who have dined; the demagogues and they are not likely to advance their views ma

who duped them, the hopes they cherished, the promises terially in that description of places; yet it is un. they made ?. One after another have the bubbles burst,

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pp. 600.

have the lenders palpably become shams, have the people | more addicted to the social crimes of society than woke up to disappointment and despair ; and yet the na

other people—in order that the publication may tion has yet to learn that it is only by individual righteous realise his good intentions. ness its salvation can be wrought. The dancing instead of speech-making is a sign of the times. Accompanied as it is by less drinking, let us hope it is a favourable sign. Let us judge in the spirit of charity and liope. But let us not be too sangine ;--it was during the terrors of the French Di- My Battle in Life. The Autobiography of a rectory, -

Phrenologist. By David Geo. GOYDER, F.R.S., When the streets ran so red with the blood of the dead, That they looked like the waves of hell,

London : Simpkin Marshall, and Co. 1 vol., that Paris became a city of dancers, and that the art reached a climax unknown before or sincc.

Tuis amusing and interesting volume is profusely What right has the author to assume that the illustrated with portraits, not to be met with not very elegant expression “ beery” applies to everywhere, or perhaps anywhere else. Some of the Chartists, or the Finsbury radicals, or to their them are provoking enough. It is hard for us to demagogues ? Where are they who, at a former be told not only in words, but to see it engraven period, heard, and where are they who spoke Fins. and put on paper, that this benevolence of ours

bary politics ? Many are in their graves. The which we have been nursing for many years at • living are employed as they were employed before some charges, is nothing more than the protuber

in the advocacy of what they consider right, as ance to be seen on the head of Tim, the New. far as they have opportunity, and supporting their foudland dog. Mr. Goyder tells us in the title views with their votes at elections, when they are page what he is, as a phrenologist; and then the required. Nobody thought of proposing a candi- life that he has led for now sixty years. After date of any but radical opinions for Finsbury in his school days he began the world as an ivory March last ; and yet Islington is the largest dis- and bone brush maker, and being badly used, trict of Finsbury ; and of London, in another became a lady's page, next a letter press printer

, place; Mr. Ritchie writes :

then a schoolmaster, a lecturer, a preacher, and an

apothecary. London is several cities rolled up into one. If we walk along Regent-street, it is a city of gorgeous shops—if you he went into London, thence to Bristol, to Dub

In these capacities, beginning at Westminster, turn into the West, of parks and palaces--if you traverse St. Giles's, of gin and dirt—again, in Belgravia, it is rich lin, to Liverpool, to Preston, to other places in and grand -- in Pimlico, it is poor and pretentious—in Rus. Lancashire, to Hull, Newcastle, Glasgow, Melsell-square, it is well-to-do--in Islington, it is plain and bourne in England, and Ipswich. His ministrapious ; and, strange as it may secm, the people are equally tions were in the Swedenborgian church, whose localised.

members apparently study economy.

At Hall, Islington, in our opinion, towards the north, is Mr. Goyder expected to be passing rich with an the finest portion of London in scenery, and her endowment of forty pounds a year, but the chapel Majesty resides in Pimlico, we believe in the pa. trustees would only allow it to commence when rish of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, but these matters the debt was paid. While prosecuting the work have nothing to do with our quotation. If a Con of the ministry in the Swedenborgian church, he servative or a mere Whig could have succeeded in added thereunto the duties of medical adviser and Finsbury, last March was the time, when three dispenser, having studied for that business also. radicals contended for one seat--since Mr. Dun. During the 600 pages, we have anecdotes and chacombe's was perfectly secure--and it is not wise racteristics of half as many different persons, and to designate " the plain, pious people of Islington” they are all told with great good nature, implicit as“ beery," although many of them are Chartists faith in phrenology, and the doctrines of Swedenor Radicals.

borg. The following seems the worst-natured paThe interior of the nurseries of vice in London ragraph in the book, except a description of an and elsewhere need exposition.

The world re

Aberdeen minister, nearly and not quite a Sweden. quires to know its own evils before a systematic borgian :effort can be made for their removal. In that the family of the Martins have been celebrated for their work, however, we must not exaggerate, or write as if, because “ a judge and jury abomination," insanity; in one or two instances they displayed talents of a

eccentricities—I think the more correct term would be and “ The Cave of Harmony" may have between very high order, but they were all obviously insane on some them three hundred visitors nightly, therefore the points. The painier's name will live as long as art flourishes, malo population of London patronise these corrup

and yet lie, too, was insane on some points. tions. The drinking habits of that, and of all

Jonathan Martin, who set fire to York Minster, in 1899, other large towns, form the prominent bars to gistrate, who committed him for trial, he was asked if he had

was obviously insane. After being interrogated by the mageneral happiness and prosperity. We do not anything to say ? and he replied, in a firm tone of voice,understand how any political reformer in carnest “ The reason I set fire to the cathedral was on account of can close his cyes to their pervicious influences, two particular dreams. In the first dream, I dreamed that and therefore each exposure of their extent is

a man stood by me with a bow and a sheath of arrows. He useful. The author of this volume should amend then wished to shoot, and the man presented me with a bow,

shot an arrow, and the arrow struck the minster door. I its statistics, and recollect that Radicals are pot and I took an arrow from the sheath, and shot, and it struck

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