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pension of £8,000 annually to the Princess. The wealthy and young member, to whom the greater dowry and pension were calculated by Mr. Roe. part of the town of Huddersfield belongs. Sir buck as an equivalent to a money payment of Robert Peel has also resigned his position as one £216,000. He gave a preference to the vote of of the Lords of the Admiralty, because, according one distinct and finishing sum at once, but the to some parties, he expects a visit from the Grand Government preferred to have part by annuity and Duke Constantine of Russia to this country and part by ready money. The vote is unanimous. does not wish to meet him. That Grand Duke The nation is pleased with the economical system has encountered in France the cold shoulder of of the Sovereign in personal affairs, and with the the Prince Napoleon, and here lie would meet the fact that this is the first grant required from Par. displeasure of Sir Robert Peel; and the Knight liament on account of the Royal Family, now a of Tamworth may be right in his views. numerous band.

Mr. Baring succeeds Sir Robert at the AdmiMr. Williams and Mr. Coningham each moved ralty, Mr. Henry A. Herbert has replaced Mr. an amendment in reduction. Eight members went Horsman, as Irish Secretary, and Mr. H. S. Keatinto the lobby with one, and thirteen with the ing, Q.C., has become Solicitor-General in the other ; both these gentlemen are financial re- place of Mr. Stuart Wortley, whose health will not formers. Mr. Bowyer also intends to try to stop permit him to retain office. Two members have the annuity, should the Princess ever ascend to died since the opening of Parliament, both Conserthe throne of Prussia. The Queen's birthday, and vatives - Mr. Davies, member for Carmarthen, and the return of the “Isthmian games," as Lord | Mr. Hall, for Leeds. Palmerston termed the Derby race, caused two The Peers have carried a Divorce Bill partly days' vacation, and the Whitsuntide holidays will through the forms of the Upper House, to anticidelay business until the 4th inst., so that little pate the common pressure at the close of the more will be done this session.

session. Some bill that would disentangle married The Maynooth motion has been disposed of women from disreputable husbands, in the managefor the session, by a smart majority against any ment of their earnings and property, was very disturbance of the settlement made by the late Sir necessary to the existence of the former, and often Robert Peel's Act. The new Roman Catholic of their children. The law, in this particular, college in Ireland appears to be a failure; and stood a long way from either humanity or justice. therefore Maynooth is considered more necessary The Queen is expected to visit Berlin before by the friends of the young priesthood.

the close of summer, to examine the palace in pre. The Premier has undertaken the management paration for her daughter's household. of the bill for the emancipation of the Jews. It Upon the day when the new Parliament met will pass the Commons by a large majority, but the Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, and there is no security for its success in the Peers. the last direct descendant of George III. died. The Jews are a peculiar people, who, while they Sixty years since, the Princess Mary was the hold their present faith have an allegiance, differ- most popular of the young ladies at the Court. ent from, although, perhaps, not opposed to, their She retained that position by her amiability of allegiance to the British empire. They look for manner to the end ; and, unlike the greater part the independence of the Jewish nation in Syria, anz of her family, died rich leaving no descendants. are bound to use any influence, power, and wealth She lived for forty years unmarried, and a long they may obtain to achieve that object. If they period of her life, at its close, was passed in were successful, of course they could not return widowhood. She was buried in St. George's the compliment, by giving political power to Chapel on Thursday. Christians dwelling on their territory, because Among the incidents of the time, the conduct they would establish a theocracy. The question of the directors of the Bank of England—who is not, therefore, purely one of religions freedom. flashed their refusal to lend more money ou Go

Although Mr. Locke King is to bring in his vernment securities to private holders, in the face ten pound County Franchise Bill, yet it can only of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, on the day be useful for discussion; as no measure to change when he intimated his intention of renewing the the suffrage can pass in the present year. The committee on the charter-may be mentioned as a Premier has not announced the details of his next coincidence. The Chancellor was, however, proyear's measure. He even says that the contents bably in the conspiracy. The Bank directors disare to be considered during the recess, as if the covered, what everybody else had known for many junocent and unsophisticated persons who form weeks, that speculators borrowed from thein on the the Cabinet had lived in Juan de Fernandez for security of Consols in order to send out gold. the last quarter of a century, that is, since 1832, When the reasons for this resolution became generand had not been considering the sufferage ques. ally known, Consols, at first depressed, rose in tion in every week of their lives for twenty years. price.

Mr. Frederick Peel lost his seat for Bury On the 5th ultimo, the Manchester exhi during the general election ; and has in conse- bition of fine arts was opened in a princely quence resigned his office as Under-Secretary for building, crected to receive the artistical treasures War, wbich will be taken by Sir John Ramsden, al in painting and sculpture, lent from the galleries

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of nearly all the noble families in the land, to dore and merchants refer the whole matter to gratify and instruct the Manchester people and Washington. their visitors. The circumstance is another illus. The British Government have rejected the tration of progress in good will and kindness be. Inodifications in the treaty with the United States tween the different classes of society.

concerning Central America, so that the relations The United States Government are not formally of the two countries upon that subject now revert to help Britain and France in opening China ; but to those established by the Bulwer-Clayton treaty, if any advantages can be taken out of the oyster and are therefore unintelligible. they are willing to share them. This has been The invasion of Nicaragua by General Walker the policy of the States since they had an exist- and the filibusterers, or idle people of the States, ence - always personal and selfish —unless indeed having failed, the United States Government have generosity can be done at the lowest figure. fastened a quarrel on New Grenada ; regarding

The American merchants resident in China do the Panama railway, of which they want to take not, however, assent to the views of the Govern- charge, with the ulterior design probably of apment, and, accordingly have applied to their Com- propriating the narrow neck of land that divides modore to protect the traffic between Macao and the Atlantic from the Pacific. Hongkong. This gentleman replied that his force The Peruvian rupublic having got into its usual was insufficient, and besides that there could be state of civil war, one of the parties thought the no danger, since Great Britain held possession of seizure of the British mail steamer, with certain one end of the passage and Portugal the other, arms and other valuables on board, a prudent and at the same time that this course would not measure. The consequence has been that their endanger their neutrality. Thereupon, the dignity little fleet has been taken charge of by the British of the merchants was wounded, they were not Admiral on the coast, without, however, we beaware of any international law and treaties which lieve, any loss of life. place these thirty miles of water under the British The capture of Mohammerah by General Outor Portuguese Governments. They further com- ram is expected to be the last collision of the plained that their Government had for years neg. Persian war, unless, indeed, the Shah of Persia lected their representations, and that, though their should refuse to ratify the treaty of peace-accommerce is extensive, Americans have been almost cording to the advice tendered, it is said, by the invariably indebted to the forces of Great Britain for Russian resident at Teheran ; and by this date protection of themselves and their property, and the ratification should have been received, but it that it was to them was chiefly to be attributed the has not yet returned. suppression of piracy on the coast. The Commo.


The Last Judgment.

poet, however, takes another course-supposes an This poem is the anonymous publication of a extreme length of time occupied in a trial, which daring author, who plunges into the future as is not only past, but the sentence partly executed. Milton and many followers go backwards to the past. He describes minute witness-bearing on the part The mere idea of making the last judgment the of angels, which is fanciful. He iafers that every subject of a poem* iu twelve books, and embracing | fact in the history of all mankind, will be passed the scenery, the sentences, and the reasons for the in review before them-and this may be done sentences, on all mankind and demonkind, implies without the mechanism of a police court. a bold and strong imagination. Our material for The work is elaborately finished, and indicales, estimating the nature of the judgment to come is in many passages, great reasoning and also strong simple. It is not, however, smaller than that on imaginative powers. " The Night Before the which Milton built bis “Paradise Lost.” The be- Judgment” is a startling picture of one eve to ginning and the end concern us all so very much, come. It is absolutely consistent with the Scripin one sense, and so very slightly in another, that ture statement on the subject. Men shall be eat. little has been authoritatively written concerning ing and drinking. As it was in Noah's days, even them. Many persons hold that the judgment day so will it be then. As with the flood, so with the will be one day on which sentence will be de. fire. Men will be equally careless, and many clared. All persons believe that the trial proceeds equally unprepared. The fact would prevent all now.

The evidence has not to be adduced, the the foolish fears prevalent in some lands, among barristers have not to be heard, the jury have not some classes of our own, respecting a Judgment to try, for that has all been completed. The Eve, to be foretold months before, and preceded by

* London : Longman, Brown, Green, and Longman. I approaching comets, and other signs. The picture vol., p. 334.

of the poet is nearer to the life.

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'Tis now the Judgment eve. With starting beams,
The sag serenely o'er the landscape beams,
Streaking the fleecy clouds with roseate light,
Gilding the mountain tops with radiance bright,
Glancing from wave to wave on ocean's foam,
Aud lighting up earth's vales —where, peacefal, roam
The lowing herds, and crop the dewy blade
From the green field; while, in the forest glade,
Fragrant with flowers and musical with song,
The feather'd choirs their vesper notes prolong.
The swain his plough forsakes, with carol gay,
And homeward o'er the lea pursues his way ;
While, from the village rustic groups are seen
Their blithesome sports enjoying on the green.
In cool sequester'd shades, 'neath arching boughs,
Fond lovers meet, and breathe their mutual vows;
Elated with glad hope their plans arrange,
Nor dream of Judgment, nor of coming change.
In cities populous no sigo appears,
To tell of wrath, or kindle haman fears.
The ancient temples, venerable, grand,
And gorgeous palaces, in beauty stand.
The crowded streets display an eager train,
Intent on business, pleasure, power, or gain;
While in the marts where men were wont to meet,
Each other, as in days of old, they greet,
With salutation fraught with flattery's gloss,
And now converse of profit and of loss,
Of peace and war, of politics and trade,
Of victories won, of fortunes lost and made.
The Merchant at his desk, awaits the time,
In study deep, when from some distant clime,
His vessel shall return with prosperous freight,
Of untold wealth to swell his rich estate,
In cell retired, expecting long to hold
His treasured hoard, the Miser counts his gold.
The Lawyer, on this eve of time's last day,
Gravely prepares the covenants which convey
Possession evermore ; long deeds design'd
To last for ages, the unborn to bind;
And leases meant through centuries to run,
With wordy intricacy subtly spun.
The Student at his book still patient toils,
Drinks wisdom in, and gathers learning's spoils ;
Indites the pleasing thought, the flowing rhyme,
Builds hopes of fame, and trusts to live through time;
Nor, though he loves the evening's gorgeous hues,
So loves them that they tempt him from the muse.
The Beauty to her toilet now departs,
Exhausts her skill, and uses all her arts
To deck each charm, improve or add a grace,
The form to flatter, or adorn the face ;
Each robe selects, and labours to enhance
Her beauty for the gay exciting dance ;
Thinks of admirers won, fresh conquests made,
Or lovers new, and rivals cast in shade ;
Yet thinks not how to gain the Judge's love,
Or win the robes worn by the saints above.
A numerous thrung, on worldly bliss intent,
Now haste the haunts of pleasure to frequent,
The theatre, the masquerade, the ball,
Or where the song, and mirth, and music call;
Where wine invites, the abodes of vice and sin,
Thousands, fearing no harm, rush wildly in.

The manner of the resurrection is taken from or corresponds with the ideas of the elder divines, and may be true; although the body is now more generally regarded as the seed out of which shall spring an incorruptible body, identified completely with the tabernacle wherein the spirit now exists, and yet different; as the stalk of wheat is identified with the seed sown, and yet in another sense different.

While yet those trumpet-notes sound through the skies,
The slumbering dead on every side arise.
Barriers their egress interrupt in vain
Nor oak, por lead, nor walls their course restrain.
The tombstones burst, the crumbling earth gives way,
And vaults funereal see the light of day.
The dead come forth, each from his narrow cell,
Though built around, secured and guarded well.
Though some proud monument the corse might crown
With large superfluous heap of stones pressed down.
The dust, the stones, the clay instinct with life,
Mysterious move in strange internal strife.
Fragments of bodies, scattered far and wide
Within the earth, or on the swelling tide ;
Some by the winds in distant billows tossed,
Transformed, dissolved, absorbid, transmuted, lost;
Preserved intact through each successive change,
And kept distinct ’midst transformations strange.-
Now all in haste to make the change complete,
Atoms their fellow atoms instant meet.
Straight through the darken’d air, a wondrous throng,
Bone to join bone now swiftly speeds along;
Pursuing through the atmosphere their flight,
Limbs long dissevered, hasten to unite;
Then, quick as thought, the long departed soul
Enters that shrinc, which owns its strong control:
Re-animated moves, with power inspired,
With vigour young, with lile immortal fired.

From another book of the poem we quote a passage, which presupposes the conversion of the waters into fire, an unlikely occurrence in the first instance, as water is distinctly opposed to fire, but science indicates the possibility of the event, even from natural causes.

Rivers and streams all feel the fervid glow,
And now through fertile vales no longer flow;
No more diffuse abroad on every side
Beauty and verdure from their genial tide;
No longer dash around their glittering spray,
And, murmuring low, parsue their ceaseless way,
Or in deep foaming torrents, fierce and strong,
Fall in cascades, and madly rush along.
Sudden arrested in their onward course,
The waters yield to that resistless force.
With loud report their elements divide,
Ignite and blaze in fury far and wide,
Till in white smoke they disappear on high,
Their courses empty and their currents dry.
Now streams of lava and of molten glass,
Pour from the hills and through those channels pass,
Flaming amid the desolation flow,
Like Styx or Erebus in shades below;
Rolling in liquid fire, still on they bound,
Burning themselves, and burning all around.
Here Thames displays its burning lava-tide,
There Cam and Isis, hot and deadly, glide.
Severn and Mersey, Humber, Tweed, and Tyne,
Flow but distinguished by their fiery line;
While Derwent, Avon, Medway, Ouse, and Tren',
Sink in the general conflagration blent.
Here Danube spreads its tide of glowing foam,
There Tiber rolls on fire through ruined Rome.
No more a placid stream Meander shows,
No more o'er golden sands Pactolus flows.
All blazing Tigris and Euphrates roar,
While Jordan, sacred stream, is seen no more.
Niger grows bright, and Gambia's current glares;
Nilas a fiery flood o'er Egypt bears.
Broad Mississippi glows in mighty blaze,
Lit by Missouri's tributary rays;
Deep Orinoco and La Plata gleam,
And Amazon rolls on its burning stream;
While fierce Niagara's tide of fiery spray,
Falls headlong thundering down, and vanishes away.

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The poem contains passages more magnificent Happily the existence of good feelings, ever struggling in than we have quoted, and especially those in which favour of the oppressed, can be traced back so far, that the poet, like Dante, seeks to penetrate the dis. they may well be designated as part of our nature, and

hence it is not visionary to expect their ultimate victory, mal abodes of the lost, and narrates the woes of If in Rome, 150 years before our era, Terence could gain the fallen angels. To a splendid theme the author universal applause to his sublime sentiment in favour of the has brought a power, not worthy certainly of the common fellowship of the human race, it is plain that the topics, because that is not to be obtained on earth, Christian's more complete doctrine of “ peace upon earth, but the power of analysing and describing that and good will towards men,” may one day be universally

adopted; and it will work no reforms more fanted, than which no eye bath seen, in verse, as Martiu those which concern the treatment of the tribes difering described it on canvas.

from us materially in civilisation, and for the most part composed of coloured people.

The ground of our hope that such reforms will be carried out upon the widest scale, is, that the sense of justice and equality is sufficiently strong in the human heart, to consti

tute the basis of universal philanthropy. The Historian. No. l. 1 vol., p.


Now we are not so very sure concerning Terence. This volume comes to us without an address. it is thic nihil humanum a me alienum puto that The publisher's name has been erased, although we refer to with a persect consciousness of its comit is difficult to see the reason. It consists of

mon meaning; but Terence was sly, and like Mr, Latin, Greek, and English. The Latin and the Mr. Mitchell, the great Irish agitator, now in the Greek are meant to tell us what the historians and United States, he may have bad no objection to statesmen thought of us in ancient times. They a few slaves, or even to one of any nation, perhaps had not the best of all characters to give our a Britain, for example—anything humanum. There ancestors. The latter were not in reality respect is internal evidence in the following extract that able men, in a pecuniary sense. Sometimes these the historian is a little out of date : old geographers were not far wrong,

In the South Seas, full of our missionaries, of our fleets, not wrong in any particular. C. Julius So- and of our adventurers, one island is already afflicted by linus is made to bear witvess of us geographi- events which have disturbed the civilised world, and which cally, multis insulis nec ignobilibus circumdatur. can be traced directly, on the one hand, to the neglect of Of these isles, he says, that Ireland is the larger; those international laws for the protection of barbarous and of Ireland, Illic anguis nullus. Avis rara.

people, which would shelter them in their difficult tran. Gens inhospita, et bellicosa.

sition from the savage to the civilised state; and on the

Now very unjust it was of Julius Solinus to put in inhospita'; for belli. other to the absence of any humane system of British cosa, we need not say a word. Cicero lets out In these respects, Tahiti is one of many islands likely to one of the reasons for invading Britain. Cæsar suffer much by our disregard of right principles ; and the dreamed that it was a California, but not an ounce

evils from French aggression are bul a small portion of the of silver could be found in all the isle—no prey

mischiefs we are permitting in these regions.

In the populons islands of the Eastern Archipelago, via whatever-nisi ex mancipiis.

lence unceasingly occurs, and European civilization makes On account of our ancestors' sufferings, this slow progress, solely by the want of measnres which the Author argues that we should be what we have barbarinus are ever ready to respect, when power is comnot been -friendly to inserior races :

bined with justice and benevolence.

British India, with all its progress, still demands the Christianity has not yet done its destined work of de system which Mr. Fos called for half a century since ; and, stroying the spirit of conquest ; and powerful nations, call. in China, British honour has been rescued from imminent ing themselves Christian, still carry ruin where they might peril only by the devotedness of one enlightened Indian spread peace and improvement among the barbarians. This officer, Sir Henry Pottinger, who, from his own courage and has been singularly shown in the listory of the last thirty integrity, supplied, in a most delicate conjuncture, that aq. years, during which the civilised world, at peace at home, thority for the discharge of public duty, which the supine has witnessed in silence the sanguinary attacks made by its

ness of the Government at home had failed to provide. respective members, upon the riglits and independence of

Sir Henry Pottinger and China are parts of an their uncivilised neighbours beyond its foutiers. The Russians in Circassia, France in northern Africa, the old story. We are now in the days of Sir John United States of North America in the Indian countries, Bowringand Yeh; and yet, while the publisher's name and Great Britain in every quarter of the globe, have, is scored out of this title-page, 1857 appears during this period, exceeded the worst acts of the worst thereupon in plain figures. Moreover, we have times, as it were, with a common consent to outrage the evidence within the boards that the volume has claims of humanity, and with the unjustifiable object of con

been got up since the month of March last. The quering in order to civilise.

book, however, can only be sent on account of We differ entirely from this statement. Great the Author's great object which, le says, in one Britain for many years past has endeavoured to place, is to recommend a great union of all suchi defend the rights of the coloured races and inferior nations as may find it convenient to go into buši. tibes. Since 1915 we have made their cause

ness with us, and come under the British flag, on on. Undoubtedly great evils have still been per- fair priuciples. Beginning with our colonies, the petrated, but we are the only European nation scheine is so desirable that we would regret to who can exhibit to history an empire saved. The lose an opportunity of recommending it to consi writer has lope:




Plants of the Land and Water. By Mary and it is necessary that the cloth should be entirely freed from ELIZABETA KIRBY. London: Jarrard and Sons. grease, and to cleanse it suft soap is generally used. The

brake fern is cheaper than soap, because it costs the 1 rol., p.p. 346.

weaver nothing, and he sends his wife and children to the The ladies who have undertaken, in short aud fields and commons to collect it. He then throws it into entertaining chapters, to convey some idea of the

the mill with his piece of cloth, and the alkali it contains

has the same effect as soft soap. vegetable world to their readers, have produced an amusing book, which the publishers have rendered

Perhaps some chemist might act upon the lint, attractive. The Authoresses have not repeated substitute for tallow. There is much value in our

and ascertain bow far ferns might operate as a the common crime of botanists, in making up a

weeds and wild flowers that art has never yet exdry and learned detail of names, and properties, tracted. The engravings iu the volume appear to and qualities, that half the world know nothing be executed faithfully and with taste. of, and don't want to know. They have stated clearly and plainly what young botanists need to be told, and in a very pleasant style, with beautiful verses, like bouquets, here and there; and illustrative stories told in the following way :

Dulse is a sea-weed, and is eaten as food by the lower Christianity and Infidelity. An Exposition of the classes of Scotch and Irish. It is said to be very beneficial

Arguments on Both Sides. By S. S. Henvell. to the health, and, when properly cooked, to taste like roasted London : Arthur Hall, Virtue, and Co. 1 Vol., oysters.

Pp. 73. A little boy was once brought up in a remote village on the coast of Scotland. His father was a fisherman, and the

Mr. George Baillie, of Glasgow, proposed a prize family lived almost entirely upon dulse. The boy grew up,

for the best comparison of the arguments for and became a rich man, and went to live in London, where he against Christianity-to be printed on opposite had a grand house, and a large establishment of servants; pages, so that all readers might see both sides of but

, though surrounded by every luxury, he always longed the question. The enterprise was perilous and if it after his favourite dulse. At last, he sent to his native village, and requested to have some forwarded to him. This

was to be done, it should have been committed not was accordingly done, and every day dulse was set upon his

to the chances of a prize essay; but to a firsttable, to the great horror of his friends, who wondered how class man--if any such man would have underany one could possibly relish a sea-weed. The Icelanders, taken the work. It is easier to object than to 400, would be sorry to be without They prepare it reply, and more space therefore should be given by washing it in spring water, and then exposing it to dry, to the one work than to the other. We take the when it becomes covered over with a fiue white powder. This powder is very good to eat, and they pack it up in casks to

first objection and reply :keep, as we do iour. It is eaten with fish and butter, or,

The idea of Revelation necessarily pre-supposes a Deity, according to the taste of the richer classes, boiled in milk, and mixed with a little four of rye. Cattle are very fond of

an intelligent Being, who las certain designs with regard to dulse, and seek for it with the greatest eagerness. Sometimes, the Author of Nature. But all the operations of nature

This Being also cannot be thought of separately from at low water, an unfortanate sheep will go so far from liome in search of it, and stay so long upou the shore as to be sur

are more and more discovered to be in a regular series of serounded by the tide, and even to be washed away. On this

quences, which seem best described as fixed lars ; whereas

Revelation supposes an unexceptionable interference in hu. account the plant has been called the sheep's dulse.

man affairs on the part of God. And hence at the outset, We can hardly tell as to the fisherman's rich springs an incongruity in the idea we can form of God, and son's practice in London ; but here in Scotland his mode of working nobody eats dulse as a meal, or as part of their ing the Divine Being. What seeins inconsistency to our

Answer.- Our faculties are too limited to judge respect. food-unless such a thing has been done in ex- narrow comprehension, would doubtless resolve itself into treme famine. Dulse are taken by all classes who perfect harmony, if we knew the whole-if we could see as like them, as cresses are used in Londou, and else. God sees. What appear to us as fixed law and personal inwhere.

tervention of God, may in reality have no such distinction Some very

in their nature ; since the seeming mechanical course of scientific have been at a loss persons

nature must yet be under the constant sway of His arbitrary to know the use of the ferns. The weavers of will, and can be fixed only in so far as Iis pleasure remains Yorkshire appear to know these things better than fixed. the learned :

The answer to the objection should have been a The common brake is the most abundant of all our denial of the assumed incongruity.

It has no English ferns, and is found upon every moor and common existence. Nothing is more natural and reason. throughout the kingdom. It varies in size according to the able than that the Creator should communicate soil in which it grows; in moist shady woods it attains an enormous size, and is many feet high, but in dry sandy " His will to the creature.” plain it becomes very diminutive, and is often not more than We make another quotation—which consists of ten inches. It contains a great deal of alkaline juice, and quotations taking the shape required in the plan the poor weavers of Yorkshire turn it to very good account. Wheu they have finished weaving a piece of cloth, the next thing to be done is to take it to the mill, that it may If it is true that the sword of Mahommed was the influ. undergo the process of fulling. This processo makes the ence which subjected Arabia, Egypt, Syria, and Persia to cloth of a thicker and closer texture, for it is beaten a long the religion of Islam, it is no less true that the Roman time with wooden hammers, which causes the stuff to empire was first conquered to Christianity by the sword. shrink, and thus brings the threads nearer together. But Before Constantine, Christians were but a small fraction of


of the essay.

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