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Sundays; or an average of 673 for each Sunday in the year. | fields and open places near the metropolis. Tower-hill, But of some 6,500,000 inhabitants of Ireland, the propor. Moorfields, and especially Hyde-park, were filled with men, tion of one in forty-six will give us 141,000 cases of women, and children, who remained there a whole night in drunkenness, or 70,000 for the same days of the week, or an the most fearful apprehension. The places of worship were average of 2,634 for each Sunday in the year.

thronged with frightened sinners, and the Methodist chapels It must be kept in mind, that the above statistics refer, were literally besieged by the crowds, who knocked at the after all, to only the worst cases of drunkenness, which doors, and cried ont for God's sake to be admitted. alone appear in oar police returns. How many stagger As usual on such occasions, many prophets arose to point home, or are led by their friends, we cannot ascertain. out the coming disasters. A soldier spread the tidings that

Is Mr. Hill aware whether the same strictuess it liad been revealed to him that a part of London and be observed in apprehending all drunkards in Westminster, would be destroyed by an earthquake on a

certain night, between twelve and one o'clock. When the England that exists in Scotland ? We are quite night approached, thousands fled from the city to the aware that this is not the case, and that many fields, where they awaited the awful event in solemn and persons in London are even assisted by the police breathless silence; while many ran through the streets in to their homes, who would be conveyed in Scot.

a state of frenzy, crying out that the day of judgment land to the police station, and entered as drunk

was come, and their damnation was at hand. The chapels

of the Methodists were filled with excited audiences, and ards. No comparison can be instituted from these Charles Wesley and Whitfield preached incessantly, and data, until we have some evidence that the law is succeed in calming their minds and directing them to administered with the same strictness in all the Christ. Whitfield repaired to Hyde-park at midnight to three countries. We know that it is not enforced speak to the people there assembled. No pen can adestrictly in many English towns.

quately describe the scene. The vast space was one sea of living beings, whose movements could hardly be discovered through the darkness of the night. A confused murmur ran through the whole mass, which was often disturbed by wild cries and shrieks, when fancy pictured the horror of

the approaching earthquake. Whitfield rose, and began The Coronet and the Cross ; or, Memorials of the to speak amid the most breathless silence; bis soul was

Countess of Huntingdon. By the Rev. Alfred in sympathy with the solemn occasion-his majestic voice H. New. London : Partridge and Co. 1 Vol. sounded clear and impressive in the midnight air

, and with all the pathos and grandeur of his nature he led the

minds of his audience to the consideration of that great We should have mentioned this volume when, day, when every soul will stand before God, and receive the some time ago, we noticed the memoirs of James reward of his deeds ; and when the framework of nature Hutton, the Moravian. The two volumes belong will be dissolved, and this very earth and its works be to the same class, and refer to the same period. wrapped in flames. His appeals to their hearts and conThe Countess of Huntingdon lived in wicked depths of the soul; and as his impassioned eloquence streamed

sciences were overwhelming. His words stirred up the times, and her powerful influence was exerted in forth, he irresistibly carried his audience along with him, favour of the early Methodists. Mr. Whitfield bringing terror to the sinner, hope to the desponding, faith was her private chaplain, and frequently preached to the awakened, and peace and joy to the believing heart. to large congregations of the persons who visited He wrote to Lady Huntingdon, and said, “God has been the Countess. The same names, the same scenes,

terribly shaking the metropolis; I hope it is an earnest of

his giving a shock to secure sinners, and making them cry and sometimes the same stories are met in this

out. What shall I do to be saved p!” volume that occur in James Hutton's memoirs. Mr. New is perhaps a better narrator than some

The Countess of Huntingdon bad a strange biographical writers, and he imparts thus a new

circle of friends, which embraced the Bolingbrokes. interest to circumstances known previously. We She was unable to make much impression on Lady do not know, indeed, that the volume contains Boling broke, but she thought herself more suc. much that is new. The Countess of Huntingdon's cessful wich Lord Bolingbroke. It was a mistake. was a well and widely known life. The following The nobleman died as he lived—a very hopeless description of London more than a hundred years sort of person.

. since, is probably applicable to some districts still, His lordship's family were on terms of great intimacy for we believe that considerable apprehension has with Lady Huntingdon. His second wife, the Marchioness been felt in some quarters for the coming comet :

of Viletta, a woman of very superior accomplishments, and

niece to the celebrated Madame de Maintenon, often attended Towards the end of March, 1750, London was thrown into the preaching of Mr. Whitfield at her resideuce ; but his only the greatest consternation by the shocks of an earthquake. sister, Lady Luxborough, the patroness of the poet ShenThe city was notorious for its ignorance and vice. Infidelity stone, could not be prevailed upon to listen to the glad kad spread widely among the higher classes, and breathed tidings of the gospel. Her time was completely occupied its blasphemy in the most public manner. Error had crept with poets and literary acquaintances, and she passed her into the churches, and, in various forms, was lulling men to life amid the exciting scenes of fashionable society, and gare destruction ; idleness, drunkenness, luxury, extravagance, and no attention to the concerns of her soul. Lady Huntingdon debauchery were seen in all directions. The shocks were took a deep interest in her welfare, and often attempted to very violent and rapid, the earth trembled and rocked with direct her thoughts to the serious considerations of religion. great velocity, and a low murmuring sound like the murmur “Of Lord Bolingbroke and the Marchioness," she says, “I of distant thunder was heard. The houses vibrated on their sometimes have a hope; they attend with such regularity, foundations, the windows rattled in their frames, the tiles and hear with such apparent attention.” Her hope, how. few off the roofs, and many chimneys were thrown down. ever, was never realised. The noble Lord gave orders that Fear seized the hearts of the people, and multitudes rushed none of the clergy should be permitted to trouble him in his out of the city to seek safety elsewhere. The roads were last moments, and died in the deistical principles which he crowded with fugitives, and vast numbers repaired to the had always avowed. His sister died a few days after, and of the former. The Countess, in administering a A short time aster the departure of Lady Glenorchy, the private lecture, was roughly bandled ;- but we Earl and Countess of Sutherland came to Bath in deep distress at the untimely death of their eldest daughter. The may quote the tale :Countess was the only sister to Lady Glenorchy, and gave It was about this period that Lady Huntingdon be. her a letter of introduction to Lady Huntingdon. They came very prominent in an affair which attracted considerable called upon her Ladyship, who manifested a very strong in. attention. Dr. Cornwallis, Archbishop of Canterbury, had terest in them. “Never," she says, “ have I seen a more eclipsed all his predecessors in the sacred office by the nag. lovely couple—they may, indeed, with justice be called the nificent style in which he lived. During the winter his Flower of Scotland ; and such amiability of disposition-so palace was crowded by gay and fashionable society; balls tractable, so mild! They have indeed been cast in nature's and rguts were frequently held there, and his wife took the finest mould. Bowed down to the earth with grief, they lead in the world of fashion, by the splendour of her equiare almost inconsolable for the loss of their daughter. Dear pages and entertainments. These proceedings called forth Lady Glenorchy is extremely anxious on their account.” At the indignation of those in whom there still remained a sease this critical period of tlieir history, Whitfield came to Bath of propriety; and even the gay visitors at the palace could to supply the chapel. He says, in a letter to a friend, not restrain their wit and satire at the inconsistency of sack dated 17th March, 1766,-"Last Friday evening, and twice scenes in an archiepiscopal residence. When the affair was yesterday, I preached at Bath to very thronged and brilliant every day becoming more serious, Lady Huntingdon felt that auditories. I am told it was a very high day. The glory the interests of religion, and the honour of the Church of the Lord filled the house. To-morrow, God willing, I demanded that some attempt should be made to wipe return thither again. Mr. Townsend is too ill to officiate. away such a scandal from the nation. She resolved to visit Lady Huntingdon is mounting on her high places.” The the Archbishop in a most private manner, and remonstrate Earl and Countess were induced to attend the preaching of with him on the impropriety of such proceedings. Accomthe Gospel at the chapel. The opportunity of doing this panied by the Marquis of Townsend, a distant relative of the was not long continued; for, shortly after their arrival, the Archbishop, she waited on his Grace, and represented the Earl was attacked with a violent' fever, with which he injury he was inflicting upon the religious feeling of the struggled fifty-four days, and then expired in the fifty-first conntry. His Grace listened with patience; but Mrs. Core year of his age. His Countess was unremitting in her at. wallis burst into a passion, and ridicaled and denounced tention to him ; for twenty-one days and nights she watched Lady Huntingdon in all her fashionable cireles. The Cousover him in his chamber, without retiring to rest; and when tess made another attempt privately, through Mr. Madan's he died, she gave way to the most poignant grief, which brother, who had married his Grace's niece, but the Archcrushed her to the ground. Lady Huntingdon was her true bishop refused to listen to the warning, and fiercely denounced friend in the season of her anguish ; she visited her fre- her, and all who sympathised with her, as hypocrites and quently, and endeavoured to pour into her bleeding heart the fanatics.

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Lady Hnntingdon deeply lamented her end. Unhappy rich consolation of the Gospel, and caused public prayers to woman ; how insensible had she been to the many alarming be offered on her behalf at the chapel. The blow, however, calls of Providence which she has received from time to time. was too severe for her devoted heart to bear. Her strength Such repeated deaths in her family, the awful end of her was prostrated by the fatigue of watching at the bed-side of brother, Lord Bolingbroke, made no iinpression on her, and her lord ; her mind was consumed with grief, and in sevenshe left this world, as she had always lived, intoxicated with teen days after his death, she fell a victim to that disease the vanity of her numerous accomplishments and literary which had snatched away her beloved husband. The melaaaequirements.

choly event spread a general gloom over the gay inhabitants Two years after the death of Lord Bolingbroke, his works of Bath; the deep interest which their death awakened vas were published by David Mallett, a determined infidel, and a increased by the spectacle of their infant daughter left aa man of worthless character, who ingratiated himself into his orphan; and many were induced to attend the chapel who Lordship's favour by infamously blackeving the memory of had hitherto refused to enter it, and were impressed with Pope. Lady Huntingdon was well aware of the character serious conviction. Two sermons were preached in the of the writings of the deceased nobleman, and made some chapel on the solemn occasion, when most of the nobility fruitless attempts to prevent their publication. She wrote then in Bath attended; and the mysterious stroke of God's to Mr. Mallett, and used her influence with Lord Chester providence reminded many of their own frailty and sinfal. field and others, to try, if possible, to suppress what she ness, and brought them to submit to the authority of knew would prove so detrimental to society. His works Christ. were refuted by a number of learned men. Bishops Clayton and Warburton, and Dr. Leland entered into the lists

The infant that then alone remained of the against him; and Mr. Hervey dedicated to Lady Fanay family, became in after years the owner of the Shirley his answer to the extract on religion, contained in Sutherland estates, and Countess of Sutherland. At the “Study and Use of History." Dr. Johnson pro- the commencement of the French war she was able to nounced this memorable verdict on the noble author and his editor: “Sir, he was a scoundrel and a coward— scoundrel raise three to four thousand soldiers from her own for charging a blanderbuss against religion and morality; a estates. She married the Marquis of Stafford, coward, because he had not resolution to fire it off himself, who was created Duke of Sutherland; and from but left half-a-crown to a beggarly Scotchman to draw the these early deaths at Batb, the long minority of trigger after his death."

the heiress, which rendered her a very wealthy Another Scotchman did similar service to the

lady, and from the alliance she formed, arose those crabbed old maker of dictionaries.

clearances which so depopulated the county, that The last of the good Earls of Sutherland met

we do not suppose the country had a dozen the subject of this memoir in Bath. The great

recruits out of it during the Russian war, or could northern family had been noted for good character

now find a hundred to save India. and strong religious views. The last of the race

A curious story is told of the king, George held a faith which was almost hereditary in the

III., the Courtess, and the Archbishop of Canter: family. His death, and that of his wife, imme- bury in those days, which is worth relating. The diately afterwards at Bath, was a black visitation

Archbishop and his wife were addicted more to on Sutherlandshire.

gaiety than became the position and the profession

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The King told her that he was acquainted with her pro- , speaking in the common languages of life, unless ceedings, and complimented her upon her benevolent actions, the congregations do something more than assemand on her zeal for the revival of true religion. He said, ble for public worship, or even give money at col“I have been told so many odd stories about your ladyslip, that I am fain to confess I felt a great degree of curiosity to

lections. see if you were at all like other women; and I am happy at I have no hope of accomplishing this object if the having an opportunity of assuring your ladyship of the very churches are to be laced up by thelr own rules, and good opinion I have of you, and how very highly I esteem people are to leave everything to ministers and missionyour character, your zeal, and abilities, which cannot be con- aries. Why should not he that heareth as well as he secrated to a more noble purpose.” He then referred to her that preacheth, say, Come? Why should not they who ministers, who, he understood, were very eloquent preachers. are to preach, preach ? Our Lord gave to his disciples. The Bishops were very jealous of them, and the King related Yes : but they gave to the people. And why should not a conversation he had lately had with a learned prelate. He some, who now on Sabbath days enjoy two services in had complained of the conduct of some of her ladyship’s sta- the house of God, content themselves with one, and at dents and ministers, who had created a sensation in his the time of the other go forth to give what they have diocese ; and his Majesty replied, “ Make bishops of them- gnt? The bread would multiply in their hands. People make bishops of them." “That might be done,” replied may tell me they are not learned-I reply, that to tell the prelate, “ but, please your Majesty, we cannot make a these poor sinners of Jesus, whether beneath the roof of a bishop of Lady Huntingdon." The Queen rejoined, “It house or the open roof of heaven, needs no learning. They would be a lacky circumstance if you could, for she puts you need nothing but the love of Christ, zeal for souls, and the all to shame," "Well," said the King, “ see if you cannot use of their mother tongue. Possessed of no qualifications imitate the zeal of these men." His Lordship made some but these ; endowed with the Spirit, and ordained of reply which displeased the King, who exclaimed, with ani- | Heaven, see what the first Christians did ! They conmation, “ I wish there was a Lady Huntingdon in every dio- quered the world. See what the first Methodists did ! cese in the kingdom.That bishop never afterwards made They changed the face of England. See what the church his appearance at Court.

in Hamburg did! Twenty-five years ago, five Christian The story is characteristic of George III., who beheld the city, wept over it.

men met there in a cobbler's shop. They also, when they

They resolved to form was, perhaps, the best of the Georges, and wbo themselves into a church-a missionary church, with Hamwas desirous unquestionably for the moral and burgh and its environs for the field of their labours. religious welfare of his people. The circumstance What their particular creed was, to what denomination of is illustrative of the condition of society in these

Protestants they belonged, I am not careful to inquire.

High above the regimental colours of that little band times. The world would be astonished now if the

floted the Royal Banner of the Cross. They fought for the Archbishop of Canterbury required rebuke, both Crown of Jesus. They toiled, they watched, they laboured from a coronet and the crown, for gaiety, and for the salvation of souls. One article of their creed, one parties, and routes. If society be not getting term of the communion, was this;- That every member

of that Christian Church should be a working Christian. better, it is, at least, becoming more conventional

So, on the afternoons and evenings of the Lord's-day they and more proper on the surface; but we hold that

went forth to work, to gather in the loiterers by the it is getting wiser. The volume is full of narra- highways aud the hedges. Every member they gained tives of English society a hundred years since. was more than an accession to their numbers-- he was an

accession to their power. And with what results were their labours attended? These should encourage all other congregations and churches "to go and do likewise."

That handful of corn is now waving in the golden harvests The City ; its Sins and Sorrows. By THOMAS of many fields. That acorn is now shot up into a mighty

GUTHRIE, D.D. Edinburgh : A. and C. Black. oak that nestles the birds of heaven and braves the temThis volume contains four sermons and an appen- pest, and throws a broad shadow on the ground. The dix. The sermons run entirely out of the beaten church, at first constituted by these five men, who met

in an obscure and humble shop, has, in the course of path, and the appendix confirms their statements. twenty years been blessed of God to convert many thouThe preacher is the most eloquent man in his sand souls

, and bring some fifty thousand people under profession of the day. The subjects discussed by the regular ministration of the gospel. him are the sins, and sorrows which spring from Dr. Guthrie has become an advocate of the sin, that are common to large cities. These topics Maine Liquor Law. In one respect, he follows are not usually discussed from the pulpit, and the course pursued by the late Mr. Mathew, in therefore it may be that many congregations con- Ireland, whose friends and relatives were distillers. sist of hearers of the Word more than of doers. Dr. Guthrie also has relations in that business, Dr. Guthrie has gone down to the lowest abodes and some courage and self-denial are requisite for of sin aud misery, and dragged their wretched- those who, neglecting family interests, advocate ness into the light of day. He overlooks the evil the public good. that it is fashionable to forget; but which must His connexion with the ragged schools, which he be remembered before it can be remedied. originated in Edinburgh, and his cominon visita

In many respects, the preacher is before the tions through a crowded, and yet a desolate parish, multitude of his brethren, who, being jealous of may have convinced bim that intemperance is the their order, seem to fear that laymen, if they great enemy of temporal comfort, of intellectual publicly persuaded others to turn out of guilt into and spiritual progress, in the crowded streets of the path of peace, might endanger something alto- cities; that it has become the prime mover in sin gether undefined. He does not participate in this and sorrow, and needs to be removed. His serdread, and he even alleges that the great body of mons are chiefly directed against it, and against ignorant and vicious persons will never be reached, 1 less common crimes. It is impossible to doubt

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that these discourses must have produced a deep | how many of these thirty thousand deaths is there ile impression upon the preacher's congregation, but mourning that has no hope! What incurable wounds in their present form they may create a healthy They talk of war! What is war to that? Give me her agitation upon a broader scale. He pourtrays, in bloody bed, bury me or mine in a soldier's rather than in magnificent language, the sorrows of those who a drunkard's grave! Innocent children, killed off by cold seem wedged into a state of “misery and sin." and hunger, slowly starved to death-collins that hold He urges, in the eloquence of which he has been broken hearts-woman's remorse for her virtue lost, gnar. long a master, the necessity laid on all who have ing like a vulture at life's quivering vital—poor, pitiable

wretches, with palsied hands and shrivelled limbs, in loop. an influence over others to exert it for the holed poverty, who would give the world to be able, as in removal of social evils that comport ill with all other and by-gone days, to love their wives and bless their our boasted progress. He speaks of the drunkard's children, and enjoy the esteem of their neighbours, sinking death in the extract subjoined :

into death by inches, or staggering at a sudden call up to

the bar of judgment ! Thirty thousand such cases year Again, its bas been stated, that though the direct and in- by year in this kingdom! Than that, give me rather the direct efforts produced by these stimulants, sixty thousand | battle field. With a good cause to fight for, and bugles lives are annually lost. Reduce that also by one-half, and sounding the assault, give me the red rash of gallant men what a quotient remains! Thirty thousand human lives who dash across the lines of death, and leaping in at offered in annual sacrifice at the bloody shrine of this idol ! every breach and embrasure, strike for the liberties of Death is bitter enough in any circumstances to the bereaved. man—falling with their mother's bible in their breast, a However precious our comforts may be, all memory of the mother's and Jesus' name mingled on their dying lips ! dead is more or less painful. We put out of sight the toys “No drunkard shall inherit the Kingdom of God." But of the little hands that are now mouldering in the silent of those who sleep in Jesus, whether they died with grave. The picture of the dear one whose eyes our fingers gentle and holy voices in their ear, or amid the crash of have closed, and whose face the shroud has covered, hangs musketry and roar of cannon—"I heard a voice from veiled upon the well. The remembrance of the loved and heaven, saying onto me, write, Blessed are the dead wbich lost will throw on life's brightest scenes the cold shadow of die in the Lord, from henceforth, yea, saith the Spirit, a cloud, which discharges its burden of grief, sometimes in that they may rest from their labours, and their works do a few drops, sometimes in a shower of tcars. But over

follow them."

OBITUARY NOTICES.

BERANGER.

lished his first collection of sonnets, though his dismissal

from the Admiralty was thought to be an inevitable consePIERRE JEAN BERANGEB, the French poet, died in Paris quence. This event did occur in 1821, when a second on the 16th of July, after a long illness, in his 77th year, volume issued from the press. In return, he wrote even having been born in that city, on the 16th of August, more violently against the authorities, and soffered an im1780.

prisonment of three months, having to pay a heavy fine as His father was in such indigent circumstances, that Bé. well. ranger was brought up by his grandfather, a tailor ; but

This punishment did not deter him, since in 1828 he during the troubles of the revolution he was removed from printed a third volume, for which he was again imprisoned Paris by an aunt, who kept an inn at Peronne. She tauglit for vine months, and fined 10,000 francs. The leisure him to read; and, when fourteen, apprenticed hiin to a afforded by this incarceration was employed in writing more printer of the town, where he also attended a primary bitter satires, which the event just previous to July, 1830, school, which appears to have been the only education he rendered particularly acceptable to the public. After that received.. At sixteen he returned to his father at Paris, and, revolution he might have becu well provided for, his party frequenting the theatres, seems to have turned his attention being then in the ascendant, but he would not condescend towards writing for the stage, producing a comedy shortly to accept a sinecure, and felt unfitted for any laborious after, entitled Les Her mophrodites. At this time his pen office. Except as a writer, he appeared but once afterwards was very prolific-verses of every character, sacred as well prominently before the public, when he was elected by more as profane subjects, flowed freely from from it ; and an epic than 200,000 votes as representative of the department of poem, to be completed in twelve years, was also projected. tlic Seive to the Constituent Assembly, this honour he reLike very many other authors, Béranger found but little signed in the following month, but the resignation was not substance in his flights of fancy, and at last became so much accepted until he repeated it shortly afterwards. For many reduced, that he contemplated joining the expedition to years he lived in Paris in comparative retirement upon an Egypt. The intelligence of its failure stopped that project, annuity derived from his works, writing continually but and, as a last resource, he sent & portion of his poem to never publishing. During his illness, he was constantly Lucien Bonaparte, who promised to assist him. Lucien, visited by all the most celebrated literary characters, and after some delay, assigned over to him the amount which he the daily bulletins his health were as eagerly pernsed as received as a member of the French Institute. Shortly if they had related to the head of the Empire. The State after he was fortunate enough to be appointed a clerk in the undertook the expense and arrangement of his funeral, but Secretary's office at the Admiralty, filling, at the same time, this, doubtless, for political reasons, and to prevent any some subordinate editorial capacity. By this period, 1809, political demonstration. his songs were well known, and universally popular; his His poetry is universally known thronghout France, and love of independence, howcrer, materially interfered with | admired in most other countries; with the Americans it is his advancement. The office of Censor was offered him during especially popular. One of the latest productions, if not “ the hundred days,” and refused. After the restoration of the last, was a poem on “ The Battle of Stirling," sent to the Bourbons, he gave full play to his satire against the Go compete for a prize offered by a gentleman in Scotland for vernment, and, contrary to the wishes of his friends, pub- the best poem on that subject.

TAIT S

EDINBURG H

MAGAZINE

SEPTEMBER, 1857.

THE INDIAN BLUNDERS AND MUTINIE S.

When Satan wrought the Delphic oracle he gave dental, although a very serious loss. The circum. cautious answers to his inquisitive followers and stances by which it was preceded, will be followed, friends. These answers to correspondents were and has been accompanied, are, however, great able compositions, and had always two meanings, misfortunes, calculated to weaken the empire, and or more. In any issue they were generally right; requiring a different policy from that which we because the words could be twisted into harmony have hitherto pursued. with the event. Britain is indebted to an old The events which preceded this revolt cannot Hindoo prediction for the existing revolt, it is said. be recalled, and on that account some parties Satan in the East had told some Brahmin, and he think that they should not be discussed; but all told the rest, that the Company's empire in India the past would be useless as a seven-years old would endure for one hundred years from the directory, if we are not to use it up in the service battle of Plassey. Whether it was meant that the of posterity. Our material is “the past”-and it said empire would endure for one hundred years must be moulded into guides for successive politiand more, or only for one century, is not apparent; cians in succeeding years. The Anglo-Indian although the former is likely to be the true mean. empire originated in

accidents apparently. ing. Without professing the most remote The Stuarts brought the island of Bombay acquaintance with the author of these deceptions as the dowry of a Spanish bride; and it soon -clever and droll as some of them are—we might surpassed in commerce, in distinction, and wealth, suggest another way out of the difficulty, which its rival, Surat. From the acquisition of Bombay, we hope and trust will arise from this limit of one to the annexation of Berar, and the conquest of hundred years.

Pega, the Anglo-Indian empire has grown almost The Company's empire draws near its termina- literally “without hands.” The Governors of tion, we believe. Before the hundredth year had India have never been ordered to increase its tercommenced, the Company were almost deprived of ritories, but they have been frequently urged their empire. The Governinent, through the against any measures having that tendency. The Parliament of Britain, have already rendered the means adopted to check annexation have frequently Company's power nearly noninal; and the shadow terminated in its extension; and the vast growth may not survive the present storm. That empire of that empire has been attained not by the policy, may, therefore, come to an end in this hundredth but almost against the wishes of the British year of its existence, or next year, or the year people, or even of those who were charged directly after that; and thus help the Brahmins' dark with its management. friend out of the dilemma which otherwise, we The Company's Government has had

many hope, would overshadow him with shame, if that blemishes—although not for a moment can we which is impossible only were possible.

doubt that it has been a vast advantage to India. The Anglo-Indian empire will not, we hope, It is not a government of one century, but more perish in this struggle. The gripe of the West properly of two centuries, and anything resembling is not so easily loosed as that result would show. free intercourse has been allowed, during only a An insurrection of the people of Hindostan might short period, between Britain and India. The be a symptom of decay in the eastern empire, but Government of the Company was once, and even the mutiny of the Bengal army is only an inci- recently, a monopoly of everything of commerce,

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