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. TO
Τ Ι Μο Τ Η Υ.

PRE FACE. Sect. I. Of the Time when the second Lpisile to Timothy was


TROM various particulars, in the second epistle to Timothy,

I it appears that it was written while the apostle was in confinement at Rome. But whether that consinement was the one mentioned by Luke in his history of the Acts, or an after imprisonment, learned men are not agreed. Eftius, Hammond, Lightfoot, and Lardner, think it was the confinement mentioned by Luke, for the two following reasons.

First, It is evident from 2 Tim. iv. 11. that when Paul wrote this letter, Luke was with him. Wherefore as Luke hath spoken of no imprisonment of Paul at Rome, but the one with which his history of the Acts concludes, the learned men above mentioned infer, that that must be the imprisonment, during which the apostle wrote his second epistle to Timothy.-- But the an. [wer is, Luke did not propose in the Acts to give a history of

the city; they confined him in close prison, with his hands and feet in fetters, as a malefactor.-His situation was very different during his first confinement. For then, Acts xxviii. 30. He dwelt two-whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him ; 31. preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things dwhich concern the Lord Jesus with all confidence, no man forbidding him. This mild treatment, probably was owing to the favourable account which Festus gave of him to the Emperor, Acts xxv. 25. xxvi. 31. and to what Julius the centurion, who brought him to Rome faid of him, when he delivered him to the officer appointed to receive the prisoners from the provinces.-The centurion's esteem of Paul is mentioned, Acts xxvii. 42, 43.

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. 2. The Roman Governors of Judea, by whom Paul was tried for his life, declared, at his trials, that no crime was alleged against him, but only his holding opinions, which his accusers faid were contrary to their religion, Aas xxv. 18, 19. · They likewise declared, that he had been guilty of no crime against the State, Acts xxvi. 31. Heresy, therefore being the only charge laid to the apostle's charge, and that circumstance being made known, by the governor of Judea, to his judges at Rome they must have had a favourable opinion of his cause. This appears likewise from what the apostle himself wrote to the Philippians, chap. i. 12. I wish you to know, brethren, that the things, which have befallen me, have turned out rather to the advancement of the gospel.' 13. For my bonds on account of Christ are become manitelt in the whele palace, and in all other places. His being sent a prisoner to Rome, and his defending himself before his judges, either in person, or by writings presented to them, had made the cause of his bonds well known in the palace and in all other places, to be not any crime, but his having preached salvation to the Gentiles through Christ, without requiring them to obey the law of Moses. He therefore was fully persuaded by the Lord, that even he himself jould foon come to them, Philip. ii. 24. and abide fome time with them, Phil. i. 25. and sent them the falutation of Cæsar's household, Philip. iv. 22. by whose good offices he hoped to be set at liberty. But, when he wrote his second epistle to Timothy, bis judges, considering the things laid to his charge as crimes against the State, were so enraged against him, that


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