The Massacre in History

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Berghahn Books, 1999 - History - 296 pages
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The role of massacre in history has been given little focused attention either by historians or academics in related fields. This is surprising as its prevalence and persistence surely demands that it should be a subject of serious and systematic exploration. What exactly is a massacre? When - and why - does it happen? Is there a cultural, as well as political framework within which it occurs? How do human societies respond to it? What are its social and economic repercussions? Are massacres catalysts for change or are they part of the continuity of the human saga? These are just some of the questions the authors address in this important volume.

Chronologically and geographically broad in scope, The Massacre in History provides in-depth analysis of particular massacres and themes associated with them from the 11th century to the present. Specific attention is paid to 15th century Christian-Jewish relations in Spain, the St. Batholemew's Day massacre, England and Ireland in the civil war era, the 19th century Caucasus, the rape of Nanking in 1937 and the Second World War origins of the Serb-Croat conflict. The book explores the subject of massacre from a variety of perspectives - its relationship to politics, culture, religion and society, its connection to ethnic cleansing and genocide, and its role in gender terms and in relation to the extermination of animals. The historians provide evidence to suggest that the "massacre" is often central to the course of human development and societal change.


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About the author (1999)

Mark Levene undertook a PhD within the Database group at Birkbeck College, University of London. His PhD was in the area of Complex Objects and Nested Relational Structures, a theory which is providing an underpinning for XML data modeling and querying. On completing his PhD in 1990, Dr. Levene joined the Computer Science Department at University College London as a lecturer. He continued to research relational databases, specialising in the area of incomplete information, and in 1994 started working on web interaction and the navigation problem in hypertext. He was promoted at UCL to Senior Lecturer in 1997 and Reader in Knowledge Management in 2000. In 2001 he returned to Birkbeck as Professor of Computer Science. The issues of search and navigation in a web environment are central to Prof. Levenea (TM)s research, within the Database and Web Technologies group at Birkbeck. He is also currently interested in personalization of information, the mobile and ubiquitous web, and issues relating to the evolution of the web. He is the author of many papers, and has authored two books.

Alex Poulovassilis undertook a PhD within the Database group at Birkbeck College, University of London. Her PhD was in the area of functional database languages, a paradigm which has influenced the development of query languages for object-oriented data and, more recently, for XML. She held a SERC postdoctoral fellowship at UCL during 1989-91 and her subsequent research has been in graph-based data models, schema integration, active databases, and extending the event-condition-action paradigm to XML data. After eight years at Kinga (TM)s College London as Lecturer and then Senior Lecturer, shereturned to Birkbeck as Reader in 1999 and Professor from January 2001. Her current research within the Database and Web Technologies group at Birkbeck focuses on heterogeneous information integration and dynamic Web applications, with application in bioinformatics and e-learning. She is co-editor of a forthcoming book on "Functional Approaches to Computing with Data" (Springer, 2003).

Penny Roberts (1965) is lecturer in History at the University of Warwick. She is author of various essays on the social and religious history of sixteenth-century France.

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