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Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright.
Nor was his name unheard, or unadored,
In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land
Men call'd him Mulciber; and how he fell 740
From Heaven they fabled, thrown by angry Jove
Sheer o'er the crystal battlements : from morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,
A summer's day; and with the setting sun
Dropp'd from the zenith like a falling star,

On Lemnos the Ægean isle : thus they relate,
Erring; for he with his rebellious rout
Fell long before ; nor aught avail'd him now
To have built in Heaven high towers; nor did he scape
By all his engines, but was headlong sent 750
With his industrious crew to build in Hell.

Meanwhile the winged heralds, by command
Of sov'reign power, with awful ceremony
And trumpet's sound, throughout the host proclaim
A solemn council, forthwith to be held

At Pandemonium; the high capital
Of Satan and his peers: their summons call'd
From every band and squared regiment
By place or choice the worthiest; they anon,
With hundreds and with thousands, trooping came,
Attended : all access was throng'd; the gates 761
And porches wide, but chief the spacious hall
(Though like a cover'd field, where champions bold
Wont ride in arm d and at the Soldan's chair
Defied the best of Panim chivalry

765 To mortal combat, or career with lance,) Thick swarm’d, both on the ground and in the air Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. As bees In spring time, when the sun with Taurus rides, Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 970 In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank, The suburb of their strawbuilt citadel, New rubb'd with balm, cxpatiate and conser

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Their state affairs. So thick the aery crowd 775
Swarm'd and were straiten'd; till, the signal given
Behold a wonder! They but now who seem'd
In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons,
Now less than smallest dwarfs, in narrow room
Throng numberless, like that Pygmean race

Beyond the Indian mount: or fairy elves,
Whose midnight revels, by a forest side
Or fountain, some belated peasant sees j
Or dreams he sees, while overhead the moon
Sits arbitress, and nearer to the earth i
Wheels her pale course; they, on their mirth and dauce
Intent, with jocund music charm his ear;
At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds.
Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms
Reduced their shapes immense, and were a: large, 790
Though without number still, amidst the hall
Of that infernal court. But far within,
And in their own dimensions, like themselves,
The great Seraphic Lords and Cherubim
In close recess and secret conclave sat;
A thousand Demi-gods on golden seats, i
Frequent and full. After short silence then,
And summons read, the great consult began



The consultation begrun, Satan debates whether another battle ve

to be hazarded for the recovery of Heaven; Some advise it, otherg dissuade: A third proposal is preferred, mentioned before by Sa. tan, to search the truth of that prophecy or tradition in Heaven concerning another world, and another kind of creature equal or not much inferior to themselves, about this time to be created : 'Their doubt, who shall be sent on this difficult search; Satan their chief undertakes alone the voyage, is honoured and applaud. ed. The council thug ended, the rest betake them several ways, and to several employments, as their inclinations lead them, to entertain the time till Satan return. He passes on his journey to Hell gatos; fiude them shut, and who sat there to guard them: by whom at length they are opened, and discover to him the great gulf between Hell and Heaven; with what difficulty he passes through, directed by Chao9, the Power of that place, to the sight of this new world which he sought.

High on a throne of royal state, which far
Butshone the wealth of Ormus and of Ind,
Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand
Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold,
Satan exalted sat, by merit raised
To that bad eminence : and, from despair
Thus high uplifted beyond hope, aspires
Beyond thus high: insatiate to pursue
Vain war with Heaven; and, by success, untaught,
His proud imaginations thus display'd.

Powers and Dominions, Deities of Heaven!
For since no deep within her gulf can hold
Immortal vigour, though oppress'd and fallen,

give not Heaven for lost. From this descent Celestial virtues rising will appear

15 More glorious and more dread than from no fall, And trust themselves to fear no second fate. Me though just right and the fix'd laws of Heaven Did first create your Leader; next, free choice, With what besides, in counsel or in fight,

20 Hath been achieved of merit ; yet this loss,

Thus far at least recover'd, hath much more
Establish'd in a safe unenvied throne,
Yielded with full consent. The happier state
In heaven, which follows dignity, might draw 25
Envy from each inferior ; but who kere
Will envy whom the highest place exposés
Foremost to stand against the Thunderer's aim,
Your bulwark, and condemns to greatest share

For which to strive, no strise can grow up there
From faction ; for none sure will claim in Hell
Precedence ; none, whose portion is so small
Of present pain, that with ambitious mind
Will covet more. With this advantage then
To union, and firm faith, and firm accord,
More than can be in Heaven, we now return
To claim our just inheritance of old,
Surer to prosper than prosperity
Could have assured us; and, by what best way, 40
Whether of open war, or covert guile,
We now debate: Who can advise may speak.

He ceased: and next to him Moloch, sceptred king,
Stood up, the strongest and the fiercest Spirit
That fought in Heaven, now fiercer by despair : 45
His trust was with the Eternal to be deem'd
Equal in strength ; and rather than be less
Cared not to be at all; with that care lost
Went all his fear : of God, or Hell, or worse,
He reck'd not; and these words thereafter spake. 50

My sentence is for open war: Of wiles,
More unexpert, I boast not: them let those
Contrive who need, or when they need ; not now,
For, while they sit contriving, shall the rest,
Millions that stand in arms, and longing wait
The signal to ascend, sit lingering here
Heaven's fugitives, and for their dwelling place
Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame,
The prison of his tyranny who reigns

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By our delay? No! let us rather choose Arm'd with Hell flames and fury, all at once, O’er Heaven's high towers to force resistless way, Turning our tortures into horrid arms Against the Torturer ; when to meet the noise Of his Almighty engine he shall hear Infernal thunder ; and, for lightning, see Black fire and horror shot with equal race Among his Angels; and his throne itself Mix'd with Tartarean sulphur and strange fire, His own invented torments. But perhaps 70 The way seems difficult and steep to scale With upright wing against a higher foe. Let such bethink them, if the sleepy drench Of that forgetful lake benumb not still, That in our proper motion we ascend Up to our native seat : Descent and fall To us is adverse. Who but felt of late, When the fierce Foe hung on our broken rear Insulting, and pursued us through the deep, With what compulsion and laborious flight We sunk thus low? The ascent is easy then; The event is fear'd; should we again provoke Our stronger, some worse way his wrath may find To our destruction ; if there be in Hell Fear to be worse destroy'd: What can be worse 85 That to dwell here, driven out from bliss, condemn'd In this abhorred deep to utter woe; Where pain of unextinguishable fire Must exercise us without hope of end, The vassals of his anger, when the scourge

90 Inexorably, and the torturing hour Calls us to penance ! More destroy'd than tinus, We should be quite abolish'd, and expire. What fear we then? what doubt we to incense His utmost ire? which, to the height enraged, 95 Will either quite consume us, and reduce

o ncthing this essential ; happier far

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