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“ deavour to explain so as shall suit my present purpose. “ It is certain, that a single watch could not be made fo " cheap in proportion by one man only, as a hundred “ watches by an hundred; for, as there is vast variety in " the work, no one person could equally suit himself to " all the parts of it; the manufacture would be terlious, “ and at last but clumsily performed: but if an hundred “ watches were to be made by an hundred men, the “ cases may be assigned to one, the dials to another, the • wheels to another, the springs to another, and every " other part to a proper artist; as there would be no need “ of perplexing any one person with too much variety,
every one would be able to perform his single part with "greater skill and expedition; and the hundred watches or would be finished in one fourth part of the time of the
every one of them at one fourth part of “ the cost, tho' the wages of every man were equal. The “ reduction of the price of the manufacture would increafe “ the demand of it, all the same hands would be still em“ployed, and as well paid. The same rule will hold in “ the clothing, the shipping, and all other trades whatso
And thus an addition of hands to our manufac“ tures will only reduce the price of them; the labourer " will ftill have as much wages, and will consequently be “ enabled to purchase more conveniencies of life; so that
every interest in the nation would receive a benefit from s6 the increase of our working people.
“ BESIDES, I fee no occafion for this charity to common beggars, since every beggar is an inhabitant of a
parish, and every parish is taxed to the maintainance of " their own poor.
For my own part, I cannot be "mightily pleafed with the laws which have done this, “ which have provided better to feed than employ the
poor. We have a tradition from our forefathers, that « after the first of those laws was made, they were infult*5 ed with that famous song;
Hang forrow, and cast away care,
The parish is bound to find us, &c. " And if we will be so good-natured as to maintain them “ without work, they can do no less in return than sing “! Nis the merry beggars.
. 235 “ WHAT then?' am I against all acts of charity? God 66. forbid! I know of no virtue in the gospel that is in “ more pathetic expressions recommended to our practice, " I was hiungry, and ye gave me n10 meat ; thirsty, and
je gave rice no drink; naked, and je clothed me not ;
allranger, and ye took me not in; sick and in prison, " and je visited nie 10t. Our blessed Saviour treats the “ exercise or neglect of charity towards a poor man, as “ the performance or breach of this duty towards himself.
I shall endeavour to obey the will of my Lord and Ma6 fter: and therefore if an industrious man (hall subinit
to the liardest labour and coarsest fare, rather than eno: “ dure the shame of taking relief from the parish, or
asking it in the street, this is the hungry, the thirsty, " the naked; and I ought to believe, if any man is come “ hither for shelter against persecution or oppression, this " is the stranger, and I ought to take him in. If any
countryman of our own is fallen into the hands of in. “ fidels, and lives in a state of miserable captivity, this is “ the man in prison, and I should contribute to his ran“ fom. I ought to give to an hospital of invalids, to re
cover as many useful subjects as I can; but I shall be" Itow none of my bounties upon an alms-house of idle
people; and, for the same reason, I should not think it a reproach to me, if I had withheld my charity from those common beggars. But we prescribe better rules than
we are able to practise; we are ashamed not to give into • the mistaken customs of our country: but, at the same “ time, I cannot but think it a reproach worse than that “ of common swearing, that the idle and the abandoned
are fuffered, in the naine of heaven and all that is sacred, " to extort from Christian and tender minds, a fupply to “a profligate way of life, that is always to be supported, « but never relieved.
No 233. Tuesday, November 27,
Tanguam hæc fint noftri medicina furoris,
VIRG. Ecl. 1o. v. 60.
As if by these 1729 Suff'rings I could easi,
SHALL, in this paper, discharge myself of the pro
mise I have made to the public, by obliging them with a translation of the little Greek manufcript, which is faid to have been a piece of these records that were preserved in the temple of Apollo, upon the promontory of Leucate : it is a short history of the lover's leap, and is inscribed, An: account of the persons, male and female, who offered up their vows in the temple of the Pythian Apollo, in the forty-. fixth Olympiad, and leaped from the promontery of Leucate into the Ionian fea, in order to cure themselves of the passion of love.
This account is very dry in niany parts, as only mentioning the name of the lover who Jeaped, the person he: leaped for, and relating, in short, that he was either cured, or killed, or maimed by the fall. It indeed gives the names. of so many who died by it, that it would have looked like a bill of mortality, had I translated it at full length; I have therefore made an abridgment of it, and only extraéted such particular pafages as have fomething extraordinary, either in the case, or in the cure, or in the fate of the person who is mentioned in it. After this short preface take the account as follows.
BATTUS, the lon of Menalcus the Sicilian, leaped. for Bombyca the musician: got rid of his passion with the loss of his right leg and arm, which were broken in the fall.
MELISSA, in love with Daphnis, very much bruised, but escaped with life.
CYNISC A, the wife of Æfihines, being in love with Lycus; and Æschines her husband being in love with E1rilla; (which had made this married couple very uncafy
to one another for several years) both the husband and the wife took the leap by confent; they both of them escaped, and have lived very happily
together ever since. LARISS A, a virgin. of Thessaly, deserted by Plexippusa: after a courtship of three years ; she stood upon the brow of the promontory for some time, and after having thrown down a ring, a bracelet, and a little picture, with other presents which she had received from Plexippus, flie threw herfelf into the sea, and was taken. up
alive. N. B. LARISSA, before she leaped, inade an offer.. ing of a silver Czepid in the temple of Apollo.
SIMÆTHĂ, in love with Daphuis the Mindian,, perished in the fall.
CHARIXUS, the brother of Sappho, in love with, Rhodope, the courtesan, having spent his whole estate upon her,, was advised by his sister to leap in the beginning of his amour, but would not hearken to her till he was re. duced to his last talent; being fo:fiken by Rhodope, at length resolved to take the leap. Perished in it.
ARIDÆUS, a beautiful youth of Epirus, in love with Praxinoe, the wife of Thespis, escaped without da.. mage, faving only that two of his fore-teeth weré ftruck out, and his nose a little flatted.
CLEORA; a widow of Ephesus, being inconsolable. for the death of her husband, was resolved to take this leap in order to get rid of her pallion for his memory; but being arrived at the promontory, she there met with Dimo machus the Miletian, and, after a short conversation with him, laid aside the thoughts of her leap, and married himn in the temple of Apolls.
N. B. Her widow's weeds are still to be seen hanging.. up in the western corner of the temple.
OLPHIS, the fisherman, having received a box on the ear from Thesiylis, the day before, and being determined to have no more to do with her, leaped, and escaped with life.
ATALANTA, an old maid, whose cruelty had feveral
years before driven two or three despairing lovers to this leap; being now in the fifty-fifth year of her age, and in love with an officer of Sparta, broke her neck in the fall,
HIPP ARCHUS'being passionately fond of his own: wife, who was enamoured of Bathyllus, leaped, and died. of his fall; upon which his wife married her gallant.
TETTE X, the dancing-master, in love with Olympia, an Aihenian matron, threw himself from the rock with. great agility, but was crippled in the fall.
DIAGÓRAS, the ufurer, in love with his cooknaid; he peeped several times over the precipice, but his heart misgiving him, he went back, and married her that evening.
CINÆ DUS, after having entered his own name in the Pythian records, being asked the name of the person whoin he leaped for, and being ashamed to discover it, he: was set aside, and not suffered to leap. .
EUNIC A, a maid of Paphos, aged nineteen, in love with Eurybatıs. Hurt in the fall, hut recovered.
N. B. This was her second time of leaping.
HESPERUS, a young man of Terentum, in love with his master's datighter. Drowned, the boats not co-ming in soon enough to his relief.
SAPPHO, the Lesbian, in love with Fhaon, arrio.. ved at the temple of Apollo, habited like a bride in garments : as white as snow. She wore a garland of myrtle on her head, and carried in her hand the little musical instrument of her own invention. After having fung an bymn to As pollo, she hung up her garland on one side of his altar, and. her harp on the other. She then tueked up her vestments, like a Spartan virgin, and amidst thousands of spectators,:. who were anxious for her safety, and offered up vows for her deliverance, marched directly forwards to the utinoft. fummit of the promontory, where, after having repeated a stanza of her own verses, which we could not hear, she. threw herself off the rock with such an intrepidity as was never before observed in any who had attempted that dana, gerous leap. Many who were present related, that they. saw her fall into the sea, from whence she never arose a: gain; tho' there were others who affirmed, that she never came to the bottom of her leap, but that the was changed into a fwan as she fell, and that they saw her hovering in the air unrler that shape. But whether or no the whiteness and fluttering of her garments might not deceive those who. looked upon her, or whether she might not really be me.