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tures of a middle kind, neither so virtrcs as the one, nor so vicious as the other, but purtaking of the good and bad qualities of these two opposite fo:milies. Jupiter confidering that this species, cuaumonly called 911!!!, was too virt1!011 to be miserable, and too cicious io le hippy; that he might make a distinction between tñe good and the lud, crdered the two songolt of the above mentioned fanilies, Plealure, who was the daughter of Huppiness, and I'uin, who was the son of Misery, to incet one another upon this part of nature which lay in the half-way between them, having promised to fettle it upon them both, provided they could do gree 11pon the division of it., Jo as to hare mankind bitrat12 them.
.PLEASURE and Pain were 110 pocuer 111.2t in their nlew habitation, but they immediately agr.ed ispor this joint, that Pleasure Bould take tolllion of the virtuous, and Pain of the vicious part of that /pecies which was given 1: to them. But upon camining to which of them any
indi. vidual they met with belonged, they found each of their had a right to him ; for that, contrary to what they had feen, in their old places of residence, there was no person, To vicious who had 12at fomne good in ki?n, 120r any person so virtuous who had 120t in hiozz fome evil. The truth of it is, they generally found upon search, that in the most vicious man Pleasure might lay a claim to an hundredih part, and that in the most virtuous man Pain might come in for at lealt two thirds. This they saw world occasion endiefs difputes between then, unless they could come to some accommodation. To this end there was a marriage proposed between them, and at length concluded: by this means it is that we find Pleafure and Pain are such.coustant joke-fellows, and that they either make their visits together, or are never far alunder. If Pain comes into an heart, he is quickly followed by Pleasure; and if Pleasure enters, you anay
be sure Pain is not far off. BUT notwithstanding this marriage was very convenia ent for the two parties, it did not seem to anfwer the intention of Jupiter in fending them among mankind. To remed; therefore this inconvenience, it was fiipulated between obem by article, and confirmed by the consent of each family, that 1:otwithstanding they here pubelled the species indifferently; upon the death of every single person, if he was
foun.110 have in him a certain proportion of evil, he should ie di/patched in:to the infernal regions hy a palspurt from Pain, there to dwell with Illiferi, l'ic, and the Furies : Or on the coutros. if he had in him a certain proportioof goo!, he licuit te disip.tched into Ferrein by a pallport fruin Fleasure, and there to dwell with Happinefs, Tirtue, and the gods.
Mondry, Oetoler 1.
-Opere ir !cougo fus cfi clret:r: 101.11.1997!.
Hor. Ais Poct. 1. 260.
In long works forp will furrctimes furprize.
it often carries bim much farther than he expected from it. My correspondents take the hint I gave them, and pursue it into speculations which I never thought at niy first starting it. This has been the fate of my paper on the match of grinning, which has already produced a second paper on parallel subjects, and brought me the following letter by the last post. I shall not premise any thing to it farther, than that it is built on matter of fact, and is as follows.
OU have aiready obliged the world with a discourse
upon grinning, and liave since proceeded to whist. ling, from whence you at length came to yawning; from " this, I think, you may make a very natural tranlition to
sleeping. I therefore recommend to you, for the subject
of a paper, the following advertisement, which, about • two months ago, was given into every body's hands,
and may be seen, with some additions, in the Daily « Courant of Augus the ninth.
• NICOLAS HART, who slept last year at St Bar"tholomew's hospital, intends to peep this gear at the Cock 6 and Bottle 11: Little-Britair.
HAVING since inquired into the matter of fact, I < find that the above-mentioned Nicholas Hart is every
year seized with a periodical fit of sleeping, which begins upon the fifth of August, and ends on the 11th of the same month: that
« On the first of that month he
grew « On the second, appeared drowy; « On the third, fell a yawring; 's On the fourth, began to nod; « On the fifth, dropped asleep; . On the sixth, was heard to snore; « On the seventh, turned himself in his bed;
On the eight, recovered his foriner posture; "On tlie ninth, fell a stretching ; « On the tenth, about midnight, awaked; 'On the eleventh in the morning, called for a little
« fmall-hcer. "This account I have extracted out of the journal of this sleeping worthy, as it has been faithfully kept by a gentleman of Lincoln's-111, who lias undertaken to be his historiographer. I have sent it to you, not only as it represents the actions of Nicholas Hart, but as it seems
very natural picture of the life of inany an lionest Eng'lish gentleman, whole whole history very often consists
of yawning, nodding, stretching, turning, sleeping,
drinking, and the like extraordinary particulars. I do 'not question, Sir, that, if you pleafed, you could put
out an advertisement, not unlike the above-mentioned, ' of several. men of figure; that Mr John fuch a-one,
gentleman, or Thomas fuch-a-one, esquire, who slept in the
country last summer, intends to sleep in town this • winter. The worst of it is, that the drowsy part of our
species is chiefly made up of very honest gentlemen, who live quietly ainong their neighbours, without ever disturbing the public peace : they are drones without stings. I could lieartily wish, that several turbulent, restless, ambitious fuirits, would for a-while change places with these good inen, and enter themselves into Nicholas Hart's fraternity. Could one but lay asleep a few busy heads (which I could name, from the first of November next to
the first of May chluing, I question not but it would VoI, III.
• very much redound to the quiet of particular persons, as well as to the benefit of the public. • But to return to Vicholas Hart: I believe, Sir, you will think it a very extraordinary circumstance for a man to gain l.is liveliehood by 1lceping, and that reft ' Mould procure a man sustenance as well as industry; yet • fo it is, that Nicholas got last year enough to fupport ' liinful for a twelveronth. I am likeways informed, • that he lias this year had a very
The poets value themselves very much for sleeping on Pare 112!1s, but I never heard they got a groat by it: on the
contrary, our friend Nicholas gets more by feeping than • he could by working, and may be more properly faid,
than ever Homer was, to have had golden dreams. Fil..venal indeed mentions a drowfy husband who raised an
estate by fooring, but then he is represented to have flept • what the common people call a dog's sleep; or if his
sleep was real, his wife was awake, and about her busi( ncss. Your pen, which loves to moralize upon all sub• jects, may raise fomething, methinks, on this circum• stance also, and point out to us those sets of men, who, ( instead of growing rich by an honest industry, recon« mend then felves to the favours of the great, by making • themselves agreeable companions in the participations of • luxury and pleasure.
I MUST further acquaint you, Sir, that one of the most eminent pens in Grubstreet is now employed in writing " the dream of this miraculous îlceper, which I hear will • be of a more than ordinary length, as it must contain • all the particulars that are supposed to bure pafled in his
imagination during so long a sleep. He is said to have gone already through three days and three nights of it,
and to have comprised in thein the most remarkable paf< sages of the four first empires of the world!.
keep free from party-strokes, his work may be of use; o but this I much doubt, liaving been informed by one of « his friends and confidents, that he has spoken fome
things of Nimrod with too great freedom. L
I am ever, Sir, &c.
If he can
No 185. Tuesday, Otober 2.
-Tanta ne animis cæleslibirs ire? ViRC. Æn. 1. v.15. And dwells fich furg in celejlial breafis?
HERE is nothing in which men more deceive then
felves than in what the world call zeal. There many parlions which liide themselves under it, and for many mischiefs arising from it, that some have gone to fir as to say it would have been for the benefit of mankind if it had never been reckoned in the catalogue of virtues. It is certain, where it is once laudable and prudential, it is an hundred times criminal and erroneous ;
nor can it be otherways, if we consider that it operates with equal violence in all religions, however opposite they may be to one another, and in all the subdivisions of each religion in particular.
We are told by some of the Jewish rabbins, that the first murder was occasioned by a religious controversy; and if we had the whole history of zeal from the days of Cain to our own times, we should see it filled with so many scenes of slaughter and bloodshed, as would make a wilc man very careful, how he suffers himself to be actuated by such a principle, when it only regards matters et opinion and speculation.
I would have every zealous man examine his heart thoroughly, and I believe he will often find, that what he calls a zeal for his religion, is either pride, interest, or illnature. A man wlio differs from another in opinion, sets himself ab ve him in his own judgment, and in several par. ticulars przterds to be the wifer person. This is a great provocation to the proud man, and gives a keen edge to what he calls his zeal. And that this is the case very often, we may observe from the behaviour of some of the most zealous for orthodoxy, who have often great friendships and intimacies with vicious immoral men, provided they do but agree with them in the same schéine of belief. The reason is, because the vicious believer gives the precedency to the virtuous inen, and allows the good Christian