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Chaken to Kim, ii, 683.
Fittri to Mawó, ii. 676.
Bay, ii. 631.
Kánima, 602 ; to Kahaide, by Meshíla, 708 ;/ Lay to Sálin, ii. 663.
Kahaide to the frontier of Tagánet, 706. 1 Mábbelé to Fong, and from Fong to Eus, L
685; to Lay and Kim, 683
Busó, 677; to Lairy and Moito, by Kobe
haide, 706: Kahaide to the frontier of Ta 634; to Moito by Debába, 689; to Manga
686 ; to Runga and sillá, 688; to Sin
684; to Wára, 663-666.
Miltú to Gógome, ii. 679.
Shenini, by O'grogó, to Bórorit, ii. 689: to
Dumta, 671; to Jurlú, 671 ; to the Moka
da-Allahi, iii, 687; by Basikúnnu, to San lá, by way of A'ndelá, 672; to Silla, direct,
Wára to Dumta, ii. 670; to Runga, 674; to
circuitous, 705; to Rashid, by El Khat, 705;/ Yáuri province: from Bunza to Youri, w
from Yáuri to Kotá-n-koró, iii, 641.
Zabérma province: from Augi by Mauri and
Yeni to Kurfay, 642.
Zanfara province: from Bánagú to A'nks and
Kanó to sókoto by Káuri-n-Namóda, 11L GR
Ruined monastery in the Sch'abet Cm el Khe
ráb, i. 107.
konna, to Hamda-Alláhi, iii. 687 ; Cham-| notice of the, 446; in Sébi, on the Niger, Goa,
692; their complexion, 463.
S'a, important town on Upper Niger, and neigb-
borhood, fii, 691; in former times, 490.
Sahara, districts and tribes of, between A'zawód
and Timbúktu on one side, and El Hódh and
S'aid ben Sálah, chapel of, 1, 37; legend concert
Saint Augustine's statement regarding the one of
bulls for chariot-drawing by the ancient kings
of lezzán, sculptures confirming, i. 178.
Sála, walled town of Kebbi, iii. 141.
Salákoró village, ili. 704.
trade, noticed, iil 645
Salt, a commercial staple of Timbuktu, IiL 300 :
times, 361; bitter quality of salt at Bilm, L
392; excellence of salt of Taidenni, HL, 164:
crust of, on elevated ground, 130 : corn-felds
thickly encrusted with, 147, localities of, Brem
tween Asiu and Tawát, 604; prepared from eap-
ing from earth in the vale of 1 ógha, IIL 164:
Kanó to Yákoba, 617 ; to Zinder, 610; by lage, 613; mode of preparing in Bum uda a
the Benuwé, ii. 191, note; in Milta, on the
with branch to Láfiya Beréberó, i. 614. note.
of Berberge and neince, i. 262.
Sand-hills between Shiyati and El Gharbi, journeyl notices of, 328; villages, 340; remarkable char-
over, i. 139-143; menace the plantations, 141;i acteristics, 328, 504; amount of their cavalry,
Sidi A'lawáte, interview with, iii. 276; presents
Sidi 'Ali, merchant in kanó, 492, iii. 573.
Sidi Mohammed, El Bakáy's elder brother, arrives
favor, 378; his character, 395.
Síggedim oasis, iii. 620.
Silla, very important town on upper Niger, where
Silk cotton-tree, immense specimens of, placed at
the gates of many a town in Negroland, i. 483,
and at Kuttukóle, 528.
Sínder town and island, in the Niger, iii. 521.
Síttahe village, ii. 434.
Slave-hunting and butchery, ii. 369, 379; conse.
iii. 194-197; hut described and figured, 195. Slavery and the slave-trade, influence of firearms
and civilization upon the increase of, ii. 326;
Slave-trade in Kanó, i. 515.
Slaves cruelly treated by the Tebú, iii. 606 yoked
to the plow in the valley of Aúderas, i, 311:
prices of, in the countries S. of Bagirmi, ii. 519;
in Más-ena, 540.
habitants of Niger likewise, iii. 416.
Snake, large, killed, ii. 270.
reduced by the king Edris Ā'lawoma, 5.3; one of
Soda, corn-fields thickly incrusted with, i. 147.
Sóf e' jin, rich valley, its fertility, i. 105.
country, 124; rulers of, 635; F'úlbe tribes in,
Búgomán upward, 677; from Búgomán down- 556; swollen torrent, 557.
Song of Sheikh 'Othmán, iji. 636.
Songhay, historical notices of, iii. 281 ; its civil
tu, iii. 307 ; first interview with, 309, 311 ; reli- army, 295 ; and neighboring kingdoms, chrono-
Songho-sare, farming village, iii. 169.
principal currency in Kanó, 522; recently in- ders Timbuktu, 665; conquers Baghena, 605;
in Yágha, 197 : in Stirrup, Arab, valuable properties of. ii. 394.
Súk town, notice of, iii. 458, 684.
Sulléri town, ii. 162, 200; described, iii. 44.
Superstition, i. 519 ; ii. 381.
medium in Kánem, ii. 283; also in Bagirm Súwa-Kolólluwa well, iii. 51.
Taboniye, Roman sepulchres near this well, i. 118,
Shin l'sayé, iii. 3302, 151; in Bacins of Bórnu,
Tábu, or great army of the Awelímmiden, iii. 382. Terguláwen well,
ha Avelimmiden. iii. 382. Terguláwen well, dangerous locality. i 404
sions of, iii. 723; the town called Tademkéka by Tessémmak described, i. 169.
the Arab geographers, 335, 65), 458, 684. Tewiwa and its population, i. 147.
Tiboráwen, rapids of the Niger near, iii. 508
Tigóre, farming village, iii. 169.
Tiggers-n-dumma mountain group. iii. 621
Timbuktu, approach to, iii. 278; political sitantin
297 ; view over the town, 302; plan of a base
tween Timbuktu and Morocco, iii. 330, 346, 366. koré, 662; ground-plan of the town, 323; de
scription of the town, 325; its former extent
324, population, 326, the inundation, 44: Rab
sides, 376; its origin, 284; when founded, GOD:
cipal ornament of Negroland, i. 418 ; first full 663; becomes known to Europeans, 664; CD-
few trees in the town, iii. 322: not considered
very healthy, 341 ; late hours, 348, 385.
Timmisau well, footprint of Moses' horse Dear,
Tindirma town, iii, 230, 789.
Tin-ger-égedesh, notice of the tribe, iii. 463.
fare at, iii. 402.
Tin-shamán, former capital of A'eben, 1 277.
Tintúmma desert, iii. 608.
much esteemed, iii. 85; little cultivated in Bor.
lation to the Kanúri, 30, 284; their long wars Ghérgo, 439; Bamba and E'gedesh, 44; culti-
tical with the term Anislimen among the laws
Tombs in Músgu country, il. 366.
Tóddibi mount, iii. 472.
Tóndifú village, iii. 171 ; swarms of birds at,
Tónorár village, iii. 701.
Tornáre village on the Niger, busy state of the
Toso, edible fruit of the Bassin Parkii, il 100.
Trik el Merhóma track, iil. 628.
Tsád, ecteristic features, 64; represe u; the open Water coma the Bay of Biyafra, ii, Niger, iii. 59,
Tripoli, arrival at, i. 39; excursion from, 40-8); Warm clothing, would find a ready sale in Cen.
final departure from, 91; return and embarka- tral Africa, ii. 334.
Wáse town, iii. 580.
i. 551, 587 ; in Bagirmi, ii. 480; water unwhole-
characteristic features, 64; representation of the Water combat, ii. 385.
Water lilies in Tsad, ii. 75; in Niger, iii. 59,
gerated opinion of its size and importance, 16. Water-melons the principal food of the Kóbetát
tribe, iii. 606.
Wáza district described, ii. 420.
Welád Bú-Sef, account of this tribe, i. 117.
tribe, 273; interview with their sheikh, 277;
their habits and mode of life, 278; Jewish ad-
venturer, 283; preparations for attack, 295; at-
Well, greater industry in raising water from, iii.
the most famous of, 686; of Dibbela impregna-
ted with natron, 611; of Mul and U'nghurutin,
trict of Bórnu, ii. 93, 219; relation to slave shek, iii. 60; on the Niger, 442; at the Ras el
heat and rice fetch double the price
of the native corn, ii. 57.
Wild oxen, numerous in the desert, i, 225, iii. 611.
See Antilope Bubalis.
Women of Kukawa contrasted with those of Kanó,
Wuéelleri stockade, i. 550.
Wúliya district, beauty and careful cultivation of
attack of dysentery at, 560.
scribed, iii. 714; Portuguese factory in, 665.
ical account of, 649 ; government of, 653; army, Yalowe, river bed, ii. 332.
to some extent in A'damáwa, 205; in Korórofa,
621; in Kebbi, iii. 140; eastern limit of culti.
vation, near Kátsena, ib.
Yára, ruined town, iii. 150.
Yá saláme and Konári, list of places between, iii.
Yá-saláme and Saredina, list of places between,
Yáuri, towns, villages, and tribes in, iii. 641.
Yelé district, ii. 224.
place in the time of Ebn Batuta, iii. 665; de- Yen, chief town of Burgu, described, ii. 613.
Yendi town noticed, iii, 645.
Yerimari town, iii, 580.
Yerimari village, ii. 103.
Yó town and vicinity, ii. 249; stay at, iii. 602.
111, 202, 645, 646; merchants in Kátsena Wan. 189.
Yowarı, important town on Niger, described, iii.
Yowaru and Yá-saláme, list of places between, iii.
|Yuri, cliffs on the Niger, iii. 532.
Zá Alayámin founds the dynasty of Za, iii. 657. Zéngiri komádugu at, iii. 32.
Zenne, or plaid, varieties of, i. 510.
Zinder town, account of, iii. 72.
Zintán, account of the people of, 1. 195.
Zogirma and its inhabitants, iii. 158.
Zógoma, town, ii. 338.
| Zoromáwa, or Zoghorán, their first appearance
112; their importance in Sokoto, 19.
Zurrikulo town, i. 561, iii. 42, 558.
|Zyrmi town, iii. 97.