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Routes-continued.

Rontes-continued.
Damerghá, 600; to Marádi, 600; to Sókoto, Wádáy and Bargimi : from Babåligá to Moits,
599; to Tawát, 602.

ii. 693.
Desert, western half; A'tar to Tejigja or Rashid, Busó to Miltú, ii. 678; to Bang-Day, 684
iii. 705; Tejigja to Jáfena, 706.

Chaken to Kim, ii, 683.
Aúlef to Mabrúk, western road, iii. 684.

Fittri to Mawó, ii. 676.
Bakel, by Asába, to the frontier of Tagánet, Kúkawa, by Logón Bírni and Busó, to Bus
iii. 707.

Bay, ii. 631.
Hamda-Alláhi, by S'a, to Kábara, iii. 691; to Leftans to Bang Bay, ii. 683.

Kánima, 602 ; to Kahaide, by Meshíla, 708 ;/ Lay to Sálin, ii. 663.

Kahaide to the frontier of Tagánet, 706. 1 Mábbelé to Fong, and from Fong to Eus, L
I'nzize to Gógo, iii. 684.

685; to Lay and Kim, 683
Kasambára to Bú-Jedúr, iii, 698; to Jawára, Más-ená to Bang-Bay, ii. 684, 686; to Be
697 ; to Kóla, direct, 700; to Mesila, 638:1 by Lairy, 680; to Gongomi, 68); to Kemp
to Nyámina, 699; by Murja to Nyámina, Mataya, 630 ; to Kirbe, 679; to Laffans and
693 ; to Tishit, 703; to Waláta, 607.

Busó, 677; to Lairy and Moito, by Kobe
Kasr el Barka to Bú-télimit, iii, 706; to Ka 681 ; to M'awó, by Gáwi, 6:3; to Meddebe

haide, 706: Kahaide to the frontier of Ta 634; to Moito by Debába, 689; to Manga
gánet, 707.

686 ; to Runga and sillá, 688; to Sin
Meshila to Bakel, iii. 710.

684; to Wára, 663-666.
Murja to Mekoye, iii. 700.

Miltú to Gógome, ii. 679.
Sansándi to Kasambára, zigzag, iii. 701; to Miltú and Day, and from Day to Lay, il e
Timbuktu, 694.

Shenini, by O'grogó, to Bórorit, ii. 689: to
Tawát, by Mabrúk, to Timbuktu, iii. 683.

Dumta, 671; to Jurlú, 671 ; to the Moka
Timbuktu, by Gundam and Yowaru, to Ham or iron mines, 672; to Nyéseré, 671; to E-

da-Allahi, iii, 687; by Basikúnnu, to San lá, by way of A'ndelá, 672; to Silla, direct,
sándi, 624; to Waláta, 695; to the hillet 673.
Sidi el Mukhtar, 310, note.

Wára to Dumta, ii. 670; to Runga, 674; to
Wadán to A'ghadir Dome, iii. 719; to El Khat, Shenini, 667; to Wadi 'Oridha, 67*.

circuitous, 705; to Rashid, by El Khat, 705;/ Yáuri province: from Bunza to Youri, w
to Tishit, 705; to Waláta, 705.

from Yáuri to Kotá-n-koró, iii, 641.
Waláta to Sansándi, iii. 696.

Zabérma province: from Augi by Mauri and
Yowaru to Tenéngu, iii. 658; to Yasaláme, Zabérma to Támkala, iii. 642.
600, note.

Yeni to Kurfay, 642.
Dar-Fur:

Zanfara province: from Bánagú to A'nks and
Tendélti to A'm-majúra, ii. 674; to Runga, to Kotór-koshé, iii, 634.
674.

Kanó to sókoto by Káuri-n-Namóda, 11L GR
Déndina province: from Sókoto to Komba, on Rúdu, sleeping-hut, described and figured, fil 104
the Niger, iii. 641.

Ruined monastery in the Sch'abet Cm el Khe
Yélu to Yáuri, 639.

ráb, i. 107.
Gurma and Mósi provinces : from Bóne, by Ruma, historical notice of the, ill. 296; at Tambu

konna, to Hamda-Alláhi, iii. 687 ; Cham-| notice of the, 446; in Sébi, on the Niger, Goa,
pagóre to Landó, 647.

692; their complexion, 463.
IIómbori, by Konna, to Hamda-Alláhi, iii. 687.
Jíbo to haye, iii. 647.

S'a, important town on Upper Niger, and neigb-
Kánima to Ilamda-Allahi, iii. 602.

borhood, fii, 691; in former times, 490.
Kaye to Wóghodoghó, iii. 647; to Belússa and Sabón Birni, walled town, iii. 100.
Belanga, 648.

Sahara, districts and tribes of, between A'zawód
Kirotáshi to Wóghodoghó, iii. 646.

and Timbúktu on one side, and El Hódh and
Komba to Majóri, iii. 644 ; to Sansánne Man- Baghena on the other, iii. 719.
gho and Salga, 64.

S'aid ben Sálah, chapel of, 1, 37; legend concert
Máni to korg, iii. 618; return, 648.

ing, 41.
Pissela to Dóre, iji. 648.

Saint Augustine's statement regarding the one of
Salga, by Kong, to Taméra, iii. 646.

bulls for chariot-drawing by the ancient kings
Ségo to Méggara, iii, 64).

of lezzán, sculptures confirming, i. 178.
Tánkurgú to Sansánne Mangho, iii. 647. Sakomáren tribe, account of the, i. 603
Yágha to Belánga, iii. 647.

Sála, walled town of Kebbi, iii. 141.
Yendi to Yágha, iii. 187, note.

Salákoró village, ili. 704.
Kánem: from 'Alimari tó Kárnak Lógone, ii. Salga, chief town of Gonja, emporium of the guro
610.

trade, noticed, iil 645
Beri to Tághgel, ii. 603; Tághgel, by 'Alimari, Salla-léja, religious festival at A'gades, L. 342.
to Moito, 610.

Salt, a commercial staple of Timbuktu, IiL 300 :
Bir el Kurna, by Bir el 'Atesh and Mussebi, prices of in Timbáktu, 802, 431; valt and gold,
to Egé, ii. 612; Egy to Yen or Beled el principal articles of barter from the
Omiyán, 613.

times, 361; bitter quality of salt at Bilm, L
M'awo to 'Tághgel, il. 608.

392; excellence of salt of Taidenni, HL, 164:
Routes in Kánem in the sixteenth century, ii. how it is obtained, 361: salt of Ingal, L SGS :
617-637.

crust of, on elevated ground, 130 : corn-felds
Ngógimi to Egé, ii. 612.

thickly encrusted with, 147, localities of, Brem
Yawo to M'awó, ii, 611.

tween Asiu and Tawát, 604; prepared from eap-
Kanó and neighboring provinces : from Dárasó paris and neat-dung, ii. 960, mode of extract.
to Yákoba, i. 624.

ing from earth in the vale of 1 ógha, IIL 164:
Kanó to Katab, i. 616; Katab to Yákoba, 618 mode of preparing, and raltpits at kalala vi-

Kanó to Yákoba, 617 ; to Zinder, 610; by lage, 613; mode of preparing in Bum uda a
Záriya, to kefh-n-Abdezénga 611.

the Benuwé, ii. 191, note; in Milta, on the
Jerimi a-n-Darróro to Kefti-n-Abdezénga, Shri, 260; want of, bow deeply felt, iH. 674,

with branch to Láfiya Beréberó, i. 614. note.
Katágum to shéra, i. 625; Shéra to Yokoba, Salt trade in Kanó, i. 615; in Timbuktu, IIL 328,
626.

361.
Keffi-n-Abdezénga to Tóto and Fánda, i. 614. Salt caravan, i. 392; estimate of its number, 451
Záriya, by katab, to Darróro, l. 613.

See Airi.
To Yákoba, from different points, i 619. Sanchérgu, farming hamlet, iil. 179.

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of Berberge and neince, i. 262.

Sand-hills between Shiyati and El Gharbi, journeyl notices of, 328; villages, 340; remarkable char-

over, i. 139-143; menace the plantations, 141;i acteristics, 328, 504; amount of their cavalry,
isolated sand-hills without water, called Aukár, 640.
or Askela, iii. 712 ; immense ridges of sand-hills Shúwa tribes in Bagirmi, ii. 652.
in the Western desert, 716, 713.

Sidi A'lawáte, interview with, iii. 276; presents
Sánem ben Hamedan, ruins of the temple of, i. 86. extorted by, 300; religious discussion with, 304.
San-koró, mosque of, iii. 324: how restored, 395. Sidi 'Ali ben sálah chapel and ruins, i. 81.
San-shirfu, the Kádhi, iii. 656.

Sidi 'Ali, merchant in kanó, 492, iii. 573.
Sansanne 'Aisa, walled town, iii. 102.

Sidi Mohammed, El Bakáy's elder brother, arrives
Sansánne Mangho, Mandingo town, iii, 645; the at Timbuktu, 373; interests himself' in my
gold weight ot, 360.

favor, 378; his character, 395.
Sanyáre town, iii. 266.

Síggedim oasis, iii. 620.
Sár described, ii. 690.

Silla, very important town on upper Niger, where
Sarawu, important double village; hut described, cotton weaving first flourished, iii. 364.
ii. 14), 147.

Silk cotton-tree, immense specimens of, placed at
Sarayámo town and inhabitants, ili. 256.

the gates of many a town in Negroland, i. 483,
Sáre-dina town, on upper Niger, iii, 708.

iii. 566.
Say, important town on the Niger, iii. 171 ; mar- Sing-melék, the vizier, in Wádáy, ii. 657.
ket, 176, 177 its importance for European traf-Sirba river, iii. 190 ; reed-raft, 190; country
fic, 177; second residence at, 534; market, 535;) yond, 191'; its appearance at Gárbegurú, 527;
appearance of the Niger at, 536.

and at Kuttukóle, 528.
Say, valley of, iii. 533.

Sínder town and island, in the Niger, iii. 521.
Scorpion, effects of bite of a, ii. 346.

Síttahe village, ii. 434.
Scott the sailor, iii. 689.

Slave-hunting and butchery, ii. 369, 379; conse.
Sculptures in the desert, i. 177.

quences, 394.
Sebba, chief place of Yágha, town and inhabitants, Slavery in A'damáwa, ii. 190.

iii. 194-197; hut described and figured, 195. Slavery and the slave-trade, influence of firearms
Sebkha, explanation of the term, i. 35.

and civilization upon the increase of, ii. 326;
Séfuwa'dynasty, its foundation in Kánem, ii, 21;1 domestic--its quiet course, i. 439, 527.
of Berber origin, 26.

Slave-trade in Kanó, i. 515.
Segóro village and neighborhood, ii. 141.

Slaves cruelly treated by the Tebú, iii. 606 yoked
Selúfiet, valley and village, i. 262.

to the plow in the valley of Aúderas, i, 311:
Senhája tribe noticed, iii. 661.

prices of, in the countries S. of Bagirmi, ii. 519;
Senudébu village and hills, iii. 528.

in Más-ena, 540.
Sepulchre of Sidi Mukhtar at Timbuktu, ili, 380. Smelting furnaces described and figured, iji. 188.
Sepulchral monument in Wadi Tagije, i. 114; at Smoking, Músgu passionately fond of, ii. 396; in-
Taboniye, 119.

habitants of Niger likewise, iii. 416.
Sepulchres of the Músgu, ii. 366.

Snake, large, killed, ii. 270.
Sesamum, cultivation of, i. 488, ii. 142, 595; in So or Šoy tribe, of its former power, ii. 32, 585, 586;
Adamawa, 193, 480, 494, 558, iii. 533.'

reduced by the king Edris Ā'lawoma, 5.3; one of
Sfákes, halt at, i. 31; voyage hence to Zarzis, 31, their former capitals, 438.
35.

Soda, corn-fields thickly incrusted with, i. 147.
Shabáre village, iii. 79.

Sóf e' jin, rich valley, its fertility, i. 105.
Sh'abet el Kadím, Roman milestones near, i. 98. Sókna town noticed, iii. 637.
Sh'abet l'm el Kharab, Christian remains in the, Isókoto, present state of, iii. 117; aspect of the
i. 107.

country, 124; rulers of, 635; F'úlbe tribes in,
Shámo district, ii. 102.

636.
Shári river, ii. 463, 473, 477; places on the, from sókoto town described, iii. 128; second visit to,

Búgomán upward, 677; from Búgomán down- 556; swollen torrent, 557.
ward, 694; meaning of name, 383.

Song of Sheikh 'Othmán, iji. 636.
Shechéri village, iii. 588.

Songhay, historical notices of, iii. 281 ; its civil
Sheikh Sidi Ahmed el Bakáy arrives in Timbúk- polity, 289 ; provinces, 289-91; commerce, 234;

tu, iii. 307 ; first interview with, 309, 311 ; reli- army, 295 ; and neighboring kingdoms, chrono-
gious discussions with, 327, 343; his attachment logical table of, 657.
to his family, 328 ; pedigree of, 649; two poems Songhay, independent, between the Niger and my
by, 650: translated, 655; his letter of recom route by Yágha and Libtáko, chief towns and
mendation, 764; his unceasing kindness, 355: residences of the, iii. 769 ; an inhospitable race,
delivers a lecture on the equal rank of the proph- 170, 494; their mode of carrying water in buck-
ets, 372; prays at the sepulchre for his mother-

lets, 219.
in-law's soul, 380 ; his noble family, 447; part-Songhay and Fúlbe costume and weapons, iii. 539.
ing with, 493.

Songho-sare, farming village, iii. 169.
Shell money, mode of reckoning, i. 442; shells Sonni 'Ali, king of Negroland, iji. 286, 664; plun-

principal currency in Kanó, 522; recently in- ders Timbuktu, 665; conquers Baghena, 605;
troduced into Kúkawa, ii. 65; current in Muni-l drowned, 666.
yó, iii. 53; in Zinder, 75; in Sókoto, 122, 126; Spider, large poisonous, iii. 454.

in Yágha, 197 : in Stirrup, Arab, valuable properties of. ii. 394.
Dóre, 203; in Timbuktu, 303; in Bunka, 569 ; Subterranean villages in the Ghurián, i. 63.
no currency in the country towns of Bórnu, i. Súdo-melle market-place, iii. 645.
55; in A'damáwa, 151; in Bagirmi, 511; none Sugárti tribe, costume of, ii. 67.

Súk town, notice of, iii. 458, 684.
Shibdáwá village, rich scenery, i. 492.

Sulléri town, ii. 162, 200; described, iii. 44.
Shigge, term for cotton in Western Negrola Summoli, peculiar species of wild cat, described,
303 note, Kserát shigge, 701.

ii. 350.
Shinghit town and inhabitants described, iii. 705, Sungururó village, ill. 101.
714; extension of name, Shenágita, ib.

Superstition, i. 519 ; ii. 381.
Shirts, common white of Bórnu, the commercial Surk, tribe, iii. 339, 688.

medium in Kánem, ii. 283; also in Bagirm Súwa-Kolólluwa well, iii. 51.
511; and in A'damáwa, 151; even in Kukawa, Syllebáwa, or Sissilbe, divisions of the tribe, 'iii.
for buying large objects, 165. See Tobes.

130, note.
Shitati district, vales of, ii. 308; Shitáti tribe call-
ed after the district, 607.

Taboniye, Roman sepulchres near this well, i. 118,
Shúwa Arabs, notices of the, il. 88; population, 120.

Shin l'sayé, iii. 3302, 151; in Bacins of Bórnu,

75_S3.

Tábu, or great army of the Awelímmiden, iii. 382. Terguláwen well,

ha Avelimmiden. iii. 382. Terguláwen well, dangerous locality. i 404
Tademékket tribe, historical notice and subdivi. Terinites used as food, ii. 230. See Ante.

sions of, iii. 723; the town called Tademkéka by Tessémmak described, i. 169.

the Arab geographers, 335, 65), 458, 684. Tewiwa and its population, i. 147.
Tagabáta village, mountain scenery, iii. 5:28. Thniye eseghira and Thniye el kebira, rog
Tagáma, account of the habits of this tribe, i. 407. passages, iii. 623.
Tagan.ma town described, i. 547.

Tiboráwen, rapids of the Niger near, iii. 508
Tagánet, district of Western desert described, and Tidik valley, i. 357.
Moorish tribes in, iii. 713.

Tigóre, farming village, iii. 169.
Tagánet, other more limited district of same name Tigedda valley described, i. 307.
to the north of Timbuktu, iii, 695, 695.

Tiggers-n-dumma mountain group. iii. 621
Tágelel, village of A'nnur, described, i. 421. |Tigger-urtin and its inhabitante, i 300.
Ta-gherbúst and picturesque fountain, i. 47. Tihore, village, iii. 170.
Tághist valley, celebrated place of prayer, i. 310. Tillage, peculiar mode of, in Bagirmi, ii 5
Tahónt-n-eggish, first rocky island in the Niger, Tilli town and inhabitants, iii. 158. 548
iii. 452.

Timbuktu, approach to, iii. 278; political sitantin
Tailelt tobes, i. 345, 513, passim.

297 ; view over the town, 302; plan of a base
Tájakánt tribe keep up the communication be- 307 ; the great mosque, 322, 669 ; Mongor 2-

tween Timbuktu and Morocco, iii. 330, 346, 366. koré, 662; ground-plan of the town, 323; de
Tákala town, iii. 768.

scription of the town, 325; its former extent
Tákulum, valley of Kánem, ii. 306.

324, population, 326, the inundation, 44: Rab
Talba, walled town, iii. 150.

sides, 376; its origin, 284; when founded, GOD:
Talisman, curious one at Taganáma, i. 549. becomes dependent on Melle, 669; destrud by
Tamarind-tree, its beautiful shady character, prin-1 the King of Mósi, 669 ; visited by E'ba katuta

cipal ornament of Negroland, i. 418 ; first full 663; becomes known to Europeans, 664; CD-
grown specimen, 430; splendid specimens, ii. 61, quered by the I'móshagh, 664; plundered by
iii. 62; on the Niger, 413, 504; silk-worm feed Sonni 'Ali, 665; becomes more important, ;
ing on the leaves of the tamarind-tree, i. 513, conquered by Jodar, 676; commerce, 675:
note; the fruit the most refreshing drink, ii. 518, ent commercial relations of, 357; commer
passim ; best medicine for usual tropical disease, importance of its position, 869 ; identity of
560 : with fried onions, pleasant lunch, iii. 127. language with that of A'gades, i. 834; hy se
Tamki, dress and food of the, ii. 688.

few trees in the town, iii. 322: not considered
Tanéra town, iii. 646.

very healthy, 341 ; late hours, 348, 385.
Tántanah, mountain, probable (uncertain] identi- Timme town, iii. 687.“
fication of, i. 215.

Timmisau well, footprint of Moses' horse Dear,
Tarabanása, their camp and costume, iii, 408. iii. 684.
Táramt district, W. of Gógó, iii. 495.

Tindirma town, iii, 230, 789.
Tarhóna, the district and its ruins describe i. Tinge town and inhabitants, iii. 214.

Tin-ger-égedesh, notice of the tribe, iii. 463.
Tasáwa territory, revenues of, i. 434; the town Tin-rássen, interesting incident in African var-
and its inhabitante, 436; market, 443.

fare at, iii. 402.
Tasawa, village of Fezzán, i. 162.

Tin-shamán, former capital of A'eben, 1 277.
Taútilt camping-ground described, iii. 410. Tin-sherifen district, iii. 457; appearance of the
Tawárek, we Imeshagh, chiefs arrive at the camp Niger at, 460.
near Tasáwa village, negotiations with them, i. Tin-tagh-odo, important villa
165; their continual advance into Negroland, Tin-téggana valley, i. 379.
iii. 19; chiefs at Timbáktu, letter of franchise Tintéllust valley described, i. 274; village now
obtained from, 340; encampment, 236-238 ; cos- dence of the powerful chief A’nnur, ibid, dem ri-
tume, 243; want of unity, 371.

ed, 378.
Tawash, Roman sepulchre near, i. 146.

Tintúmma desert, iii. 608.
Tawát, the people of, the chief merchants in A'ga- Tinýlkum, account of this tribe, i. 108; their con-
des, i. 317; in Timbuktu, iii. 346, 36%; my chief duct in our adversities, 200, 254
protectors, 389, 420; their relation to the l rench, Tishit town, its inhabitants and produce, liL TOL
421; said to pay tribute to them, 618; the horse Tobacco cultivated in Kátsena, i. 483; of hatsenus
of Tawát, i. 339, note,

much esteemed, iii. 85; little cultivated in Bor.
Tebu, form of the name, ii, 26, 624; their near re- nu, 90; varieties in or near Timbuktu, 365, in

lation to the Kanúri, 30, 284; their long wars Ghérgo, 439; Bamba and E'gedesh, 44; culti-
with the former, 683; their tribes, families, and vated in great extent by the Músgu, il 96:
settlements, 613; their former settlements informerly in great extent along the Niger, it
Kánem, 632, 633; their settlements along the 411, 412; prohibited in Timbáktu, 369; toboro
Komádugu, i. 670, ii. 595, iii. 27; their cruelty chewed with patron by the hel-owi, 1. 819
toward their slaves, 606; the towns and vil. Tobes, varieties of, i. 510; made in Sansándi, IL
lages along Tebu road, 612; their predilection 494.
for dried fish, 619; their commercial journeys Toe, destruction of the little, by a flesh-zoru, IL
to Mándará, ii. 100.

496.
Tesinagh inscription, i. 233; writing, iii. 416. Tolba, or Zuwaye, peaceable tribes of Arale, ideo.
Tegérri village in Fezzán, iii. 624.

tical with the term Anislimen among the laws
Teghdaust, important tribe of western desert, iii. rek, iii. 711, passim.
711.

Tombs in Músgu country, il. 366.
Tejigja, town in the district A'derér, ill. 713. Tombo province and inhabitants, notice of, til 642
Tektake village and inhabitants, iii. 707.

Tóddibi mount, iii. 472.
Teléshera peak, ascent of, i. 390.

Tóndifú village, iii. 171 ; swarms of birds at,
Telisaghé, remarkable sculptures at, i 174.
Temáshight, story of the Prodigal son in, iii. 762: Tongi hamlet, iii. 499.
vocabulary, 724, 761.

Tónorár village, iii. 701.
Tenge village, iii. 6.8.

Tornáre village on the Niger, busy state of the
Téngik, the most elevated peak in Air, i. 236, 262. river at, iii. 618.
Tents, the kind suitable for travelers in hot cli-Tórnye, remarkable narrowing of the Niger at, fil.
mates, i. 90; advantage of a few days' residence 463.
previous to starting, 91.

Toso, edible fruit of the Bassin Parkii, il 100.
Téra and its inhabitants, ill. 768; the last Song. See Butter-tree.
hay king's leave-taking in Tera, 677.

Trik el Merhóma track, iil. 628.

537.

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Tsád, ecteristic features, 64; represe u; the open Water coma the Bay of Biyafra, ii, Niger, iii. 59,

Tripoli, arrival at, i. 39; excursion from, 40-8); Warm clothing, would find a ready sale in Cen.

final departure from, 91; return and embarka- tral Africa, ii. 334.
tion for Marseilles, iii. 629,630; importance of Warrington, 1 rederic, his kind services, i. 39, iii.
Tripoli for the intercourse with the interior, 624, 627.
Preface, p. xi.

Wáse town, iii. 580.
Truflles common in many parts of the desert, i. Water, scarcity of, in many districts of Bórnu,
128.

i. 551, 587 ; in Bagirmi, ii. 480; water unwhole-
Tsád, excursion to the, ii, 63; description of its some, iii. 532, 548.

characteristic features, 64; representation of the Water combat, ii. 385.
grounds along its swampy shore, 71; the open Water communication between the basin of the
water, 70; a fresh-water lake, 267; mentioned Tsad and the Bay of Biyáfra, ii. 391.
in document, 636.

Water lilies in Tsad, ii. 75; in Niger, iii. 59,
Táburi and their lake, ii. 387; Dr. Vogel's exag- 441.

gerated opinion of its size and importance, 16. Water-melons the principal food of the Kóbetát
Compare i. 638.

tribe, iii. 606.
Tulip-tree, i. 430.

Wáza district described, ii. 420.
Tumpenga town, desolate site of, iii. 199.

Welád Bú-Sef, account of this tribe, i. 117.
Túnguré valley, cotton plantations and palm Welád Slimán, camp of, ii. 271 ; history of the
grove, iii. 52.

tribe, 273; interview with their sheikh, 277;
Tunis, journey from, to Tripoli, i. 29-39.

their habits and mode of life, 278; Jewish ad-
Túri, term, meaning of, i. 36), note.

venturer, 283; preparations for attack, 295; at-
Turtles in Damerghú, i. 418; in Kánem, ii. 281;tacked by the natives, 304, 305.
near Kúbo, iii. 921.

Well, greater industry in raising water from, iii.
Týggebo village and inhabitants, iii. 704.

78.
Týnjur, tribe of, their dominion, ii. 543, 643; re- Wells of Koyám very deep, iii. 25, 591; A'zawad,
mains of them in Mondo, 572, 611.

the most famous of, 686; of Dibbela impregna-

ted with natron, 611; of Mul and U'nghurutin,
L’ba, northern frontier town of A'damáwa, de- 607; of Tagánet, the most famous, 686; of Zaw-
scribed, ii. 126, 212.

kura, 611.
Cgréfe, the village and its inhabitants, i. 143. Wheat, cultivated in Ngornu, ii. 57, 427; princely
l'jó, fertile and populous district, the finest dis dish in A'gades, i, 327 ; at Yó, ii. 253; in Wu-

trict of Bórnu, ii. 93, 219; relation to slave shek, iii. 60; on the Niger, 442; at the Ras el
trade, 98.

heat and rice fetch double the price
Clákiás, deep well, iii. 695.

of the native corn, ii. 57.
L'le-Tehárge sandy downs described, iii. 428. White ant, northern limit of, iii. 306.
I'm el 'Arúk village, iii. 701.

Wild oxen, numerous in the desert, i, 225, iii. 611.
l'm e' Zerzán, i. 52; Roman sepulchre i

See Antilope Bubalis.
L'nán, valley, i. 399.

Women of Kukawa contrasted with those of Kanó,
U'ra, well of, i. 595.

ii. 59.

Wuéelleri stockade, i. 550.
Vegetables, common, of the country, i. 491. Wukari, capital of Kororofa, and its inhabitants,
Vocabulary of the Temáshight, as spoken by the i. 620.
Awelímmiden, iii. 724.

Wúliya district, beauty and careful cultivation of
Vogel, Dr., meeting with, in the forest, iii. 586; the, ii. 383.
and at Kúkawa, 593; his journey to Gombe and Wúlu village and inhabitants, iii. 208.
Yákoba, i. 618, 623; to Wádáy, ii. 618. Wurnó described, iii. 118; second visit to, 560;

attack of dysentery at, 560.
Wadán, town in Aderér, and inhabitants de-Wushek town and inhabitants, described, iii. 57.

scribed, iii. 714; Portuguese factory in, 665.
Wadán, town in Fezzán, formerly belonging to Yágha principality, iii. 194; places belonging to,
Bórnu, ii. 584.

196, note.
Wadán (Ovis tragelaphus), i. 227, passim. Yakoba, its position, ii. 611.
Wádáy, historical sketch of, ii, 644 ; ethnograph. Yali water, iii. 197.

ical account of, 649 ; government of, 653; army, Yalowe, river bed, ii. 332.
658; household of the sultan, 659; towns and Yámiya well, iii. 44.
villages, 659; commerce and market - places, Yams not indigenous in the interior of Africa, iii.
659; manufactures and productions, 661; learn- 90; not cultivated in Bórnu, ii. 57; cultivated
ing and food, 661.

to some extent in A'damáwa, 205; in Korórofa,
Wádi town, i. 5:37.

621; in Kebbi, iii. 140; eastern limit of culti.
Wádi Kawár, iii. 614.

vation, near Kátsena, ib.
Wadi Rán and its caverns, i. 67.

Yára, ruined town, iii. 150.
Wádi Sóf-e'-jin, ruined castle at, i. 107.

Yá saláme and Konári, list of places between, iii.
Wádi Tagije, fine sepulchral monument i i. 693.
113.

Yá-saláme and Saredina, list of places between,
Wadi Talha, Roman ruins at, i. 111.

iii. 693.
Wádi Zemzem and its wells, i. 117, iii. 698. Yá-saláme and sókolo, towns and villages be-
Wákoré, indigenous name of a great section of the tween, iii. 700.
Mandingoes, iii. 702.

Yáuri, towns, villages, and tribes in, iii. 641.
Wákuró village, iii. 707.

Yelé district, ii. 224.
Waláta town and inhabitants, important trading Yélu town, iii. 165.

place in the time of Ebn Batuta, iii. 665; de- Yen, chief town of Burgu, described, ii. 613.
cline, 665, 695.

Yendi town noticed, iii, 645.
Wándala (Mándará) mountains, ii. 115.

Yerimari town, iii, 580.
Wandering Arabs migrating, ii. 223.

Yerimari village, ii. 103.
Wangara village, ii. 572.

Yó town and vicinity, ii. 249; stay at, iii. 602.
Wangaráwa, name of the eastern Mandingoes, iii. Yola town and its inhabitants, ii. 179; described,

111, 202, 645, 646; merchants in Kátsena Wan. 189.
garáwa, i. 479.

Yowarı, important town on Niger, described, iii.
Wani river, i. 660.

688, 669.
Wanja village and inhabitants, iii. 707.

Yowaru and Yá-saláme, list of places between, iii.
Wántila village, iii. 528.

693.
Wára described, ii. 664.

|Yuri, cliffs on the Niger, iii. 532.

Zá Alayámin founds the dynasty of Za, iii. 657. Zéngiri komádugu at, iii. 32.
Zabérma, towns, villages, and tribes in, iii, 642; Zokka, town and fortifications, iii. 94
historical notice of, 239.

Zenne, or plaid, varieties of, i. 510.
Zágha town, on l'pper Niger, of great importance Zenzúr, town of, described, 1. 41
in former times, iii. 691.

Zinder town, account of, iii. 72.
Zágha, town of Déndina, iii. 289, 639.

Zintán, account of the people of, 1. 195.
Zánfara, present condition of the province, iii. 97, Zogháwa, tribe of, ii. 652.
633; historical notices, 634.

Zogirma and its inhabitants, iii. 158.
Zangway, monitor, footprints of the, i

Zógoma, town, ii. 338.
Zánkara district, towns in, iii. 693.

| Zoromáwa, or Zoghorán, their first appearance
Záriya, its astronomical position, i. 611 ; tribute iii. 679; their amalgamation with the Falbe.
paid by, iii. 95.

112; their importance in Sokoto, 19.
Zarzis described, i. 35; journey hence to Zowára, Zowára and surrounding country, i. 38.
35-37.

Zurrikulo town, i. 561, iii. 42, 558.
Zawiya and surrounding country, i. 42.

|Zyrmi town, iii. 97.

THE END.

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