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Part watch them under Colonel Palmer, who had in. 1. discreetly, and against orders, lodged themselves,

on and continued in the fort of Moosa, which the 1740. general had demolished purposely that no refuge

should be taken in so weak a place. Besides, the intention of this detachment was for a scouting party, to prevent the Spaniards from driving cattle into the town, and to shun any engagement. At Moofa the Spaniards took several prisoners, insulted the bodies of the dead, and amongst the prisoners, took an Indian named Nicolaula, and delivered him over to the Yaeaffee. nation to burn him alive ; on which General Oglethorpe sent a drum with a message to the governor from the Indian king of the Cherokees, acquainting him, that if he burnt Nicolausa he would burn a Spanish horseman whom he had taken prisoner; and the general mentioned, that as the governor was a gentleman and a man of honour, he was persuaded that he would put an end to the barbarous usage of that country, and from the generosity of a Spanish gentleman, expected he would prevent insults to the bodies of the dead, and cruelties to prisoners: and he rather wished it, least he should be forced, much against his inclination, to retaliations, which the gover-, nor must know he was very able to make, since his prisoners infinitely exceeded those of the. Spaniards. Upon which the governor submitted not to hurt Nicolausi, though they pretended to: charge him with desertion; the Indians on both sides were agreed to be treated as prisoners of war, and an end was put to their barbarous cuir, tom, of burning the unhappy wretches that un- , fortunately fell into their hands.

The general continued bombarding the place, and coming over with the regular troops from



Anastasia to the land side. paffed the Carolina CHAP militia from Cartel to Anastasia, since they could V. be there protected by the seamen; and on the an .23d of June it was agreed, that Capt. Warren, '1740. with the boats from the men of war, the two Doops hired by General Oglethorpe, and the Carolina veffels with their militia, should attack the half gallies, and that upon a signal given, General Oglethorpe should on the land side attack the trenches. This, though a very desperate measure, was pursued; for the whole troops be. longing to the English, including the seamen, were much inferior in number to the garrison ; and the town was covered on one side by a caltle with four bastions and fifty pieces of cannon, from whence they run an entrenchment, Aanked with several faliant angles to fort Coovo, which Jay upon the river St Sebastian; this entrenchment crossed the neck of land from the river Anastasia to that of St Sebastian, and entirely covered the town from the land. The general upon this, drew in all the strength he possibly could, sent for the garrison he had left at Diego, and being joined by them and the Creek Indians, and having made a sufficient number of fafcines, short ladders, provided all other necessaries for attacking the entrenchments, and brought up thirty-six cohorns, he waited for the signal, but received notice that the commodore had resolved to delay the attack.

SICKNESS had spread among the troops, and was daily increasing, the weather being so violently hot that the most hardy among the Indians were unable to support it; and the Spaniards had made a fally with 500 men on the land side, expecting to continue the success they had gained


- at

Par? at Moosa, but were repulsed with confiderable 1. loss, and only two of the English wounded.

The general received a message from Com749. modore Peirce, that upon consultation it was re,

solved, “That it was too rash an attempt to risk the "s boats and seamen, and therefore he had counterço manded Capt. Warren ; that many neceffaries « were wanting in the feet, and the season of the ç year was such, that they could not stay longer on

that station, and that the 5th of July was the ☆ time they were first limited to leave the coast, çwhich, as it was near arrived, he thought o proper to acquaint the general, that the fleet ç muft foon leave the coast, and wished that he

could do him any service in the mean time." The general in vain attempted to alter this resolution ; but the sickness and wants increasing every day, justified it more and more; nay, the Carolina boats were continually going off, and even Captains of their levies privately left the service, and went home with boats and numbers of men.

Whilst these things were doing, Capt. Warren being commanded by the commodore to leave the shore service and go on board his fhip, met with a number of Spanish vessels from Cuba, bringing provisions and men to Augustine, whom he engaged, run one of them ashore and beat her to pieces, but the rest getting into shoal water, made their way to Augustine, by some channels with which the English were then une acquainted. A party of the Creek Indians surprized one of the boats and brought off four priToners to the general, who confessed that there was eleven vessels and 700 men, with a great quantity of provisions got into Augustine, that they beJonged to one of them, and that there had been one more which was sunk by an English man of

war. war. Upon this, all hopes of taking the place CHAP. by famine ceased; the squadron failed, the Ca- V. rolina troops marched away, and the general brought up the rear, being at that time so ill of 1740. a fever as to be carried by men: the garrison making a sally, were repulsed with loss, and one of their officers of horse taken prisoner. The general in his march back, demolished Fort Diego, and nine other of the Spanish forts which were placed on proper passes to hinder the incur. sions of the Creek Indians, whereby all the plantations were destroyed and laid open; so that the Spaniards never since could possess any thing out of the reach of the cannon of Auguftine. The general gave liberty to the soldiers and Indians to drive off the cattle and horses, who carried away 500 of their horses, and several thousands of their cattle,

Thus was the general unfortunately disappointed in accomplishing fo material a fervice as the reduction of Augustine ; which, in justice, ought to be principally attributed to the now and negligent steps taken by the assembly of Carolina, who, instead of the 600 men, and other succours promised to the general to be ready in March, fent only 400, and those chiefly too old or too young for the use of arms, who arrived at the camp too late to be attended with success. In the year 1702, Colonel Moor, then governor of South Carolina, invaded Florida with a much greater force than that commanded by General Oglethorpe; and after he had invested Auguftine for three months, was obliged to raise the fiege, because the town had received a supply of provisions, which rendered his scheme impracticable. But though General Oglethorpe was defeated in his principal aim, he succeeded in his


PART other views, which were to intimidate the SpaI. niards from invading Georgia or Carolina,

and to give those provinces the seasonable and 1740. happy opportunity of enjoying their properties,

free and undisturbed from the calamities and defolation of a proud, arrogant, and revengeful enemy; for the Spaniards, instead of making continual excursions, dreaded the abilities of so able a commander, and very gladly remained inactive and content with their own territories, until the year 1742, when they had collected an army, they imagined too powerful, to meet with the least opposition from the English, and were by their numbers encouraged to attempt an invasion on Georgia.



AFTER the demolition of Chagre, the

brave Admiral Vernon was left a considerable time in America without orders and supplies, and was obliged to remain in a state of inactivity till he could receive a necessary reinforcement. During this interval of action, the admiral, 'ever industrious to promote the interest and trade of his country, posted his cruizing ships in the most advantageous stations for intercepting the Spanish commerce, and attending the motions of the


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