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PART her Hungarian majesty to transmit the records III. and papers belonging to that council from Vic

- enna , but, as the demand was indecently made, 1742. and this princess disacknowledging the validity.

of the imperial election, she refused to comply. with his request; and, soon after, the imperial diet, or assembly of the states, was removed from Ratisbon to Francfort.

The courts of Versailles, Berlin, and Dresden, made early preparations to attack the Austrian forces in Bohemia and Moravia ; the ministry of France were extremely eager to pursue the blow, and destroy the Austrians before they could col. lea a formidable army, sufficient to oppose the confederate forces. To support the war, the dixieme, or tenth penny of the whole substance of every secular subject of France, except the princes of the blood, was ordered to be levied ; this tax, being collected with great severity, exasperated the populace to such a degree, that the public discontent broke out at Lyons into an open infurrection, where many thousands of an enraged multitude assembled, and broke into the houses of the intendant and chief magistrates, with a resolution to make them the victims of their tumultuous rage ; but they happily escaped, and the mob dispersed, without any effusion of blond, or committing any other acts of violence. The ministry also demanded a loan of ten millions of livres from the financiers, or farmers of the royal revenue; the clergy granted his majesty a free gift of fourteen millions of livres; many of the provinces followed their example ; and from the regulations proposed to be made, for the better collecting the public revenues, it was computed they would, this year, produce 232,000,000 of livres, or about 12,000,000 sterling.

DURING the time of these important tranf- CHAP. actions and formidable preparations, the court of II. Vienna neglected no step to put the Austrian armies, both in Bohemia, Moravia, and Bava- 1742. ria, in a condition of acting offensively. The . ministers, and public officers under the government at Vienna, generously relinquished a moiety of their salaries to enable their queen to profecute the war; their example was followed by those in the Austrian Netherlands; and this, together with the supply of 500,000 l. granted to the queen by the British parliament, enabled her majesty to assemble a numerous army in Germa. ny, and to form another in Italy, which, with the allistance of providence, crowned her arms with a glorious and successful campaign.

The British and Austrian ministers at the Hague, strongly follicited the Dutch to send a body of troops to the assistance of the Queen of Hungary; but the French ministry had too much influence among the principal members of the states, and defeated the force of the remonftrances made by the British and Austrian embas. fadors. Though the republic seemned content with their establishment, and desiring no sort of aggrandisement, conceived their true interest to consist in the preservation of the peace and repose they enjoyed, and in the quiet possession of their estates and territories: yet Marshal Maillebois, having posted so great a body of troops near the frontiers of the states, gave the alarm, with much inquietude, to their high mightinesses.

They had made two augmentations in the are my, to watch over the safety of their country and the security of their subjects; and notwithstanding the Marquis de Fenelon, ambassador of France, had declared to them, “ That the VOL I.

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PART 6 march of those troops was not intended against III. ( the dominions or countries belonging to the

e " republic, nor even against their neighbours ; !" 1742. by which expression the states conceived was prin

cipally comprehended, the inhabitants of the
Austrian Netherlands, with whom they had so
strict an union; and though the Cardinal de
Fleury had made assurances to M. Van Hoey,
the Dutch ambassador at Paris, that this army
was never destined directly, nor indirectly, to
give umbrage or trouble to the frontiers of the
republic; yet the states, being sensible of the
dissimulation and perfidy of France, and appre-
hensive that the army under Marshal Mạillebois,
on the Lower Rhine, would speedily receive a
reinforcement, they therefore wisely refolved on
a third augmentation, by which the forces of
the republic were increased to 100,000 men;
their feet was augmented by twenty-five men of
war immediately put into commission, and twen-
ty-five more ordered to be built. To defray
these expences, the States of Holland and West-
frieseland imposed an extraordinary tax on every
wealthy subject, whereby such as had a revenue
from lands, trade, or any thing else, of 609 fio-
rins a year, or upwards, to 12,000 forins a year,
were to pay at the rate of one florin for each hun-
dred: those who had the annual revenue of
12,000 florins, were to pay 300 Aorins a year;
and those whose revenue exceeded 12,000 forins
a year, were to pay at the rate of fifty forins for
every 2,000 they had of annual income: a law

not only expedient, but provident, as it effectu. ' ally raised the necessary supplies for the public

service, and exonerated the poor, without in. commoding their trade, or increasing the number of tax gatherers. This additional augmenta

tion awakéd the fufpicions of France; and though CHAP, the Cardinal de Fleury pretended to have too II. much confidence in their High Mightinesses, to doubt the assurances they had given, that the 1742, augmentation of their troops did not regard France in any degree, and that the republic always intended to maintain a strict and constant union with the king; he was jealous of the British influence among the members of the states, whom he daily perceived to revolt from his views, and on whom he experienced all the force of flattery, and every inducement of corruption, to preserve their adherence to the interest of France; and the cardinal having entirely devoted the Ambassador Van Hoey to his service, that minifter made such artful and partial representations of the friendship and sincerity of the King of France, and the declarations of his miniftry, for the welfare and happiness of the republic; that, notwithstanding the general part of the Dutch were willing and eager to assist the house of Austria, yet, through these artifices of France, this assistance was so long retarded, that the day when the Dutch forces should take the field on such an occasion, appeared to all mankind, as uncertain as the remotest act prescribed in the fartheft page of the book of fate,

While the Dutch were remissively inclined from associating their forces in the field to oppose the French, the negociations of the Queen of Hungary were attended with a more favourable aspect in Italy; where his Sardinian majesty, jealous of the Spaniards acquiring an Italian government, and determining to prevent any invasion there on the Austrian dominions, had promised to assist her Hungarian majesty: and, though the French ministry made very advanta, Bbb 2


PART geous proposals, to draw his . Sardinian majesty

III. from an alliance so prejudicial to the interest of w the house of Bourbon, this prince honourably re1742. jected them all. He observed, that no prince

or state, whose interest and safety depended upon the preservation of the ballance of power in Eų. rope, ought to look, without the deepest concern, upon the complicated distresses of her Hungarian majesty, and the whole house of Auftria. The rapid progress and success of the Pruf. fian arms; the war between Russia and Sweden; the late sudden revolution at Petersburgh, fomented by the emissaries of France, purposely to deprive the Queen of Hungary of any expected relief from the ministry of Russia ; and, above all, the exorbitant power of the house of Bourbon, from whose intrigues it now appeared, that all these public calamities took their rise, were melancholly considerations to his Sardinian majesty ; who, as a man, despised the infractions of the pragmatic sanction; as a prince, looked on himself as affected by such atrocious proceedings; as a neighbour, saw the probability of falling the next facrifice to these violators of public security; as a monarch, he was jealous of a die minution of power, aud tender of the rights and privileges of his subjects; and therefore, he determined to espouse the cause of the Queen of Hungary, by opposing the views of the house. of Bourbon: for this purpose he only waited the arrival of the Austrian army, then assembling under Count Traun, to join them with a body of Piedmontese troops, in the Milanese, .

HAVING thus represented the political conduct of the several powers at variance, it is time to Irace out the military operations of a campaign, that occafioned such an amazing alteration in the

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