Page images

Part order of battle: they were pursued by Lieutena

III. ant-General Jeetz, with a few battalions, and wa Lieutenant-General Buddenbrock, with thirty 1742. squadrons, and the husfars, who did little execu

tion ; aud the Austrians resumed their march in very good order, taking the rout to their camp of Willimow. Though the Prussians continue ed victorious in the field, they purchased the honour at an expensive rate. Among the Austrian infantry 3,000 were either killed or wounded; but their horse sustained only an inconsiderable lofs, the whole, killed and wounded, not exceeding 600 men: the Major-Generals Frakenbergh and Welsh, and Colonel Fours, fell anong the Nain: the Major-Generals Marshal and Pallant, and the Colonels Thierbim and Livingstein, with Baron Hagenback, were the principal officers wounded, who, with goo men, remained prisoners: the Austrians also lost a few colours, with eighteen cannon, and one haubitz, which they were obliged to leave behind for want of carriages. The loss of the Pruflians was little inferior ; this chiefy fell among the cavalry, who had 1,500 men killed, and 6co wounded ; the infantry suffered less, having only 400 men killed, and 200 wounded : among the slain were three colonels, and one major ; and among the wounded one lieutenant general, two majorgenerals, one colonel, four lieutenant-colonels, five majors, Count L'Ostange, about thirty other officers of horse, and some of toot: the Austrians took 1,000 prisoners, and amongst them MajorGeneral Werdeck, who afterwards died of his wounds, and some other officers ; they also carried off 2,000 horses, 14 standards, and two pair of colours.

· WHILE Prince Charles had been thus employ-CHAP. éd against the Pruffians, Prince Lobkowitz was III. very active in disturbing the French and Bavari.w m ans; and having undertaken the siege of the 1742. castle of Frauenberg, encamped at Sahai, to cover the liege. The French marshals resolving to protect the garrison, and the Austrians having possession of Budweis, a strong town sixty-two niles fouth of Prague; a body of French and Bavarians, consisting of 20,000 men, advanced towards Budweis, to cut off the communication of the Austrians with that place, and to relieve the castle of Frauenberg. On their approach, Prince Lobkowitz quitted the fiege, and took his cannon to Budweis. The French, on the 14th of May, came up and marched into the camp which had been quitted by the Austrians; who returned the same day from Budweis, attacked the French about six o'clock in the evening, and were every where successful till night parted the two armies; but as Prince Lobkowitz suspected that the French intended to cut off his retreat to Budweis, he marched back in the night towards that place to prevent them: on this account the French assumed the honour of the victory, though the Austrians did not lose 200 men, and the French lost above 500.

MARSHAL BROGLIO, the next morning, made himself master of Tein, a little town about five miles east of Frauenberg, and fifty S. W. from Prague, where there was a small garrison of Austrians; and afterwards encamped on each side the river in the neighbourhood of that place.

About the same time Prince Lobkowitz fent a detachment of Croats, under the command of General Nadasti, to attack the French garrison



PART at Piseck, a town on the Muldaw to the south

III. of Tein: the general summoned the French, have who refused to surrender; on which the Croats 1742. plunged through the river, swimming with their

sabres in their mouths, and scaled the walls ; which so intimidated thë garrison, that they made little resistance, and threw down their arms, struck with the greatest astonishment at the resolution of the Croats, who found some considerable magazines in the place. While General Nadasti was executing his orders, Prince Lobkowitz appeared before Pilsen, a strong town situate on the river Catburz, forty miles S. W. of Prague, and soon obliged the garrison to surrender prisoners of war; where he took 25 officers and 560 men; as also nine large cannon, fix mortars, and a great quantity of provisions and provender for the men and horses.

On the 16th of May Marshal Belleisle set out for the Prussian camp at Chotusitz to confer with his majesty, and afterwards proceeded to Drefden, with a view to establish the two monarchs in the interest of the Emperor and France; because the French ministry, deeming their alliance too precarious, were determined to try every effort to preserve a confederacy, whose disfolution must be attended with the most fatal confequences to the views of the court of Versailles. But, notwithstanding the abilities of this able negociator, all his schemes were frustrated, all his attempts disappointed: the King of Prussia, and Elector of Saxony, were both jealous of the views of France, and they suspected the court of Verfailles had no real intention of affifting the Emperor, for the conservation of the peace of the enpire: and though France had poured her armies into the heart of Germany, under the plausible


disguise of a guarantee of the treaties of Westpha- CHAP. lia, by which the constitutional rights, liberties, III. and independence of the several states that com-on pose the Germanic body are supported; yet the 1742. , courts of Berlin and Dresden now looked on her preparations in a different light, conjecturing, that the sole views of her policy were founded on principles of disuniting the powers of Germany, of weakening the respective princes that stood in the best capacity of preserving the security of the empire and preventing any designs meditated to incroach on the limits and freedom of the ftates; and, in particular, to debilitate the strength of the house of Austria : they perceived, that however this was effected, whether with or without the assistance of France, her schemes were equally accomplished: they were startled at the reflection of such imminent danger pointing out the fate of Germany; they saw their secret enemy, like a pestilence, enter the bowels, and prey on the vitals of their country; they looked through her mighty plan, and perceived that when one power was destroyed, another must be dismema bered, and another attacked, till France should either reduce the whole body to slavery, or annihilation ; they therefore found themselves oblig: ed to renounce the treaty of Nymphenburgh, and recede from an alliance so destructive to the liberties of the whole German community, so dangerous to their own security, and so pernicious to the safety, freedom, and existence of every monarch, prince, and state in Europe. · For the arrival of this happy day, so effentially necessary for the protection of Germany, and the ballance of the European power, the British ministry were filled with the strongest wishes; but they knew such a favourable event VOL. I.



PART could be effected only by a patient expectation

III. of opportunities, and a politic improvement of in casual advantages, which their ambasfador, the $742. Earl of Hyndford, had received the strongest

directions diligently to embrace, and carefully increase; and who lost no opportunity, neglected no means, and spared no affiduity in promoting an accommodation between the Queen of Hungary with the King of Pruflia and Elector of Saxony. The court of Vienna now as sensibly perceived the necessity of engaging the courts of Berlin and Dresden to defert the confederacy formed against the house of Austria, and were willing to obtain their friendfhip, on much fever: er terms than had been formerly offered by the King of Prussia.

Tae Queen of Hungary kad empowered the Earl of Hyndford to conclude a treaty of amity with the King of Prusfia : this nobleman closely attended the Prussian camp, and having held frequent conferences with his majesty, at length, after the battle of Czaslaw, in conjunction with Count Podewils, the Prussian secretary of state, a separate treaty of peace was agreed on, and the preliminary articles signed at Breslaw on the ixth of June 1742, between her majesty the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and his majesty the King of Prussia, of which the following were the principal articles:

By the 5th article, “ The Queen of Hungary 16 yielded in perpetuity, and in full sovereignty, co to the King of Prussia and his succeffors, as 6 well the low as the high Silesia, except the ¢¢ principality of Teschen, the city of Troppau, " and the country lying between the pau and CG the high mountains bounding upper Silefia; « as also the lordship of Herrendorff, and other

6 districts

« PreviousContinue »