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PART ply of arms and ammunition for the Mosquito In.

1. dians, who on his arrival found them afsembled,

W and ready for any expedition. This is a small 17:40, but warlike body of Indians, strongly attached to

the British interest, and perpetually at variance with the Spaniards; and with 500 of these hardy men under his command, Lieutenant Hodgson proceeded to a Spanish secclement on Carpenter's River, about 120 leagues west of Porto Bello, where they made a considerable booty in silver and cocoa; and as the Spaniards never entertained the least suspicion of luch an enterprize, they had made no preparations to prevent the execu. tion of it, so that if this party of men had' expeditiously pushed their way, they might have plundered and destroyed all the Spanish settlements in their passage, and probably have surprized the opulent town of Panama, their principal view : but the Indians, discontented at the prospect of fo long and laborious a: march; refused to proceed, and Lieutenant Hodgson was obliged to abandon the enterprize and return to Jamaica. Had fuch an expedition been properly conducted with 1,000 able disciplined men, great ad. vantages might have attended it; for the Europe. an Spaniards act like arbitrary tyrants over the natives, both creol Spaniards and Indians, who might be very easily induced to revolt, and promote any invasion, in a country where they are treated with the urmoft fervility and contempt; nay, not above four years before Lieutenant Hodg. fon's expedition, 30,000 Indians who inhabited near La Vera Paz, on the borders of Honduras, actually renounced any allegiance to the Spania ards, threw off the galling yoke of Navery, and shewed a determined resolution to defend their independence and liberty. Therefore, on being

properly

properly supplied with arms, 'hów willing and Chap. how fond would they have been to have united : III. their strength and efforts to rout the Spaniards out of the country; or by altering their conditions, 1740. to make those usurping and cruel masters bewers“ of wood and drawers of water to the very flaves they had so despicably used and ungenerously debased ? And if there once had been a considerable insurrection of the Guatimalla Indians, vigorously supported by their neighbours the Mosquitoes, and a proper force from Jamaica, a general revolt. would foon have ensued throughout the whole -Spanish territories, both in Mexico and Peru, which they were much inclined to, and wanted nothing but arms to recover the native freedom of their ancestors, before they fell a barbarous and wanton sacrifice to the avarice of the subjects, ... and aggrandizement of the crown of Spain. Such a revolt would have been the more easily facilita- : ted, as the Indians have a traditional prophecy among them, s. That a hation will, one time or " other, come and assist them to drive out the " Spaniards;" and happy for Britain had it been effected by her allistance, the Spanish insolence had then been no longer supported by the wealth of the Columbian world, that wealth for which thefe regions of undiscovered peace and simplicia) ty, were inhumanly bathed with the blood of its royal Yncas, and millions of inhabitants, and : for which their posterity would freely.devote their lives to procure ample vengeance on the Spaniards : and could they succeed in this their cardinal passion revenge, those that, affifted them would consequently be the favourite nation, and reap all the advantages poffefied by the Spaniards; for 'ic is the Indians that cultivate the country, work in the mines, and make all their manufacturesy

I 2

which

which they could do as well if there was not a Spaniard in the country.

CHAPTER IV.

EUROPEAN tranfactions between the

courts of Great Britain and SPAIN in 1740.

PART VI HILE Admiral Vernon was thus increafI. W ing his naval honours, the joyful news of

the reduction of Porto Bello was spread all over 1740. the British dominions immediately after the arriv

al of Capt. Rentone in London, where he delivered the admiral's letters to the duke of Newcastle on the 13th of March. As so important an acquisition was obtained by fix men of war only, with such an inconsiderable number of land forces, it diffused a general joy through the whole kingdom. This enterprize being so prudently conducted and so bravely executed, the people were now feasible of the force of the British arms, di, rected by an able commander; the name of Vernon becaine idolized among the populace, he was looked upon as another Drake or Ruffel in England, he was esteemed as a second Raleigh or Blake in America, and highly venerated lay all ranks and conditions of men throughout tbe Britich dominions. His Britannic majesty was fo fully. pessoaded of the admiral's zeal for his

service,

service, and of his prudence and good conduct in CHAP. taking such measures as should the more effectu- IV. ally conduce thereto, that the king did not think it proper to prescribe any particular service to be 1740. undertaken by che admiral, but left it entirely to his direction to act against the Spaniards, in such manner and in such places as should appear to him best to anfwer the ends proposed by his majesty's former orders: his majesty also gave particular command to the duke of Newcastle, to assure the admiral of his entire approbation of his conduct and behaviour shewed in this action, and in the humanity with which he treated the inhabitants after the reduction of Porto Bello.

On the 18th of March an address was present. ed to his majesty by both houses of parliament, " Congratulating him on the success of admiral 66 Vernon by entering the port and taking the " town of Porto Bello, and demolishing and 66 levelling all the forts and castles belonging " thereto, with fix ships of war only; and re" presenting that it could not fail of giving the « utmost joy to all his majesty's subjects, since it 66 afforded the most reasonable hopes and expect«4 ations, that it might be attended with other o important advantages, and highly contribute 16 to the obtaining real and effectual fecurity of « those just rights of navigation and commerce « belonging to his majesty's subjects, for the pre"servation of which his majesty entered into that 66 neceffary war." In anfwer to which his majesty was most graciously pleased « To thank w them for their dutiful congratulation on this es success of his arms, which was so much for the " honour and interest of his crown and king¢ dom; and that the satisfaction they expressed

66 in

V

Partn“.in the measures he had taken was very agree

1. " able to him." .

w On this occasion the city of London presented 1740. an address to his majelly, to congratulate him on

the glorious success of Admiral Vernon: they re-
presented “. That the execution of this import-
i ant service, with so small a force and with so
“ much intrepidity, would greatly redound to
" the reputation of his majesty's armis, and strike
“ a terror into the enemy, who would by expe-
"rience be convinced (whatever mistaken noti-,
« ons they might have formed from England's
" long forbearance) that the maritime power of
« Great Britain being at length exerted, was able
" effectually to vindicate the glory of his ma-
" jesty's crown, revenge the injuries of the peo-,

s ple, and retrieve the honour of the British flag;
" affuring his majesty that they would chearfully,
" contribute to the utmost of their abilities, in

support of a war so necessary for the protection, " of their long injured trade, and entered into " at the unanimous desire of his majesty's fub., " jects." To which address his majesty was pleased, to make answer, " I thank you for, your congratu"lation; you have no reason to doubt but that,

in all my measures, as I have hitherto had, so < I shall continue to have a due regard to the " honour and interest of my crown and king., v doms, and to the safety and protection of all 54 my subjects.”

The parliament voted « That the thanks of s boib houses Tould be transmitted to the ad. "s miral for his eminent fervices.;" and the citi. zens of London, as a further mark of distinction, voted him the freedom of that city, to be presented in a gold bux.

THE

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