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1683. long returned before two letters came from two mjudges of two of the country courts, that such a W. Penn's proclamation was abroad, that the people tco hear. Lords of ken to it, but yet prayed my directions. I bade plantations, them keep their ground, and not fear, for the
King would be judge. Upon this I dispatched to the Lord Baltimore three of my council, with the clerk of it: As they went they got an authentic copy, under the hand of one of his sheriffs, to whom an original had been directed: But, as the last civility, I would yield him, I forbad them to seem to believe any thing, but what they had from his own mouth. Thus they delivered my letter. .
« At first, he denied any such proclamation, turning to two gentlemen of his council, who stood by, he asked them, if they remembered any such thing? They also denied it. Upon which the persons, I sent, produced the attested
which, refreshing their memories, they confessed there was such a proclamation.
66 But the Lord Baltimore told them, that it was his ancient form, and he only did it to renew his claim, not that he would encourage any to plant there. They then prayed him to call it in, lest any trouble should ensue: but he refused it. This was during a civil treaty, without any demand made, and after the place had been many years in the quiet possession of the Duke...
What to cal this I still humbly refer to my superiors. For his pretensions to those parts I have thoroughly instructed my agent; who, I hope, will be able to detect them of weakness and inconsistency. This is a true, though brief, narrative of the entertainment, I have had from that Lord, in the business be
c. And because I have, as in duty joined, sent an agent extraordinary, to wait upon the King, and his ministers, in the affairs of this province (so foon as I could make any settlement in it) I shall only
letter to the Lords of
humbly pray leave to hint at two or three things, 1683.
II. “ If this were an error, it is grounded upon such skill and instruments, as gave measure to the time, in which his patent was granted:--and if he hath got upon Virginia by that error, he should not get upon me by an exacter knowledge, considering that Carolina, which endeth by degrees, would as much advance upon Virginia, if the reputed latitude of unprejudiced times should take no place;-for by advancing her bounds twenty miles, by a new instrument, beyond the place; which hath been generally taken for thirty-six and an half degrees; and Virginia not being equally able to advance upon Maryland, because of its being at a place certain, The will be greatly narrowed between both.
III. “ I, therefore, most humbly pray, that the
, a province lyeth at
1683. "I have only humbly to add, that the province
hath a prospect of an extraordinary improvement, W. Penn's as well by divers sorts of strangers, as English subLords of jects; that, in all acts of justice, we name and veplantations, nerate the King's authority; that I have followed
the Bishop of London's counsel, by buying, and not taking away the natives' land; with whom I have settled a very kind correspondence. I return my most humble thanks for your former favors, in the passing of my patent, and pray God reward you. I am most ready to obey all your
your commands, according to the obligations of them, and beseech you to take this province into your protection, under his Majesty, and him, whom his goodness hath made Governor of it, into your favours, for that I am, with most sincere devotion,
Tour thankful faithful, friend
WILLIAM Penn. The nature and state of this controversy, about this time, further appear, by the following papers,
viz Lord Bal- 66 Charles Lord Baltimore, absolute Lord and Protimore's
prietary of the province of Maryland and Ava
lon, &c. Talbot, &c.
“ To our dear cousin and counsellor, Colonet George Talbot, Esquire. (L. S.)
« REPOSING special confidence in your wil dom and integrity, I hereby nominate and appoint and impower you to repair forthwith to the Skulkil at Delawaré; and, in my name, to demand of William Penn, Esquire, or of his deputy, all that part of the land, on the west side of the said river, that lyeth to the southward of the fortieth degree, northern latitude, according to an east line, run out from two observations, the one taken the 10th.
of June, 1682, and the other, the 27th. of Septem- 1683.
By virtue of his lordship's commission, whereof
4 GEORGE TALBOT.” (L. S.)
W. Penn's. answer to
1683 William Penn, being at New-York, at the time w of this demand, after his return, made the followW. Penn at ing answer, viz. at this time. An answer to a demand, made to Nicholas Moore,
as my deputy, by Colonel George Talbot, the 24th.
of September, 1683, in pursuance of a commission, Baltimore's · from the Lord Baltimore, Proprietary of Maryland
and Avalon, dated the 17th of the same month.
The demand being grounded upon the commission, I will take things in their order, and begin with the commission.
“ The Lord Baltimore doth commissionate Colo. nel Talbot to go to the west side of the Skulkil to demand of William Penn, Esquire, or his deputy, all that part of land on the west side of that river, that lyeth to the south of the fortieth degree of northerly latitude.
1. “I answer, it seems very slight, abrupt and unprecedented for any person, that is in the quality of a Proprietary of a country, to send to another in the fame circumstance, any extraordinary mesa senger, agent, or commissioner, without fome letter, or memorial, to state the demand, with the reasons of it; the practice of the greatest princes, and might therefore (I conceive) be the condescen. fion of lefser seigniories.
II. “ In the next place, William Penn, Esquire, and the said Penn, (the language of the commission) is not my American style, nor that which belongs to me, in the matter in question; for, as fuch, I keep no deputies.
III. • I live not on the west side of Skulkil, nor any deputy of mine; and I conceive Colonel Talbot could not, by that commission, come to the east fide, to make his demand; which yet he did.
IV. “ I was absent, and at New-York, when this commissioner came; and I never did, nor never will, commission any deputy to treat and conclude away my inheritance, without my particular di