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Reposing special confidence in your justice, 1684wisdom and integrity, I do, by virtue of the King's authority, derived unto me, constitute you, Provincial Judges, for the province and territories, and any legal number of you, a provincial court of judicature, both fixt and circular, as is by law directed; giving you, and



to act therein according to the same, strictly charg.
ing you, and every of you, to do justice to all,
and of all degrees, without delay, fear, or re-
ward; and I do hereby require all persons within
the province and territories aforesaid, to give you
due obedience and respect, belonging to your
ftation, in the discharge of your duties: This com-
mission to be in force during two years, ensuing
the date hereof; you, and every of you, behaving
yourselves well therein, and acting according to
the same.

Given at Philadelphia, the 4th. of the Sixth

month 1684, being the thirty-fixth year of
the King's reign, and the fourth of my go-

Thomas Lloyd, James Claypoole* and Robert Tur-
ner were empowered to sign patents, and grant cers ap-
warrants for lands; and William Clark had a gene-

pointed ral commission, to be justice of the peace throughout the province and territories. Other Justices being likewise appointed, and all things fettled in prietary a promising and prosperous condition, the Proprie- fails for

England tary, on the 12th. of the Sixth month, 1684, failed for Englandet


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* James Claypoole had been a merchant in London.
+ Oldmixon, mentioned in the notes, page 244, says,

" This friendlip and civility of the Pennsylvanian Indians are im-
puted to Mr. Penn, the Proprietor's extreme humanity and bounty to
them; be having laid out fome thousands of pounds, to instruct, support
and oblige them. There are ten Indian nations within the limits of his
province; and the number of fouls of these barbarians is computed to
about 6000.-The number of the inhabitants of Swedish, or Dutch, ex-
traction, may be about 3000 Couls." “ Having made a league of amity
with nineteen Indian Nations, between them and all the English in Amen

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His vale

ter, &c.

1684. But prior to his entirely leaving the country, he

writ from on board the ship, in which he failed, He writes the following most affectionate farewell, to be comboard the municated to those, whom he left behind; which, hip, &c. as a memorial of the father of this country, among

many others, may, in part, shew to posterity, his real concern for the true happiness of the people, both in their temporal and spiritual capacity, and the prosperity of the country in every respect, viz. " For Tho. Lloyd, 7. Claypoole, J. Simcock, Ch. Tay

lor and . Harrison, to be communicated in meetings in Pennsylvania, &c. among

friends: 66 Dear Friends,

“ MY love and my life is to you, and with you; dictory let- and no water can quench it, nor distance wear it

out, or, bring it to an end: I have been with you, cared over you, and served you with unfeigned love; and you are beloved of me, and near to me, beyond utterence. I bless you, in the name and power of the Lord; and my God bless you with his righteousness, peace and plenty, all the land over.

Oh, that


would eye him, in all, through all, and above all the works of

your hands; and let it be your first care, how you inay glorify God in your undertakings: for to a blessed end are you brought hither; and if


fee and keep but in the sense of that Providence, your coming, staying and improving will be sanctified; but if any forget God, and call not upon his nanie, in truth, he will pour out his plagues upon them; and they shall know who it is, that judgeth the children of men.

Oh, now you are come to a quiet land, provoke not the Lord to trouble it; And now liberty

and ricas having established good laws, and seen his capital so well inhabited, that there were theni near 300 houses, and 2500 souls in it, besides twenty other townships, he returned to England, leaving William Markbam, Esquire, Secretary, Mr. Thomas Holme, Surveyor-General; and the administration in the hands of the Council, whose prefident was Thomas Lloyd, Esquire, who, by virtue of his office, held the government several years," &c.


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and authority are with you, and in your hands, let 1684. the government be upon his shoulders, in all

your {pirits; that you may rule for him, under whom W. Penn's the princes of this world will, one day, esteem it


their honor to govern and serve, in their places.
I cannot but say, when these things come mightily
upon my mind, as the Apostles did, of old,
What manner of persons ought we to be, in all
godly conversation.'Truly, the name and honour
of the Lord are deeply concerned in you, as to
the discharge of yourselves, in your present stati-
ons; many eyes being upon you; and remember,
that, as we have been belied about disowning the
true religion, fo, of all government, to behold us
exemplary and christian, in the use of that, will
not only stop our enemies, but minister conviction
to many, on that account, prejudiced. Oh, that
you may fee and know that service, and do it, for
the Lord, in this your day:

“ And, thou, Philadelphia, the virgin settle-
ment of this province, named before thou wert
born, what love, what care, what service, and
what travail has there been, to bring thee forth,
and preserve thee from such as would abuse and
defile thee!

« Oh, that thou mayst be kept from the evil, that would overwhelm thee; that, faithful to the God of thy mercies, in the life of righteousness, thou mayst be preserved to the end:--My soul prays to God for thee, that thou mayst stand in for Philathe day of tryal, that thy children may be blessed delphia, &c. of the Lord, and thy people saved by his pow. er;---my love to thee has been great, and the re


membrance Note, In the year 1684, among other friends and settlers, from Wefmoreland, Thomas Langhorne arrived in Pennsylvania, and settled in Bucks county, about Middletown; where then dwelt Nicholas Walne and others. He was an eminent preacher among the Quakers; and of whom there is a very excellent and extraordinary character, in M. S. from Friends at Kendal in WeAmoreland, by way of certificate, on his removal to this country. He died a few years after his arrival.His son, Jeremiah Langborne was afterwards Chief Justice of the province.

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1684. membrance of thee affects mine heart and mine meye!-the God of eternal strength keep and preW. Penn's serve thee, to his glory and thy peace. valedictory

“ So, dear friends, my love again salutes you all, wishing that grace, mercy and peace, with all temporal blessings, may abound richly among you;--so says, fo prays, your friend and lover in the truth,

" WILLIAM PENN. « From on board the Ketch Endeavour, the Sixth month, 1684."

} In England, on the sixth of the Twelfth month K. Charles this year (1684) died King Charles the second; the second, and was lucceeded by his brother, James, Duke of York, a professed Papist.* --The people were


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* The Proprietary in a letter to Thomas Lloyd, President of the Council, dated, “ London the 16th, of the First month, 1684-5," writes thus on this affair, viz.

" The King is dead; and the Duke succeeds peaceably. He was well on the First-day night, being the first of February (so called;) about eight next morning, as he sat down to fave, his head twitched both ways, or fides; and he gave a fbriek, and fell as dead; and so remained some hours; they opportunely blooded and cupped him, and plied his head with red-hot frying-pans:-He returned, and continued till Sixth-day noon; but mostly in great tortures. He seemed very penitent, asking pardon of all, even the poorelt subject he had wronged; prayed for pardon, and to be delivered out of the world; The Duke appearing mighty humble and sorrowful;~-'twas a loss, with his gain :He was an able man for a divided and troubled kingdoni. The present King was proclaimed about three o'clock that day; a proclamation fotlowed, with the King's speech, to maintain the church and state, as established; to keep property and use clemency.---Tonnage and poundage, with the excise, are revived, de bene effe, till the parliament meet.- Oue is now chusing;-- The people of Westminser just gone by, to chule.--It fits the 19th. of the third month next. In Scotland, one next Severicies continue ftill; but some ease to us faintly promised. Be careful that no indecent speeches pafs against the government; for the King going, with his Queen, publickly to Mass, in Whiteball

, gives occasion.He declared he concealed himself, to ohey his brother, and that now he would be above board; which we like the better, on many accounts. I was with him and told him fo;--but withall, hoped We should come in for a share;-He smiled, and said, he desired not that peaceable people should be disturbed for their religion :-And till his coronation, the 23d. when he and his consort are together, to be crowned, no hopes of release; and till the Parliament no hopes of any fixt liberty. My business, I would hope, is better.-l'he late King, the papists will have, died a Roman Catholic; for he refused (after his ufual way of evading uneasy things, with unpreparedness firit, and then weakness) the church of England's communion. Bishop Ken, of Wells, prelling him, that it

thereupon filled with great apprehensions and 1684.
fears, left, according to the usual practice of w
those religious devotees, who would compel all
people under their power, to their own mode of
religion, as in the persecuting days of Queen
Mary, he should endeavour, by the ruin of the


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would be to his comfort, and that of his people, to see he died of that.
religion, he had made profession of living; but it would not do:-and
once all but the duke, Earl of Bath, and Lord Feverfoam, were turned
out, and one Huddlefione, a Romiß Priest, was seen about that time, near
the chamber. This is most of our news. The popish lords and gentry
go to Whitehall, to mass, daily; and the Tower, (or Royal Chapel) is
crammed (by vying) with the protestant lords and gentry :-

:-The late
King's children, even, by the Dutchess of Portsinouth, go thither. Our
King stands more upon his terms, than the other, with France; and tho'
he has not his brother's abilities, he has great discipline and industry.--
Alas! the world is running over to you; and great quantities together is
to put the sale of lauds out of my own hands, after I have spent what
I got by my own, on the public service: for I am £3,000 worse in my
eftate, than at first; I can say it before the Lord; I have only the com-
fort of having approved myself a faithful steward, to my understanding,
and ability; and yet, I hope, my children fall receive it, in the love of yours,
when we are gone.

The rest of this letter consists principally of falutations to the people, in general, both of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and also to divers par ticulars, by name; with some instructions or directions of a more private nature;--but as the names of such families as the Proprietary expressed this particular respect to, may, at this time, be acceptable to fome, now to fee, they here follow, as transcribed from his own hand, omitting the rest, viz.

Dearly falute me to dear friends, in their meetings, and particularly to dear John Simcock, Christopher Taylor, J, Harrison, J. Claypoole, T. Janny, William Yardley, Thomas Brasby, William Wood, Thomas Ellis, J. Songhurst, John Moon, J. Blunston, Joseph Growden, J. Head, G. Jones, G. Painter, H. Lewis, T. Howell, J. B. and the rest of the Welsh Friends ;-Captain Owen, &c.—Thomas Fitzwater, Janies Barnes, B. Wilcocks, J. Goodson, Thomas Bowman, Widow Fincher, W. Salloway, J. Alloway, R. Wade, R. Turner, Samuel Carpena ter, J. Southern, William Clark, with their families; and all friends on our tide, and the other too (viz. Jersey) particularly, J. Gosling, Anne Jennings, S. Budd, W. Biddle, S. Cooper, R. Stacy and Mahlon, T. Lambert, and widow Welfh.Dr. Moore, J. C. A. Man, P. Aldricks, W. Guest, J. White, W. Durvall.Salute me to the Swedes, Captain Cock, old Peter Cock, and Rambo, and their fons, the Swansons, Andrew Binkson, P. Yoakım and the rest of themi-Their ambassadour here dined with me the other day."--&c.

Keep up the people's hearts and love," &c.--"I hope to be with them next fall, if the Lord prevent not;~1 long to be with you; No tempțations prevail to fix me here;--the Lord send us a good meeting, Amen." &c.

Note, By a warrant to President Lloyd and the Council, dated at London, the 18th of the First-month, 1684-5, William Penn authorized them to commission his coufin, William Markbam, to be secretary of the province and territories, and his fecretary, as proprietary,

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