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means of the Prince of Orange, “ who landed at W. Pean's
Torbay, in Devonshire, on the fifth of November, affairsabout
1688, to the great joy of the English nation. Many the revolu-
of King James's officers and army foon joined the tion in 1638 -
Prince; and the King, perceiving the hearts of the
people alienated from him, withdrew himself, and
went over to France. Hence by a Convention, called
shortly after, the faid Prince of Orange, and the
Princess Mary, his confort, King James's daugh-
ter, were declared King and Queen of England, &c.
and were proclaimed on the thirteenth of February,

Upon this turn of the times, William Penn's
late friendship at court having rendered him fuf-
pected of disaffection to the present government,
on the tenth of December, 1688, when he was
walking in White-Hall, he was sent for by the Lords
of the Council, then sitting; and though nothing
appeared against him, and himself affured them,-
" That he had done nothing, but what he could
answer before God, and all the princes in the
world; that he loved his country, and the Pro.
testant religion above his life, and never acted
against either; that all he ever aimed at, in his
public endeavours, was no other than what the
Prince himself had declared for; that King James
was always his friend, and in gratitude, he was
the King's, and did ever, as much as in him lay,
influence him to his true interest.”-Notwithstand,
ing they obliged him to give securities for his ap-
pearance the first day of the next term, which he
did; and then he was continued, on the fame fe-
curity, to Easter-term following; on the last day
of which, nothing having been laid to his charge,
he was cleared in open court.

“ In the year 1690, he was again brought be-
fore the Lords of the Council, upon an accusation
of holding a correspondence with the late King
James; and they requiring sureties for his appear-


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W. Penn's ance, he appealed to King William himself; who, affairsabout after a conference of near two hours, inclined to the revolu- acquit him, but, to please some of the Council, tion in 1688 he was held upon bail, for a while; and, in Tri.

nity-term, the same year, was again discharged.

“ He was attacked a third time, and his name inserted in a proclamation, dated July the 18th. 1690; wherein he, with divers others, to the number of eighteen, were charged with adhering to the kingdom's enemies; but proof failing, refpecting him, he was again cleared by order of the King's-bench Court, at Westminster, in the last day of Michaelmas-term, 1690.

“ Being now again at liberty, he proposed to go a second time to Pennsylvania, and published proposals in print, for another settlement there. He had so far prepared for this transportation that an order for a convoy was granted him by the Secretary of State, when his voyage was prevented by a fresh accusation against him, backed with the oath of one William Fuller, a wretch, afterwards by Parliament declared a cheat and impostor; and a warrant was thereupon granted, for his apprehension; which he narrowly escaped, at his return from the funeral of George Fox, the first preacher among the Quakers, on the 16th. of January, 1690-1."*


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* W. Penn, in a letter to Thomas Lloyd, dated, “ England, the 14th, of the Fourth-month, 1691," writes on this subject, as follows:

" Dear Friend,

My love, in the unchangeable truth, falutes thee and thine, and the friends and family of God, in those parts, defiring your temporal and everlasting welfare, with an unfeigned affection.

“ By this time thou wilt have heard of the renewal of my troubles, the only let of my return, being in the midst of my preparations, with a great company of adventurers, when they fell upon me. The jealoufies of fome, and unworthy dealing of others have made way for them; but under and over it all, the ancient rock has been my shelter and comfort; and I hope yet to see your faces, with our ancient satisfaction.

The Lord grant, if it be for his glory, whose I desire to be, in all conditions; for this world pafseth away, and the form and beauty of it fadeth; but there are eternal habitations for the faithful; among whom I

my lot may be, rather than among the princes of the earth.

pray that

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Though William Penn had hitherto defended 1690. himself before the King and Council, yet he now thought it more prudent to retire, than to hazard W. Penn the facrificing of his innocence to the oaths of a retirein priprofligate villain; accordingly after an expensive vate, &c. preparation for a large embarkation of freíh colonists for America, he was not only obliged to desist great disadtherefrom, and, at a most critical and neceflitous his affairs, time, in the affairs of his young country to decline and those of

his province furnishing a large increase to its inhabitants, and those means, for its further regulation, establish

To the

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“ I hope I need not urge my circumstances, to excite thy love, care and concern for me and my suffering interest, in that country. I know thou hast better learned Christ and Cato, if I may so fay, and wilt embrace such an opportunity to chuse to express thy friendship and sincerity; nor is uncertainty and changeableness thy fault; wherefore I will say no more, but desire that my afflictions may cease, if not cure your animosities, or discontents, within yourselves, if yet they have coutinued; and that thou wilt, both in governmeat, and to my Commillionners of property, yield thy assistance all thou canít.--By all this God may prepare me to be fitter for future service, even to you there. I ask the people forgiveness for my long stay; but when I consider how much it has been my great loss, and for an ungrateful generation, it is punishment!. It has been 20,000 pounds to my damage, in the country, and above 10,000 pounds here, and to the province 500 families; but the wise God, that can do what he pleases, as well as see what is in man's heart, is able to requite ali; and I am perswaded, all fhall yet work together for good, in this very thing, if we can overlook all, that stands in the way of our views Godward, in public matters.--See that all be done prudently and humbly; and keep down irreverence and looseness, and cherish industry and sobriety. The Lord God Almighty be with you, and amongst you, to his praise and your peace. Salute me to John Simcock, R. Turner, A. Cook, T. Janny, Ph. Pemberton, S. Richardson, W. Yardly, the Welch Friends, and Plimouth Friends, all of them.

“ Thou hast heard of our great loss of dear Fobn Burnyeat, and Robert Lodge, one in Ireland, and t’other in England, in about the same week; and Robert Barclay, Th. Salthouse, and dearly beloved George Fox since: He died at Henry Gouldney's, by Gracious-ftreet meeting-house; where he preached his farewell the First-day, and departed the Third, at Night, between nine and ten. I was with him; he earnettly rećommended to me his love to you all; and said, William, mind poor Friends in America; he died triumphantly over death, very easily foresaw his change; he was buryed on the Sixth-day; like a general meeting; 2000 people at his burial, Firends and others:--I was never more public than that day; I felt myself easy; he was got into his Inn, before the storm that is coming overtook him; and that night, very providentially I escaped the messenger's hands:-I shall add only, that Friends have had an extraordinary time, this General Meeting; fo that God supplied that visible loss with his glorious presence. R. Davies there, but not thy brother, In sincere love I bid thee, thy wife and family, and friends, farewell,

« Thy true friend,

« WILLIAM Penn,"

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1690. ment and happiness, which, it was most probable vfuch an addition, with his presence, would have

administered, but he also appeared very little in public, for two or three years afterwards; and the great disadvantage and embarrassment, which this disappointment cccasioned, both in his private affairs, and those of his colony, at this time, appear, in its effects, the more considerable, on account of the disorder, or diffenfion, between the province and territories; and also the religious disturbance, in the affair of George Keith; both which began about this time; which, it is most probable, his long wanted presence and abilities there would have prevented, or, at least, fome of

the consequences of them. He writes Yet the product of this retirement was feveral in hisretire- valuable treatises, on divers subjects, which, both

for his own amusement, and the common good of the present and future tinies, he writ, during this restraint upon his liberty, till the latter end of the year, 1693; which, as they are extant in his printed works, the world would otherwise, probably, never have seen, nor had the advantage of them. But, first, respecting his retirement, left his Friends, the Quakers, should entertain any finister thoughts of him, he sent the following epistle to their Yearly-meeting, in London, viz.

“ The zoth. of the Third-month, 1691. My beloved, dear and honoured brethren,

66. MY unchangeable love falutes you; and the Friends though I am absent from you, yet I feel the sweet in London, and lowly life of your heavenly fellowship, by in 1691. which I am with you, and a partaker amongst you,

whom I have loved above my chiefest joy: Receive no evil surmisings, neither fuffer hard thoughts, through the insinuations of any, to enter your minds against me, your afflicted, but not forsaken friend and brother. My enemies are yours, and,


W. Penn's

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in the ground, mine for your fakes; and that God W. Penn's
seeth in secret, and will one day reward openly. Epittle to
My privacy is not, because men have sworn truly, in Loncion,
but falfely, against me; For wicked men have laid in 1691.
in wait for me, and falje

, witneses have laid to niy
charge things that I knew not;" who have never
sought myself, but the good of all, through great
exercises; and have done some good, and would
have done more, and hurt no man; but always
desired that truth and righteousness, mercy and
peace might take place amongst us. Feel
you, my dear and beloved brethren, and leave
me not, neither forsake, but wrestle with him,
that is able to prevail against the cruel desires of
fome, but we may yet meet in the congregations
of his people, as in days past, to our mutual
comfort: The everlasting God of his chosen, in
all generations, be in the midst of you, and
crown your most folemn assemblies with his blessed
presence! that his tender, meek, lowly and hea-
venly love and life, may flow among you, and
that he would please to make it a seasoning and
fruitful opportunity to you, desiring to be remem-
bered of you before him, in the nearest and
freshest accesses, who cannot forget you, in the
nearest relation,
Your faithful friend and brother,

" WILLIAM Penn."
Though the Proprietary had, both by charter
and otherwise, endeavoured to connect the pro-
vince and territories of Pennsylvania, in legislation
and government, so as to form one General Affem-
bly, yet the jealousies, and difference of sentiment,
in fome cases, which afterwards arose between the
Representatives of each part, in their legislative
capacity, tending to create feparate interests, and
a rupture between them, were frequently the oc-
casion of great uneasiness to him; whose view was
always to keep them united, judging it most for
the interest of them both, as well as his own.

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