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Hence, upon the province preferring the choice 1691. of a Deputy Governor, contrary to the mind of the territories, and Thomas Lloyd being preferred Th. Lloyd to that office, (which he appears to have accepted of the Prowith some reluctance) the Proprietary commissi- vince & W, onated him Governor of the province, and the of the TerSecretary, William Markham, who appears to have ritories. joined and retired with the protesting members, in their abrupt separation, was, in like manner, appointed over the lower counties, under certain restrictions.
This division of the Legislature appears to have W. Penn been much against the Proprietary's mind; who grievedriat seems to have apprehended dangerous, if not fatal, &c. consequences from it.* He blamed, or, at least,
29th of the Fourth-morth, 1692.
Blackwell's wife, general Lambert's daughter, coming to me about pre-
than upon the spot; and lay their union upon them; for else the Governor of New York is like to have all; if he has it not already. The Lord forgive them their unspeakable injury to me and mine. I have sent, nine months ago, to 7. Goodfon a commission, if my letter prevails not, that was to unite them, that Thomas Lloyd be Gover.
1691. appeared displeased with Thomas Lloyd's conduct,
in accepting of a partial choice, or that of the province only, as if it were in his power to have prevented this division; but the Provincial Council excused him in a letter thereon to the Proprietary and entirely exculpated him from being acceffary thereto, or in any manner promoting this disagreement, throwing the whole blame on the territory men: they declared, that, instead of being a gainer by any public offices, which he had held, Thomas Lloyd had wasted, or confiderably worsted his estate thereby; that, as he was well known to be a lover and promoter of concórd and union, and preferred a private life, so, “ He never accepted of that commision, but by the importunity of his friends, or, at the earnest request of the province itself. This letter was signed by Arthur Cook, John Simcock, Samuel Richardson, James Fox, George Murrie and Samuel Carpenter.
The province and territories continued, in this
manner, about two years; or, till the arrival of of governmest, &c. Governor Fletcher of New York, in April, 1693;
and though they managed better, in this situation, than the Proprietary, at first, feems to have expected from it, and with more harmony than they had done, for some time before; nevertheless, it will hereafter appear that the continued refractoriness of the territories, in their refusing to accept of the new charter, in 1701, was, at length, the occasion of their total separation from the province, in legislation.
Duration of thismode
nor above, and captain Markham, below, under such and such restrictions, &c.--but hear not a word of this. I was going the Second-month at farthest, all things preparing, as friends of London know, when this trouble broke out upon me, in the Eleventh; and such have been my hardfhips, could not get clear without fmares, &c. so, wait God's time, who has a hand in all this; and, I believe, in the end, every way, for good; fo, in true love to thee and thine, and earneit desires to see their faces, I conclude
76 Thy real friend,
" WILLIAM PEN"
The revolution and measures, taken by the pro. 1691. vince, in consequence of this conduct of the territories, with the form of the legislative pro
T. Lloydo ceeding, in the Deputyship of Governor Lloyd, rernor from which commenced about the Third-month, 1691, 3mo. icthe and under the charter then in force are, in part,
1691. exhibited by the following promulgated bills; which appear to have been passed into laws, in the same
* The Deputy Governour and Freemen of the
province of Pennsylvania, in Council met at
their wisdom, shall see meet.
day of the Seventh-month, anno dom. 1691.
1691. But, left the said Proprietary and Freemen of the N said province should by the said union, be deprived
of the immunities and powers then before invested in them, apart from the said annexed counties, by virtue of the King's letters patent, and first charter of liberties, or should otherwise be impeded or obstructed, in
any act of
government, which might relate to the public good, justice, peace and safety of the said province, which might not so immediately concern the territories, it was, at the same General Assembly, further enacted, that all matters and things, not therein provided for, which should, or might, concern the public good, justice, peace and safety of the faid province, and the raising and imposing taxes, customs, duties, or charges whatsoever, should be, and are, thereby referred to the order, prudence and determination of the Governor and Freemen of the said province, from time to time; which faid laws have been fithence continued in, and by, the succeeding General Assemblies: Now, for as much as the present state and emergency of this government requires some fpeedy provision, for the support and safety thereof, and for the better establishing the justice and peace of the same, by reafon of the breach, that the Representatives of the faid annexed counties have lately made, in wilfully absenting themselves from their charteral attendance, in the last legislative Council and Affembly, and declining their other incumbent duties and services to the present constitutions of this province; as also, in opposing and tumultuously preventing the election of new members, to supply the neglect of the said absenting Representatives, withstanding all provincial acts of
government, and denying the powers of the fame: Therefore, for preventing all doubts and scruples concerning the meeting, fitting and proceeding of this present General Assembly, Be it declared and
enacted, and it is declared and enacted, by the 1691.
“ David Lloyd, Cl. Council.” As this division had occasioned much anxiety to the Proprietary, of which both pårties were sensible, 
In the minutes of the Provincial Council, in the Summer of the year