Linguistic Theory, Language Contact, and Modern Hindustani: The Three Sides of a Linguistic Story
This book raises some important questions about formal linguistics and functionalist sociolinguistics when they encompass the same subject matter, linguistic borrowing and code-switching/mixing. These questions arise in the context of formalist and functionalist accounts of language contact and are tested here against some interesting Hindustani-English contact facts from India. The test reveals what these paradigms contribute to our understanding of language contact (and language in general) and precisely where they seem to go wrong.
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adaptation adjectives allow alternations analysis appear argued aspects assigned assumption automatic believe borrowing called carrier cause Chapter claim clusters code-mixing competence complement compounds concerned Consider constraints construct course derivative dialect discussed distinction elements English epenthesis epenthetic vowel errors evidence example existence explanation external fact Ford formulated functional functionalist German give given grammar hand Hindi Hindustani ignore interesting interference interpretation involved language lexical linguistic Marathi matter merely mixed morphological native native speakers natural needed noted Notice nouns onsets particular perhaps Persian phonological rules phonology possible predicts presented principle problem processes productive proposed question reason refer regarding relation require restrictions seems seen segment sentence simple Singh situation sonority sort speakers specific statistical strategies structure studies suggest switching syllable theory things treated universal Urdu variables verb vowel words