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not be tried twice for the same

offense. 11. Freedom of speech and of the

press.-Trials for libel. 12. Transportation for crime forbid

den.-Conviction not to work corruption of blood or forfeit

ure of estate, 13. Quartering of soldiers. 14. Exemption from Illegal seizures

and searches. 15. No imprisonment for debt in any

civil action, or mesne or final

process, except fraud. 16. Right of Justice Courts to be

open. 17. Hereditary moluments, honors

or privileges not to be granted. 18. Laws may be suspended only by

General Assembly. 19. Private property taken for pub

lic use to receive just compen

sation. 20. Other rights not denied or im

paired, and all powers not herein delegated to remain with the people.


Article. 1. Bill of rights. 2. Legislative. 3. Executive. 4. Judicial. 5. Elective franchise. 6. Education. 7. Public institutions. 8. Public debt and public works. 9. Militia. 10. County and township organiza

11. Apportionment.
12. Finance and taxation.
13. Corporations.
14. Jurisprudence.
15. Miscellaneous.
16. Amendments.



Bill of Rights. Section. 1. All men are by nature free and

have certain inalienable rights. 2. Political power inherent in the

people.-Object of government,

right to alter and reform it. 3. The people have the right to

meet together peaceably to

consult for the common good. 4. Right to bear arms for defense

and security.-Standing armies forbidden.-Military subor

dinate to civil power. 5. Right of trial by jury. 6. Slavery forbidden. 7. Religious freedom; test oaths

not to be required, witnesses not to be excluded on account

of religion. 8. Writ of habeas corpus. 9. Excessive bail and fines and

cruel punishments forbidden. 10. Rights of persons accused of

crimes, witnesses, counsel, may

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Section. 26. General laws to be uniform in

their operation. 27. The election of officers in the

filling of vacancies not otherwise provided for, to be made according to law.-The vote to

be viva voce, 28. General laws to be passed for

certain purposes. 29. Extra compensation to contract

ors and public officers forbid

den. 30. Limit in formation of counties,

removal of county seats. 31. Pay of officers and members of

General Assembly to be fixed, extra pay in any form not al

lowed. 32. Divorces not to be granted by

General Assembly.

Section 1. Each house to judge of the re

turns of its own members.Quorum.-Powers of the mi

nority. 1. Organization of house to be pre

scribed by law. 1. Each house to choose its own

officers.-May punish members.

-Power of expulsion. 1. Each house to keep a journal.

Majority of all members electmust concur in the passage of

laws. 10. Right of entering protest in

journal. 1. Vacancies in either house, how

filled. 12. Privileges of Senators and Rep

resentatives from arrest, free

dom of debate. 13. Proceedings to be public unless

two-thirds require secrecy. 14. Adjournments restricted. 15. Bills may originate in either

house.-They shall embrace

but one subject. 16. Every bill shall be distinctly

read.-No bill shall contain

more than one subject. 17. Signature of bills and joint

ed must concur in the passage

of laws. 18. Style of laws. 19. Senators and Representatives

not eligible to certain offices during term nor for one year

after. 20. General Assembly to fix terms

of office and compensation, salaries not to be affected dur

ing term. 21. Contested elections to be deter

mined as the law may provide. 22. No money to be drawn from the

Treasury except by laws. 23. The house to have sole power of

impeachment.-Tried by Senate.-Concurrence of twothirds necessary for convic

tion. 24. Officers who may be impeached,

limit of judgments. 25. Beginning of sessions, first ses



Executive. 1. Officers included in executivo

department.-Time of their

election. 2. Terms of certain officers of the

same, 3. Election of return of officers of

the same.-In case of tie how

decided. 4. Proceeding in case of non-seg

sion.-The General Assembly

January next after election. 6. Supreme executive power vested

in the Governor. 6. He may require information of

officers in the executive department.--He is to see that the laws are faithfully exe

cuted. 7. He is to communicate by meg,

sage. 8. May, on extraordinary occasions, convene the General As.

ly. 9. May adjourn General Assembly

in case of disagreement. 10. To be commander-in-chief of

militia. 11. Pardoning power,

limited cases of treason or impeachment.

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Section 11. Classification of judges of Su

preme Court. 12. Judges of the Court of Common

Pleas to reside in their dis

tricts. 13. Vacancies in office of judge to

be filled by Governor. 14. Salaries of judges not to be in

creased or diminished, they

hold no other office. 15. General Assembly may increaso

or diminish number of judges, may establish other courts, but not to vacate the office of any

judge. 16. Court of Common Pleas to have

clerk elected from each


Section 12. Great seal to be kept by Gov.

ernor. 13. Grants and commissions, how

sealed and signed. 14. What persons may not act as

Governor. 15. In case of vacancy, the duties to devolve


Lieutenant-Governor. 16. Lieutenant-Governor to be Presi

county, his terms and duties. 17. Removal of judges from office. 18. Judges to have powers and juris

diction of Chambers, as may

be directed by law. 19. Courts of Concilllation may be

established, parties to agree to

abide by their judgment. 20. Style of process.

dent of the Senate.-Casting vote.-To act as Governor in

case of vacancy. 17. President of Senate to act as

Governor in a certain case.
18. Governor may All certain offices

of executive department till
disability is removed or elec-

tion keld.
19. Pay of officers of executive de-

20. Officers of executive department

to report to Governor before
each regular session of General

1. Judicial power, how vested.
2. Supreme Court, how composed,

jurisdiction and terms, elec

tion of judges. 3. Nine Common Pleas districts to

be formed, terms, etc. 4. Jurisdiction of Courts of Com

mon Pleas and of judges to be

fixed by law. 6. District Courts, how formed.

To be held in each county.
6. Jurisdiction of District Courts.
7. A Probate Court to be estab-

lished in each county, to be a
Court of Record, open at all
times.-Salary to be paid by

the county.
8. Jurisdiction of Probate Courts.
9. Justices of the Peace to be

elected, terms and powers to

be fixed by law.
10. All judges other than those pro-

vided in the Constitution to be
elected.-Terms not to exceed
five years.


Elective Franchise. 1. Qualifications of electors. 2. Elections to be by ballot. 3. Privilege of electors from arrest

at elections. 4. Exclusion from voting for bri

bery, perjury or other inta

mous crime. 6. Persons in military, marine or

naval service not to acquire residence by being officially

stationed. 6. Idiots and insane persons may

not vote.


Education. 1. Funds granted ,or Intrusted to

State for educational and religious purposes to be invio

late. 2. Funds to be provided for main

taining schools.- No sect to have control of school funds. Section


Public Institutions. Section 1. Institutions for insane, deaf and

dumb to be fostered and sup

ported. 3. Election of Directors of Peniten

tiary and trustees of other State institutions appointed by

Governor and Senate. 3. Governor may fill vacancies in

offices aforesaid until successors are appointed.



Public Debt and Public Works, 1. Restrictions on the formation of

State debts. 2. Debts to repel invasion and sup

press Insurrection.-To redeem present indebtedness.-Debts

payable from sinking fund. 3. With these exceptions, no debts

shall be created by the State. 4. State credit not to be given or

loaned.—May not become

Public Works to be fixed by law.

stockholder in any company. 6. State not to assume county or

other local debts, except in

time of war. 6. State not to authorize any

county, city or township to become a stockholder, or to raise money or to loan credit to cor

porations. 7. Faith of State pledge for pay

ment of public debt.-Sinking

fund. 8. Commissioners of the sinking

fund, how organized.
9. Duties of these commissioners, to

estimate and make provision
for raising and disbursing the

10. Duty to apply fund to the pay-

ment of interest and principal

of debt. 11. To report semi-annually to the

Governor.--To report to Legis

lature. 12. Board of Public Works.-Mem

bers to be elected. 13. Powers and duties of Board of


Militia. 1. Persons liable to military duty. 2. Officers elected by persons sub

ject to military duty. 3. Appointment of staff officers.

Non-commissioned officers and

musicians. 4. Officers to be commissioned by

Governor.--He may call out militia, execute the laws, suppress insurrection and repel

invasion. 6. General Assembly shall provide

by law for the safe keeping and protection of public arms.

ARTICLE X. County and Township Organization. 1. General Assembly to provide for

election of county and town

ship officers. 2. Time of elections.-Term not to

exceed three years. 3. Sheriffs and county treasurers,

not to hold more than four

years in six. 4. Election of township oficers.

Time.-Towns. 6. Money to be paid from county

or township treasury only by

law. 6. Removal of justices of the peace

and county and township off

cers. 7. Powers of commissioners and

counties.-Trustees of townships are to be fixed by law.


Apportionment. 1. To be made once in ten years

after 1851. 2. Ratio of counties for Representa

tives.-How adjusted. 3. Fractions.—How assigned.-Rule

prescribed. 4. Counties.-when entitled to sepa

rate representation.-Changes only to be made at regular de cennial periods.

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