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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF OHIO.
Article. 1. Bill of rights. 2. Legislative. 3. Executive. 4. Judicial. 5. Elective franchise. 6. Education. 7. Public institutions. 8. Public debt and public works. 9. Militia. 10. County and township organiza
not be tried twice for the same
offense. 11. Freedom of speech and of the
press.-Trials for libel. 12. Transportation for crime forbid
den.-Conviction not to work corruption of blood or forfeito
ure of estate. 13. Quartering of soldiers. 14. Exemption from Illegal seizures
and searches. 15. No imprisonment for debt in any
civil action, or mesne or final
process, except fraud. 16. Right of Justice Courts to be
open. 17. Hereditary emoluments, honors
or privileges not to be granted. 18. Laws may be suspended only by
General Assembly. 19. Private property taken for pube
lic use to receive just compen
sation. 20. Other rights not denied or im
paired, and all powers not herein delegated to remain with the people.
Bill of Rights. Section. 1. All men are by nature free and
have certain inalienable rights. 2. Political power inherent in the
people.Object of government,
right to alter and reform it. 3. The people have the right to
meet together peaceably to
consult for the common good. 4. Right to bear arms for defense
and security.-Standing armies forbidden.-Military subor
dinate to civil power. 5. Right of trial by jury. 6. Slavery forbidden. 7. Religious freedom; test oaths
not to be required, witnesses not to be excluded on account
of religion. 8. Writ of habeas corpus. 9. Excessive bail and fines and
cruel punishments forbidden. 10. Rights of persons accused of
crimes, witnesses, counsel, may
Legislature. 1. Legislative power
vested in General Assembly.-How com
posed. 2. Senators and Representatives to
be elected biennially. 3. Residence of the same. 4. Persons holding office under the
United States or lucrative offices in the State, not eligible
to Legislature.-Exceptions. 6. Persons convicted of embezzle.
ment of public funds and nonaccounting holders of public moneys are debarred from office.
Section. 26. General laws to be uniform in
their operation. 27. The election of officers in the
filling of vacancies not otherwise provided for, to be made according to law.-The vote to
be viva voce. 28. General laws to be passed for
certain purposes. 29. Extra compensation to contract
ors and public officers forbid
den. 30. Limit in formation of counties,
removal of county seats. 31. Pay of officers and members of
General Assembly to be fixed, extra pay in any form not al
lowed. 32. Divorces not to be granted by
Section 1. Each house to judge of the re
turns of its own members.Quorum.-Powers of the mi
nority. 1. Organization of house to be pre
scribed by law. 1. Each house to choose its own
officers.--May punish members.
-Power of expulsion. 1. Each house to keep a journal.
Majority of all members electmust concur in the passage of
laws. 10. Right of entering protest in
journal. 1. Vacancies in either house, how
filled. 12. Privileges of Senators and Rep
resentatives from arrest, free
dom of debate. 13. Proceedings to be public unless
two-thirds require secrecy. 14. Adjournments restricted. 15. Bills may originate in either
house.-They shall embrace
but one subject. 16. Every bill shall be distinctly
read.-No bill shall contain
more than one subject. 17. Signature of bills and joint
ed must concur in the passage
of laws. 18. Style of laws. 19. Senators and
Representatives not eligible to certain offices during term nor for one year
after. 20. General Assembly to fix terms of office and
compensation, salaries not to be affected dur
ing term. 21. Contested elections to be deter
mined as the law may provide. 22. No money to be drawn from the
Treasury except by laws. 23. The house to have sole power of
impeachment.-Tried by Senate.-Concurrence of twothirds necessary for convic
tion. 24. Officers who may be impeached,
limit of judgments. 25. Beginning of sessions, first ses
Erecutive. 1. Officers included in executive
department.-Time ot their
election. 2. Terms of certain officers of the
same. 3. Election of return of officers of
the same.--In case of tie how
decided. 4. Proceeding in case of non-ses
sion. The General Assembly
January next after election. 5. Supreme executive power vested
in the Governor. 6. He may require information of
officers in the executive department.--He is to see that the laws are faithfully exe
cuted. 7. He is to communicate by meg.
sage. 8. May,
on extraordinary occa. sions, convene the General As.
sembly. 9. May adjourn General Assembly
in case of disagreement. 10. To be commander-in-chiet of
militia. 11. Pardoning power, limited in
cases of treason or impeachment.
! Section 12. Great seal to be kept by Gov. 11. Classification of judges of Suernor.
preme Court. 13. Grants and commissions, how
12. Judges of the Court of Common sealed and signed.
Pleas to reside in their dis
tricts. 14. What persons may not act as
13. Vacancies in office of judge to Governor.
be filled by Governor. 15. In case of vacancy, the duties to devolve OD Lieutenant-Gov
14. Salaries of judges not to be in
creased or diminished, they ernor. 16. Lieutenant-Governor to be Presi
hold no other office. dent of the Senate.-Casting
15. General Assembly may increaso vote.-To act as Governor in
or diminish number of judges, case of vacancy.
may establish other courts, but 17. President of Senate to act as
not to vacate the office of any Governor in a certain case.
judge. 18. Governor may All certain offices
16. Court of Common Pleas to havo
clerk elected from each of executive department till disa bility is removed or elec
county, his terms and duties. tion keld.
17. Removal of judges from office. 19. Pay of officers of executive de
18. Judges to have powers and jurispartment.
diction of Chambers, as may 20. Officers of executive department
be directed by law.
19. Courts of Concilllation may be to report to Governor before each regular session of General
established, parties to agree to Assembly.
abide by their judgment.
20. Style of process.
ARTICLE V. 1. Judicial power, how vested.
Elective Franchise. 2. Supreme Court, how composed,
1. Qualifications of electors. jurisdiction and terms, elec
2. Elections to be by ballot. tion of judges.
3. Privilege of electors from arrest 3. Nine Common Pleas districts to
at elections. be formed, terms, etc.
4. Exclusion from voting for bri4. Jurisdiction of Courts of Com
bery, perjury or other infamon Pleas and of judges to be
mous crime. fixed by law.
6. Persons in military, marine or 5. District Courts, how formed.
naval service not to acquire To be held in each county.
residence by being officially 6. Jurisdiction of District Courts.
stationed. 7. A Probate Court to be estab
6. Idiots and insane persons may lished in each county, to be a
Education. 9. Justices of the Peace to be
1. Funds granted ,or Intrusted to elected. terms and powers to
State for educational and rebe fixed by law.
ligious purposes to be invio10. All judges other than those pro
late. vided in the Constitution to be 2. Funds to be provided for mainelected.-Terms not to exceed
taining schools.-No sect to five years.
have control of school funds.
Public Works to be fixed by law.
Public Institutions. Section 1. Institution for insane, deaf and
dumb to be fostered and sup
ported. 3. Election of Directors of Peniten
tiary and trustees of other State institutions appointed by
Governor and Senate. 3. Governor may fill vacancies in
offices aforesaid until successors are appointed.
Militia. 1. Persons liable to military duty. 2. Officers elected by persons sub
ject to military duty. 3. Appointment of staff officers.
Non-commissioned officers and
musicians. 4. Officers to be commissioned by
Governor.--He may call out militia, execute the laws, suppress insurrection and repel
invasion. 6. General Assembly shall provide
by law for the safe keeping and protection of public arma
Public Debt and Public Works.
1. Restrictions on the formation of
State debts. 2. Debts to repel invasion and sup
press insurrection. To redeem present indebtedness.-Debts
payable from sinking fund. 3. With these exceptions, no debts
shall be created by the State. 4. State credit not to be given or
loaned.-May not become a
stockholder in any company. 6. State not to assume county or
other local debts, except in
time of war. 6. State not to authorize any
county, city or township to become a stockholder, or to raise money or to loan credit to cor
porations. 7. Faith of State pledge for pay
ment of public debt.-Sinking
fund. 8. Commissioners of the sinking
fund, how organized. 9. Duties of these commissioners, to
estimate and make provision for raising and disbursing the
fund. 10. Duty to apply fund to the pay
ment of interest and principal
of debt. 11. To report semi-annually to the
Governor.-To report to Legis
lature. 12. Board of Public Works.---Mem
bers to be elected. 13. Powers and duties of Board of
ARTICLE X. County and Township Organization. 1. General Assembly to provide for
election of county and town.
ship officers. 2. Time of elections.-Term not to
exceed three years. 3. Sheriffs and county treasurers,
not to hold more than four
years in six. 4. Election of township officers.
Time.—Towns. 5. Money to be paid from county
or township treasury only by
law. 6. Removal of justices of the peace
and county and township off
cers. 7. Powers of commissioners and
counties.-Trustees of town. ships are to be fixed by law.
Apportionment. 1. To be made once in ten years
after 1851. 2. Ratio of counties for Representa
tives.-How adjusted. 3. Fractions.-How assigned.-Rule
prescribed. 4. Counties.-when entitled to sepa
rate representation.-Changes only to be made at regular decennial periods.