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Section 12. Limitations upon suspension of

laws. 13. Excessive bail or fines and cruel

punishment forbidden. 14. Bail to be accepted. Habeas

corpus. 15. No commission of Oyer and Ter

miner. 16. Imprisonment of insolvent debt

ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. The Legislature. 3. Legislation. 4. The executive. 5. The judiciary. 6. Impeachment and removal from

7. Oath of office.
8. Suffrage and elections.
9. Taxation and finance.
10. Education,
11. Militia.
12. Public officers.
13. New counties.
14. County officers.
15. Cities and city charters.
16. Private corporations.
17. Railroads and canals.
18. Future amendments.


ors limited.
17. Laws ex post facto, etc., for-

bidden. 18. No legislative attainder of trea

son or felony. 19. Attainder shall not work cor

ruption of blood or forfeiture

beyond life. 20. Rights of meeting and petition. 21. Right to bear arms. 22. Military subordinate to civil

power. 23. Quartering troops in houses. 24. No title of nobility, etc. 25. Emigration permitted. 26. Everything in this article ex

cepted from the powers of government.


Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Equality and rights of men, 2. Political powers inherent in the

people. 3. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 4. Religious opinions not to dis

qualify for holding office. 5. Freedom of elections. 6. Trial by jury. 7. Freedom of the press. 8. Searches and seizures limited. 9. Rights of defense and privi

leges in criminal prosecutions. 10. Criminal informations limited.

Twice in jeopardy. 11. Justice to be free and without sale.


The Legislature. 1. The legislative power vested. 2. Biennial elections. 3. Legislative terms, 4. Biennial meetings. 5. Qualifications of Senators and

Representatives. 6. Disqualification for appointment

to office.
7. Conviction of certain crimes 'to

8. Compensation.
9. Presiding officers.
10. Quorum.

Bection 11. Powers of each. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. Sessions to be open. 14. Adjournments. 15. Privileges of members. 16. Senatorial districts. 17. Representative districts. 18. Apportionments.

Section 26. Concurrent orders, resolutions

and votes to be presented to

the Governor. 27. No State inspectors of merchan

dise. 28. Changing location of State capi

tol. 29. Bribery of members. 30. Bribery of officers. 31. Corrupt solicitation to be pun

ished by fine and imprison

ment. 32. Witnesses to testify in cases of

bribery, etc.-Punishment. 33. Interested members shall not



Legislation. 1. Passage of bills. 2. Reference and printing. 3. Bills to contain but one subject. 4. To be read on three days.

Amendments to be printed.

Yeas and nays. 5. Votes concurring in amend

ments to be yeas and nays. 6. Revival of law. 7. Limitation on special legisla

tion, etc. 8. Notice of local or special bills. 9. Signing of bills by presiding

officers. 10. Legislative officers. 11. No extra compensation to offi

cers or contractors. 12. Public printing. 13. No extension of official terms or

increase of pay. 14. Revenue bills. 15. Appropriation bills. 16. Payments of moneys from the

treasury. 17. Appropriations to charitable in

stitutions. 18. Appropriations for charitable

purposes, etc., limited. 19. Appropriations for widows and

orphans of soldiers. 20. Power over municipal adminis

tration not to be delegated. 21. No limitation of damages for

certain injuries.-Nor of times

for bringing suits. 22. Investment of trust funds. 23. Changes of venue. 24. No obligation of corporations to

the State to be released. 25. Limitations of legislative power

at sessions.


The Executive. 1. Executive officers. 2. Governor.-His election. 3. His term. 4. Lieutenant-Governor. 5. Qualifications of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor. 6. Congressmen, etc., disqualified. 7. Governor to command militia. 8. Powers of Governor to appoint

with consent of Senate. - To fill vacancies.-Votes to be re

corded. 9. Pardoning power. 10. Governor may require informa

tion. 11. Shall give information and re

commend measures to General

Assembly. 12. May convene General Assembly,

and adjourn the two houses

when they disagree. 13. Lieutenant-Governor to act as

Governor. 14. President pro tempore of the

Senate. 15. Approval of bills.-Veto of bills.

-Retained bills to become law. 16. A partial veto allowed on ap

propriation bills. 17. Chief justice to preside on trial

of contested election of Gov

ernor or Lieutenant-Governor. 18. Secretary of Commonwealth.

Section 23. Style of process and indictment. 24. Review in Supreme Court in

criminal cases. 25. Vacancies in courts, how filled. 26. Uniform laws of courts.- Spec

ial courts prohibited. 27. Parties may submit issues of fact to the court.--Appeals.

ARTICLE VI. Impeachment and Removal from Office. 1. Impeachment. 2. How tried. 3. What officers impeachable.

Judgment. 4. Condition of official tenure.



Oath of Office. 1. General oath of office.


Suffrage and Elections. 1. Qualifications for voters. 2. General elections. 3. Municipal elections. 4. Elections to be by ballot and

ballots numbered.--Indorse

ments thereon authorized. 5. Electors privileged from arrest. 6. Soldier voting. 7. Election laws to be uniform,

but unregistered electors may

vote. 8. Corruption to disqualify voters.

-Challenge. 9. Candidates guilty of bribery,

etc., disqualified for holding office.-Willful violation election laws, to disqualify for

19. Secretary of Internal Affairs.
20. Superintendent of Public In-

21. Terms of heads of departments.
22. Seal of State.-Commissions to

be signed and sealed.


Judiciary. 1. The courts. 2. The Supreme Court.-Tenure of

judges.-Chief justice. 3. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 4. Court of Common Pleas. – Dis

tricts not to contain more

than four counties. 5. Judicial districts.-Office of asso

ciate judge abolished. 6. Common Pleas courts in Phila

delphia and Allegheny. 7. Prothonotary in Philadelphia.

Separate dockets for courts. 8. Criminal courts in Philadelphia

and Allegheny. 9. Jurisdiction of Common Pleas

judges. 10. May issue writs of certiorari

to inferior courts. 11. Justices of the peace and alder

men. 12. Magistrates in Philadelphia. 13. Fees and fines to be paid to the

county treasury. 14. Appeals from summary convic.

tion. 15. Election and term of judges.

Removal. 16. Election of judges of Supreme

Court by limited vote. 17. Priority of commissions of

judges. 18. Compensation of judges. — Dis

qualification. 19. Residence of judges. 20. Chancery powers of Courts of

Common Pleas. 21. No extra judicial duties for

judges. 22. Separate orphans' court. - Reg

ister of wills to be clerk thereof.

voting. 10. Witnesses not to withhold testi

mony in election cases. 11. Election districts. 12. Representatives to vote viva

voce. 13. Residence of voters not gained

or lost in certain cases. 14. Election boards.-- Clerks.- Va

cancies.-Privileges of election officers.

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15. Government officers and

ployes disqualified to serve as
election officers.-- Ineligibility

of election officers. 16. Courts of Common Pleas may

appoint overseers of election. 17. Trial of contested elections.


New Counties. Section 1. Limitation of power to create



County Officers. 1. County officers. 2. Election and term.-Vacancies. 3. Residence of county officers. 4. Offices to be kept in county

town. 5. Compensation. 6. Accountability of municipal

officers. 7. County commissioners and audi.

tors to be chosen by limited vote.-Vacancies, how filled.


Taxation and Finance, 1. Taxes to be uniform.- Exemp

tion. 2. Limitation of power to exempt. 3. Power to tax corporations not

to be surrendered. 4. Power to make debts. 5. Moneys borrowed to be used for

the purpose specified. 6. State credit not to be loaned. 7. Municipalities not to become

stockholders, etc. 8. Municipal debts limited. 9. No assumption of municipal

debts by State. 10. Repayment of municipal debt

to be provided for. 11. Sinking fund. 12. The moneys of the State. 13. Reserve in treasury. 14. Reserve not to be converted to

private use.


Cities and City Charters. 1. General laws to establish cities. 2. Municipal commissions not to

incur debts except on appro

priations. 3. Sinking funds in cities.


ARTICLE X. Education,

1. Public schools to be maintained.

-Amount appropriated. 2. No appropriation to sectarian

schools. 3. Women eligible to school offices.


Private Corporations. 1. Unused charters to be void. 2. No charter to be validated or

amended except on condition. 3. Right of eminent domain not to

be abridged or police power

limited. 4. Cumulative voting in stock

holder elections. 5. Foreign corporations to have

places of business in State. 6. Corporations not to engage in

business unauthorized by

charters. 7. Fictitious increase of stock or

bonds forbidden. 8. Taking of private property to be

compensated. 9. Bank notes and bills to be se

cured. 10. Repeal of charter authorized.

No law to create more than one charter,

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Section 11. Notice of bills to create banks.

- Bank charters limited to

twenty years. 12. Telegraph lines. 13. The word corporation” de



Railroads and Canals. 1. Railroads and canals, public

highways.-Shall have connection and use of connecting

roads. 2. To keep offices in the State. 3. Discriminations in charges for

freight and passengers pro

hibited. 4. Consolidation with competing

companies prohibited. 5. Common carrier corporations

not to engage in mining, etc. 6. Officers, etc., of companies not

to engage in transportation

business. 7. No discrimination in charges to

transporters. 8. Free passes

railroads prohibited. 9. Passenger railroads not to be


constructed without consent

of municipal authorities. 10. Acceptance of this article by

companies. 11. Duties of Auditor-General as to

companies transferred to Sec

retary of Internal Affairs. 12. General Assembly to enforce the

provisions of this article.

SCHEDULE. Section 1. When Constitution to take et

fect. 2. Laws in force. 3. Senators to be elected when

there are vacancies. 4. To be elected from even dis

tricts. 5. First election for Governor. 6. Lieutenant-Governor, when

be elected. 7. Secretary of Internal Affairs. 8. Superintendent of Common

Schools, office to cease. 9. Re-election, 10. Supreme Court judges. 11. Courts of Record. 12. Register's courts to be abol

ished. 13. Judicial districts. 14. The same of the census. 15. Judges to hold office. 16. Presiding judge. 17. Compensation of judges of Su

preme Court. 18. Courts of Common Pleas. 19. In regard to judges. 20. Courts. 21. Causes pending. 22. The same. 23. The prothonotary of Court of

Common Pleas. 24. Aldermen in cities over 50,000

inhabitants. 25. Philadelphia magistrates. 26. Term of those in office to con

tinue 'till it expires. 27. As to the seventh article. 28. County commissioners and audi.

tors, terms of office. 29. Salaries of officers. 30. All State and judicial officers to

take oath of office. 31. Laws to be passed. 32. Certain ordinance to be valid. 33. County commissioners, defined.


Future Amendments. 1. Amendments may be proposed

by Legislature.- Amendments not to be submitted oftener than once in five years.

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