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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Section 12. Limitations upon suspension of
laws. 13. Excessive bail or fines and cruel
punishment forbidden. 14. Bail to be accepted. Habeas
corpus. 15. No commission of Oyer and Ter
miner. 16. Imprisonment of insolvent debt
ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. The Legislature. 3. Legislation. 4. The executive. 5. The judiciary. 6. Impeachment and removal from
bidden. 18. No legislative attainder of trea
son or felony. 19. Attainder shall not work cor
ruption of blood or forfeiture
beyond life. 20. Rights of meeting and petition. 21. Right to bear arms. 22. Military subordinate to civil
power. 23. Quartering troops in houses. 24. No title of nobility, etc. 25. Emigration permitted. 26. Everything in this article ex
cepted from the powers of government.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Equality and rights of men, 2. Political powers inherent in the
people. 3. Freedom of religious thought
and worship. 4. Religious opinions not to dis
qualify for holding office. 5. Freedom of elections. 6. Trial by jury. 7. Freedom of the press. 8. Searches and seizures limited. 9. Rights of defense and privi
leges in criminal prosecutions. 10. Criminal informations limited.
Twice in jeopardy. 11. Justice to be free and without sale.
The Legislature. 1. The legislative power vested. 2. Biennial elections. 3. Legislative terms, 4. Biennial meetings. 5. Qualifications of Senators and
Representatives. 6. Disqualification for appointment
Bection 11. Powers of each. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. Sessions to be open. 14. Adjournments. 15. Privileges of members. 16. Senatorial districts. 17. Representative districts. 18. Apportionments.
Section 26. Concurrent orders, resolutions
and votes to be presented to
the Governor. 27. No State inspectors of merchan
dise. 28. Changing location of State capi
tol. 29. Bribery of members. 30. Bribery of officers. 31. Corrupt solicitation to be pun
ished by fine and imprison
ment. 32. Witnesses to testify in cases of
bribery, etc.-Punishment. 33. Interested members shall not
Legislation. 1. Passage of bills. 2. Reference and printing. 3. Bills to contain but one subject. 4. To be read on three days.
Amendments to be printed.
Yeas and nays. 5. Votes concurring in amend
ments to be yeas and nays. 6. Revival of law. 7. Limitation on special legisla
tion, etc. 8. Notice of local or special bills. 9. Signing of bills by presiding
officers. 10. Legislative officers. 11. No extra compensation to offi
cers or contractors. 12. Public printing. 13. No extension of official terms or
increase of pay. 14. Revenue bills. 15. Appropriation bills. 16. Payments of moneys from the
treasury. 17. Appropriations to charitable in
stitutions. 18. Appropriations for charitable
purposes, etc., limited. 19. Appropriations for widows and
orphans of soldiers. 20. Power over municipal adminis
tration not to be delegated. 21. No limitation of damages for
certain injuries.-Nor of times
for bringing suits. 22. Investment of trust funds. 23. Changes of venue. 24. No obligation of corporations to
the State to be released. 25. Limitations of legislative power
The Executive. 1. Executive officers. 2. Governor.-His election. 3. His term. 4. Lieutenant-Governor. 5. Qualifications of Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor. 6. Congressmen, etc., disqualified. 7. Governor to command militia. 8. Powers of Governor to appoint
with consent of Senate. - To fill vacancies.-Votes to be re
corded. 9. Pardoning power. 10. Governor may require informa
tion. 11. Shall give information and re
commend measures to General
Assembly. 12. May convene General Assembly,
and adjourn the two houses
when they disagree. 13. Lieutenant-Governor to act as
Governor. 14. President pro tempore of the
Senate. 15. Approval of bills.-Veto of bills.
-Retained bills to become law. 16. A partial veto allowed on ap
propriation bills. 17. Chief justice to preside on trial
of contested election of Gov
ernor or Lieutenant-Governor. 18. Secretary of Commonwealth.
Section 23. Style of process and indictment. 24. Review in Supreme Court in
criminal cases. 25. Vacancies in courts, how filled. 26. Uniform laws of courts.- Spec
ial courts prohibited. 27. Parties may submit issues of fact to the court.--Appeals.
ARTICLE VI. Impeachment and Removal from Office. 1. Impeachment. 2. How tried. 3. What officers impeachable.
Judgment. 4. Condition of official tenure.
Oath of Office. 1. General oath of office.
Suffrage and Elections. 1. Qualifications for voters. 2. General elections. 3. Municipal elections. 4. Elections to be by ballot and
ments thereon authorized. 5. Electors privileged from arrest. 6. Soldier voting. 7. Election laws to be uniform,
but unregistered electors may
vote. 8. Corruption to disqualify voters.
-Challenge. 9. Candidates guilty of bribery,
etc., disqualified for holding office.-Willful violation election laws, to disqualify for
be signed and sealed.
Judiciary. 1. The courts. 2. The Supreme Court.-Tenure of
judges.-Chief justice. 3. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 4. Court of Common Pleas. – Dis
tricts not to contain more
than four counties. 5. Judicial districts.-Office of asso
ciate judge abolished. 6. Common Pleas courts in Phila
delphia and Allegheny. 7. Prothonotary in Philadelphia.
Separate dockets for courts. 8. Criminal courts in Philadelphia
and Allegheny. 9. Jurisdiction of Common Pleas
judges. 10. May issue writs of certiorari
to inferior courts. 11. Justices of the peace and alder
men. 12. Magistrates in Philadelphia. 13. Fees and fines to be paid to the
county treasury. 14. Appeals from summary convic.
tion. 15. Election and term of judges.
Removal. 16. Election of judges of Supreme
Court by limited vote. 17. Priority of commissions of
judges. 18. Compensation of judges. — Dis
qualification. 19. Residence of judges. 20. Chancery powers of Courts of
Common Pleas. 21. No extra judicial duties for
judges. 22. Separate orphans' court. - Reg
ister of wills to be clerk thereof.
voting. 10. Witnesses not to withhold testi
mony in election cases. 11. Election districts. 12. Representatives to vote viva
voce. 13. Residence of voters not gained
or lost in certain cases. 14. Election boards.-- Clerks.- Va
cancies.-Privileges of election officers.
ployes disqualified to serve as
of election officers. 16. Courts of Common Pleas may
appoint overseers of election. 17. Trial of contested elections.
New Counties. Section 1. Limitation of power to create
County Officers. 1. County officers. 2. Election and term.-Vacancies. 3. Residence of county officers. 4. Offices to be kept in county
town. 5. Compensation. 6. Accountability of municipal
officers. 7. County commissioners and audi.
tors to be chosen by limited vote.-Vacancies, how filled.
Taxation and Finance, 1. Taxes to be uniform.- Exemp
tion. 2. Limitation of power to exempt. 3. Power to tax corporations not
to be surrendered. 4. Power to make debts. 5. Moneys borrowed to be used for
the purpose specified. 6. State credit not to be loaned. 7. Municipalities not to become
stockholders, etc. 8. Municipal debts limited. 9. No assumption of municipal
debts by State. 10. Repayment of municipal debt
to be provided for. 11. Sinking fund. 12. The moneys of the State. 13. Reserve in treasury. 14. Reserve not to be converted to
Cities and City Charters. 1. General laws to establish cities. 2. Municipal commissions not to
incur debts except on appro
priations. 3. Sinking funds in cities.
ARTICLE X. Education,
1. Public schools to be maintained.
-Amount appropriated. 2. No appropriation to sectarian
schools. 3. Women eligible to school offices.
Private Corporations. 1. Unused charters to be void. 2. No charter to be validated or
amended except on condition. 3. Right of eminent domain not to
be abridged or police power
limited. 4. Cumulative voting in stock
holder elections. 5. Foreign corporations to have
places of business in State. 6. Corporations not to engage in
business unauthorized by
charters. 7. Fictitious increase of stock or
bonds forbidden. 8. Taking of private property to be
compensated. 9. Bank notes and bills to be se
cured. 10. Repeal of charter authorized.
No law to create more than one charter,
Section 11. Notice of bills to create banks.
- Bank charters limited to
twenty years. 12. Telegraph lines. 13. The word corporation” de
Railroads and Canals. 1. Railroads and canals, public
highways.-Shall have connection and use of connecting
roads. 2. To keep offices in the State. 3. Discriminations in charges for
freight and passengers pro
hibited. 4. Consolidation with competing
companies prohibited. 5. Common carrier corporations
not to engage in mining, etc. 6. Officers, etc., of companies not
to engage in transportation
business. 7. No discrimination in charges to
transporters. 8. Free passes
railroads prohibited. 9. Passenger railroads not to be
constructed without consent
of municipal authorities. 10. Acceptance of this article by
companies. 11. Duties of Auditor-General as to
companies transferred to Sec
retary of Internal Affairs. 12. General Assembly to enforce the
provisions of this article.
SCHEDULE. Section 1. When Constitution to take et
fect. 2. Laws in force. 3. Senators to be elected when
there are vacancies. 4. To be elected from even dis
tricts. 5. First election for Governor. 6. Lieutenant-Governor, when
be elected. 7. Secretary of Internal Affairs. 8. Superintendent of Common
Schools, office to cease. 9. Re-election, 10. Supreme Court judges. 11. Courts of Record. 12. Register's courts to be abol
ished. 13. Judicial districts. 14. The same of the census. 15. Judges to hold office. 16. Presiding judge. 17. Compensation of judges of Su
preme Court. 18. Courts of Common Pleas. 19. In regard to judges. 20. Courts. 21. Causes pending. 22. The same. 23. The prothonotary of Court of
Common Pleas. 24. Aldermen in cities over 50,000
inhabitants. 25. Philadelphia magistrates. 26. Term of those in office to con
tinue 'till it expires. 27. As to the seventh article. 28. County commissioners and audi.
tors, terms of office. 29. Salaries of officers. 30. All State and judicial officers to
take oath of office. 31. Laws to be passed. 32. Certain ordinance to be valid. 33. County commissioners, defined.
Future Amendments. 1. Amendments may be proposed
by Legislature.- Amendments not to be submitted oftener than once in five years.