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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.
istered voters.-Qualified by dollar tax.---Military duty.-Who to vote for city council in Providence, to impose a tax,
etc. 3. Of assessment and payment of
registry tax. 4. Who shall not gain residence,
or be permited to vote. 6. Residents on land ceded, etc.,
not electors. 6. Power of General Assembly over
Powers Distributed. Three departments,
Declaratien of Rights. Section 1. Right of the people to make and
alter their constitution. 2. Object of government-HOW
laws should be made and burdens distributed. 3. Religious freedom secured. 4. Slavery prohibited. 5. Laws should provide remedies.
Justice should be free, com
plete, prompt. 6. Rights of search and seizure
regulated. 7. Provisions concerning criminal
proceedings. 8. "Bail, fines and punishments. 9. Bail and habeas corpus. 10. Rights of the accused in criminal
proceedings. 11. Debtors entitled to relief. 12. No ex post facto law, etc., to be
passed. 13. No man to criminate himself. 14. Presumption of innocence.-AC
cused to be secured without see
verity. 15. Trial by jury. 16. Private property secured. 17. Rights of fishery. 18. Military
subordinate.-Martial law. 19. Of quartering soldiers. 20. Liberty of press secured.-Truth
as a defense to libels. 21. Right of people to assemble, and
to petition. 22. Right to bear arms. 23. Rule of construction.
Legislative Power. 1. Constitution supreme law. 2. Two houses.-General Assembly.
-Style of laws. 3. Sessions of General Assembly. 4. Members not to take fees, etc. 6. Members exempt from arrest, oto. 6. Powers of each house.- Organi.
zation. 7. Powers to make rules, etc. 8. Of the journal, and yeas and
nays. 9. Of adjournments, 10. Of powers not prohibited. 11. Pay of members. 12. Lotteries prohibited. 13. Debts not to be incurred. 14. Private or local appropriations. 15. Of valuations of property and as
sessments. 16. Officers may be continued until
successors qualified. 17. Bills to create corporations to
be continued, except, etc. 18. Of election of Senators in Con
Electors. 1. Of electors owning real estate. 2. Of electors qualified to vote on
adoption of Constitution.-Reg
House of Representatives. Section 1. House, how constituted.-Ratio
of representation. 3. May elect its officers, etc.
Section 7. If Governor or Lleutenant-Gov.
ernor not elected by people, grand committee to elect
How. 8. In case general officers not elect
ed by people, how vacancies
shall be filled. 9. Vacancies in Assembly, how
filled. 10. Majority required to elect.
Senate. 1. How constituted, 2. Governor to preside.-When to
vote in grand committee. 3. May elect presiding officer in
case of vacancy, etc. 4. Secretary and other officers.
Qualifications of Office. 1. Qualified electors only eligible. 2. Conviction of bribery a disqual.
ification. 3. Oath of general officers. 4. Officers, how engaged. 5. How oath to be administered to
Governor, etc. 6. Holding office under United
States, or other government, a disqualification for certain offices, except, etc.
E.cecutive. 1. Or the Governor and Lieutenant
Governor.—How elected. 2. Duty of Governor. 3. He shall command military and
naval forces, except, etc. 4. He may grant reprieves, etc. 6. He may fill vacancies. 6. He may adjourn Assembly, in
case, etc. 7. He may convene Assembly,
when, etc. 8. Commissions, how signed, etc. 9. Lieutenant-Governor, when to
act as Governor. 10. Vacancies, how filled. 11. Compensation of Governor, etc. 12. Duties of general officers.
Judiciary. 1. One Supreme Court.-Interior
courts, how established. 2. Jurisdiction of courts.-Chan
cery powers. 3. Judges of Supreme Court to in
struct jury.-To give opinions,
etc. 4. Of election and tenure of otco
of judges of Supreme Court. 5. Vacancies, how filled. 6. Compensation of judges. 7. Justices of the peace and war
dens, how elected. Their Juris diction.
Election. 1. Governor and general officers,
when elected. 2. General officers and Members of
Assembly.-How voted for. 8. Same subject.—How votes to be
sealed up, transmitted and
counted. 4. List of voters to be kept. (Ob
solete). 8. Ballots for Members of Assem
bly, how counted.-Adjourn.
ment of elections, when. 6. Or voting in the city of Provi.
Impeachments. 1. Impeachments, how ordered. 2. Impeachments, how tried. 3. What officers liable to impeach. ment.-Effect of conviction.
Education, 1. Duty of General Assembly to
promote schools, etc.
We, the people of the State of Rhode Island and Providence
Plantations, grateful to Almighty God for the civil and relig. ious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and to transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain and establish this Constitution of govern. ment.
ARTICLE I. Declaration of Certain Constitutional Rights and Privileges.
In order effectually to secure the religious and political free dom established by our venerated ancestors, and to preserve the same for our posterity, we do declare that the essential and unquestionable rights and principles hereinafter mentioned shall