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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.

ARTICLE I.

Section

istered voters.-Qualified by dollar tax.---Military duty.-Who to vote for city council in Providence, to impose a tax,

etc. 3. Of assessment and payment of

registry tax. 4. Who shall not gain residence,

or be permited to vote. 6. Residents on land ceded, etc.,

not electors. 6. Power of General Assembly over

elections.

ARTICLE III.

Powers Distributed. Three departments,

Declaratien of Rights. Section 1. Right of the people to make and

alter their constitution. 2. Object of government-HOW

laws should be made and burdens distributed. 3. Religious freedom secured. 4. Slavery prohibited. 5. Laws should provide remedies.

Justice should be free, com

plete, prompt. 6. Rights of search and seizure

regulated. 7. Provisions concerning criminal

proceedings. 8. "Bail, fines and punishments. 9. Bail and habeas corpus. 10. Rights of the accused in criminal

proceedings. 11. Debtors entitled to relief. 12. No ex post facto law, etc., to be

passed. 13. No man to criminate himself. 14. Presumption of innocence.-AC

cused to be secured without see

verity. 15. Trial by jury. 16. Private property secured. 17. Rights of fishery. 18. Military

subordinate.-Martial law. 19. Of quartering soldiers. 20. Liberty of press secured.-Truth

as a defense to libels. 21. Right of people to assemble, and

to petition. 22. Right to bear arms. 23. Rule of construction.

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative Power. 1. Constitution supreme law. 2. Two houses.-General Assembly.

-Style of laws. 3. Sessions of General Assembly. 4. Members not to take fees, etc. 6. Members exempt from arrest, oto. 6. Powers of each house.- Organi.

zation. 7. Powers to make rules, etc. 8. Of the journal, and yeas and

nays. 9. Of adjournments, 10. Of powers not prohibited. 11. Pay of members. 12. Lotteries prohibited. 13. Debts not to be incurred. 14. Private or local appropriations. 15. Of valuations of property and as

sessments. 16. Officers may be continued until

successors qualified. 17. Bills to create corporations to

be continued, except, etc. 18. Of election of Senators in Con

gress.

ARTICLE II.

Electors. 1. Of electors owning real estate. 2. Of electors qualified to vote on

adoption of Constitution.-Reg

ARTICLE V.

House of Representatives. Section 1. House, how constituted.-Ratio

of representation. 3. May elect its officers, etc.

Section 7. If Governor or Lleutenant-Gov.

ernor not elected by people, grand committee to elect

How. 8. In case general officers not elect

ed by people, how vacancies

shall be filled. 9. Vacancies in Assembly, how

filled. 10. Majority required to elect.

ARTICLE VI.

Senate. 1. How constituted, 2. Governor to preside.-When to

vote in grand committee. 3. May elect presiding officer in

case of vacancy, etc. 4. Secretary and other officers.

ARTICLE IX.

Qualifications of Office. 1. Qualified electors only eligible. 2. Conviction of bribery a disqual.

ification. 3. Oath of general officers. 4. Officers, how engaged. 5. How oath to be administered to

Governor, etc. 6. Holding office under United

States, or other government, a disqualification for certain offices, except, etc.

ARTICLE VII.

E.cecutive. 1. Or the Governor and Lieutenant

Governor.—How elected. 2. Duty of Governor. 3. He shall command military and

naval forces, except, etc. 4. He may grant reprieves, etc. 6. He may fill vacancies. 6. He may adjourn Assembly, in

case, etc. 7. He may convene Assembly,

when, etc. 8. Commissions, how signed, etc. 9. Lieutenant-Governor, when to

act as Governor. 10. Vacancies, how filled. 11. Compensation of Governor, etc. 12. Duties of general officers.

ARTICLE X.

Judiciary. 1. One Supreme Court.-Interior

courts, how established. 2. Jurisdiction of courts.-Chan

cery powers. 3. Judges of Supreme Court to in

struct jury.-To give opinions,

etc. 4. Of election and tenure of otco

of judges of Supreme Court. 5. Vacancies, how filled. 6. Compensation of judges. 7. Justices of the peace and war

dens, how elected. Their Juris diction.

ARTICLE VIII.

Election. 1. Governor and general officers,

when elected. 2. General officers and Members of

Assembly.-How voted for. 8. Same subject.—How votes to be

sealed up, transmitted and

counted. 4. List of voters to be kept. (Ob

solete). 8. Ballots for Members of Assem

bly, how counted.-Adjourn.

ment of elections, when. 6. Or voting in the city of Provi.

dence.

ARTICLE XI.

Impeachments. 1. Impeachments, how ordered. 2. Impeachments, how tried. 3. What officers liable to impeach. ment.-Effect of conviction.

ARTICLE XII.

Education, 1. Duty of General Assembly to

promote schools, etc.

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We, the people of the State of Rhode Island and Providence

Plantations, grateful to Almighty God for the civil and relig. ious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and to transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain and establish this Constitution of govern. ment.

ARTICLE I. Declaration of Certain Constitutional Rights and Privileges.

In order effectually to secure the religious and political free dom established by our venerated ancestors, and to preserve the same for our posterity, we do declare that the essential and unquestionable rights and principles hereinafter mentioned shall

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