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ARTICLE X. Section 1. In all elections held by the people for State, city, town, ward or district officers, the person or candidate receiving the largest number of votes cast shall be declared elected.

Seo. 2. This amendment shall take in the Constitution of the State the place of section 10 of article VIII, “Of Elections," which said section is hereby annulled.

Adopted November 28, 1893.





ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Legislative department. 3. Executive department. 4. Judicial department. 5. Jurisprudence. 6. Eminent domain. 7. Impeachments. 8. Right of suffrage. 9. Finance and taxation. 10. Education. 11. Charitable and penal institu

tions. 12. Corporations. 13. Militia 14. Miscellaneous. 15. Amendment and revision of the

Constitution. 16. Amendments.


Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are equal and have the

right of defending their lives and liberties and of acquiring

property. 2. Slavery and involuntary servi

tude, except as a punishment

for crime, prohibited. 3. All political power is vested in

the people. 4. Paramount allegiance to the

Constitution and government

of the United States. 5. This State shall ever remain a

member of the American

Union. 6. The people have the right to as.

semble peaceably to consult

for the common good. 7. Freedom of speech and of the

press. 8. In prosecutions for libel the

truth may be given in evidence


9. Freedom of religious worship. 10. There shall be no established

religion.-Laws shall be passed to protect religious de

nominations. 11. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate. 12. Personal rights. 13. Rights of accused persons.-Not

compelled to testify against

himself. 14. Ex post facto laws prohibited. 15. All courts shall be public and

justice shall be administered

without delay. 16. Right of bail.-Excessive shall

not be required nor cruel pun

ishments inflicted. 17. The privilege of the writ of

habeas corpus. 18. No one shall be twice put in

jeopardy for the same offense. 19. All offenses less than felony.

How tried.-No person shall be held to answer for any higher crime unless on pre

sentment of a grand jury. 20. No imprisonment for debt. 21. Obligations of contracts.-NO

conviction shall work corrup

tion of blood, etc. 22. Unreasonable searches and seiz

ures prohibited. 23. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

just compensation, 24. The laws shall not be suspended

except by the General Assem

bly. 25. Only those in the army or navy

shall be subject to martial law. 26. The legislative, executive and

judicial powers of the government shall be separate and distinct.

Section 27. Redress of grievances. 28. The people have the right to

bear arms for the common defense.-The military subordi

nate to the civil authority. 29. In time of peace soldiers may

not be quartered in any house without the consent of the

owner. 30. No person with scruples against

bearing arms shall be com

pelled to do so. 31. All elections shall be free and

open. 32. No property qualifications nec

essary for an election or to hold office. Any person who shall fight a duel shall be de

barred from holding office. 33. Right of suffrage. 34. Apportionment of representa

tion.---No person shall be dis

franchised except by laiv. 35. Temporary absence from the

State shall not forfeit resi

dence. 36. Taxation of property.-Right of

life, liberty and property. 37. Impost taxes and duties shal!

not be established without tlie

consent of the people. 38. Excessive-fines and cruel punish

ment prohibited, nor shall witnesses be unnecessarily de

tained. 39. Titles of nobility and distinctions

of race and color prohibited. 40. All navigable waters shall re

main forever public highways. 41. The enumeration of rights in

this Constitution shall not impair others retained by the people.

Section 3. Judicial districts. 4. House of Representatives shall

consist of 124 members. 6. Assignment of Representatives. 7. When to take effect. 8. The Senate.-Number of.-Term

of office. 9. They shall be divided into two

classes. 10. To be eligible as a Senator or

Representative. 11. The first election for Senators

and Representatives. 12. Time of meeting of the Gen

eral Assembly. 13. When term of office begins. 14. Each house shall judge of the

election and qualifications of its own members.-A majority

shall constitute a quorum. 15. Each house shall determine its

own rules and punish its orein

bers. 16. Each hd se may punish per

sons not members, etc. 17. Members to have certain prip

ileges. 18. Bills for raising revenue shall

originate in the House of

Representatives. 19. The style of the laws. 20. But one subject, which shall be

expressed in the title. 21. Bills to be read three times.

Must be signed by the President of the Senate and Speaker

of the House. 22. No money

to be drawn from the treasury but by appro

priation. 23. Pay of members. 24. In all elections by the General

Assembly the vote shall be

viva voce. 25. Neither house may adjourn for

more than three days. 26. Each house shall keep a jour

nal. 27. The doors of each house shall be



Legislative Department. 1. The legislative power of the

State shall be vested in the
Senate and House of Repre-

sentatives. 2. Representatives.-How chosen.

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