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ARTICLE X. Section 1. In all elections held by the people for State, city, town, ward or district officers, the person or candidate receiving the largest number of votes cast shall be declared elected.
Seo. 2. This amendment shall take in the Constitution of the State the place of section 10 of article VIII, “Of Elections," which said section is hereby annulled.
Adopted November 28, 1893.
CONSTITUTION OF STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Legislative department. 3. Executive department. 4. Judicial department. 5. Jurisprudence. 6. Eminent domain. 7. Impeachments. 8. Right of suffrage. 9. Finance and taxation. 10. Education. 11. Charitable and penal institu
tions. 12. Corporations. 13. Militia 14. Miscellaneous. 15. Amendment and revision of the
Constitution. 16. Amendments.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are equal and have the
right of defending their lives and liberties and of acquiring
property. 2. Slavery and involuntary servi
tude, except as a punishment
for crime, prohibited. 3. All political power is vested in
the people. 4. Paramount allegiance to the
Constitution and government
of the United States. 5. This State shall ever remain a
member of the American
Union. 6. The people have the right to as.
semble peaceably to consult
for the common good. 7. Freedom of speech and of the
press. 8. In prosecutions for libel the
truth may be given in evidence
9. Freedom of religious worship. 10. There shall be no established
religion.-Laws shall be passed to protect religious de
nominations. 11. The right of trial by jury shall
remain inviolate. 12. Personal rights. 13. Rights of accused persons.-Not
compelled to testify against
himself. 14. Ex post facto laws prohibited. 15. All courts shall be public and
justice shall be administered
without delay. 16. Right of bail.-Excessive shall
not be required nor cruel pun
ishments inflicted. 17. The privilege of the writ of
habeas corpus. 18. No one shall be twice put in
jeopardy for the same offense. 19. All offenses less than felony.
How tried.-No person shall be held to answer for any higher crime unless on pre
sentment of a grand jury. 20. No imprisonment for debt. 21. Obligations of contracts.-NO
conviction shall work corrup
tion of blood, etc. 22. Unreasonable searches and seiz
ures prohibited. 23. Private property shall not be
taken for public use without
just compensation, 24. The laws shall not be suspended
except by the General Assem
bly. 25. Only those in the army or navy
shall be subject to martial law. 26. The legislative, executive and
judicial powers of the government shall be separate and distinct.
Section 27. Redress of grievances. 28. The people have the right to
bear arms for the common defense.-The military subordi
nate to the civil authority. 29. In time of peace soldiers may
not be quartered in any house without the consent of the
owner. 30. No person with scruples against
bearing arms shall be com
pelled to do so. 31. All elections shall be free and
open. 32. No property qualifications nec
essary for an election or to hold office. Any person who shall fight a duel shall be de
barred from holding office. 33. Right of suffrage. 34. Apportionment of representa
tion.---No person shall be dis
franchised except by laiv. 35. Temporary absence from the
State shall not forfeit resi
dence. 36. Taxation of property.-Right of
life, liberty and property. 37. Impost taxes and duties shal!
not be established without tlie
consent of the people. 38. Excessive-fines and cruel punish
ment prohibited, nor shall witnesses be unnecessarily de
tained. 39. Titles of nobility and distinctions
of race and color prohibited. 40. All navigable waters shall re
main forever public highways. 41. The enumeration of rights in
this Constitution shall not impair others retained by the people.
Section 3. Judicial districts. 4. House of Representatives shall
consist of 124 members. 6. Assignment of Representatives. 7. When to take effect. 8. The Senate.-Number of.-Term
of office. 9. They shall be divided into two
classes. 10. To be eligible as a Senator or
Representative. 11. The first election for Senators
and Representatives. 12. Time of meeting of the Gen
eral Assembly. 13. When term of office begins. 14. Each house shall judge of the
election and qualifications of its own members.-A majority
shall constitute a quorum. 15. Each house shall determine its
own rules and punish its orein
bers. 16. Each hd se may punish per
sons not members, etc. 17. Members to have certain prip
ileges. 18. Bills for raising revenue shall
originate in the House of
Representatives. 19. The style of the laws. 20. But one subject, which shall be
expressed in the title. 21. Bills to be read three times.
Must be signed by the President of the Senate and Speaker
of the House. 22. No money
to be drawn from the treasury but by appro
priation. 23. Pay of members. 24. In all elections by the General
Assembly the vote shall be
viva voce. 25. Neither house may adjourn for
more than three days. 26. Each house shall keep a jour
nal. 27. The doors of each house shall be
Legislative Department. 1. The legislative power of the
State shall be vested in the
sentatives. 2. Representatives.-How chosen.