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Seotion

sions convene the General As

sembly. 17. He shall commission officers. 18. Seal of State. 19. Grants and commissions. How

issued. 20. Oath of office. 21. Residence of Governor. 22. Bills which have passed the

General Assembly to be signed by the Governor.--He may sign or veto.-May be passed

over his veto. 23. Comptroller-General, Treasurer,

Secretary of State.--Term of office, duties and compensation prescribed by law.

ARTICLE III.

ARTICLE IV.

Executice Department. 1. The supreme executive author

ity is vested in the Governor. 2. The manner of electing the

Governor.-Term of office two

years.-May be re-elected. 3. To be eligible to the office of

Governor. 4. The returns of election of Gov

ernor. The person having highest number of votes elected.-In case of tie.-Contested

elections. 5. Election of Lieutenant-Governor.

-President of the Senate. 6. He shall only vote in case of tie. 7. The Senate shall choose a Presi

dent pro tem. 8. Vacation of seats. 9. When the duties of Governor

shall devolve on Lieutenant

Governor. 10. The Governor shall be com

mander-in-Chief of the militia. 11. Pardoning power vested in the

Governor. 12. He shall see that the laws are

executed. 13. Compensation of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor.-It shall not be increased nor dimin

ished. 14. Executive officers to report to

the Governor. 15. The Governor's message. 16. He may on extraordinary occa

Judicial Department. 1. The judicial power of the State

is vested in the Supreme and

certain other courts. 2. The Supreme Court.-Number of

judges.-Quorum.-How elected.-Term of office six years.

- To be classified. 3. The Chief Justice and associ

ates.-Their terms. 4. The Supreme Court shall have

appellate jurisdiction. 5. Sessions of the same. 6. No judge shall, if interested, etc. 7. The judge of said court shall

appoint a reporter and clerk. 8. When a judgment or decree is

reversed. 9. Compensation of judges of Su

preme and Circuit Courts.Not to have fees nor hold any

other office. 10. To be eligible as judge of Su

preme and Circuit Courts. 11. Vacancies.-How filled. 12. Decisions.-Concurrence of two

judges necessary. 13. The State to be divided into

Circuits. 14. Interchanging. 16. Court of Common Pleas.-Ita

terms and jurisdiction.

Section 17. Preservation of records. 18. Jurisdiction of Court of General

Session. 19. Repealed. 20. Probate Court.- Its jurisdiction. 21. Justices of the peace.- Term of

office two years. 22. Jurisdiction of the same. 23. Powers of the same. 24. Right of appeal. 25. Judges of Probate.-County com

missioners. —- Justices of the peace and constables, their

compensation. 26. How judges shall charge juries. 27. Clerks of courts. 28. Attorney-General.- His election.

Duties.- Term of office and

compensation. 29. Solicitors.—Their election.-Term

of office and compensation. 30. Sheriffs and coroners, term of

office four years. 31. Writs and processes. 32. Decisions of the Supreme Court. 33. The fourteenth article of amend

ment of the United States

Constitution shall be ratified. 34. Slave contracts void.

ļ Section 2. Impeachments shall be tried by

the Senate. 3. All executive officers liable.

Judgment not to extend be

yond removal from office. 4. Causes of impeachment.

ARTICLE VIII.

Kright of Suffrage. 1. Popular elections shall be by

ballot. 2. Qualifications of electors. 3. Registration of electors. 4. Residence not lost by reason of

absence in the service of the

United States. 5. Soldiers and seamen not deemed

residents by reason of being

stationed in this State. 6. Electors exempted from arrest. 7. Electors eligible for any office. 8. Those deprived of the right of

suffrage. 9. Presidential electors. 10. The person receiving the highest

number of votes elected. 11. The term of residence necessary

to hold office not applicable to,

etc. 12. Former slaves not disfranchised.

ARTICLE IX.

Finance and Taxation. 1. Assessment and taxation. 2. Poll tax. 3. An annual tax sufficient to de

fray the expenses of the State

shall be provided for. 4. The object of a tax to be stated. 5. Public, charitable and certain

other institutions to be ex

empted from taxation. 6. Valuation and assessment of

lands. 7. The State may contract public debts for extraordinary

expenditures. 8. Municipal taxation. 9. Incorporation of cities and

towns. 10. Evidences of State indebtedness. 11. A statement of receipts and ex

penditures to be published.

ARTICLE V.

Jurisprudence. 1. Differences may be decided by

arbitrators. 2. The General Assembly shall pass all laws necessary

for the change of venue. 3. Codification of the laws.

ARTICLE VI.

Eminent Domain. 1. The State shall have concurrent

jurisdiction on all rivers bor

dering on the State. 2. Land titles. 3. Ultimate right of property.

ARTICLE VII.

Impeachment. 1. The sole power of impeachment

is vested in the House of Representatives.

Section 12. No money drawn from treasury

but by appropriation. 13. The fiscal year shall commence

on November first of each year. 14. State bonds. 15. State, county and school funds. 16. Secession debts shall never be

paid. 17. Any bonded debt contracted by

any subdivision of the State shall never exceed eight per centum, etc.

ARTICLE X.

Education. 1. superintendent of Education.

His election.-Powers, duties, etc., to be defined by General

Assembly. 2. School commissioners.-Board of

education. 3. Free schools to be kept at least

six months in each year. 4. Compulsory attendance. 5. Property to be taxed for the

support of schools. 6. A Normal school to be estab

lished. 1. Institutions for the blind, deaf

and dumb. 8. A reform

school to be established. 9. State University and Agricultu

ral College. 10. Public schools open to all with

out regard to race or color. 18. The school fund.

ARTICLE XI.

Charitable and Penal Institutions. 1. Institutions for the deaf, dumb,

blind, etc. 2. Directors of the penitentiary. 3. Directors of benevolent and

other State institutions. 4. The Governor to fill vacancies. 5. Poor laws. 6. Lunatic asylum.

ARTICLE XII.

Corporations. 1. They may be formed under

Section
2. Corporations shall be taxed.
3. No right of way shall be appro-

priated without full compen

sation. 4. Dues from corporations. 5. The personal liberty of stock

holders to be fixed. 6. Charters for banking purposes.

ARTICLE XIII.

Militia.

1. To consist of whom.
2. The Governor has the power to

call them out.
3. There shall be an Adjutant and

Inspector-General.

ARTICLE XIV.

Miscellaneous

1. Qualifications for office.
2. Lotteries and the sale of tickets

prohibited.
3. The State library.
4. Claims against the State.
5. Divorces.
6. Disqualification for office.
7. Printing for the General As.

sembly. 8. Woman's property. 9. Removal of causes. 10. Time of election of State officers.

ARTICLE XV.

Amendment and Revision of the Con

stitution.

1. Amendments may be proposed

in either house. 2. If two or more amendments

shall be submitted at the same

time.
3. Constitutional conventions.

AMENDMENTS.

Article XVI.

general laws.

Prohibiting creation of debt

without consent of the people. Amendment to Article II, Section 11.

Changing election from October

to November.

Amendment to Article III, Sec

tion 23.
Changing term of office of cer-

tain State officers. Amendment to Article II, Section 2.

"Toxaway" substituted for

“ White Water." Amendment to Article X, Section 5.

Tax of two mills for public

schools.

Amendment to Article II, Section 32.

As to homestead, amended. Amendment to Article II, Section 11.

Biennial elections to be fixed by

Legislature.
Amendment to Article VIII, Sec-

tion 8.
Burglary, larceny, perjury, for-

gery or any other infamous crime added to disqualifications.

PREAMBLE.

We, the people of the State of South Carolina, in convention

assembled, grateful to Almighty God for this opportunity deliberately and peaceably of entering into an explicit and solemn compact with each other, and forming a new Constitution of civil government for ourselves and posterity, recognizing the necessity of the protection of the people in all that pertains to their freedom, safety and tranquillity, and imploring the direction of the Great Legislator of the Universe, do agree upon, ordain and establish the following:

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are born free and equal — endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are the rights of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties, of acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness.

Sec. 2. Slavery shall never exist in this State; neither shall involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.

Sec. 3. All political power is vested in and derived from the people only; therefore they have the right, at all times, to modify their form of government in such manner as they may deem expedient, when the public good demands.

Sec. 4. Every citizen of this State owes paramount allegi. ance to the Constitution and government of the United States, and no law or ordinance of this State in contravention or subversion thereof can have any binding force.

Sec. 5. This State shall ever remain a member of the Ameri. can Union, and all attempts, from whatsoever source, or upon

whatever pretext, to dissolve the said union shall be resisted with the whole power of the State.

Sec. 6. The right of the people peaceably to assemble to consult for the common good, and to petition the government, or any department thereof, shall never be abridged.

Sec. 7. All persons may freely speak, write and publish their sentiments on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that right; and no laws shall be enacted to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press.

Sec. 8. In prosecutions for the publication of papers investigating the official conduct of officers or men in public capacity or when the matter published is proper for public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence; and in all indictments for libel, the jury shall be the judges of the law and the facts.

No person shall be deprived of the right to worship God accordIny to the dictates of his own conscience: Provided, That the liberty of conscience hereby declared shall not justify practices inconsistent with the peace and moral safety of society.

Sec. 10. No form of religion shall be established by law; but it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to pass suitable laws to protect every religious denomination in the peace able enjoyment of its own mode of worship.

Sec. 11. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate.

Sec. 12. No person shall be disqualified as a witness, or be prevented from acquiring, holding and transmitting property, or be hindered in acquiring education, or be liable to any other punishment for any offense, or be subjected in law to any other restraints or disqualifications, in regard to any personal rights, than such as are laid upon others under like circumstances.

Sec. 13. No person shall be held to answer for any crime or offense until the same is fully, fairly, plainly, substantially and formally described to him; or be compelled to accuse or furnish evidence against himself; and every person shall have a right to produce all proofs that may be favorable to him, to meet the witnesses against him face to face, to have a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury, and to be fully heard in his defense by himself or by his counsel, or by both, as he may elect.

Sec. 14. No person shall be arrested, imprisoned, despoiled or dispossessed of his property, immunities or privileges, put out of the protection of the law, exiled or deprived of

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