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CONSTITUTION,OF, STATE OF NORTHÍ CAROLINA.
Section 34. State boundaries. 35. Courts shall be open. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. 37. Other rights of the people.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. The equality and rights of men. 2. Political power and government. 3. Internal government of the
State. 4. That there is no right to se
cede. 5. Of allegiance to the United
States government. 6. Public debt. 7. Exclusive emoluments, etc. 8. The legislative, executive and
judicial powers distinct. 9. Of
the power of suspending
laws. 10. Elections free. 11. In criminal prosecutions. 12. Answers to criminal charges. 13. Right of jury. 14. Excessive bail. 15. General warrants. 16. Imprisonment for debt. 17. No person to be taken, etc., but
by the law of the land. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. 19. Controversies at law respecting
property. 20. Freedom of the press. 21. Habeas corpus. 22. Property qualifications. 23. Representation and taxation. 24. Militia and the right to bear
arms, 25. Right of the people to assemble
together. 25. Religious liberty. 27. Education, 23. Elections should be frequent. 29. Recurrence to fundamental prin
ciples. 39. Hereditary emoluments, etc. 31. Perpetuities, etc. 32. Ex post facto laws. 33. Slavery prohibited.
Legislative Department. 1. Two branches. 2. Time of assembling. 3. Number of Senators. 4. Regulations in relation to dis
tricting the State for Sena
tors. 5. Regulations in relation to appor
tionment of Representatives. 6. Ratio of representation. 7. Qualifications for Senators. 8. Qualifications for Representa
tives. 9. Election of officers. 10. Powers in relation to divorce
and alimony. 11, Private laws in relation to the
names of persons, etc. 12. Thirty days notice shall be given
anterior to passage of private
laws. 13. Vacancies. 14. Revenue. 15. Entails. 16. Journals. 17. Protest. 18. Officers of the house. 19. President of the Senate. 20. Other senatorial officers. 21. Style of the acts. 22. Powers of the general assembly. 23. Bills and resolutions to be read
three times, etc. 24. Oath for members. 25. Term of office. 26. Yeas and nays. 27. Election for members of the
Section 28. Pay of officers and members of
the general assembly. 28. Extra session.
Executive Department. 1. Officers of the executive de
partment. 1. Terms of office. 2. Qualifications of Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor. 3. Returns of elections. 4. Oath of office for Governor. 5. Duties of Governor. 6. Reprieves, commutations and
pardons. 7. Annual reports from officers of
executive department and
of public institutions. 8. Commander-in-chief. 9. Extra sessions of general assem
bly. 10. Officers whose appointments are
not otherwise provided for. 11. Duties of Lieutenant-Governor. 12. In case of impeachment of Gov
ernor vacancy caused by
death or resignation. 13. Duties of other executive offi
cers. 14. Council of State. 15. Compensation of executive of
ficers. 16. Seal of State. 17. Department of agriculture, im
migration and statistics.
of judicial districts. And
Special Terms. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior
to Supreme Court. 13. In case of waiver of trial by
jury. 14. Special Courts in cities. 15. Clerk of Supreme Court. 16. Election of Superior Court
Clerk. 17. Terms of office. 18. Fees, salaries and emoluments. 19. What laws are and shall be in
force. 20. Disposition of actions at law
and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall
go into effect, etc. 21. Election, term of office, etc., of
Supreme and Superior Court
Judges. 22. Transaction of business in the
Superior Courts. 23. Solicitors for each judicial dist
rict. 24. Sheriffs and coroners. 25. Vacancies. 26. Terms of office of first officers
under this article. 27. Jurisdiction of Justices of the
Peace. 28. Vacancies in office of justices. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior
Court clerk. 30. Officers of other courts inferior
to Supreme Court. 31. Removal of Judges of the va
rious courts for inability. 32. Removal of clerks of the va
rious courts for inability. 33. Amendments not to vacate ex
Judicial Department. 1. Abolishes the distinctions be
tween actions at law and suits
in equity. 1. Feigned issues abolished. 2. Division of judicial powers. 3. Trial court of impeachment. 4. Impeachment. 5. Treason against the State. 6. Supreme Court Justices. 7. Terms of the Supreme Court. 8. Jurisdiction of the Supreme
Court. 9. Claims against the State.
Revenue and Taxation. 1. Capitation tax. 1. Exemptions. 2. Application of proceeds of State
and county capitation tax.
Section 3. Taxation shall be by uniform
rule and ad valorem. 4. Restriction upon the increase of
the public debt, except in cer
tain contingencies. 5. Property exemptions from taxa
tion. 6. Taxes levied by County Com
missioners. 7. Acts levying taxes shall state
Education. Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. 2. General assembly shall provide
for schools. 2. Separation of the races. 3. Counties to be divided into
districts. 4. What property shall be devoted
to educational purposes. 5. County school funds. 5. Proviso. 6. Election of trustees and pro
vision for maintenance of the
university. 7. Benefits of the university. 8. Board of education. 9. President and secretary. 10. Power of board. 11. First session of board. 12. Quorum. 13. Expenses. 14. Agricultural department. 15. Children must attend school.
ARTICLE VI. Suffrage and Eligibility to Office. 1. Qualifications of an elector. 2. Registration of electors. 3. Elections by people and general
assembly. 4. Oath of office. 5. Disqualification for office.
Municipal Corporations, 1. County officers. 2. Duties of County Commission
ers. 3. Counties to be divided into dist
ricts. 4. Said districts shall have corpo
rate powers as townships. 5. Officers of townships. 6. Trustees shall assess property. 7. No debt or loan except by a
majority of voters. 8. Drawing of money. 9. Taxes to be ad valorem. 10. When officers enter on duty. 11. Governor to appoint Justices. 12. Charters to remain in force un
til legally changed. 13. Debts in aid of the rebellion not
to be paid. 14. Powers of general assembly
over municipal corporations.
Homesteads and Exemptions.
1. Exemption. 2. Homestead. 3. Homestead exempted from debt. 4. Laborer's lien. 5. Benefit of widow. 6. Property of a married female
secured to her. 7. Husband may insure his life for
the benefit of wife and child.
ren. 8. How deed for homestead may
ARTICLE VIII. Corporations Other than Municipal. 1. Corporations under general
laws. 2. Debts of corporations, how se
cured. 3. What corporations shall include. 4. Legislatures to provide for or
ganizing cities, towns, etc.
ARTICLE XI. Punishments, Penal Institutions and
Public Charities. 1. Punishments. 1. Convict labor. 1. Proviso. 2. Death punishment 3. Penitentiary. 4. Houses of correction. 5. Houses of refuge. 6. The sexes to be separated.
Militia. 1. Who are liable to militia duty. 2. Organizing, etc. 3. Governor, commander-in-chief. 4. Exemptions.
Amendments. 1. Convention, how called.
Miscellaneous. 1. Indictments. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. 3. Drawing money. 4. Mechanic's lien. 5. Governor to make appointments. 6. Seat of government. 7. Holding office. 8. Intermarriage of whites and
PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to
Almighty God, the sovereign ruler of nations, for the preserva. tion of the American Union, and the existence of our civil, political and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do, for the more certain security thereof, and for the better government of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution:
Declaration of Rights. That the great, general and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established, and that the relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the American people, may be defined and affirmed, we do declare:
Section 1. That we hold it to be self-evident that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the frưits of their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness.
Sec. 2. That all political power is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.