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CONSTITUTION,OF, STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.

Section 34. State boundaries. 35. Courts shall be open. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. 37. Other rights of the people.

ARTICLE II.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. The equality and rights of men. 2. Political power and government. 3. Internal government of the

State. 4. That there is no right to se

cede. 5. Of allegiance to the United

States government. 6. Public debt. 7. Exclusive emoluments, etc. 8. The legislative, executive and

judicial powers distinct. 9. Of the power

of suspending laws. 10. Elections free. 11. In criminal prosecutions. 12. Answers to criminal charges. 13. Right of jury. 14. Excessive bail. 15. General warrants. 16. Imprisonment for debt. 17. No person to be taken, etc., but

by the law of the land. 19. Persons restrained of liberty. 19. Controversies at law respecting

property. 20. Freedom of the press. 21. Habeas corpus. 22. Property qualifications. 23. Representation and taxation. 24. Militia and the right to bear

arms. 25. Right of the people to assemble

together. 26. Religious liberty. 27. Education. 23. Elections should be frequent. 29. Recurrence to fundamental prin

ciples. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. 31. Perpetuities, etc. 32. Ex post facto laws. 33. Slavery prohibited.

Legislative Department. 1. Two branches. 2. Time of assembling. 3. Number of Senators. 4. Regulations in relation to dis

tricting the State for Sena

tors. 5. Regulations in relation to appor

tionment of Representatives. 6. Ratio of representation. 7. Qualifications for Senators. 8. Qualifications for Representa

tives. 9. Election of officers. 10. Powers in relation to divorce

and alimony. 11. Private laws in relation to the

names of persons, etc. 12. Thirty days notice shall be given

anterior to passage of private

laws. 13. Vacancies. 14. Revenue. 15. Entails. 16. Journals. 17. Protest. 18. Officers of the house. 19. President of the Senate. 20. Other senatorial officers. 21. Style of the acts. 22. Powers of the general assembly. 23. Bills and resolutions to be read

three times, etc. 24. Oath for members. 25. Term of office. 26. Yeas and nays. 27. Election for members of the

general assembly.

Section 28. Pay of officers and members of

the general assembly. 28. Extra session.

ARTICLE III.

Executice Department. 1. Officers of the executive de

partment. 1. Terms of office. 2. Qualifications of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor. 3. Returns of elections. 4. Oath of office for Governor. 5. Duties of Governor. 6. Reprieves, commutations

and pardons. 7. Annual reports from officers of

executive department and

of public institutions. 8. Commander-in-chief. 9. Extra sessions of general assem

bly. 10. Officers whose appointments are

not otherwise provided for. 11. Duties of Lieutenant-Governor. 12. In case of impeachment of Gov

ernor or vacancy caused by

death or resignation. 13. Duties of other executive offi

cers. 14. Council of State. 15. Compensation of executive of

ficers. 16. Seal of State. 17. Department of agriculture, im

migration and statistics.

Section 10. Judicial districts for Superior

Courts. 11. Residence of judges. Rotation

of judicial districts. And

Special Terms. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior

to Supreme Court. 13. In case of waiver of trial by

jury. 14. Special Courts in cities. 15. Clerk of Supreme Court. 16. Election of Superior Court

Clerk. 17. Terms of office. 18. Fees, salaries and emoluments. 19. What laws are and shall be in

force. 20. Disposition of actions at law

and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall

go into effect, etc. 21. Election, term of office, etc., of

Supreme and Superior Court

Judges. 22. Transaction of business in the

Superior Courts. 23. Solicitors for each judicial dist

rict. 24. Sheriffs and coroners. 25. Vacancies. 26. Terms of office of first officers

under this article. 27. Jurisdiction of Justices of the

Peace. 28. Vacancies in office of justices. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior

Court clerk. 30. Officers of other courts inferior

to Supreme Court. 31. Removal of Judges of the va

rious courts for inability. 32. Removal of clerks of the va

rious courts for inability. 33. Amendments not to vacate ex

isting offices.

ARTICLE IV.

Judicial Department. 1. Abolishes the distinctions be

tween actions at law and suits

in equity. 1. Feigned issues abolished. 2. Division of judicial powers. 3. Trial court of impeachment. 4. Impeachment. 5. Treason against the State. 6. Supreme Court Justices. 7. Terms of the Supreme Court. 8. Jurisdiction of the Supreme

Court. 9. Claims against the State.

ARTICLE V.

Revenue and Taxation. 1. Capitation tax. 1. Exemptions. 2. Application of proceeds of State

and county capitation tax.

Section 3. Taxation shall be by uniform

rule and ad valorem. 4. Restriction upon the increase of

the public debt, except in cer

tain contingencies. 5. Property exemptions from taxa

tion. 6. Taxes levied by County Com

missioners. 7. Acts levying taxes shall state

object, etc.

ARTICLE IX.

Education. Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. 2. General assembly shall provide

for schools. 2. Separation of the races. 3. Counties to be divided into

districts. 4. What property shall be devoted

to educational purposes. 5. County school funds. 5. Proviso. 6. Election of trustees and pro

vision for maintenance of the

university. 7. Benefits of the university. 8. Board of education. 9. President and secretary. 10. Power of board. 11. First session of board. 12. Quorum. 13. Expenses. 14. Agricultural department. 15. Children must attend school.

ARTICLE X.

ARTICLE VI. Sufrage and Eligibility to Office. 1. Qualifications of an elector. 2. Registration of electors. 3. Elections by people and general

assembly. 4. Oath of office. 5. Disqualification for office.

Municipal Corporations. 1. County officers. 2. Duties of County Commission

ers. 3. Counties to be divided into dist

ricts. 4. Said districts shall have corpo

rate powers as townships. 5. Officers of townships. 6. Trustees shall assess property. 7. No debt or loan except by a

majority of voters. 8. Drawing of money. 9. Taxes to be ad valorem. 10. When officers enter on duty. 11. Governor to appoint Justices. 12. Charters to remain in force un

til legally changed. 13. Debts in aid of the rebellion not

to be paid. 14. Powers of general assembly

over municipal corporations.

Homesteads and Exemptions.

1. Exemption. 2. Homestead. 3. Homestead exempted from debt. 4. Laborer's lien. 5. Benefit of widow. 6. Property of a married female

secured to her. 7. Husband may insure his life for

the benefit of wife and child.

ren. 8. How deed for homestead may

be made.

ARTICLE VIII. Corporations Other than Municipal. 1. Corporations under general

laws. 2. Debts of corporations, how se

cured. 3. What corporations shall include. 4. Legislatures to provide for or

ganizing cities, towns, etc.

ARTICLE XI. Punishments, Penal Institutions and

Public Charities. 1. Punishments. 1. Convict labor. 1. Proviso. 2. Death punishment 3. Penitentiary. 4. Houses of correction. 5. Houses of refuge. 6. The sexes to be separated.

Section
2. How Constitution may be al.

tered.

Section
7. Provision for the poor and or.

phans.
8. Orphan houses.
9. Inebriates and idiots.
10. Deaf-mutes, blind and insane.
11. Self-supporting.

ARTICLE XII.

Militia. 1. Who are liable to militia duty. 2. Organizing, etc. 3. Governor, commander-in-chief. 4. Exemptions.

ARTICLE XIII.

Amendments. 1. Convention, how called.

ARTICLE XIV.

Miscellaneous. 1. Indictments. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. 3. Drawing money. 4. Mechanic's lien. 5. Governor to make appointments. 6. Seat of government. 7. Holding office. 8. Intermarriage of whites and

negroes prohibited.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to

Almighty God, the sovereign ruler of nations, for the preservation of the American Union, and the existence of our civil, political and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do, for the more certain security thereof, and for the better government of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution:

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. That the great, general and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established, and that the relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the American people, may be defined and affirmed, we do declare:

Section 1. That we hold it to be self-evident that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness.

Sec. 2. That all political power is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.

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