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CONSTITCTION OF TIIE STATE OF WASHINGTON.

Articles 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Legislative department. 3. The Executive. 4. The Judiciary. 6. Impeachment. 6. Election and election rights. 7. Revenue and taxation. 8. State, county and municipal in

debtedness. 9. Education, 10. Militia. 11. County, city and township or

ganization. 12. Corporations other than munic

ipal. 13. State institutions. 14. Seat of government. 15. Harbors and tide water. 16. Schools and granted lands. 17. Tide lands. 18. State seals. 19. Exemptions. 20. Public health and vital statis.

tics. 21. Water and water rights. 22. Legislative apportionment. 23. Amendments. 24. Boundaries. 25. Jurisdiction. 26. Compact with the United States. 27. Schedule. Preamble

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent in

the people. 2. The Constitution of the United

States is the supreme law of

the land. 3. No person shall be deprived of

life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 4. The people have the right to as

semble in a peaceable manner to consult for the common good.

Section 5. Freedom of speech. 6. The manner of administering

an oath. 7. No person shall be disturbed in

his private affairs or his home invaded without authority of

law. 8. No law granting any privilege

or franchise shall be passed by

the Legislature. 9. No persons shall be compelled to

give evidence against them- . selves, or be twice put in jeop

ardy for the same offense. 10. Justice to be administered open

ly and without delay. 11. Freedom of religious thought

and worship.--No appropriations for support of religious instruction.-No religious qualifications required for public

office. 12. No law granting to any class

of citizens, etc., privileges or

immunities. 13. The privilege of the writ of

habeas corpus shall not be sus

pended. 14. Excessive bail or fines not to be

imposed, nor cruel punishments

inflicted. 15. Conviction shall not work cor

ruption of blood nor forfeiture

of estate. 16. Private property shall not be

taken without just compensa

tion. 17. No imprisonment for debt, ex

cept. 18. The military shall be subordi

nate to the civil power. 19. All elections shall be free and

equal. | 20. Bail accepted for all crimes ex

cept capital offenses. 21. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate,

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Section

Section 22. In criminal prosecutions, the ac

stitution shall be on the first cused shall have the right to

Tuesday after the first Monappear and defend in person,

day in November, 1890. etc., and demand the nature 6. After the first election Senators and cause of the accusation

shall be elected in the same against him.

manner as members of the 23. No bill of attainder, ex post

House are required to be facto law, etc., shall ever be

elected. passed.

7. To be e'igible to the Legislature. 24. Right to bear arms.

8. Each House shall be judge of 25. Offenses heretofore required to

the election and qualification be prosecuted by indictment

of its own members. may be prosecuted by infor- 1 9. Each House may punish for con. mation.

tempt and disorderly behavior. 26. How grand juries may be sum

10. Each House shall elect its own moned.

officers; when Lieutenant-Gov. 27. Treason against the State de

ernor is acting as Governor fined.

the Senate shall choose a tem28. No hereditary emoluments or

porary president. privileges shall be granted.

11. Each House shall keep its own 29. The provisions of this constitu

journal. tion are mandatory unless de

12. When the first Legislature shall clared to be otherwise.

meet. 30. The enumeration of rights in

13. Members of the Legislature may this Constitution not to deny

not hold a civil office, etc. others retained by the people.

14. Those who are not eligible as 31. No standing army.-Quartering

members of the Legislature. of soldiers.

15. The Governor shall issue writs

of elections to fill such vacan32. A frequent recurrence of funda

cies as may occur.
mental principles is essential
to the security of individual

16. When members of the Legisla

ture may be privileged from rights and the perpetuity of a

arrest. free government.

17. Absolute freedom of speech

and debate. ARTICLE II.

18. The style of the laws.-No laws Legislative Department.

shall be enacted except by bill.

19. No bill shall embrace more than 1. Vested in the Senate and House of Representatives.

one subject.

20. A bill may originate in either 2. The House shall consist of not

House. less than sixty-three nor more

21. Yeas and nays shall be entered than ninety-nine members.

on the journal, etc. The number of Senators not more than one-half nor less 22. Requirements for a bill to bethan one third of the members

come a law. of the House.

23. Pay of legislators. 3. A census to be taken in 1895 and 24. The Legislature shall not auevery ten years thereafter.

thorize any lobby or grant 4. Election of the members of the

any divorce. House.-Term of office.

25. No extra compensation to be 5. The next election of members

granted to any public officer, after the adoption of this con

agent, etc.

ARTICLE III.

Section 26. The Legislature shall direct by

law in what manner and in what courts suits may be

brought against the State. 27. All elections by the Legislature

shall be viva voce. 28. The Legislature is prohibited

from enacting any private or special laws except in the fol

lowing cases. 29. Contract convict labor shall be

abolished. 30. Corrupt solicitation of the mem

bers of the Legislature shall be punished by fine and imprisonment.--A member who has a private interest in any bill

shall not vote thereon. 31. No law, except appropriation

bills, to take effect until ninety days after the adjournment of the session at which it was

enacted. 32. Every bill to become a law must

be signed by the presiding officer of each of the two Houses

in open session, 33. The ownership of lands by allens

who have not declared their intention to become citizens of the United States is prohibited, except when acquired by in

heritance. 34. There shall be established a bu

reau of statistics, agriculture

and immigration. 35. Laws to be passed for the pro

tection of persons working in

mines, factories, etc. 36. Every bill must be introduced

at least ten days before the

final adjournment, unless. 37. No bill shall ever be revised

or amended by mere reference

to its title. 38. No amendment to any bill shall

be allowed which shall change the scope and object of the

bill. 39. Officers of the State may not

accept a pass from any railroad or other corporation.

Executive. Section 1. The executive department shall

consist of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of

State, etc. 2. The supreme executive power

of the State is vested in the Governor.-Term of office four

years. 3. Term of office of other State

officers. 4. What is to be done with the re

turns for the election of the

officers named above. 5. The Governor may require

information in writing from

the officers of the State. 6. He shall communicate by mes

sage. 7. He may, on extraordinary occa

sions, convene the Legislature

by proclamation. 8. He is commander-in-chief of the

military of the State. 9. The pardoning power shall be

vested in the Governor, with

restrictions. 10. When the Lieutenant-Governor

is to act as Governor. 11. The Governor is to report to the

Legislature at its next meet. ing each case of reprieve, commutation or pardon grant

ed. 12. Every act to be signed by the

Governor before it becomes a

law. 13. Certain vacancies to be filled by

the Governor by appointment. 14. His salary. 15. All commissions, how issued and

signed. 16. Lieutenant-Governor presiding

officer of the Senate.--His sal

ary. 17. Secretary of State.--His duties. 18. Seal of State, to be kept by

Secretary. 19. Treasurer.-His duties and sal

ary. 20. The Au litor.-His powers, duties

and salary.

Section 21. The Attorney-General.-His du

tles and salary. 22. Superintendent of Public In

struction.-His duties. 23. The Coromissioner of Public

Lands.-His duties and com

pensation. 24. The public records of each office

to be kept at the seat of gov

ernment. 25. To be eligible to hold office

under the State.

ARTICLE IV.

Section

Superior Court within ninety

days.-Provided. 21. Opinions of Supreme Court to

be published. 22. Clerk of th same.-His term

and salary. 23. Court commissioners.—Their au

thority and duties. 24. Uniform rules to be established

for government of Superior

Courts. 26. Defects and omissions in the

laws to be reported. 26. County clerk to be clerk of Su

perior Court. 27. The style of process. 28. Judges to take an oath to sup

port the constitutions of United States and this State.

ARTICLE V.

Impeachment. 1. The House of Representatives

shall have sole power of impeachment.--A majority

quired. 2. Which officers

liable to impeachment. — The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall be liable to prose

cution. 3. Other officers, not liable to im

peachment, shall be removed.

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Judiciary. 1. Judicial powers, how vested. 2. Supreme Court shall consist of

five judges. 3. Election of same.-They shall

be classified by lot.-Who Chief Justice.-In case of va

cancy. 4. Supreme Court.-Its jurisdiction

and powers. 5. Superior Court.--Election of

judges.---Enumeration of sald

judges. 6. Its jurisdiction. 7. A Superior Court judge may

hold court in any county.

Judge pro tempore. 8. Forfeiture of office. 9. The removal of officers. 10. Justices of the peace.--Number,

duties and jurisdiction. 11. Which

to be courts of record. 12. Jurisdiction of inferior courts

to be prescribed by law. 13. Who may receive fees, etc. 14. Salaries of judges of Supreme

and Superior Courts. 15. They may not hold any office

other than judicial. 16. How judges shall charge juries. 17. To be eligible for office of judge

of the Supreme and Superior

Courts. 18. A court reporter, his salary, 19. No judge of a court of record

shall practice law. 20. Cases to be decided by judge of

are

ARTICLE VI. Elections and Electice Rights. 1. The qualifications required to

vote. 2. Women may vote at school elec

tions. 3. Enumeration of those who may

not vote. 4. No person shall be deemed to

have lost or gained a restdence by reason of his absence while in the civil or mil. itary service of this State or

the United States. 5. Voters to be privileged from ar

rest during their attendance at elections, nor shall they be required to do military duty on that day.

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Section 6. All elections shall be by ballot. 7. The Legislature shall enact a

registration law. 8. When the first election of county i

and district officers is to take place, when not otherwise provided for.

ARTICLE VII.

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Revenue and Taxation. 1. The Legislature shall provide

by law an annual tax, sufficient for the estimated

penses of the State. 2. Uniform and equal rate of as

sessment shall be provided for. 3. The Legislature shall provide by

general law for the levying of taxes on all corporation prop

erty. 4. The power to tax corporations

shall not be surrendered. 6. No tax shall be levied except in

pursuance to law. 6. All taxes for State purposes

shall be paid in money only. 7. A statement of receipts and ex

penditures of public money

shall be published annually. 8. Whenever the expenses for any

fiscal year shall exceed the

Income, how provided for. 9. Cities, towns and villages may

be invested with the power to make local improvements by special taxation.

Section

of the treasury of' this state

except by appropriation. 6. The credit of the State shall not

be given or loaned. 6. No sub-division of the State

shall become indebted to an amount exceeding one and onehalt per cent of the taxable

property. 7. No sub-division of the State

shall give money or loan its credit in aid of any individual or corporation.

ARTICLE IX.

Education. 1. Education for all children shall

be provided without distinction

on account of race, color or sex. 2. A uniform system of public

schools.-Enumeration of the

different grades. 3. A principle of common school

fund shall remain inviolate. 4. All schools supported by public

fund shall be free from secta

rian control. 5. In regard to losses to the perma

nent school fund.

ARTICLE X.

Militia. 1. Those who are liable to military

duty. 2. The Legislature shall provide by

law for organizing and equip

ping the militia. 3. A soldiers' home to be provided. 4. Provision shall be made for the

safe keeping of public arms. 5. The militia shall be privileged

from arrest, except. 6. Persons having conscientious

scruples against bearing arms shall not be compelled to do so.

ARTICLE VIII.

State, County and Municipal Indebted

ARTICLE XI. City, County and Tournship Organiza

ne88.

1. The State may contract debts

to meet casual deficits not to

exceed $400,000. 2. In addition to the above, debts

may be contracted to repel invasion, suppress insurrection,

etc. 3. No other debts shall be con

tracted except as are author

ized by law. 4. No money shall ever be paid out

tion. 1. The Territorial sub-divisions are

hereby recognized as legal subdivisions of this State.

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