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2. What is required to move

county seat. 3. To establish new counties. 4. County government shall be unl

form throughout the State. 5. General and uniform laws shall

provide for the election of county and other officers. It shall prescribe their duties

and fix their term of office, etc. 6. The Board of County Commis

sioners shall fill all vacancies

by appointment. 7. No county officer shall be eligi

ble to hold his office more than

two terms. 8. The salaries of all county of

ficers, etc., shall be fixed by

law. 9. No county, or the inhabitants

thereof, shall be released from its or their proportionate share

of taxes. 10. Corporations for municipal pur

poses shall not be created by

special law. 11. Any county, city, town or town

ship may make within its limIts all such local police, sanitary and other regulations as are not in conflict with general

laws. 12. The Legislature shall have no

power to impose taxes upon any of the sub-divisions of the State, but may, by general laws, vest in corporate authorities thereof the power to assess and collect taxes for

such purposes. 13. Private property shall not be

taken or sold for the payment

of any corporate debt, except. 14. The making of profit out of pub

lic money shall be a felony. 15. All moneys and taxes belonging

to any sub-division of the State shall be immediately deposited with the treasurer.

ARTICLE XII. Corporations other than Municipal. Section 1. Corporations may be formed

under general laws.-All laws relating to corporations may be altered, amended or

pealed. 2. All existing charters, etc., under

which an actual organization shall not have taken place at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall not be

valid. 3. The Legislature shall not extend

any franchise or charter, nor remit the forfeiture of the same, of any corporation now

existing 4. Stockholders and all other incor

porated companies, except banking or insurance, shall be liable for the debts of the corporation to the amount of his

unpaid stock annually. 6. The term corporation defined. 6. Regulations in regard to the is.

sue of stock by corporations. 7. Foreign corporations shall not

be allowed to do business in this State on more favorable conditions than domestic cor

porations have. 8. No corporation shall lease or

alienate any franchise, etc. 9. The State must not loan its

credit. 10. The right of eminent domain. 11. Only lawful money of the United

States to be circulated.—The liabilities of stockholders in any banking and insurance

corporations. 12. In regard to an officer of any

banking institution receiving deposits after the knowledge

of the bank being insolvent 13. All railroads, canal and other

transportation companies are common carriers and subject

to legislative control. 14. No railroad company, or other

common carrier, shall combine with owners of vessels, etc.

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Section 3. The right to extend streets over

intervening tide lands.


School and Granted Landx, 1. All public lands granted by the

State are held in trust for the people.-- Regulations in re

gard to the sale of the same. 2. School lands to be sold at public

auction to the highest bidder.

--Terms of payment. 3. No more than one-fourth of the

land granted for educational purposes shall be sold prior to

January 1, 1895, etc. 4. No more than one hundred and

sixty acres of granted lands shall be offered for sale in one

parcel. 5. None of the permanent school

fund shall ever be loaned to private persons corporations.


15. No discrimination in charges for

passengers or freight permit

ted, 16. Competing lines may not consol

idate. 17. The rolling stock and other mov

able property shall be consid

ered personal property. 18. The Legislature shall establish

transportation charges for pas

sengers and freight.
19. Telephone and telegraph lines

may be constructed and
maintained.-Railroad corpor-
ations shall allow such com-
panies right of way along their

20. No railroad or other transporta-

tion company shall grant free

passes, etc. 21. Monopolies and trusts shall

never be allowed in this State.


State Institutions.
1. The State shall foster and sup-

port reformatory and other in-



Sent of Government. 1. Location of the seat of govern

ment shall be determined by a

majority of the voters. 2. The seat of government may be

changed by two-thirds vote of

all the electors of the State.
3. The Legislature shall make no

appropriations for capitol
buildings or grounds until the
seat of government shall have
been permanently located.

1 ide Lands.
1. The State asserts its ownership

to the beds and shores of all navigable waters up to and including a line of ordinary

high tide. 2. The State disclaims all title in

and claim to all tide, swamp and overflowed lands patented by the United States.


State Neal,

1. Description of the same.


Eremptions. 1. The homesteads and other prop

erty of heads of families protected from force sales.


Harbors and Tideraters. 1. Harbor lines should be located

and established.--Regulations

in regard to harbors, etc.
2. General laws shall be made for

the right to build and main-
tain wharves, etc., upon the
areas in section one of this

Public Health and Vital Statistics.
1. There shall be established by
law a

State board of health and bureau of vital statistics. law, the Representatives shall be divided among the several counties of the State, as follows:

Section 2. Laws shall be enacted to regu

late the practice of medicine and surgery and the sale of drugs and medicines.


Water and Water Rights. 1. The use of the waters of this

State for irrigation, mining and manufactory purposes shall be deemed a public use.


Legislative Apportionment. 1, The State shall be divided into

twenty-four Senatorial dis

tricts, as follows. 2. Until otherwise provided




1. Amendments may be presented

in either House. 2. A convention may be proposed

to revise and amend this con

3. To have validity, the Constitu-

tion must be submitted to and
adopted by the people.


Schedule. Section 1. No existing rights, etc., shall be

effected by a change in the form of government.-All Territorial laws shall remain in

force until they expire. 3. All debts, fines, etc., which have

accrued to the Territory shall

accrue to the State. 4. All recognizances heretofore

taken before the change from a Territorial to a State government shall remain valid,

etc. 5. All criminal prosecutions shall

continue. 6. All officers now holding office

shall continue. 7. The time of election for all of

ficers provided for in this con

stitution. 8. All things appertaining or pend

ing in the District Court of the Territory shall pass into the jurisdiction of the Superior

Court. 9. The seal of the Supreme Court

of the Territory shall be the seal of the Supreme Court of

the State, etc. 10. The books, records, papers and

proceedings of the Probate Court in each county and all cases pending therein shall pass into the jurisdiction of the Superior Court of the same county created by this Con

stitution. 11. The Legislature shall at its first

session provide for the election of its officers whose election is

not otherwise provided for. 12. In case of contested election,

how settled. 13. One Representative in the Con

gress of the United States shall be elected from the State

at large. 14. All district, county and precinct

officers who may be in office at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, etc., shall


Boundaries. 1. The boundaries of the State.



1. The United States Congress to

have exclusive legislation in
certain cases.


Compact With United States. 1. The following ordinances shall

be irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the people of this State.


hold their offices until such
time as their successors may

be elected and qualified.
15. The manner in which the elec-

tion shall be held at the time
of the adoption of this con-

16. The provisions of this Consti-

tution shall be enforced from
the day on which the Terri-
tory is admitted as a State.

17. Two separate articles to be sub-

mitted to the people for adop

tion or rejection. 18. The formal ballot to be used in

voting for or against this Constitution and for or against the separate articles or the permanent location of the seat

of government. 19. The Legislature is hereby au

thorized to defray the expenses of this convention.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Washington, grateful to the

Supreme Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution.


Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent in the people, and governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, and are established to protect and maintain individual rights.

Sec. 2. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land.

Sec. 3. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.

Sec. 4. The right of petition and of the people peaceably to assemble for the common good shall never be abridged.

Sec. 5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right.

Sec. 6. The mode of administering an oath or affirmation shall be such as may be most consistent with and binding upon the conscience of the person to whom such oath or affirmation may be administered.

Sec. 7. No person shall be disturbed in his private affairs, or his home invaded, without authority of law.

Sec. 8. No law granting irrevocably any privilege, franchise or immunity shall be passed by the Legislature.

Sec. 9. No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to give evidence against himself, or be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense.

.Sec. 10. Justice in all cases shall be administered openly and without unnecessary delay.

Sec. 11. Absolute freedom of conscience in all matters of religious sentiment, belief and worship shall be guaranteed to every individual, and no one shall be molested or disturbed in person or property on account of religion; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of the State. No public money or property shall be appropriated for, or applied to, any religious worship, exercise or instruction, or the support of any religious establishment. No religious qualifications shall be required for any public office or employment, nor shall any person be incompetent as a witness or juror, in consequence of his opinion on matters of religion, nor be questioned in any court of justice touching his religious belief to affect the weight of his testimony.

Sec. 12. No law shall be passed granting to any citizen, class of citizens, or corporation other than municipal, privileges or immunities which upon the same terms shall not equally belong to all citizens or corporations.

Sec. 13. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless, in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety requires it.

Sec. 14. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines imposed, nor cruel punishment inflicted.

Sec. 15. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, nor forfeiture of estate.

Sec. 16. Private property shall not be taken for private use, except for private ways of necessity, and for drains, flumes or ditches on or across the lands of others for agricultural, domestic or sanitary purposes. No private property shall be taken or damaged for public or private use without just compensation hav. ing been first made, or paid into court for the owner, and no right-of-way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation other than municipal, until full compensation therefor be first made in money, or ascertained and paid into the court for the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation, which compensation shall be ascertained by a jury, unless a jury be waived as in other civil cases in courts of record, in the manner prescribed by law. Whenever an attempt is made to take private property for a use alleged to

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