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county seat. 3. To establish new counties. 4. County government shall be unl
form throughout the State. 5. General and uniform laws shall
provide for the election of county and other officers. It shall prescribe their duties
and fix their term of office, etc. 6. The Board of County Commis
sioners shall fill all vacancies
by appointment. 7. No county officer shall be eligi
ble to hold his office more than
two terms. 8. The salaries of all county of
ficers, etc., shall be fixed by
law. 9. No county, or the inhabitants
thereof, shall be released from its or their proportionate share
of taxes. 10. Corporations for municipal pur
poses shall not be created by
special law. 11. Any county, city, town or town
ship may make within its limIts all such local police, sanitary and other regulations as are not in conflict with general
laws. 12. The Legislature shall have no
power to impose taxes upon any of the sub-divisions of the State, but may, by general laws, vest in corporate authorities thereof the power to assess and collect taxes for
such purposes. 13. Private property shall not be
taken or sold for the payment
of any corporate debt, except. 14. The making of profit out of pub
lic money shall be a felony. 15. All moneys and taxes belonging
to any sub-division of the State shall be immediately deposited with the treasurer.
ARTICLE XII. Corporations other than Municipal. Section 1. Corporations may be formed
under general laws.-All laws relating to corporations may be altered, amended or
pealed. 2. All existing charters, etc., under
which an actual organization shall not have taken place at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall not be
valid. 3. The Legislature shall not extend
any franchise or charter, nor remit the forfeiture of the same, of any corporation now
existing 4. Stockholders and all other incor
porated companies, except banking or insurance, shall be liable for the debts of the corporation to the amount of his
unpaid stock annually. 6. The term corporation defined. 6. Regulations in regard to the is.
sue of stock by corporations. 7. Foreign corporations shall not
be allowed to do business in this State on more favorable conditions than domestic cor
porations have. 8. No corporation shall lease or
alienate any franchise, etc. 9. The State must not loan its
credit. 10. The right of eminent domain. 11. Only lawful money of the United
States to be circulated.—The liabilities of stockholders in any banking and insurance
corporations. 12. In regard to an officer of any
banking institution receiving deposits after the knowledge
of the bank being insolvent 13. All railroads, canal and other
transportation companies are common carriers and subject
to legislative control. 14. No railroad company, or other
common carrier, shall combine with owners of vessels, etc.
Section 3. The right to extend streets over
intervening tide lands.
School and Granted Landx, 1. All public lands granted by the
State are held in trust for the people.-- Regulations in re
gard to the sale of the same. 2. School lands to be sold at public
auction to the highest bidder.
--Terms of payment. 3. No more than one-fourth of the
land granted for educational purposes shall be sold prior to
January 1, 1895, etc. 4. No more than one hundred and
sixty acres of granted lands shall be offered for sale in one
parcel. 5. None of the permanent school
fund shall ever be loaned to private persons corporations.
passengers or freight permit
ted, 16. Competing lines may not consol
idate. 17. The rolling stock and other mov
able property shall be consid
ered personal property. 18. The Legislature shall establish
transportation charges for pas
sengers and freight.
may be constructed and
tion company shall grant free
passes, etc. 21. Monopolies and trusts shall
never be allowed in this State.
port reformatory and other in-
Sent of Government. 1. Location of the seat of govern
ment shall be determined by a
majority of the voters. 2. The seat of government may be
changed by two-thirds vote of
all the electors of the State.
appropriations for capitol
1 ide Lands.
to the beds and shores of all navigable waters up to and including a line of ordinary
high tide. 2. The State disclaims all title in
and claim to all tide, swamp and overflowed lands patented by the United States.
1. Description of the same.
Eremptions. 1. The homesteads and other prop
erty of heads of families protected from force sales.
Harbors and Tideraters. 1. Harbor lines should be located
in regard to harbors, etc.
the right to build and main-
State board of health and bureau of vital statistics. law, the Representatives shall be divided among the several counties of the State, as follows:
Section 2. Laws shall be enacted to regu
late the practice of medicine and surgery and the sale of drugs and medicines.
Water and Water Rights. 1. The use of the waters of this
State for irrigation, mining and manufactory purposes shall be deemed a public use.
Legislative Apportionment. 1, The State shall be divided into
twenty-four Senatorial dis
tricts, as follows. 2. Until otherwise provided
1. Amendments may be presented
in either House. 2. A convention may be proposed
to revise and amend this con
tion must be submitted to and
Schedule. Section 1. No existing rights, etc., shall be
effected by a change in the form of government.-All Territorial laws shall remain in
force until they expire. 3. All debts, fines, etc., which have
accrued to the Territory shall
accrue to the State. 4. All recognizances heretofore
taken before the change from a Territorial to a State government shall remain valid,
etc. 5. All criminal prosecutions shall
continue. 6. All officers now holding office
shall continue. 7. The time of election for all of
ficers provided for in this con
stitution. 8. All things appertaining or pend
ing in the District Court of the Territory shall pass into the jurisdiction of the Superior
Court. 9. The seal of the Supreme Court
of the Territory shall be the seal of the Supreme Court of
the State, etc. 10. The books, records, papers and
proceedings of the Probate Court in each county and all cases pending therein shall pass into the jurisdiction of the Superior Court of the same county created by this Con
stitution. 11. The Legislature shall at its first
session provide for the election of its officers whose election is
not otherwise provided for. 12. In case of contested election,
how settled. 13. One Representative in the Con
gress of the United States shall be elected from the State
at large. 14. All district, county and precinct
officers who may be in office at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, etc., shall
Boundaries. 1. The boundaries of the State.
1. The United States Congress to
have exclusive legislation in
Compact With United States. 1. The following ordinances shall
be irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the people of this State.
hold their offices until such
be elected and qualified.
tion shall be held at the time
tution shall be enforced from
mitted to the people for adop
tion or rejection. 18. The formal ballot to be used in
voting for or against this Constitution and for or against the separate articles or the permanent location of the seat
of government. 19. The Legislature is hereby au
thorized to defray the expenses of this convention.
PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Washington, grateful to the
Supreme Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent in the people, and governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, and are established to protect and maintain individual rights.
Sec. 2. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land.
Sec. 3. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.
Sec. 4. The right of petition and of the people peaceably to assemble for the common good shall never be abridged.
Sec. 5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right.
Sec. 6. The mode of administering an oath or affirmation shall be such as may be most consistent with and binding upon the conscience of the person to whom such oath or affirmation may be administered.
Sec. 7. No person shall be disturbed in his private affairs, or his home invaded, without authority of law.
Sec. 8. No law granting irrevocably any privilege, franchise or immunity shall be passed by the Legislature.
Sec. 9. No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to give evidence against himself, or be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense.
.Sec. 10. Justice in all cases shall be administered openly and without unnecessary delay.
Sec. 11. Absolute freedom of conscience in all matters of religious sentiment, belief and worship shall be guaranteed to every individual, and no one shall be molested or disturbed in person or property on account of religion; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of the State. No public money or property shall be appropriated for, or applied to, any religious worship, exercise or instruction, or the support of any religious establishment. No religious qualifications shall be required for any public office or employment, nor shall any person be incompetent as a witness or juror, in consequence of his opinion on matters of religion, nor be questioned in any court of justice touching his religious belief to affect the weight of his testimony.
Sec. 12. No law shall be passed granting to any citizen, class of citizens, or corporation other than municipal, privileges or immunities which upon the same terms shall not equally belong to all citizens or corporations.
Sec. 13. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless, in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety requires it.
Sec. 14. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines imposed, nor cruel punishment inflicted.
Sec. 15. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, nor forfeiture of estate.
Sec. 16. Private property shall not be taken for private use, except for private ways of necessity, and for drains, flumes or ditches on or across the lands of others for agricultural, domestic or sanitary purposes. No private property shall be taken or damaged for public or private use without just compensation hav. ing been first made, or paid into court for the owner, and no right-of-way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation other than municipal, until full compensation therefor be first made in money, or ascertained and paid into the court for the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation, which compensation shall be ascertained by a jury, unless a jury be waived as in other civil cases in courts of record, in the manner prescribed by law. Whenever an attempt is made to take private property for a use alleged to