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Section 8. Rich grants and commissions,

shall run in the name of the State.

Article 1. Relation to the government of

the United States. 2. The State. 3. Bill of rights. 4. Election of officers. 6. Division of powers. 6. Legislature. 7. Executive department. 8. Judiciary department. 9. County organization. 10. Taxation and finance. 11. Corporations. 12. Education. 13. Land titles. 14. Amendments.-How may

be made.


Relations to the Government of the

United States. Section 1. The State of West Virginia in

separable from the Union. 2. The State has exclusive right

of internal government. 3. The provisions of the Constitu

tion of the United States and this State are operative alike

in war as well as peace. 4. The State shall be divided into

Congressional districts.


Bill of Rights. 1. All men are by nature equally

free and have certain inherent

rights. 2. All power vested in the people. 3. The government is instituted

for the common benefit of the

people. 4. Writ of habeas corpus shall not

be suspended.—No ex post

facto law. 5. Excessive bail nor excessive

fines nor cruel punishment shall be permitted, nor be put

twice in jeopardy of life. 6. Security against unreasonable

searches and seizures. 7. Freedom of speech and of the

press. 8. In suits for libel the truth may

be given in evidence. 9. Private property taken for pub

lic use shall have just com

pensation. 10. No person shall be deprived of

life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 11. No religious or political test

shall be required for voting. 12. No standing armies.-Military

subordinate to civil power. Quartering of soldiers in

houses. 13. Right of trial by jury. 14. In criminal trials the accused

shall be informed of the char

acter of his accusation. 15. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 16. The people have the right to

assemble in a peaceable man


The State. 1. Enumeration of counties. 2. Powers of government in the

citizens. 3. Requirements for citizenship. 4. Every citizen entitled to equal

representation in the govern

ment. 5. No distinction between resident

aliens and citizens. 6. Treason against the State de

fined. 7. The seal of State.


ner to consult for the common

good. 17. The courts of the State shall be

open and justice shall be administered without sale or

delay. 18. No conviction shall work cor

ruption of blood or forfeiture

of estate. 19. No hereditary honors or privi

leges shall be conferred. 20. Free government and liberty.


Elections and Officers. 1. Those who are entitled to vote. 2. Elections by the people to be by

ballot. 3. When electors are privileged

from arrest. 4. Requirements for State and

county officers, 5. Officers to take oath of affirma

tion. 6. Removal of officers for miscon

duct, etc. 7. When general elections shall be

held. 8. The terms of office, powers, du

ties and compensation of pub

lic offices prescribed by law. 9. Impeachment. 10. Duelling a bar to holding office. 11. Legislature shall prescribe man

ner of conducting elections. 12. No citizen to be denied the

right to vote when his name has not been registered.

Section 3. Senators elected for four yeary,

Delegates two years. 4. State divided into twelve Sena

torial districts. 5. Enumeration of the same. 6. For the election of Delegates. 7. Apportionment of Delegates

after every census. 8. Until a new apportionment shall

be declared they shall be as

enumerated. 9. The same continued. 10. The arrangement of Senatorlal

and Delegate districts. 11. Additional territory may be ad

mitted and become part of the

State. 12. Qualifications to be a Senator

or Delegate. 13. No person holding a lucrative

office under the State, etc., shall be eligible to a seat in

the Legislature. 14. Bribery, perjury, etc., a bar to

a seat in the Legislature. 15. No Senator or Delegate shall be

elected to an office created

during his term of office. 16. Oath of affirmation of members. 17. When members of the Legisla

ture are privileged from ar

rest 18. Legislature shall assemble bl

ennially. 19. The Governor may convene the

Legislature. 20. The seat of government shall be

at Charleston. 21. May be convened at another

place. 22. Session of the Legislature to be

forty-five days. 23. Neither house shall adjourn for

more than three days. 24. Majority of the members of

each house shall constitute a

quorum. 25. Each house may punish its own

members. 26. The powers of each house. 27. Certain laws to be enacted and



Division of Powers. 1. Legislative, executive and Ju

dicial departments shall be separate and distinct.


Legislature. 1. Legislative power vested in Sen

ate and House of Delegates. 2. The Senate shall be composed

of twenty-four, and the House of sixty-five members,

Section 28. Bills may originate in either

house. 29. No bill shall become a law until

read on three different days

in each house, except. 30. No bill shall contain more than

one subject. 81. In regard to amendments of a

bill proposed by one house

and amended by the other. 32. Definition of the words a ma

jority of the members, etc. 83. Pay and mileage of members. 34. Legislature to provide by law

for fuel, stationery, etc. 35. The State shall never be made

defendant in any court of law

or equity. 36. Lotteries prohibited. 37. No law to be passed to extend

the term of an office. 38. No extra compensation allowed

or granted. 39. The Legislature shall not pass

local or special laws in the

following enumerated cases. 40. Judges to have no power to ap

point to office. 41. Each house to keep a journal. 42. Bills making appropriations

shall contain no other pro

vision. 43. The Legislature shall never au

thorize or establish any board or court of registration of

voters. 44. Vote to be viva voce in the

Legislature. 45. Punishment of bribery. 46. Laws may be passed prohibit

ing sale of intoxicating

liquors. 47. No charter of incorporation

shall be granted any church

or religious denomination. 18. Homestead exemption

to the value of one thousand dollars, and personal property to the

value of two hundred. 19. The Legislature may pass laws

to protect the property of

married women. 60. Proportional representation in

the Senate.


Executire Department. Section 1. To consist of Governor, Secre

tary of State, State Superintendent of Free Schools, Auditor, Treasurer and Attorney

General. 2. Election of the same.When to

be held. 3. Speaker of the House of Dele

gates to receive election re

turns. 4. The above-named officers may

not hold any other office dur

ing the term of their service. 5. Chief executive power vested

in the Governor. 6. Governor's message. 7. The Governor may on extraor

dinary occasions convene the

Legislature. 8. Officers who may be nominated

by the Governor. 9. In case of vacancy during the

recess of the Senate. How

filled. 10. Governor may remove the

same. 11. Governor may remit fines and

penait:es. 12. Governor Commander-in-Chief

of the military forces of the

State. 13. Security from State officers. 14. Every bill passed by the Legis

lature shall be presented to

the Governor to be signed. 15. Bills making appropriations of

money to be presented to tho

Governor. i 16. Who to act as Governor in case

of his disability. 17. In case of vacancy of State

offices how filled. 18. The Governor may require in

formation in writing from the officers of his department.


Judicial Department. 1. Judicial power of State shall be

vested in a Supreme Court of

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